Jamalpur District

Coordinates: 24°55′N 89°58′E / 24.92°N 89.96°E / 24.92; 89.96
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Jamalpur District
দেওয়ান শাহ (রহঃ) এর মাজার (সামনে থেকে).jpg
দয়াময়ী মন্দির সম্মুখ দৃশ্য।.jpg
Floating landing station, Tarakandi, Jamalpur 08.jpg
হ্রদে ভর জাল আর প্রাকৃতিক সুন্দর পরিবেশ.jpg
Category: Shrine of Dewan Shah, Lauchapra, Floating landing station in Tarakandi, Lake in Jamalpur district, Doyamoyee Temple
Location of Jamalpur District in Bangladesh
Location of Jamalpur District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Jamalpur District
Coordinates: 24°55′N 89°58′E / 24.92°N 89.96°E / 24.92; 89.96
Country Bangladesh
DivisionMymensingh Division
 • Deputy CommissionerMohammad Enamul Haque
 • Total2,031.98 km2 (784.55 sq mi)
 (2011 census)
 • Total2,292,674
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
HDI (2018)0.574[1]
medium · 18th of 21

Jamalpur (Bengali: জামালপুর) is a district in Bangladesh,[2] part of the Mymensingh Division. It was established in 1978.


Jamalpur occupies 2031.98 km2.[2] It is located between 24°34' and 25°26' North and between 89°40' and 90°12' East. It shares an international border with the Indian state of Meghalaya in the North East. It is surrounded by Kurigram and Sherpur districts in the North, Tangail district in the South, Mymensingh and Sherpur districts in the East, Jamuna River, Bogra, Sirajganj and Gaibandha districts in the West. The main town is situated on the bank of the river Brahmaputra, 140 kilometres (87 mi) north of Dhaka, the national capital.

Main rivers include Bangali, Old Brahmaputra, Banal, Hinayana, Hark Eel, Kaiser Reel, Karaganda Lake.


The most notable historical events include the Fakir-Sannyasi Resistance (1772-1790), the Indigo Resistance Movement (1829), Famine (1874), the advent of rail (1899), and the War of Liberation in 1971.

War of Liberation[edit]

On June 21, 1971, the Pakistani army, in collaboration with the local Razakars, killed 9 people at the Shashan Ghat (cremation center) at Jamalpur Sadar Upazila on the bank of the Brahmaputra. Bengali fighters and the Pakistani army on July 31 fought at Kamalpur Pakistani Army Base of Bakshiganj Upazila, with heavy losses to the occupation army. In this battle, 35 freedom fighters including Capt. Salauddin Mumtaz, Ahaduzzaman, Abul Kalam Azad were killed. A battle was fought between Bengali troops under Sector Commander Colonel Abu Taher and the Pakistani army on November 13 at Kamalpur of Bakshiganj Upazila. Taher was seriously wounded.

The small Pakistani military base at Kamalpur fell on December 4, following a heavy attack by rebels lasting 21 days. In this battle, 220 Pakistani soldiers under the command of Captain Ahsan Malik surrendered.

The Jamalpur garrison was commanded by Sultan Ahmed and lasted about a week. Sultan earned renown among the Pakistanis when he refused to surrender to the Indian commander, Hardev Kler, telling him to use a sten not a pen.[3] This front, together with the Rangpur-Bogra front further west, was the only front where Pakistani troops held out during the war. However, on December 10, 1971, they were ordered to withdraw to Dhaka. During this retreat their commander Abdul-Qadir Niazi fell into enemy custody, giving the Bangladeshis and Indians a morale boost.


Jamalpur is a market center for local rice, sugarcane, jute, tobacco and mustard. The town's main exports are jute, tobacco, mustard seed, peanut, leather, egg, pulse, betel leaf, and handicrafts. Making nakshi kantha (embroidered quilts) is a traditional occupation. An economic zone is established in Jamalpur by BEZA. The objective of this project is to attract foreign and local investment to industrialize the country for export promotion and to meet the requirements of local areas that lead to employment generation and economic development of the country.


The district is connected by road, rail, and river with Dhaka and the rest of the country.[4] It has a railway station and three Dak bungalows.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 1,285,145—    
1981 1,530,830+2.53%
1991 1,874,440+2.05%
2001 2,107,229+1.18%
2011 2,292,674+0.85%

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Jamalpur District had a population of 2,292,674, of which 1,128,724 were males and 1,163,950 females. Rural population was 1,904,805 (83.08%) while the urban population was 387,869 (16.92%). Jamalpur District had a literacy rate of 38.4% for the population 7 years and above: 41.1% for males and 35.9% for females.[6]

Religion in Jamalpur district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Religion in present-day Jamalpur district[a]
Religion Population (1941)[7]: 98–99  Percentage (1941) Population (2011)[5] Percentage (2011)
Islam Star and Crescent.svg 623,904 87.86% 2,252,181 98.23%
Hinduism Om.svg 85,310 12.01% 38,832 1.69%
Others [b] 897 0.13% 1,661 0.08%
Total Population 710,111 100% 2,292,674 100%

Muslims were the predominant religion with 98.25% of the population while Hindus were 1.69% of the population. Jamalpur district has the highest percentage of Muslims relative to the total population of any district in Bangladesh.[5]


The district is divided into seven upazilas & one police I.C


Folk music is popular in the district. Popular songs include "Gunaibibir Gan", "Jari Gan of Khairun", "Palagan of Rupvan", "Panchali", "Ghetu Gan" and "Meyeli geet" (songs sung by women on the occasion of marriage and Gaye Holud festivals). In the rural areas, various games and sports practice. These competitions include bullfights, horse racing, Moi (ladder) race, and Lathi Khela (stick game). During the rainy season, boat races are arranged in the Jamuna river. The Garo community perform dances at the 'Bigan Gala' festival.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jamalpur subdivision of Mymensingh district excluding Sribardi, Sherpur, Nokla and Nalitabari thanas
  2. ^ Including Jainism, Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  2. ^ a b Samar Pal (2012). "Jamalpur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. ^ Cloughley, "A History of the Pakistan Army"
  4. ^ "About Jamalpur". www.jamalpuronline.in. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
  5. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh Population & Housing Census 2011(Zila aeries)". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  6. ^ "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Jamalpur" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.