Hunterdon County, New Jersey

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Hunterdon County
A view of Clinton, New Jersey, with the Red Mill in the foreground, and the downtown district across the Raritan River in the background
A view of Clinton, New Jersey, with the Red Mill in the foreground, and the downtown district across the Raritan River in the background
Flag of Hunterdon County
Official seal of Hunterdon County
Map of New Jersey highlighting Hunterdon County
Location within the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°34′N 74°55′W / 40.57°N 74.92°W / 40.57; -74.92Coordinates: 40°34′N 74°55′W / 40.57°N 74.92°W / 40.57; -74.92
Country United States
State New Jersey
Founded1714
Named forRobert Hunter
SeatFlemington[1]
Largest cityRaritan Township (population)
Readington Township (area)
Government
 • Commission DirectorJohn E. Lanza (R, term ends December 31, 2022)
Area
 • Total437.44 sq mi (1,133.0 km2)
 • Land427.82 sq mi (1,108.0 km2)
 • Water9.62 sq mi (24.9 km2)  2.20%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total128,947
 • Density301.4/sq mi (116.4/km2)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.hunterdon.nj.us
Interactive map of Hunterdon County, New Jersey

Hunterdon County is a county located in the western section of the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States Census, the county's population was 128,947, making it the state's 18th-most populous county,[2] representing an increase of 598 (0.5%) from the 128,349 enumerated in the 2010 United States Census,[3] which in turn increased by 6,360 (5.2%) from the 121,989 counted in the 2000 Census.[4] Its county seat is Flemington.[1]

In 2015, the county had a per capita personal income of $80,759, the third-highest in New Jersey and ranked 33rd of 3,113 counties in the United States.[5][6] The Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 19th-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States (and the highest in New Jersey) as of 2009.[7] Hunterdon County is noted for having the second-lowest level of child poverty of any county in the United States.[8]

Geographically, much of the county lies in the Delaware Valley as a geographic concept, that is, the drainage basin of the Delaware River. Local businesses and the Delaware Valley Regional High School carry the name. However, "Delaware Valley" is also used to refer to the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden Combined Statistical Area (CSA), and Hunterdon County does not belong to the Philadelphia CSA, but rather to the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), part of the larger New York-Newark Combined Statistical Area (CSA).[9] It is located within the state's Skylands Region. The county is located in the Central Jersey region.

Hunterdon County was established on March 11, 1714, separating from Burlington County, at which time it included all of present-day Morris, Sussex and Warren counties.[10] The rolling hills and rich soils which produce bountiful agricultural crops drew Native American tribes and then Europeans to the area.

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Hunterdon County was named for Robert Hunter, a colonial governor of New Jersey.[11] Language changes over time and location, so by stemming of [s], and a [t] → [d] lenition of the name of his family seat of "Hunterston" in Ayrshire, Scotland, the name "Hunterdon" was derived.[12][13]

Paleo Indians and Native Americans[edit]

Paleo Indians moved into Hunterdon County between 12,000 BCE and 11,000 BCE. The area was warming due to climate change. The Wisconsin Glacier in Warren and Sussex County was retreating northward. The area was that of Taiga/Boreal forests. Paleo Indians traveled in small groups in search of game and edible plants. They used spears made of bone, jasper or black chert. Their camp sites are difficult to find as they are many feet below the present surface.[citation needed]

Native Americans moved into the area but the time they arrived is unknown. Most have come from the Mississippi River area. Many tribes of the Delaware Nation lived in Hunterdon County especially along the Delaware River and in the Flemington area. These tribes were agricultural in nature, growing corn, beans and squash. Those that lived along the South Branch of the Raritan River fished and farmed. There was a Native American trail that went along the South Branch of the Raritan River (Philhower 1924).

European settlement[edit]

Land purchases from Native Americans occurred from 1688 to 1758. Large land purchases from Native Americans occurred in 1703, 1709 and 1710. Over 150,000 acres (610 km2) were bought with metal knives and pots, clothing, blankets, barrels of rum or hard cider, guns, powder and shot. This allowed for European settlers to enter into Hunterdon County in the early 18th century. After 1760, nearly all Native Americans left New Jersey and relocated to eastern Canada or the Mississippi River area.[citation needed]

The first European settlers were Col. John Reading who settled in Reading Township in 1704 they called him Sir Reading of Readington and John Holcombe who settled in Lambertville in 1705.[12]

Hunterdon County was separated from Burlington County on March 11, 1714. At that time Hunterdon County was large, going from Assunpink Creek near Trenton to the New York State line which at that time was about 10 miles (16 km) north of Port Jervis, New York.[10]

