Javed Iqbal (judge, born 1924)

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Javed Iqbal
جاوید اقبال
Justice javed iqbal.jpg
Iqbal in 2014
Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan
In office
5 October 1986 – 4 October 1989
Nominated byGeneral Zia-ul-Haq
Appointed byGeneral Zia-ul-Haq
Preceded byJustice Ali Hussain Qizilbash
Succeeded byJustice Saad Saood Jan
Chief Justice of Lahore High Court
In office
8 March 1982 – 5 October 1986
Nominated byGeneral Zia-ul-Haq
Appointed byGeneral Zia-ul-Haq
Preceded byJustice Shamim Hussain Qadri
Succeeded byJustice Ghulam Mujaddid Mirza
Personal details
Born(1924-10-05)5 October 1924
Sialkot, Punjab Province, British India
(present-day Punjab, Pakistan)
Died3 October 2015(2015-10-03) (aged 90)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Cause of deathProstate Cancer
Resting placeLahore, Punjab
CitizenshipBritish Raj British India (1924–1947)
 Pakistan (1947–2015)
NationalityBritish Indian (1924–1947)
Pakistani (1947–2015)
Spouse(s)Justice Nasira Iqbal
RelationsYousuf Salahuddin (nephew)
Children2 (Walid Iqbal (son) and Munib Iqbal (son))
Parent(s)Sir Muhammad Iqbal (Father)
Sardar Begum (mother)
Alma materGovernment College University
(BA and MA)
University of Cambridge
National awardsHilal-i-Imtiaz (2004)
Lahore High Court

Senior Justice Javed Iqbal (Urdu: جاوید اقبال‎; 5 October 1924 – 3 October 2015) was a Pakistani philosopher and senior justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. He was internationally known for his acclaimed publications on philosophy of law and modern Islamic philosophy in international and national journals.[1]

He was the son of the poet-philosopher Muhammad Iqbal, who inspired the Pakistan Movement.[1] Javed authored various books on Pakistan's nationalism movement and political ideology. Apart from philosophy, Javed had a prolific career in the Judiciary of Pakistan and was a former Chief Justice of the Lahore High Court before being elevated to the Supreme Court.[1]

Early life[edit]

Javed Iqbal was born in Sialkot on 5 October 1924[2] to Allama Muhammad Iqbal and his second wife, Sardar Begum. His mother died when he was 11, and his father died in 1938 when he was 14.[1]

Javed Iqbal received the following educational degrees and distinctions: BA (Honors) degree in 1944 from the Government College, Lahore; MA degree in English, and MA degree in Philosophy (Gold Medallist) in 1948; Doctor of Philosophy degree in Philosophy in 1954 from the University of Cambridge, UK; and Barrister-at-Law, Lincoln's Inn, London, in 1956. He has received honorary doctorates degrees from Villanova University, United States, and Seljuk University in Jordan.[1]


Javed began as an advocate in Lahore High Court, and later became a judge in 1971 and then Chief Justice of the court. He was also a judge in the Supreme Court of Pakistan, and an Elected member in the Senate of Pakistan (Upper House of Parliament).[1]

He has published papers on Islamic political thought, political ideology in Pakistan and the philosophy of his father, Muhammad Iqbal, which were published in national and international journals. During the years 1960–62 and in 1977, he was the delegate of Pakistan to the United Nations General Assembly.[1]

He had argued in favour of reforms in the Hudud laws of Pakistan from General Zia Ul-Haq ruling period. Javed Iqbal ran against Zulfikar Ali Bhutto on a Pakistan Muslim League ticket in the 1970 General Election in Pakistan, but eventually decided to leave politics. At one time, he even declined Bhutto's offer for him to join Pakistan Peoples Party.[1]

He was married to Nasira Iqbal, a retired Lahore High Court Judge.[1]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Death and legacy[edit]

Javed Iqbal died on 3 October 2015 at age 90. He was under treatment for cancer at the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre in Lahore.[3] Among the survivors are his widow Nasira Iqbal and two sons - Walid Iqbal and Munib Iqbal.[1]

Javed Iqbal's funeral at Hazrat Ishaan graveyard at Baghbanpura, Lahore, Pakistan was attended by many Pakistani dignitaries including Chaudhary Nisar Ali Khan, Chief Justice of Pakistan Anwar Zaheer Jamali, former President of Pakistan Muhammad Rafiq Tarar and former Supreme Court judge Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday.[1]

Allama Iqbal on his son[edit]

Javed's father, Allama Iqbal, named his book, Javid Nama, after his son. He also wrote many poems to Javed Iqbal, indirectly addressing the Muslim youth in British India. Javed Iqbal later translated two of Allama Iqbal's books into Urdu – Javid Nama and Reconstruction of religious thought in Islam.[1]

Here is an excerpt from the translation of Bal-i-Jibril (Gabriel's Wing)

(On Receiving His First Letter From London)

Create a place for thyself in the world of love;
Create a new age, new days, and new nights.

If God grant thee an eye for nature's beauty,
Converse with the silence of flowers; respond to their love.

Do not be beholden to the West's artisans,
Seek thy sustenance in what thy land affords.

My ghazal is the essence of my life-blood,
Create thy elixir of life out 'of this essence.

My way of life is poverty, not the pursuit of wealth;
Barter not thy Selfhood; win a name in adversity.[1]


Javed's publications include the following:

  • Ideology of Pakistan (1959)[1]
  • Stray Reflections: A Note-Book of Iqbal (1961)
  • Legacy of Quaid-e-Azam (1968, published in English and Urdu)[4][1]
  • Mai Lala Faam (1968, collection of papers on Iqbal, in Urdu)
  • Zinda Rood (1984, biography of Iqbal in three volumes, in Urdu)
  • Afkare-Iqbal (1994, interpretation of Iqbal's thought)[1]
  • Pakistan and the Islamic Liberal Movement (1994).
  • Jahan-I Javed : darame, Afsane, Maqale
  • Islam and Pakistan's Identity
  • The Concept of State in Islam : A Reassessment[1]
  • Apna Greban Chaak(autobiography) (2002)[1]
  • Khutbat e Iqbal

Books on Dr Javid Iqbal

  • Life After Iqbal (2016, Fastprint Publishing, UK by Sabeena Khan) ISBN 978-1784563325.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Justice Javed Iqbal passes away". Dawn (newspaper). 4 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Allama Iqbal's son Javed Iqbal passes away at age of 91". en.dailypakistan.com.pk. 3 October 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Justice (retd) Javed Iqbal passes away in Lahore - The Express Tribune newspaper". 3 October 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2016., Published 3 Oct 2015
  4. ^ http://nation.com.pk/national/04-Oct-2015/tributes-pour-in-as-dr-javid-iqbal-laid-to-rest, Tributes at his death and books authored by Javed Iqbal, Retrieved 30 April 2016

External links[edit]