Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

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Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
جمیعت علماءِ اسلام
Historical leaders
FounderShabbir Ahmad Usmani
Founded26 October 1945; 78 years ago (1945-10-26)
Split fromJamiat Ulema-e-Hind
Succeeded byJamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F)
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S)
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Bangladesh
IdeologyIslamism clericalism[1]
Islamic fundamentalism[1]
Religious nationalism
Religious conservatism
ReligionSunni Islam (Deobandi)[1]
Party flag

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Urdu: جمیعت علماءِ اسلام, abbreviated as JUI, translated as Assembly of Islamic Clergy)[3] is a Deobandi Sunni Muslim organization that was founded on 26 October 1945 by Shabbir Ahmad Usmani as a pro-Pakistan offshoot of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind (JUH).[4][2][5] It has run candidates for office in Pakistani provincial and national elections, and splintered into several groups in 1980, 2007, and 2020.

In March 2019, after the decline of a competing faction JUI-S, the Election Commission of Pakistan reportedly allowed Moulana Fazal-ur-Rehman to have his JUI-F party use the old name of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam with no added letter F.[6][7]


Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (jui-F) is a Deobandi organization, part of the Deobandi movement.[8] The JUI formed when members broke from the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind in 1945 after that organization against the Muslim League's lobby for a separate Pakistan the Splinter member's formed the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam as a breakaway faction of Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind and backed the Muslim League's idea of separate muslim nation, The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam pledge allegiance to Muhammad Ali Jinnah and announce openly support to Pakistan movement under the leadership of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, Who was the Deobandi Islamic scholar he was the one of the founding members of Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi and a former member of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind In 1944, he became a member of the Muslim League who supported the creation of Pakistan.[9][1][10]

The original Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind was formed in British India in 1919.[9] After the death of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani in 1949, his close associate Zafar Ahmad Usmani replaced him as head or Amir of JUH. Then Mufti Mahmud became Amir of this party in 1962 and remained its head until his death in 1980.[2][9]

After the death of Mufti Mahmud, the group was further divided during Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq regime, namely Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S) supporting Jihadism and a totalitarian state whereas Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) supporting the movement for restoration of democracy in Pakistan.[2] In Pakistan, the JUI was active in the anti-Ahmadiyya riots in 1953 and 1974 and anti-Shia agitations. Part of the JUI's agenda has also been to establish a "pure" Islam in Pakistan. In particular, the JUI has sought to eliminate the worship of saints and other un-Islamic practices.[11]


Following the death of Mufti Mehmood Ahmed in 1980 JUI split in two:

A faction known as JUI Nazryati split from JUI-F in 2007 and merged back again in 2016.

Electoral history[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/–
1970 Mufti Mahmud 1,315,071 3.98%
7 / 131
Increase 7
1977 286,313 1.69%
7 / 200

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani's profile". storyofpakistan.com website. 4 January 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) history". Islamopediaonline.org website. 1 January 2015. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Assembly of Islamic Clergy". Global Security.org. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  4. ^ Micha’el M. Tanchum
  5. ^ Pirzada, Sayyid A. S. (2000). The politics of the Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam Pakistan : 1971-1977. Karachi: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-579302-1. OCLC 42791175.
  6. ^ a b Report, Recorder (17 March 2020). "Renaming party: ECP accepts application of JUI-F". Business Recorder. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  7. ^ a b "List of Enlisted Political Parties" (PDF). www.ecp.gov.pk. Election Commission of Pakistan. 3 March 2022. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  8. ^ Rashid, Haroon (6 November 2002). "Profile: Maulana Fazlur Rahman". BBC News.
  9. ^ a b c Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam - Fazal Dawn (newspaper), Published 5 April 2013, Retrieved 3 March 2020
  10. ^ John Pike. "Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam / Assembly of Islamic Clergy". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  11. ^ Campo, Juan Eduardo (2009). Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. p. 390. ISBN 978-1-4381-2696-8.
  12. ^ a b c "Election Commission accepts JUI(F) plea to get renamed as JUI". Daily Jang. Rawalpindi, 17 March 2020. p. 12
  13. ^ a b "A revolt within JUI-F". The News. 10 January 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2023.
  14. ^ "Maulana Samiul Haq – life in focus". The Express Tribune (newspaper). 2 November 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Maulana Sami's son named JUI-S acting chief". The Express Tribune (newspaper). 4 November 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  16. ^ "Maulana Samiul Haq's son named acting JUI-S chief". Geo News. 4 November 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Maulana Hamidul Haq elected JUI-S ameer". The Nation (newspaper). 11 February 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  18. ^ "Maulana Sherani announces political alliance with PTI". 13 June 2022.