José Maria Neves
José Maria Neves
|5th President of Cape Verde|
|Assumed office |
9 November 2021
|Prime Minister||Ulisses Correia e Silva|
|Preceded by||Jorge Carlos Fonseca|
|Prime Minister of Cape Verde|
1 February 2001 – 22 April 2016
|President||António Mascarenhas Monteiro|
Jorge Carlos Fonseca
|Preceded by||Gualberto do Rosário|
|Succeeded by||Ulisses Correia e Silva|
José Maria Pereira Neves
28 March 1960
Santa Catarina, Portuguese Cape Verde
|Political party||African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde|
|Education||Getúlio Vargas Foundation|
José Maria Pereira Neves (Portuguese: [ʒuˈzɛ mɐˈɾiɐ pɨˈɾejɾɐ ˈnɛvɨʃ]; born 28 March 1960) is a Cape Verdean politician who is currently the president of Cape Verde, having previously served as the Prime Minister of Cape Verde from 2001 to 2016. He is a member of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV). In the 2021 presidential election, he was elected with 51.7% of votes, beating his nearest rival Carlos Veiga who got 42.4% of the total votes.
Neves was born on the island of Santiago in 1960. He became interested in the politics of Cape Verde as a teenager and was the leader of a nationalist youth organization during the country’s transition from Portuguese rule to independence and democracy in 1975.  Part of his higher education was at the Sao Paulo School of Business Administration of the Getúlio Vargas Foundation in Brazil.
He returned to Cape Verde in the 1980s and worked as a clerk in different state institutions. From 1987 to 1989, he was coordinator of the Project Administrative and Reform and Modernization. From 1988 to 1988, he was director of the National Training Centre for Public Administration. From 1989 to 1998, he was consultant in the field of National Training and Development of Human Resources Management.
In 1989, he became member of the PAICV party. As a candidate for the party leadership at PAICV's September 1997 congress, he faced Pedro Pires; Pires defeated Neves in the leadership election, winning 68% of the vote. In May 2000, Neves—then serving as President of the Santa Catarina Town Council—announced that he would seek the PAICV presidency again at the June 2000 party congress; Pires was leaving the PAICV presidency in anticipation of his candidacy in the next year's national presidential election.
After he became Prime Minister, he established diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. In 2002, he signed a "special treaty" with the European Union, it was discussed on 15 November 2005. In 2007, he called for a special relationship with the European Union due to the archipelago's proximity to the other islands of Macaronesia, which are regions of Spain and Portugal. A meeting with the CPLP (Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries) was held in November 2002. He also met Alamara Nhassé, Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau. He held additional portfolio of Minister of Finance from 2003 to 2004.
In August 2005, he visited Brazil, where he toured six states and had an audience with President Lula da Silva. A topic of discussion was investment in Cape Verde, including in the University of Cape Verde, the first public university in the archipelago.
He won the 2006 parliamentary election on 22 January with 52.28% of the votes and got 41 seats. and on 7 March, he served his second term as Prime Minister. The World Bank and the IMF judged favorably on its economic and financial policies.
While acknowledging the harmful effects of slavery and colonialism on Africa, Neves said in December 2006 that African leaders were primarily responsible for the continent's present-day problems, and that they "must assume their responsibility to develop a clear strategy for Africa's future that takes advantage of all of its human capabilities and natural resources."
A new government under Neves was announced on 27 June 2008, with six ministers joining the government and four ministers leaving it. Three of the new ministers were women, making it the first government in Cape Verde with a female majority (eight out of 15 portfolios).
On 6 February 2011, he was elected to his third term by most Cape Verdean voters with 52.68% over MpD and 38 out of 72 seats, thus reinforcing his party's influence in the Cape Verdean parliament.
He visited a trading conference, the 4th Global Review of Aid for Trade in from 8 to 10 July 2013.