On March 15, 1739, Morris County (which at the time included what would later become Sussex County and Warren County) was separated from Hunterdon County.[10] The boundary between Hunterdon and Somerset counties is evidence of the old Keith Line which separated the provinces of West Jersey and East Jersey. Hunterdon County was reduced in area on February 22, 1838, with the formation of Mercer County from portions of Burlington County, Hunterdon County and Middlesex County. In February 1839, the remaining portion of Hopewell Township was annexed to Mercer County. On March 13, 1844 Hopewell Township returned to Hunterdon County while Tewksbury Township was annexed by Somerset County but in February 1845 both of these changes were repealed. Since then, the county boundaries have remained the same.[10]

Hunterdon County was being affected by industrialization in the state and nation, mining speculation in northwest New Jersey, and competitors constructing railroads. The Elizabethtown and Somerville Railroad leased a section to White House just south of Tewksbury Township in 1848.[citation needed]

Recent history[edit]

Transitioning from rural to suburban, Hunterdon County is an exurb on the western edge of New Jersey and home to commuters to New York City and Philadelphia. The county seat, Flemington, is noted as the site of the Lindbergh kidnapping trial which convicted Bruno Hauptmann of the murder of aviator Charles Lindbergh's son. With growing towns and shopping areas, as well as relaxing rural areas, Hunterdon County is a far stretch from the urban areas stereotypically associated with New Jersey. Due to the presence of natural habitats with many homes in wooded settings, Hunterdon County was recently found to have the third highest case rate of Lyme disease out of all counties in the United States.[14]

On December 24, 2020, The Hunterdon County Library System announced that the library system will be joining the MAIN Library System which covers libraries in Morris County and parts of Somerset and Warren counties, this merger was completed on January 11, 2021.[15]

Geography and geology[edit]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 437.44 square miles (1,133.0 km2), including 427.82 square miles (1,108.0 km2) of land (97.8%) and 9.62 square miles (24.9 km2) of water (2.2%).[16]

Much of the county is hilly, with several hills rising to one thousand foot in elevation. The highest points are two areas in Lebanon Township, one on the Morris County line, both reaching approximately 1,060 feet (320 m) above sea level.[17] The first is at Smith on the Morris County line and the second is north of the area called Little Brook. This area is known as the Highlands of New Jersey. The lowest elevation is where the Mercer County line reaches the Delaware River, approximately 50 feet (15 m) above sea level. The county is drained by the Musconetcong River in the north. The river flows in a southwest direction. The Lamington River drains the county in the east. The central portion of the county is drained by the South Branch of the Raritan River. The Delaware River drains the western side of the county.

Geology[edit]

Around 500 million years ago, a chain of volcanic islands shaped like an arch collided with proto North America and rode over the top of the North American plate. The rock from the islands created the highlands of Hunterdon County as there was a shallow sea where Hunterdon County is now located. Then around four hundred million B.C., a small continent that was long and thin, collided with proto North America. This collision created compression, which caused heat. The Paleozoic sediment of shale and sandstone folded and faulted. The heat allowed the igneous rock to bend, thus Hunterdon County was born.

The African plate which later collided with North America created more folding and faulting, especially in the southern Appalachians. Then the African and North America plates tore and drifted away from each other.

The Wisconsin glacier that entered into New Jersey around 21,000 BCE and then melted around 13,000 BCE did not reach Hunterdon County. However, there are glacial outwash deposits from streams and rivers that flowed from the glacier southward depositing rock and sediment.

Hunterdon County has two geophysical provinces. The first is the Highlands which is the western section of the county. The other is the Piedmont which is the eastern and southern section of the county. The Highlands account for one-third of the area and Piedmont accounts for two-thirds of the county. The Highlands are part of the Reading Prong. Limestone and shale over igneous rock comprise the Highlands. Piedmont includes the Hunterdon Plateau and the Raritan Valley Lowlands which are 150 to 300 feet (46 to 91 m) above sea level. Piedmont is made up of shale and sandstone.

