|Mission statement||"A coastal barrier protecting the Houston Galveston region from hurricane storm surge"|
|Type of project||Proposed government construction|
|Location||Galveston Bay, Texas, United States|
|Owner||Texas A&M University / State of Texas|
|Founder||William J. Merrill|
The Ike Dike is a proposed coastal barrier that, when completed, would protect the Galveston Bay in Texas, United States. The project would be a dramatic enhancement of the existing Galveston Seawall, complete with floodgates, which would protect more of Galveston, the Bolivar Peninsula, the Galveston Bay Area, and Houston. The barrier would extend across Galveston Island and the Bolivar Peninsula and would provide a barrier against all Gulf surges into the bay. The project is primarily the suggestion of Dr. Bill Merrell of Texas A&M University at Galveston. The Ike Dike would be able to withstand a 10000 year storm.
The proposal is, as the name suggests, motivated by the damage caused by Hurricane Ike in 2008 (as well as the disastrous 1900 Galveston Hurricane). Storm surges from Hurricane Ike caused severe damage to Galveston and the Bolivar Peninsula and caused significant damage to other areas around the bay. The damage to critical industries was minimal and most heavy industries returned to normal quickly. Still, Ike was not nearly as destructive as meteorologists predict a future hurricane will eventually be.
Proponents argue that there is a national security concern that must be addressed. The Houston area (particularly the Bay Area) is home to the largest and most important concentration of petroleum refining and petrochemical processing plants in the United States, and most of these plants are on the coast or on the ship channel. Additionally, the Port of Houston is the second-busiest port in the nation. The economic damage to the United States, not to mention Texas, in the event of a catastrophic impact on the coast would be nationally serious. Indeed, some researchers have argued that had Ike tracked a few miles further southwest it could have sidelined 40% of U.S. jet-fuel production, not to mention serious setbacks to the production of gasoline and other chemicals
Opponents of the project worry that it is simply too expensive. The latest estimated cost is $29 billion. In 2017 the Sierra Club and other environmentalists warned about the risk to marine life in the area. Several groups were proving their own recommendations on the technical aspects and design of the storm-surge protection system.
In 2010 the Texas Governor publicly expressed support for the idea. The Governor's Commission on Disaster Recovery and Renewal recommended that a 6-county (Harris, Galveston, Chambers, Brazoria, Orange and Jefferson) public corporation be established to examine regional approaches to storm surge suppression. That corporation, the Gulf Coast Community Protection and Recovery District, Inc., was established on April 20, 2010. Galveston County Judge Jim Yarborough was elected chair of the board of directors and Robert Eckels, former county judge of Harris County, was elected president. Dannenbaum Engineering was appointed as the engineering consultant. Despite this, though, the declining economy in 2010 stifled efforts to secure funding and the project remains stalled. By the end of 2012 momentum toward building the structure had waned significantly, in large part due to Hurricane Sandy, which seriously damaged the U.S. Northeast and attracted attention away from the Gulf Coast. Nevertheless, in 2013 Bay Area Houston Economic Partnership, a local community organization, began efforts to raise funds for a comprehensive study that could convince the U.S. Congress to fund the project. In addition, throughout 2013 researchers at Delft University of Technology worked out several flood defense concepts for closing off the Bolivar Roads Inlet. On Monday August 4, 2014 Texas legislators lamented a disagreement on how to protect the Houston region against storm surge and urged that a plan be brought to the Legislature as soon as possible.
The project manager named by Dannenbaum Engineering to study the Ike Dike and alternatives, Christopher W. Sallese, is a retired U.S. Army Corps of Engineer colonel. He was the district engineer and commanding officer of the Galveston District. Sallese is named as one of several defendants in an April 19, 2013 federal lawsuit filed in United States District Court, Southern District of Texas, Galveston Division, as Civil Action No. 3:13-CV-00126. This lawsuit is significant because the East Galveston Bay complex and neighboring counties would be changed greatly if the dike was constructed. Property owners and the economic base of the area would face tremendous changes. In addition, the Rollover Pass area is a federally protected critical habitat for endangered species and is a key point for marine species migration.
