|• Deputy Commissioner||Md. Tamijul Islam Khan|
|• District Council Chairman||Saifuzzaman Pikul|
|• Chief Executive Officer||S. A. M. Rafikulnabi|
|• Total||2,606.94 km2 (1,006.55 sq mi)|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
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Jessore District (Bengali: যশোর, pronounced Jaw-shore, Anglicised: Jessore), officially spelled Jashore District from April 2018, is a district in the southwestern region of Bangladesh. It is bordered by India to the west, Khulna District and Satkhira District to the south, Khulna and Narail to the east, and Jhenaidah District and Magura District to the north. Jessore is the capital of the district.
Jessore district was established in 1781. It consists of 8 municipalities, 8 upazilas, 92 unions, 1329 mouzas, 1477 villages and 120 mahallas. The upazilas are: Abhaynagar Upazila, Bagherpara Upazila, Chaugachha Upazila, Jessore Sadar Upazila, Jhikargachha Upazila, Keshabpur Upazila, Manirampur Upazila, and Sharsha Upazila.
The district produces a variety of crops year-round. Date sugar, called patali, is made from the sap of locally grown date trees. It is cooked, thickened and crystallised using a traditional method. Patali is mainly produced in Khajura, but many date trees are cultivated in the Keshabpur Upazila and Manirampur Upazila areas.
Jessore district once belonged to the ancient Janapada of Vanga (বঙ্গ) Janapada. In the 15th century, Jessore was a part of the kingdom of Pratapaditya. It was then conquered by the Mughals.
British administration was finally established in Jessore district in 1781 when the governor-general ordered the opening of a court at Murali near Jessore. In 1947, Jessore was divided between India and (then) Pakistan. Except for the Bangaon and Gaighata thanas, the district became part of East Pakistan.
The Bengali soldiers stationed at Jessore cantonment mutinied against the Pakistan Army on 29 March 1971. They were led by Captain Hafiz Uddin and Lieutenant Anwar in an uprising where 300 soldiers were killed. The rebels killed 50 Pakistani soldiers with machine gun fire at Chanchara.
On 6 December 1971, Jessore became the first district of Bengal to be liberated from Pakistani forces. And Jessore is the first digital district in Bangladesh.
Jessore District encompasses 2606.98 km2. It is bounded by Jhenaidaha and Magura districts at the north, Satkhira and Khulna districts at the south, Narail and Khulna districts at the east, and North 24 Parganas and Nadia districts of West Bengal of India at the west. Major rivers that flow through this region are the Bhairab, Teka, Hari, Sree, Aparbhadra, Harihar, Buribhadra, Chitra, Betna, Kopotakkho, and the Mukteshwari.
Annual average temperature range from 15.4 to 34.6 °C (59.7 to 94.3 °F). The annual rainfall is 1,537 millimetres (60.5 in).
|Climate data for Jessore|
|Average high °C (°F)||22.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||15.4
|Average low °C (°F)||9.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||11
|Average relative humidity (%)||46||35||36||44||60||76||75||76||74||70||51||44||57|
|Source: National news papers|
According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Jessore District had a population of 2,764,547, of which 1,386,293 were males and 1,378,254 females. Rural population was 2,250,995 (81.42%) and urban population was 513,552 (18.58%). Jessore had a literacy rate of 70% for the population 7 years and above: 59.38% for males and 53.65% for females.
|Religion||Population (1941): 84–85||Percentage (1941)||Population (2011)||Percentage (2011)|
The main occupations are agriculture 39.84%, agricultural labourer 24.13%, wage labourer 2.68%, commerce 11.99%, service 8.66%, industry 1.41%, transport 3.11% and others 8.18%.
Jessore District's administrative framework was established in 1781. It consists of the following eight Upazilas
|2011 Census |
|Abhaynagar Upazila||247.21||262,434||Keshabpur Upazila||258.44||253,291|
|Bagherpara Upazila||308.29||216,897||Jessore Sadar Upazila||435.22||742,898|
|Chaugachha Upazila||269.31||231,370||Manirampur Upazila||444.20||417,421|
|Jhikargachha Upazila||307.96||298,908||Sharsha Upazila||336.28||341,328|
The upazilas are further divided into 9 municipalities, 36 wards, 92 unions, 1329 mouzas, 1434 villages and 120 mahallas.