Climate[edit]

Hunterdon has a humid continental climate which is hot-summer (Dfa) except in some higher northern areas where it is warm-summer (Dfb). The hardiness zone is mainly 6b except for some 6a in higher northern areas and 7a along the Delaware River in West Amwell Township. Average monthly temperatures in Clinton range from 29.0 °F in January to 74.0 °F in July, while in Flemington they range from 30.0 °F in January to 74.8 °F in July and in Lambertville they range from 31.1 °F in January to 75.7 °F in July. [1]

Flemington, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.8
 
 
37
19
 
 
3.2
 
 
41
22
 
 
4.3
 
 
50
28
 
 
4.3
 
 
62
38
 
 
4.6
 
 
72
47
 
 
4.6
 
 
81
57
 
 
5.2
 
 
85
62
 
 
3.7
 
 
83
61
 
 
4.3
 
 
77
53
 
 
4.5
 
 
65
41
 
 
3.8
 
 
54
33
 
 
4.3
 
 
42
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[18]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Flemington have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −18 °F (−28 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.16 inches (80 mm) in February to 5.16 inches (131 mm) in July.[18]

Oldwick General Store

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
179020,153
180021,2615.5%
181024,55615.5%
182028,60416.5%
183031,0608.6%
184024,789*−20.2%
185028,99016.9%
186033,65416.1%
187036,9639.8%
188038,5704.3%
189035,355−8.3%
190034,507−2.4%
191033,569−2.7%
192032,885−2.0%
193034,7285.6%
194036,7665.9%
195042,73616.2%
196054,10726.6%
197069,71828.9%
198087,36125.3%
1990107,77623.4%
2000121,98913.2%
2010128,3495.2%
2020128,9470.5%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[19]
1970-2010[20] 2020[2]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[10]

2020 Census[edit]

2010 Census[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 128,349 people, 47,169 households, and 34,339 families in the county. The population density was 300 per square mile (120/km2). There were 49,487 housing units at an average density of 115.7 per square mile (44.7/km2). The racial makeup was 91.36% (117,264) White, 2.69% (3,451) Black or African American, 0.13% (167) Native American, 3.26% (4,181) Asian, 0.03% (37) Pacific Islander, 1.22% (1,570) from other races, and 1.31% (1,679) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.24% (6,722) of the population.[3]

Of the 47,169 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18; 62.8% were married couples living together; 7% had a female householder with no husband present and 27.2% were non-families. Of all households, 22% were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.1.[3]

23.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 34.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females, the population had 99.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 98.1 males.[3]

Economy[edit]

Based on data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Hunterdon County had a gross domestic product (GDP) of $6.8 billion in 2018, which was ranked 16th in the state and represented an increase of -0.4% from the previous year.[21]

Hunterdon County ranked as the 19th among the highest-income counties in the United States with a 2010 per capita income of $67,053. It ranks fourth among U.S. counties for household income according to the most recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Hunterdon County's median household income was $105,186, behind only Loudoun County and Fairfax County in Virginia, and Howard County, Maryland.

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the county had a total of 1,412.33 miles (2,272.92 km) of roadways, of which 1,059.23 miles (1,704.67 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 237.73 miles (382.59 km) by Hunterdon County and 114.79 miles (184.74 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.58 miles (0.93 km) by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission.[22]

Many important roads pass through the county. They include state routes, such as Route 12, Route 29, Route 31, Route 173 and Route 179. Two U.S. Routes pass through the county, which are U.S. Route 22 and U.S. Route 202. The only limited access road that passes through is Interstate 78.

Public transportation[edit]

Whitehouse Station

Limited rail service to the northern part of the county from Newark Penn Station/Pennsylvania Station is provided to High Bridge, Annandale, Lebanon and Whitehouse Station by NJ Transit's Raritan Valley Line.[23]

The Norfolk Southern Railway's Lehigh Line (formerly the mainline of the Lehigh Valley Railroad), runs through Hunterdon County.[24]

In addition, The Hunterdon County Link operates demand-response service across the county, as well as fixed-route service in Flemington.[25] Trans-Bridge Lines also provides service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, as well as several towns/cities west in Pennsylvania.[26] Stops include Clinton, Flemington, Lambertville, and Frenchtown.

Government[edit]

County Government[edit]

Hunterdon County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the Commissioners select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director. The Commissioner Board is the center of legislative and administrative responsibility and, as such, performs a dual role. As legislators, they draw up and adopt a budget, and in the role of administrators they are responsible for spending the funds they have appropriated.[27] In 2016, freeholders were paid $16,000 and the freeholder director was paid an annual salary of $17,000.[28] As of 2022, Hunterdon County's Commissioners are (with terms for director and deputy director ending every December 31st):[29][30][31]

Commissioner Party, Residence, Term
Director John E. Lanza R, Raritan Township, 2022[32]
Deputy Director Zachary T. Rich R, West Amwell Township, 2022[33]
Jeff Kuhl R, Raritan Township, 2024 (appointed to serve an unexpired term)[34]
Susan Soloway R, Franklin Township, 2024,[35]
Shaun C. Van Doren R, Tewksbury Township, 2023[36]