In 2018, the Army Corps of Engineers gave its approval to a dike plan estimated to cost between $23 and $31 billion. The proposal is similar to, but not identical to, Merrell's original proposal. Additional studies for the proposal are expected to be completed in 2021 at which time Congress would be expected to debate funding.
In May 2021, the Texas legislature approved the barrier proposal. As of August 2021[update], the plan is being submitted to the U.S. Congress for consideration to be funded as part of the infrastructure plans proposed by President Biden.
In the summer of 2022, the U.S. Congress approved the Water Resources and Development Act which would authorize the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to begin planning the Ike Dike, though funding has not been secured.
- ^ a b c d Casselman, WSJ (4 June 2009)
- ^ "Center for Texas Beaches and Shores". 11 November 2021.
- ^ "Ike Dike".
- ^ Merrell, Texas A&M-Galveston
- ^ a b Rice, Harvey (30 May 2013). "What will protect us from the next surge?". The Houston Chronicle.
- ^ a b Wermund, Benjamin (2021-11-26). "'This is going to be a marathon': Texas delegation preps push for Ike Dike". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2021-11-29.
- ^ "Environmentalists skeptical of Ike Dike". 5 January 2017.
- ^ Cherry, Mary Alys (25 May 2011). "No money available for Ike Dike". Your Houston News.
- ^ Berger, Eric (4 Nov 2012). "Ike Dike may be among Sandy's casualties". Houston Chronicle.
- ^ Rollover Pass Litigation, http://www.guidrynews.com/story.aspx?id=1000051471 Guidry News Service
- ^ Office of the Federal Register https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2001/07/10/01-16905/endangered-and-threatened-wildlife-and-plants-final-determination-of-critical-habitat-for-wintering Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Determination of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers
- ^ Powell, Nick (October 26, 2018). "Army Corps gives nod to $31B 'Ike Dike' plan to protect Texas coast". Houston Chronicle.
- ^ Randall, Keith (June 2, 2021). "Texas A&M Prof: Passage of 'Ike Dike' Bill A Great Start".
- ^ Douglas, Erin (July 28, 2022). "U.S. Senate approves bill containing Texas' "Ike Dike" coastal protection project".
- Rice, Harvey (30 May 2013). "What will protect us from the next surge?". The Houston Chronicle.
- Delaughter, Gail (14 February 2013). "Galveston's Ike Dike Project Gets Financial Boost". kuhf.
- Berger, Eric (30 September 2012). "Ike Dike may be among Sandy's casualties". The Houston Chronicle.
- Rice, Harvey (4 November 2012). "Dutch tour strengthens backing for 'Ike Dike'". The Houston Chronicle.
- Casselman, Ben (4 June 2009). "Planning the 'Ike Dike' Defense". Wall Street Journal.
- Merrell, William. "Let's Build the Ike Dike". Texas A&M University-Galveston. Archived from the original on 19 January 2010. Retrieved 23 Nov 2009.
- Triarsi, Allison (15 Jan 2009). "Could Galveston's proposed Ike Dike work?". KHOU. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- "The Ike Dike: The Proposal to Prevent Severe Storm Destruction on the Texas Gulf Coast". Rice University: SSPEED – Severe Storm Prediction, Education, and Evacuation from Disasters. Archived from the original on 2010-05-05. Retrieved 12 Sep 2009.
- Ruijs, M. "The effects of the "Ike Dike" barriers on Galveston Bay (Master's Thesis)" (PDF). Delft University of Technology & Royal Haskoning.
- Stoeten, K.J. "Applying Best Practices from the Delta Works and New Orleans to Galveston Bay" (PDF).
- Rice, Harvey (4 August 2014). "Legislators want fast action on Ike Dike". The Houston Chronicle.
- Meijer, Roy (13 September 2013). "TU Delft, Royal HaskoningDHV and Iv-Infra explore design concepts for Houston flood barrier". Delft University of Technology.
- de Vries, P.A.L. (2014). "The Bolivar Roads Surge Barrier: A conceptual design for the environmental section".
- Stoeten, K.J. (2013). "Hurricane Surge Risk Reduction For Galveston Bay".
- Ike Dike Home - Proposal from Texas A&M
- Ike Dike FAQ - Published by Bay Area Houston Economic Partnership