Kalašma language

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Hittite cuneiform
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)

The Kalašma language, or Kalasmaic, is an extinct Anatolian language spoken in the late Bronze Age polity of Kalašma, which lay on the northwest fringe of the Hittite Empire, likely in or around what is now the Turkish province of Bolu.[1] The Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg announced the discovery of Kalasmaic in 2023, based on a clay tablet from the Bogazköy Archive excavated at Hattusa, the Hittite capital.[2] The tablet, written in Hittite cuneiform, is one of many in the archive recording rituals of the empire's subject and neighbouring peoples.[1] Its Hittite-language introduction describes its main text as in "the language of the land of Kalašma".[1] At the time its discovery was announced, the text itself had not been deciphered.[1] Categorization of Kalasmaic within Anatolian is unclear; it is possibly a member of the Luwic branch.[3] The text will be published once initial analysis is complete, expected in 2024.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d "New Indo-European Language Discovered". Julius-Maximilians-Universität of Würzburg. 2023-09-21. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
  2. ^ Georgiou, Aristos (2023-09-22). "Archaeologists discover previously unknown language from ancient tablet". Newsweek. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
  3. ^ Chrysopoulos, Philip (2023-09-23). "New Indo-European Language Discovered in Ancient City of Hattusa". Greek Reporter. Retrieved 2023-09-26.
  4. ^ Ceylan, Kemal; Şeker, Şahin (6 October 2023). "Epigraflar Kalaşma dilini okuyoruz ama anlayamıyoruz dedikleri Hitit tabletinde keşfetmiş". Arkeolojik Haber (in Turkish). Retrieved 6 October 2023.