In June 2022, the commissioners appointed Jeff Kuhl to fill the seat expiring in December 2024 that had been held by Mike Holt until he resigned from office. Kuhl will serve on an interim basis until the November 2022 general election, when voters will choose a candidate to serve the balance of the term of office.[37]

Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term).[38] Hunterdon County's constitutional officers, elected on a countywide basis, are:[29][39]

Title Representative
County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2026)[40][41]
Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2022)[42][43]
Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2023).[44][45]

The Hunterdon County Prosecutor is Renée M. Robeson, who was nominated by Governor of New Jersey Phil Murphy in 2021.[46][47] Hunterdon County is a part of Vicinage 13 of the New Jersey Superior Court (along with Somerset County and Warren County), which is seated at the Somerset County Courthouse in Somerville, the county seat of Somerset County; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 15 is Yolanda Ciccone. The Hunterdon County Courthouse is in Flemington.[48]

Federal representatives[edit]

Hunterdon County falls entirely within the 7th congressional district.[49][50] For the 117th United States Congress. New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Tom Malinowski (D, East Amwell Township).[51]

State representatives[edit]

The 26 municipalities of Hunterdon County are represented by three Separate Legislative Districts.[52]

District Senator[53] Assembly[53] Municipalities
15th Shirley Turner (D) Verlina Reynolds-Jackson (D)

Anthony Verrelli (D)

East Amwell Township (3,878), Lambertville (3,822) and West Amwell Township (2,739)

The remainder of this district covers portions of Mercer County.

16th Andrew Zwicker (D) Sadaf F. Jaffer (D)

Roy Freiman (D)

Delaware Township (4,435), Flemington (4,608), Raritan Township (22,219),

Readington Township (15,840) and Stockton (614).

The remainder of this district covers portions of Mercer County, Middlesex County and

Somerset County.

23rd Michael J. Doherty (R) John DiMaio (R)

Erik Peterson (R)

Alexandria Township (4,758), Bethlehem Township (3,855), Bloomsbury (729),

Califon (1,139), Clinton Town (2,686), Clinton Township (12,877),

Franklin Township (3,195), Frenchtown (1,464), Glen Gardner (1,704),

Hampton Borough (1,401), High Bridge (3,648), Holland Township (5,291),

Kingwood Township (3,845), Lebanon Borough (1,358), Lebanon Township (6,588),

Millford Borough (1,233), Tewksbury (5,993) and Union Township (5,098).

The remainder of this district covers portions of Somerset County and Warren County.

Law enforcement[edit]

The Hunterdon County Sheriff's Office includes about 43 sworn officers.[54] The current sheriff is Frederick Brown, who was reelected to a second three-year term in 2013.[55] He was preceded by Republican Deborah Trout who served one term starting in November 2007.[56]

On December 22, 2008, state investigators seized computers and other records related to Sheriff Deborah Trout’s hiring of undersheriffs and other personnel without the usual background checks and qualifications.[56] In 2010, a grand jury indicted then-sheriff Deborah Trout and two under-sheriffs on 43 counts of official misconduct and other charges. The indictment was later suppressed when new state officials were appointed by incoming Governor Chris Christie. The propriety of the investigation, the indictment and its aftermath are the subject of a number of legal actions.[57][58][59]

Politics[edit]

Hunterdon County is considered a Republican stronghold and has traditionally elected some of the most conservative members of the New Jersey legislature. It has also provided big votes for independent conservative third party candidates opposing liberal and moderate Republicans, particularly in 1997, when 13% of county voters backed two conservative independent candidates against the incumbent Governor Christine Todd Whitman. All five County Commissioners are Republicans, as are all countywide elected officers and the majority of township committee and borough council members. The county has only gone Democratic in a presidential election twice since 1920, in the national Democratic landslides of 1936 and 1964. As of October 1, 2021, there were a total of 107,101 registered voters in Hunterdon County, of whom 29,256 (27.3%) were registered as Democrats, 41,836 (39.1%) were registered as Republicans and 35,077 (32.8%) were registered as unaffiliated. There were 932 voters (0.9%) registered to other parties.[60]