Benapol Land Port
The main factor of the economics of Jessore is Benapol Land Port which is situated in Sharsha Upazila. Much of the import and export trading between Bangladesh and India is done through this port. On the other side of the border is Petrapole. The port is important for making govt. import taxes.
Arts and culture
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Points of interest
- Sagardari is the birthplace of the poet Michael Madhusudan Dutta. His large villa consists of a huge garden, a small museum and houses. The front gate has a solid sculpture work. The Kobodak River is at a stone's throw away.
- Bharat Bhaina (locally called Bharter Dewl) is the relics of ancient Buddhist Temple of the 6th century at Keshabpur
- Mirzanagar Hammamkhana is a structure of Mughal's at Keshabpur
- Dhalijhara Buddha Bihar is one of the outstretched and unique Buddhist Temple of the 8th century among the South -Asia at Keshabpur
- Birthplace and residence of Dhiraj Bhattacharya who was a film actor of undivided India and litterateur mostly known for his two autobiographies:Jakhan Police Chhilam and Jakhan Nayak Chhilam. He is also popular for Mathin's Well at Teknaf where a tribal girl, Mathin suicide herself for him after his return to Kolkata at Keshabpur
- Sheikhpura 3 Domed Mosque where poet Michael Madhusudan Dutta learned Persian language at Keshabpur
- Khan Jahan Ali's Dighi at Keshabpur
- Marshina Baor, a proposed ecopark at Keshabpur
- The Capital City of flower in Bangladesh, Godkhali Jhikargachha Upazila...
- Katakhal Bangabandhu Park Jhikargachha Upazila...
- At Abhaynagar Upazila, there is a small village called Dhoolgraam. It once had a magnificent complex of 17 Hindu temples, but only one remains today. Most of the temples were destroyed by the Bhairab River. A beautiful terracotta design can be seen all over the temple. It is considered a very holy place by Bengali Hindus.
- In Vaatnogor at Abhaynagar Upazila, ruins of eleven temple complex, dedicated to Shiva, remains. Though the central temple is partially destroyed, the site still shows the majesty of Bengal's glorious past.
- A terracotta plaque bearing the image of Mallinath, a female tirthankar (saint) of the Jain religion, was found at the Mound of Dam Dam Peer in Manirampur Upazila.  The Department at Khulna said that the plaque is at least 1800 years old. It is currently kept at the Khulna Museum.
- Besides, "Neelkuthi" at village Joypur & "Kachari Ghar" are important archaeological sites in Manirampur
- Imam Bara, at Murolir Mor beside the Dhaka-Khulna Highway, is a historical building constructed by Hazi Muhammad Mohsin.
- The Jessore Collectorate Building, in Doratana, is one of the oldest buildings in Jessore.
- Near Jessore Sadar Upazila village Hamidpur has an ancient mosque, known as "Shani mosque." It is an example of the high architecture of Muslim Sultani period.
- Godkhali kalibari
- Panchpukur Baganchara
- Binodia Park
- Upashahar Park
- Jessore Boat-club
- Jess-garden Park
- Rajgonj Baor
- Vobodaho Bil
- Gazir Dorgah
- Jessore Airport, Jessore Cantonment and Air Force Base Matiur Rahman.
- Avaynogor's Khanjahan Ali Jame Mosque
- Jamidar Bari at Shridhorpur
- Konnadah Archajjo Baor at Sarsha
- Benapole port
- Fakhir Tika at Godkhali
- Shimulia Mission (Saheb Bari)
- Grave of Birshrestho Lance Nayek Noor Muhammad Sheikh
- Khatura Baor
- Moktarpur Lalu Babu Jamidar Bari
Solo Khada Jamidar Bari, House and birthplace of Ratna Gorva awarded by British Govt. and her son former Health minister of India Dr. Nil Ratan Dhor and his brother Jebon Ratan Dhor
Jessore has well connected road, rail and air transport links to other major cities and water transport links to Khulna and Mongla of Bangladesh. It boasts one of the first rail networks established in the Indian subcontinent.
