Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

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Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
جمیعت علماءِ اسلام
AbbreviationJUI
Historical leaders
FounderShabbir Ahmad Usmani
Founded26 October 1945; 77 years ago (1945-10-26)
Split fromJamiat Ulema-e-Hind
Succeeded byJamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F)
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S)
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Bangladesh
IdeologyIslamism clericalism[1]
Islamic fundamentalism[1]
Religious nationalism
Religious conservatism
Pro-Pakistan[2]
ReligionSunni Islam (Deobandi)[1]
Party flag
Flag of the Jamiat Ulema-e Islam.svg

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Urdu: جمیعت علماءِ اسلام, abbreviated as JUI) was founded by Shabbir Ahmad Usmani as an offshoot of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind (JUH) on 26 October 1945.[3][2][4]

History[edit]

The original Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind was formed in British India in 1919.[5] After the death of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani in 1949, his close associate Zafar Ahmad Usmani replaced him as head or Amir of JUH. Then Mufti Mahmud became Amir of this party in 1962 and remained its head until his death in 1980.[2][5]

After the death of Mufti Mahmud, the group was further divided during Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq regime, namely Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (S) supporting Jihadism and a totalitarian state whereas Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) supporting the movement for restoration of democracy in Pakistan.[2] In Pakistan, the JUI was active in the anti-Ahmadiyya riots in 1953 and 1974 and anti-Shia agitations. Part of the JUI’s agenda has also been to establish a “pure” Islam in Pakistan. In particular, the JUI has sought to eliminate the worship of saints and other practices they regard as un-Islamic.[6]

Following were its breakaway factions:

Electoral History[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/–
1970 Mufti Mahmud 1,315,071 3.98%
7 / 131
Increase 7
1977 286,313 1.69%
7 / 200

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani's profile". storyofpakistan.com website. 4 January 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) history". Islamopediaonline.org website. 1 January 2015. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  3. ^ Micha’el M. Tanchum
  4. ^ Pirzada, Sayyid A. S. (2000). The politics of the Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam Pakistan : 1971-1977. Karachi: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-579302-1. OCLC 42791175.
  5. ^ a b Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam - Fazal Dawn (newspaper), Published 5 April 2013, Retrieved 3 March 2020
  6. ^ Campo, Juan Eduardo (2009). Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. p. 390. ISBN 978-1-4381-2696-8.