On 6 September 2014, he announced another government. Janira Hopffer Almada succeeded Neves as president of the parliamentary section of the PAICV party. After the 2016 parliamentary elections on 22 April, he was succeeded by Ulisses Correia e Silva as Prime Minister.
In October 2021, José Maria Neves, won the presidential election in the first round of 17 October. According to the first results published on an official website, he won 51.5% of the vote, an absolute majority necessary to be elected in the first round.
As a writer
Neves is also author of books and some news articles. Some of these were published in other African countries and in parts of Europe and in Brazil. He wrote:
- Ensaios sobre la Adminstrativa de la Ciência Política (Essays on the Administrative of Political Sciences)
- A Teória de la Administração Pública em Cabo Verde (A Theory on Public Administration in Cape Verde)
- Princípios sobre a Administração Pública em Cabo Verde no Século XXI (Principles on Public Administration in Cape Verde in the 21st Century)
- O Estado e a Administração Pública em Cabo Verde (The State and the Public Administration in Cape Verde)
- Administração Pública no Concelho do Santa Catarina (Public Administration in the Municipality of Santa Catarina)
- O Estado na Era da Modernização no Cabo Verde. (The State in the Modernization Age in Cape Verde)
- Uma Agenda de Transformação para Cabo Verde (A Transformation Agenda for Cape Verde)
- Cabo Verde - Gestão das Impossibilidades (Cape Verde - Management of Impossibilities)
- Um Futuro a Construir, em co-autoria com Francisco Pinto Balsemão. (A Future to Build), with Francisco Pinto Balsemão as the co-author
- Rodrigues, Julio (18 October 2021). "Opposition candidate Neves wins Cape Verde election". Reuters. Retrieved 20 October 2021.
- "03-029 (José Maria Neves)".
- "03-029 (José Maria Neves)".
- Lobban Jr and Khalil Saucier 2007, p. 167.
- "Cape Verde: Opposition party congress opens", Radio Renascenca, Lisbon (nl.newsbank.com), 19 September 1997.
- "Cape Verde: Former PM elected leader of main opposition PAICV party", Radio Renascenca, Lisbon (nl.newsbank.com), 22 September 1997.
- "Cape Verde: Town council leader to run for PAIGC party leadership", RDP Africa web site (nl.newsbank.com), 29 May 2000.
- "Cape Verde PM Discusses Special Partnership with EU". Afrol. 15 November 2005.
- Lopes, José Vicente (16 August 2007). "PM de Cabo Verde em ofensiva europeia" (in Portuguese). BBC News. Retrieved 20 October 2021.
- Antigos Ministros - Ministério das Finanças
- "Criação de universidade pública em destaque na visita do PM cabo-verdiano ao Brasil" (in Portuguese). RTP. 21 August 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2021.
- Lobban Jr and Khalil Saucier 2007, p. 167
- "Cape Verde's New Government Sworn". Afrol. 8 March 2006.
- "Africa 'stop blaming colonialism'" Archived 2 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine, AFP (News24.com), 22 December 2006.
- "Cape Verde wants special status at ECOWAS". afrol News. 2 January 2007. Archived from the original on 10 May 2021.
- "Profunda remodelação governamental em Cabo Verde", Panapress, 27 June 2008 (in Portuguese).
- "Atlântico Weekly". 7 February 2011.
- "José Maria Neves passa testemunho ao novo Primeiro-ministro Ulisses Correia e Silva". A Nação (in Portuguese). 21 April 2016.
- João Manuel Rocha, "Primeiro-ministro de Cabo Verde anuncia último mandato à frente do Governo" Publico (in Portuguese), 12 March 2011
- "LeMonde". Le Monde.fr. 18 October 2021.
- Richard A. Lobban Jr et Paul Khalil Saucier, "José Maria Neves Pereira", Historical dictionary of the Republic of Cape Verde, Scarecrow Press, 2007, p. 167. ISBN 978-0-8108-4906-8