Jessore is located 270 km south west from Dhaka capital of Bangladesh by road and 60 km north from Khulna . It is also connected with the Indian city of Kolkata which is 120 km west through Benapole land port via AH1. The road from Jessore to Kolkata is a part of the historic Jessore Road.
Jessore Junction railway station is a major junction on the broad gauge-based network of the Western Railway. The network has links extended into Indian territory. Service linking the capital Dhaka and Kolkata April 2008. As well as in 2019 Both India And Bangladesh government agreed to 4 minute stop in Jessore Junction railway station through Bandhan Express which connect Khulna to Kolkata.
The Jessore Airport, near the city, is an airfield for the Bangladesh Air Force. One of the oldest airfield in Bangladesh and the subcontinent. Alongside military service, its runway caters to seven commercial flights daily which includes US Bangla, Novo and Biman Bangladesh Airlines, for domestic flights.
- Jessore Polytechnic Institute
- Muslim Aid Institute of Technology
- BCMC College of Engineering & Technology
- Bangladesh Technical College
- Model Polytechnic Institute
- City Polytechnic Institute
- Kapotakkho Polytechnic College
- Manirampur Polytechnic Institute
Schools and colleges
- Michael Madhusudan College
- Upashahar Women Degree College, Jessore
- Dr. Abdur Razzak Municipal College, Jessore
- Upashahar College, Jessore
- Jessore Cantonment College, Jessore
- Jessore Shilkha Board Model School and College, Upashahar
- Talbaria Degree College, Sadar, Jessore
- Jessore Government Technical School and College
- Govt. M M College, Jessore
- Singia Adarsha College; Basundia, Jessore
- Noapara Model College
- BAF Shaheen college
- Dawood Public School, Jessore
- Sarsha Upazilla College, Sarsha, Jessore
- Sarsha pilot govt. secondary school, Sarsha, Jessore
- Jessore Technical School & College (JTSC), Jessore
- Manirampur Degree College
- Jessore College, Jessore
- Rajganj Degree College
- Bakra Degree college
- Navaran Degree college
- Natunhat Public College,
- Masiahati Degree College, Jessore
- Kazi Nazrul Islam Degree College, Jessore
- Jessore Govt. Mahila College
- No 29 Upashahar Government Primary School, Jessore
- Jessore Government City College
- Noapara College, Abhaynagar, Jessore
- Nehalpur School & College, Monirampur, Jessore
- Gopalpur School & College, Monirampu, Jessore
- Madonpur Shammilloni Degree College, Monirampur, Jessore
- Rajgong Degree College, Monirampur, Jessore
- Khadapara College, Monirampur, Jessore
- Polashi College, Monirampur, Jessore
- Bhir Sherestto Nur Mohammad college
- Shahid Moshiur Rahman Degree College, Jhekargacha, Jessore
- Jhekargacha Mohila College, Jhekargacha, Jessore
- Shammilloni College, Jhekargacha, Jessore
- Hamidpur Al-hera Degree College
- Pakshi College, Sharsha
- Lokhonpur College, Sharsha
- Sharatola College, Sharsha
- Nagar College, Jhekargacha
- Kashebpur College, Kashebpur
- Benapole degree College, Sharsha
- Bagachra Degree College, Sharsha
- Shimulia College, Jhekargacha
- Bakra Mohila College, Jhekargacha
- Abhaynagar Degree College
- Bagarpara Degree College
- Pashapol Model College
- Chowgacha govt. College, Chowgacha
- Mridhapara Mohila College, chowgacha
- Muktijoddha Degree College, Rudrapur, Jessore Sadar, Jessore,
- Ganganandapur Degree College, Jhikargacha, Jessore
- Jessore English School and College, Jessore