In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Barack Obama defeated John McCain by a 7.2% margin nationally, but Obama defeated McCain in New Jersey by a 15.5% margin.[61] Republican John McCain received 55.5% of the vote (39,092 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.3% (29,776 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (981 votes), among the 70,409 ballots cast by the county's 87,460 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.5%.[62] However in 2016, the margin of victory for Republican presidential candidates decreased 17.8 percent in 2012 to 13.7 percent, despite the Democrats national popular vote margin shrinking from 3.9 points to 2.1 points. In 2020, Joe Biden came closer than any Democratic nominee to carrying the county since Lyndon B. Johnson’s win in 1964, losing by 4.4 percent to Donald Trump.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[63][64]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 51.0% 43,153 46.6% 39,457 2.4% 2,063
2016 54.0% 38,712 40.3% 28,898 5.7% 4,050
2012 58.1% 38,687 40.3% 26,876 1.6% 1,061
2008 55.8% 39,092 42.5% 29,776 1.6% 1,147
2004 59.8% 39,888 39.1% 26,050 1.1% 742
2000 57.1% 32,210 37.9% 21,387 5.1% 2,858
1996 51.0% 26,379 35.7% 18,446 13.3% 6,902
1992 46.6% 25,130 28.6% 15,423 24.9% 13,421
1988 69.1% 31,907 29.8% 13,758 1.1% 517
1984 72.4% 29,737 26.7% 10,972 0.9% 370
1980 58.8% 21,403 27.5% 10,029 13.7% 4,998
1976 59.5% 19,616 38.2% 12,592 2.3% 758
1972 69.0% 21,282 29.3% 9,031 1.8% 543
1968 57.8% 15,851 31.9% 8,755 10.3% 2,833
1964 40.2% 10,173 59.7% 15,091 0.1% 19
1960 64.1% 15,842 35.8% 8,863 0.1% 26
1956 72.8% 16,150 26.8% 5,957 0.4% 86
1952 67.5% 14,439 32.1% 6,878 0.4% 83
1948 60.9% 10,654 37.2% 6,515 1.9% 340
1944 59.1% 9,843 40.7% 6,774 0.2% 35
1940 56.5% 10,284 43.3% 7,872 0.3% 47
1936 48.0% 8,832 51.8% 9,526 0.3% 51
1932 51.9% 8,476 46.1% 7,531 2.0% 319
1928 73.5% 11,820 26.3% 4,225 0.2% 31
1924 60.6% 8,940 34.6% 5,103 4.8% 704
1920 54.4% 7,443 44.3% 6,067 1.3% 176
1916 42.7% 3,408 55.9% 4,462 1.4% 114
1912 25.6% 1,970 53.4% 4,103 21.0% 1,615
1908 43.1% 3,733 54.6% 4,736 2.3% 203
1904 44.6% 3,856 50.4% 4,360 5.1% 439
1900 41.3% 3,873 54.8% 5,137 4.0% 371
1896 44.2% 4,264 51.8% 4,992 4.0% 390
County CPVI: R+6

Hunterdon County supported Steve Lonegan for Governor over Chris Christie in the 2009 Republican Primary, by a 4.0% margin. Although in the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.9% of the vote (33,360 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 25.1% (12,893 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.0% (4,098 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (387 votes), among the 51,372 ballots cast by the county's 86,186 registered voters, yielding a 59.6% turnout.[65] In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Governor Chris Christe received 73.5% of the vote (31,292 votes) to Democrat Barbara Buono's 24.4% (10,425 votes). In the 2017 gubernatorial election, Democrat Phil Murphy received 39.0% of the vote (17,697 votes) to Republican Kim Guadagno's 58.9% (26,708 votes). In the 2021 gubernatorial election, Democratic Governor Phil Murphy received 40.2% of the vote (22,820 votes) to Republican Jack Ciattarelli's 58.9% (33,459 votes), making it just one of two counties (along with Somerset) to shift to the left in that election.

Municipalities[edit]

Index map of Hunterdon County municipalities (click to see index key)
Interactive map of municipalities in Hunterdon County.

The following 26 municipalities are located in Hunterdon County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area):[66]

