ISO 20022 is an ISO standard for electronic data interchange between financial institutions. It describes a metadata repository containing descriptions of messages and business processes, and a maintenance process for the repository content. The standard covers financial information transferred between financial institutions that includes payment transactions, securities trading and settlement information, credit and debit card transactions and other financial information.
The repository contains a huge amount of financial services metadata that has been shared and standardized across the industry. The metadata is stored in UML models with a special ISO 20022 UML Profile. Underlying all of this is the ISO 20022 metamodel - a model of the models. The UML profile is the metamodel transformed into UML. The metadata is transformed into the syntax of messages used in financial networks. The first syntax supported for messages was XML Schema.
ISO 20022 will be widely used in financial services, tentatively starting in march 2023. Despite many misinformation of the contrary, compliance on this standard is not measured or granted by a regulatory body: "There is no official certification authority for ISO 20022, and the implementation of ISO 20022 message definitions will depend a lot on the specific requirements of the community that is implementing."
Parts of the standard
ISO 20022 Financial services – Universal financial industry message scheme.
|ISO 20022-1:2013 Part 1||Metamodel|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 2||UML profile|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 3||Modeling|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 4||XML Schema generation|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 5||Reverse engineering|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 6||Message transport characteristics|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 7||Registration|
|ISO 20022-2:2013 Part 8||ASN.1 generation|
Management of the standard
- The Standard is issued by ISO Technical Committee 68 (TC68), which is responsible for Financial Services in ISO.
- The Standard is managed by Working Group 4 (WG4), a sub-group of TC68 whose charter is "the management of ISO 20022".
- The Standard defines a Repository Management Group (RMG) Composed of senior industry experts. It is the highest registration body.
- SEG Standard Evolution Group composed of industry experts in specific business domains of the financial industry
- SWIFT is the Registration Authority for ISO 20022. RA is the guardian of the ISO 20022 financial repository.
A 2015 report by the United States's Federal Reserve System classified Europe having "mature adopters" of ISO 20022; India, South Africa, Japan, Singapore, and Switzerland as having "growing adopters"; and Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand as having "interested adopters". The report concluded that the Federal Reserve should push for ISO 20022 adoption within the United States financial system.
The Reserve Bank of New Zealand plans to support ISO 20022 from November 2022 onward.
Nordic countries launched the P27 payment platform.
- "Swift accepts community request to start ISO 20022 migration in March 2023". SWIFT - The global provider of secure financial messaging services. 2022-10-27. Retrieved 2022-10-28.
- "Frequently asked questions". ISO20022. Retrieved 2022-10-28.
- "Strategies for improving the U.S. payment system" (PDF). Federal Reserve System. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-16.
- "The New Payments Platform Launches" (PDF). NPPA. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- "The Platform". NPPA. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- "Moving to ISO 20022". RBNZ. Retrieved 2022-09-06.
- "New Message Format for the Fedwire® Funds Service". Federal Register. 2018-07-05. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
- iso20022.org ISO/TC68/20022/RMG - Registration Management Group: Schema, newsletters, publications, extent of global adoption, presentations