- (JS) Balia Vakutiya High School Jessore
- Muslim Academy Jessore School
- Nabo-Nagori Girls High School, Upashahar, Jessore
- Keshabpur Pilot School & College
- MSTP girls High School
- Ibn Sina Pre Cadet School, New Town, Jessore
- Trimohini High School
- Badshah Faisal Islami Institute Eidgah, Jessore
- Badsha Faisal Islami Institute, New Town Jessore
- Bankra J.K High School
- Talbaria High School, Sadar, Jessore
- Rajghat Jafarpur Jigh School
- GT Model Girls High School, Talbaria, Sadar, Jessore
- Talbaria Dhakhil Madrasa, Sadar, Jessore
- Noapara Model Secondary School
- Deapara Model Secondary School, Abhaynagar, Jessore
- Moktarpur Gualbari High School, Monirampur, Jessore
- Abdul Bari High School, Barinagar Bazar, Jessore
- Buruj Bagan High School, Navaron Bazar
- Buruj Bagan Pilot Girls School, Navaron Bazar
- Beanpole high school, sarsha, Jessore
- Jessore Zilla School
- Dawood Public School, Jessore
- Cantonment High School, Jessore
- Government Girls' High School, Jessore
- Hashimpur Secondary School, Jessore Sadar, Jessore
- Jessore Laboratory School and Collage, Jessore
- Jhikargachha B. M. High School
- Jhikargacha Government M.L Model High School
- Manirampur Government High School
- Manirampur Government Girls' High School
- Police Line Secondary School Jessore
- D.S.T High School, jamtola, sharsha
- Chandipur High School, Manirampur
- Rajganj High School
- Gatipara High School, Sharsha
- Narendrapur High School
- Galda Kharinchi Shammillioni High School, Manirampur
- Monin Nagar High School, Jessore Sadar
- Gopalpur School & College, Monirampur
- Nehalpur School & College, Monirampur
- Pulerhat ML High School
- Bahadurpur High School
- Rajghat Jaforpur High School, Abhaynagar
- Rajghat Jaforpur Girl's High School, Abhaynagar
- Chowgacha Shahadat Pilot Secondary High School
- Hazi Mohammad Mortoz Ali High School
- Sukpukuria Secondary School
- Sammilani Institution, Jessore
- Suratjan Secondary High School, Jhikargachha
- Sammilani High School, Dhuliani
- Jessore Shikkha Board govt Model School And Collage
- Digdana High School
- Baliadanga U.P High School
- Katgara Secondary School, Purapara Bazar, Chowgaccha, Jessore
- Andulia Secondary School
- Makapur-Bollovpur High School
- Kochua High School, Sador, Jessore
- Magura M.L High School, Magura hat, Abhaynagar, Jessore
- Komolpur Secondary School, Manirampur, Jessore
- Mahidia High School, Mahidia, Jessore Sadar, Jessore
- Kayemkola Secondary School, Jhikargacha, Jessore
- Alimonnessa Girl's School & College, Jhikargacha, Jessore
Local newspapers and magazines
- List of daily newspapers
- Daily Samajer Katha
- Daily Noapara
- Daily Kalyan
- Daily Purobi
- Daily Deshitaishy (দৈনিক দেশহিতৈষী)
- Daily Sfulingo (দৈনিক স্ফুলিঙ্গ )
- Daily Jessore
- Daily Loksamaj
- Daily Gramer kagoj
- Daily Pravat Feri
- Daily Samajer Kagoj
- Daily Spandan
- Daily Gramer Kantha
- Daily Telegram
- Daily Satya Path
- Daily Joruri Shangbad
- List of weekly magazines
- Weekly Sonali Din
- Weekly Nawapara
- Weekly Banglalok
- Weekly Manabadhikar Sangbad
- Weekly Bojro kolom
- Weekly Sharsha Barta
- Weekly Prattohiki
- Weekly Ganomanos
- List of Fortnightly
- List of monthly magazines
- Monthly Ghumonter Dak
- Monthly Gramer Sangbad
- Monthly Photo Report
- List of literary magazines
- Bangla Literature
- Maharaja Pratapaditya – Medieval Bengali warrior, adhipati or ruler of Kingdom of Jessore.
- Michael Madhusudan Datta – Bengali poet and playwright.