Municipality
(with map key)
Municipal
type
Population Housing
Units
Total
Area
Water
Area
Land
Area
Pop.
Density
Housing
Density
Communities[67]
Alexandria Township 11 township 4,938 1,865 27.64 0.22 27.42 180.1 68.0 Everittstown
Little York
Mechlings Corner
Mount Pleasant
Mount Salem
Swinesburg
Bethlehem Township 16 township 3,979 1,386 20.83 0.12 20.71 192.1 66.9 Charlestown
Polktown
Swinesburg
West Portal
Bloomsbury 15 borough 870 358 0.91 0.03 0.88 991.9 408.1
Califon 25 borough 1,076 419 0.97 0.02 0.95 1,133.3 441.3 Lower Valley
Clinton (town) 18 town 2,719 1,098 1.42 0.08 1.34 2,032.6 820.8
Clinton Township 19 township 13,478 4,737 33.82 3.95 29.88 451.1 158.6 Annandale CDP (1,695)
Cedar Heights
Cokesbury
Hamden
Mariannes Corner
Potterstown
Readingsburg
Sunnyside
Delaware Township 4 township 4,563 1,927 37.02 0.39 36.64 124.5 52.6 Bowne
Brookville
Dilts Corner
Headquarters
Locktown
Prallsville
Raven Rock
Rosemont
Sand Brook
Sandy Ridge
Sergeantsville
East Amwell Township 3 township 4,013 1,580 28.56 0.10 28.46 141.0 55.5 Amwell
Boss Road
Bowne
Buttonwood Corners
Cloverhill
Furmans Corner
Larisons Corners
Linvale
Reaville
Rileyville
Ringoes
Rocktown
Snydertown
Unionville
Vanlieu Corners
Wertsville
Flemington 8 borough 4,581 1,926 1.08 0.00 1.08 4,252.2 1,787.8
Franklin Township 10 township 3,195 1,204 23.00 0.20 22.80 140.1 52.8 Allens Corner
Alvater Corner
Cherryville
Grandin
Kingtown
Lansdowne
Littletown
Oak Grove
Quakertown
Sidney
Sunnyside
Frenchtown 12 borough 1,373 656 1.36 0.10 1.26 1,087.2 519.4
Glen Gardner 22 borough 1,704 825 1.52 0.00 1.52 1,117.8 541.2 Bells Crossing
Clarksville
Hampton 23 borough 1,401 612 1.54 0.01 1.53 915.1 399.7 Hampton Junction
High Bridge 21 borough 3,648 1,481 2.43 0.04 2.39 1,526.9 619.9 Pierce Heights
Holland Township 14 township 5,291 2,066 24.02 0.51 23.51 225.0 87.9 Amsterdam
Hughesville
Little York
Mount Joy
Riegel Ridge
Spring Mills
Kingwood Township 6 township 3,845 1,569 35.77 0.62 35.16 109.4 44.6 Barbertown
Byram
Idell
Milltown
Point Breeze
Tumble Falls
Lambertville 1 city 3,914 2,079 1.30 0.14 1.15 3,386.1 1,798.8
Lebanon 20 borough 1,358 664 0.89 0.00 0.89 1,532.0 749.1
Lebanon Township 24 township 6,588 2,439 31.70 0.24 31.46 209.4 77.5 Anthony
Bunnvale
Hampton Junction
Hoffmans
Little Brook
Lower Valley
Mount Lebanon
New Hampton
Newport
Penwell
Red Mill
Scrappy Corner
Spruce Run
Woodglen
Milford 13 borough 1,233 552 1.23 0.08 1.15 1,073.4 480.5
Raritan Township 7 township 22,177 8,284 37.69 0.16 37.53 591.2 220.9 Bartles Corners
Cloverhill
Copper Hill
Croton
Flemington Junction
Gary Corner
Klinesville
Larisons Corners
Muirhead
Reaville
Rockefellows Mills
Thachers Hill
Voorhees Corner
Readington Township 9 township 16,126 6,191 48.04 0.30 47.74 337.8 129.7 Barley Sheaf
Centerville
Cushetunk
Darts Mills
Dreahook
Holcomb Mills
McCrea Mills
Mechanicsville
Pleasant Run
Potterstown
Readington Village
Riverside
Rowland's Mills
Stanton
Three Bridges
Whitehouse
Whitehouse Station CDP (2,089)
Stockton 5 borough 538 259 0.61 0.08 0.54 1,005.6 484.1
Tewksbury Township 26 township 5,993 2,323 31.70 0.17 31.53 190.1 73.7 Bissell
Cokesbury
Fairmount
Farmersville
Laurel Farms
Lower Fairmount
Mountainville
Oldwick
Sutton
Vernoy
Union Township 17 township 5,908 1,830 20.61 1.87 18.74 315.3 97.7 Coles Mills
Grandin
Hensfoot
Jutland
Kingtown
Mechlings Corner
Mount Salem
Norton
Pattenburg
Perryville
Polktown
Van Syckel
West Amwell Township 2 township 2,842 1,157 21.78 0.19 21.58 177.9 53.6 Alexauken
Bowne
Linvale
Mount Airy
Rocktown
Hunterdon County county 127,351 49,487 437.44 9.62 427.82 300.0 115.7

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places within Hunterdon County include:

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

School districts[edit]

School districts include:[71][72][73][74]

K-12
Secondary
Elementary (K-8, except as noted)

High schools[edit]

A map of Hunterdon County high school sending districts. Click for a key.
  • Delaware Valley Regional High School, in Alexandria Township, serves the townships of Alexandria, Holland and Kingwood and the boroughs of Frenchtown and Milford.[75]
  • Hunterdon Central Regional High School, located in Raritan Township, serves students from Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough, Raritan Township and Readington Township.[76]
  • North Hunterdon High School, located in Clinton Township, hosts the students of Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough and Union Township.[77]
  • Phillipsburg High School, located in Phillipsburg in neighboring Warren County, educates the students of Bloomsbury, though a proposal is currently on the table to send the borough's students to Delaware Valley Regional High school instead.[78]
  • South Hunterdon Regional High School, located in West Amwell Township, serves students from Lambertville, Stockton and West Amwell Township.[79]
  • Voorhees High School, in Lebanon Township, serves the students of Califon Borough, Glen Gardner Borough, Hampton Borough, High Bridge Borough, Lebanon Township, Tewksbury Township.[80]

Higher education[edit]

  • Raritan Valley Community College is the two-year community college for both Hunterdon and Somerset County, one of a network of 19 county colleges statewide. Founded in 1965, the school's main campus is located in North Branch, in Somerset County.[81]
  • Rutgers University has a partnership with Raritan Valley Community College which offers bachelor's degree completion programs at the North Branch campus.[82]

Points of interest[edit]

Hunterdon County is considered the premier place to hunt white tailed deer in New Jersey. More deer are harvested each year than any other county according to New Jersey Fish and Game records.[83] The premier fishing streams are the Musconetcong in the north and the Lamington River. The NJ Fish and Game stocks thousands of rainbow, brown, and brook trout in these streams as well as other streams such as the South Branch of the Raritan River.

Round Valley Reservoir and Spruce Run Reservoir are manmade reservoirs that provide boating and fishing opportunities for patrons. Covering 2,000 acres (810 ha) and the state's largest reservoir with 55,000,000,000 US gallons (2.1×1011 l; 4.6×1010 imp gal) of water, Round Valley is one of New Jersey's trophy trout lakes, and holds the state records for smallmouth bass, brown trout, lake trout, and American eel.[84] Spruce Run, the state's third-largest reservoir, held the state record for Northern Pike for nearly 30 years, and offers a large variety of species for anglers to pursue.[85] New Jersey Fish and Game has nine Wildlife Management Areas for hunting ducks, deer, pheasants, quail, rabbits, squirrels and bears.[86]

The Hunterdon County Department of Parks and Recreation manages these parks.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b New Jersey County Map Archived March 13, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
  2. ^ a b QuickFacts Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 26, 2016.
  4. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  5. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes available for 3113 counties in the United States: 2015, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  6. ^ Local Area Personal Income: 2015 Archived October 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed October 24, 2017.
  7. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3113 Counties in the United States, 2009 Archived December 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Hunterdon has the highest per capita personal income for counties with under 250,000 people. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  8. ^ Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates - Table 1: 2011 Poverty and Median Income Estimates - Counties Archived October 10, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 8, 2015.
  9. ^ "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas", OMB Bulletin no. 18-04, The White House, Office of Management and Budget, September 4, 2018
  10. ^ a b c d e Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968 Archived June 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 153. Accessed May 30, 2012.
  11. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 163.
  12. ^ a b Fun Facts Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  13. ^ Shupe, Lillian. "What's with this? Walpack Township once part of Hunterdon Archived April 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Hunterdon County Democrat, April 19, 2012. Accessed May 30, 2012. "At one time Hunterdon County, the second county to be established in New Jersey, extended as far south as Trenton and as far north as the New York State line which at that time was about 10 miles north of Port Jervis, N.Y. Hunterdon County was named for Robert Hunter, a colonial governor of New Jersey. His former home in England was called Hunterston but over time the name was changed to Hunterdon."
  14. ^ Varde, S. (1998). "Prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in Ixodes scapularis in a rural New Jersey County". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 4 (1): 97–99. doi:10.3201/eid0401.980113. PMC 2627663. PMID 9452402.
  15. ^ Deak, Mike. "Hunterdon County Library users will have access to millions more items". MyCentralJersey.com. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
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  21. ^ Local Area Gross Domestic Product, 2018, Bureau of Economic Analysis, released December 12, 2019. Accessed December 12, 2019.
  22. ^ Hunterdon County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction Archived September 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  23. ^ Hunterdon County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed September 20, 2012.
  24. ^ Hunterdon County Freight Profile Archived October 24, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority. Accessed October 24, 2017. "On the rail network, the Norfolk Southern Lehigh Line, which runs across the County, is one of the most heavily - traveled freight rail lines in the State."
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  28. ^ Gallo Jr., Bill. "Which N.J. county freeholders are paid the most?" Archived October 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, NJ.com, March 11, 2016. Accessed October 25, 2017. "Freeholder director: $17,000; Other freeholders: $16,000"
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  35. ^ Susan Soloway, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2022.
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  37. ^ Deak, Mike. "Hunterdon County taps familiar face for commissioner vacancy", Courier News, June 11, 2022. Accessed July 8, 2022. "Jeff Kuhl, a former Raritan Township mayor, has taken the vacancy on the Hunterdon County Board of Commissioners created by the resignation of longtime Commissioner Matt Holt."
  38. ^ New Jersey State Constitution (1947), Article VII, Section II, Paragraph 2 Archived November 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed October 26, 2017.
  39. ^ 2022 County and Municipal Directory, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2022.
  40. ^ Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2022.
  41. ^ Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2022.
  42. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2022.
  43. ^ Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2022.
  44. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2022.
  45. ^ Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 21, 2022.
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  47. ^ Governor Chris Christie Files Nominations Archived October 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie, press release dated September 8, 2016. Accessed October 24, 2017. "Hunterdon County Prosecutor - Nominate for reappointment Anthony P. Kearns, III (Clinton, Hunterdon)"
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  71. ^ New Jersey School Directory for Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 1, 2022.
  72. ^ Search for Public School Districts in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 1, 2022.
  73. ^ 2020 Census School District Reference Map for Hunterdon County, NJ, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 14, 2022.
  74. ^ 2020 Census School District Reference List for Hunterdon County, NJ, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 14, 2022.
  75. ^ Delaware Valley Regional High School District 2016 Report Card Narrative Archived April 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 27, 2017. "The Delaware Valley Regional High School District can be found in the heart of pastoral and beautiful Hunterdon County, New Jersey. The District serves students in grades nine through twelve who reside in the five municipalities that comprise our region: Alexandria Township, Frenchtown Borough, Holland Township, Kingwood Township, and Milford Borough."
  76. ^ Hunterdon Central Regional High School District 2016 Report Card Narrative Archived September 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 24, 2018. "Located in beautiful, historic Hunterdon County in central New Jersey, Hunterdon Central Regional High School serves the five municipalities of Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough, Raritan Township and Readington Township. The District is comprised of 152.5 square miles and has a population of approximately 51,468 residents."
  77. ^ About the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District Archived February 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed October 27, 2017. "North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, The Town of Clinton, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township"
  78. ^ Petty, Todd. "Bloomsbury school board will consider ending relationship with Phillipsburg High School tomorrow night" Archived October 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, The Warren Reporter, October 8, 2012. Accessed October 27, 2017. "The Board of Education will vote to decide whether it wants to continue sending students to Phillipsburg High School at a meeting tomorrow night. The agenda for tomorrow night's meeting includes a resolution 'approving the filing of petition to sever send/receive relationship between the Bloomsbury Board of Education and the Phillipsburg Board of Education.'"
  79. ^ South Hunterdon Regional School District 2016 Report Card Narrative Archived October 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 27, 2017. "Bordering the Delaware River and located in the culturally rich and rural region of Southern Hunterdon County, SHRSD serves the communities of Lambertville, Stockton, and West Amwell."
  80. ^ Voorhees High School 2016 Report Card Narrative Archived October 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 27, 2017. "Voorhees High School has consistently ranked among the top high schools in New Jersey and was named a National Blue Ribbon School in 2015. With an enrollment of 1,087 students in grades 9-12, the school serves the communities of Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township, and Tewksbury Township."
  81. ^ History, Mission & Core Values Archived April 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Raritan Valley Community College. Accessed May 30, 2012.
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  84. ^ Round Valley Recreation Area Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry. Accessed October 24, 2017. "The Round Valley Reservoir swimming area was created by the construction of an earth dam across a narrow waterway on the west side of the reservoir, separating it from the main part of the reservoir. The reservoir covers over 2,000 acres and is approximately 180 feet deep, the deepest lake in New Jersey. It has a water capacity of 55 billion gallons."
  85. ^ Spruce Run Recreation Area Archived June 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry. Accessed October 24, 2017. "The reservoir was one of the first water supply facilities to be constructed and operated by the state and covers 1,290 acres with 15 miles of shoreline for recreation. Spruce Run is the third largest reservoir in the state after Round Valley and Wanaque reservoirs."
  86. ^ Wildlife Management Areas Archived November 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish and Wildlife. Accessed October 24, 2017.
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External links[edit]