Insaan Aur Devta

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Insaan Aur Devta
AuthorNaseem Hijazi
CountryBritish India and Pakistan
Set inAncient India
Published1944 (first edition)
Media typeHardcover

Insaan Aur Devta ((Urdu: انسان اور دیوتا؛Eng: Man and Gods) is a 1944 Urdu novel by Naseem Hijazi. Set in some time in Ancient India, the novel depicts the strange relationship between human beings and their gods and the cruelties of the prevailing caste system.[1][2][3]


Raja's general Sukhdev who crosses the river, determined to demolish settlements of the low caste people, but is affected by their kindness. He was born with the ideas that the low caste Shudra are worse than animals but he falls in love with a low cast girl Kanwal from that settlement. Both of them escape and start living in a village of shepherds on the bank of Ravi. Ramu, the new chief of the village, who is a very clever person, one day comes up with the idea that there is a difference between gods and goddesses, between the low castes and the high society. They have powerful gods that they worship. These gods teach them the lesson of untouchability. Because of their teachings, Brahmins treat us with hatred, take away our lands, and oppress us. If we create our own gods then gradually they will also start fearing our gods. We will make these upper castes untouchable, we will treat them the same way they have been doing to us, and when all this is done in the name of goddesses and gods, no one will be able to oppose it. Sukhdev doesn't like Ramu's idea but his son also falls in love with an upper-cast city girl. The story ends with disclosure of Sukhdev's identity as a member of a higher cast family.[1]

History of publication[edit]

The first part of Insaan Aur Devta was written in 1940. Later, the novel was completed in 1944.[4]


  1. ^ a b Ghouri, Muhammad Bilal (28 July 2022). "انسان اور دیوتا". Daily Jang (in Urdu).
  2. ^ "نسیم حجازی کی ناول نگاری (آخری قسط)". (in Urdu). Archived from the original on 25 March 2023.
  3. ^ Samīʻuzzamān̲, Nuzhat (1982). Urdū adab men̲ tārīk̲h̲ī nāvil kā irtiqāʼ (in Urdu). p. 166, 168.
  4. ^ "بلند پایہ مورخ و ناول نگار،نسیم حجازی". Daily Jasarat (in Urdu). 13 June 2021.