- Manomohan Bose – Bengali poet, playwright and journalist
- Jnanadanandini Devi – Bengali writer, social reformer, pioneer in women’s movement in India
- Prafulla Chandra Ray – Bengali chemist, philanthropist and otherwise known as father of modern chemical science in India
- Kali Nath Roy – Nationalist journalist and the chief editor of the newspaper The Tribune
- Saroj Dutta – Indian political activist, poet, editor of Amrit Bazar Patrika
- N. G. Majumdar – An Indian archaeologist who is credited with having discovered 62 Indus Valley Civilization sites in Sindh including Chanhudaro
- P. C. Bose – Freedom fighter, labor activist and politician
- Kanak Mukherjee – Political activist, women’s movement pioneer in India
- Farida Akhtar Babita – Film actress
- Dinesh Chandra Chattopadhyay – Writer and editor
- Haridasa Thakur – Vaishnab saint, acarya of the Holy Name
- Jatin Bala – Poet and Dalit author
- Ahmed Ali Enayetpuri – Islamic scholar and member of the Bengal Legislative Assembly
- Mashiur Rahman – Politician of the Awami League
- Munshi Mohammad Meherullah – Muslim poet, religious leader and social reformer
- Syed Rasel – Bangladeshi cricketer, Bangladesh cricket team
- Iqbal Quadir – Founder of Grameenphone
- M. Shamsher Ali – Bangladeshi astrophysicist
- Jiban Ratan Dhar – Politician, army officer
- ASHK Sadek – Former Education Minister of Bangladesh
- Mohammad Moniruzzaman – Writer, poet, professor, freedom fighter and lyricist
- Mohammad Rafiquzzaman – Lyricist
- Paran Bandopadhyay – Indian film and television actor
- Mustafa Monwar – Painter, sculptor, artist
- S. M. Imdadul Hoque – Bangladesh Army officer who fought and died in the Bangladesh Liberation war. He was posthumously awarded Bir Uttom, the second-highest military honor in Bangladesh
- Kazi Kamrul Hassan – Bangladesh Navy commodore and MD of Khulna Shipyard
- Champa – Actress, model
- Kishori Mohan Bandyopadhyay – Bengali scientist, social worker and freedom fighter
- Sanatana Goswami – Sage and a prominent writer from Middle Ages
- Rupa Goswami – Bengali poet, philosopher and writer in Vaishnab tradition from Middle Ages
- Latifur Rahman – 10th Chief Justice of Bangladesh and the 2nd Chief Adviser of Bangladesh
- Shuchanda – Bangladeshi film actress and director
- ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
- ^ "Bangladesh changes English spellings of five districts". Bdnews24.com. Dhaka. 4 February 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- ^ Mahadi Al Hasnat (2 April 2018). "Mixed reactions as govt changes English spellings of 5 district names". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- ^ Eagle, Andrew (2 April 2018). "'A' is for 'orange'". The Daily Star. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
- ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 337. .
- ^ Westland, James (1871). A Report on the District of Jessore: Its Antiquities, Its History, and Its Commerce. Oxford University Press.
- ^ Mahibullah Siddiqui (2012). "Jessore District". In Arif Hossain and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- ^ "SORROW OF JESSORE: Lasting for decades, getting graver every year". The Daily Star. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- ^ a b c d "About JASHORE". oldweb.lged.gov.bd/. District LGED.
- ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI BENGAL PROVINCE" (PDF). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
- ^ Duke Khan (2013). "Tourism in Jessore". Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- ^ Duke Khan (2013). "Dam Dam Peerosthan in Manirampur Upazilla". Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- ^ Duke Khan (2013). "A short description of archaeological sights – Khulna Division". Archived from the original on 2 September 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- ^ Duke Khan, and Md. Shariful Islam. "Mound of Dam Dam Peer in Manirampur Upazilla". Jessore Info. Archived from the original on 2 January 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2013. Alt URL
- ^ পত্র পত্রিকা. jessore.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
- ^ Sadar subdivision and Sarsa thana of Bongaon subdivision of Jessore district
- ^ Including Jainism, Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated