Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S)

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Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (S)
جمیعت علماءِ اسلام (س)
AbbreviationJUI-S
AmeerHamid Ul Haq Haqqani
FounderMaulana Shabbir Ahmed Usmani (founded JUI)
Founded1945 (original)
1980 (current)
Split fromJamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F)
Preceded byJamiat Ulema-e-Islam
HeadquartersDarul Uloom Haqqania, Akora Khattak, Pakistan[1][2]
Student wingJamiat Talba-e-Islam (S)[3]
IdeologyIslamism
(primarily Deobandi)
Pan-Islamism
Clericalism
Social conservatism
Religious conservatism
Jihadism
Political positionFar-right
National affiliationDifa-e-Pakistan Council
Colors   Black & White
Senate
0 / 100
National Assembly
0 / 342
Election symbol
Ladder
Leiter.svg
Party flag
Flag of the Jamiat Ulema-e Islam.svg

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Pakistan (S)[1] (Urdu: جمیعت علماءِ اسلام (س)) commonly known as Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S) is a political party in Pakistan. It was established in 1980, as a breakway faction of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) founded by Maulana Shabbir Ahmed Usmani in 1945. The "S" in its name stands for the name of its leader, Maulana Sami-ul-Haq.

History[edit]

During the 1980s, the JUI supported some of General Zia ul Haq's policies, including his anti-Soviet Jihad in Afghanistan. Additionally, official patronage and financial support for madrassas during the Zia years allowed the JUI to build thousands of madrassas, especially in the NWFP (now KPK), which were instrumental in the formation of the Taliban. At the same time the JUI was distrustful of Zia's close ties with the Jamaat-e-Islami and joined the anti-Zia and PPP-led Movement for the Restoration of Democracy (MRD).[4]

Following the death of Mufti Mehmood Ahmed in 1980, this dual relationship with Zia's regime eventually led to a split in the party which came to be divided into the JUI-F, headed by Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman and the JUI-S headed by Samiul Haq, who supported supporting Jihadism and a totalitarian state and also Zia's regime and was a member in his parliament, the Majlis-e-Shura.[5]

JUI-S remained active mostly in regional significance in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa but has no representation on the national level.[6]

JUI-S also remained strong supporter of Taliban in Afghanistan and openly supported militarism/jihadism due to which its main former presiding leader Maulana Sami-ul-Haq came to be known as "Father of Taliban".[5][7][8][9][10] Sami-ul-Haq was also a founder of Difa-e-Pakistan Council[11] and also a founding member of a six-party religious alliance Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ahead of 2002 general elections.[12][13] JUI-S remained allied with Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal until 2017 when it formed political alliance with Imran Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[14][15][16] But later before 2018 general elections, its chief Sami-ul-Haq announced that JUI-S will participate in election on its own election symbol.[17][18]

JUI-S also joined Muttahida Deeni Mahaz (United Religious Front), an alliance of relatively small religio-political parties, to participate in the 2013 general election but MDM later got merged with Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal.[19][20] In 2018, after the assassination of Sami-ul-Haq, the party's activities gradually died down.[21] His son, Maulana Hamid-ul-Haq Haqqani later became its chief.[22][23][24] Its madrassa organization is Darul Uloom Haqqania, a Deobandi Islamic seminary which is the alma mater of many prominent Taliban members.[25][26]

Electoral history[edit]

National Assembly elections[edit]

National Assembly
Election Votes % Seats +/–
1997 48,838 0.25%
0 / 237
Steady
2002 In alliance with MMA
2008 3,885 0.01%
0 / 342
Steady
2013 In alliance with MDM
2018 24,582 0.05%
0 / 342
Steady

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Enlisted Political Parties" (PDF). www.ecp.gov.pk. Election Commission of Pakistan. Retrieved 2021-03-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "PTI delegation seeks JUI-S chief's support". The News International (newspaper). 2021-01-29. Retrieved 2021-05-12.
  3. ^ "JUI-S announces 10-day mourning". The Express Tribune (newspaper). 4 November 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam – Fazl". Dawn (newspaper). 2013-04-05. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
  5. ^ a b "Maulana Samiul Haq – life in focus". The Express Tribune (newspaper). 2018-11-02. Retrieved 2021-05-11.
  6. ^ "The father of madrassas". The Nation (newspaper). 2018-11-07. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "JUI-S greets Afghan Taliban on capturing Kabul". The News International (newspaper). 2021-04-17. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "Religious parties hail Afghan Taliban's reconciliation policy". Dawn (newspaper). 2021-08-17. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "Inside the Pakistan madrasa notorious for its jihadi links". The Independent (newspaper). 2021-09-22. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Who was the 'Father of the Taliban' ?". TRT World. 2018-11-06. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ "Tahreek-e-Labbaiyak Pakistan Part 1/2: Jihadis itch for resurgence". The Express Tribune (newspaper). 11 February 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  12. ^ "VOICES FROM THE WHIRLWIND: Assessing Musharraf's Predicament Sami ul-Haq: Powerful Religious Leader". Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Five DPC parties plan new electoral alliance". Dawn (newspaper). 6 December 2012. Maulana Sami was also among the founders of a six-party religious alliance, Muttahida Majlis Amal ahead of 2002 polls that later ruled Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan under Musharraf regime.
  14. ^ "JUI-S to form poll alliance with PTI". The Express Tribune (newspaper). 2017-12-06. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "PTI, JUI-S enter into electoral alliance". Geo News. 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ "PTI, JUI-S agree to prepare 'joint strategy' for elections". Dawn (newspaper). 2017-11-20. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ "JUI-S to contest polls on its own electoral symbol". Daily Times (newspaper). 2018-06-24. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ "Sami says JUI-S to contest polls on its own". Dawn (newspaper). 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ Wasim, Amir (20 April 2013). "Few election alliances this time". Dawn. The Muttahida Deeni Mahaz (MDM), a group of five small religious parties and groups headed by Maulana Samiul Haq of the Jamiat-Ulema-i-Islam-Sami (JUI-S), is the only electoral alliance that is fielding its candidates in the May 11 elections.
  20. ^ "Six-member committee starts work on MMA revival". The Nation (newspaper). 2017-10-15. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ Report, Recorder (2020-03-17). "Renaming party: ECP accepts application of JUI-F". Business Recorder. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  22. ^ "Maulana Sami's son named JUI-S acting chief". The Express Tribune (newspaper). 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
  23. ^ "Maulana Samiul Haq's son named acting JUI-S chief". Geo News. 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ "Maulana Hamidul Haq elected JUI-S ameer". The Nation (newspaper). 2019-02-11. Retrieved 2021-10-19.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. ^ "Taliban Training the Pakistan". Deutsche Welle. 23 May 2015.
  26. ^ Dalrymple, William. Inside the Madrasas. The New York Review of Books. Here, straddling the noisy, truck-thundering Islamabad highway, stands the Haqqania, one of the most radical of the religious schools called madrasas. Many of the Taliban leaders, including Mullah Omar, were trained at this institution.