Hikmat Sulayman

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Hikmat Sulayman
Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
30 October 1936 – 17 August 1937
MonarchGhazi I
Preceded byYasin al-Hashimi
Succeeded byJamil al-Midfai
Personal details
Born1889
Died16 June 1964[citation needed]
Baghdad, Baathist Iraq[citation needed]
Political partyParty of National Brotherhood

Hikmat Sulayman (1889 – 16 June 1964[citation needed]) (Arabic: حكمت سليمان) was prime minister of Iraq from October 30, 1936 to August 12, 1937 at the head of a Party of National Brotherhood government.

Sulayman, of Iraqi Arab,[1] Circassian[2][3] and Georgian descent,[4] was a key figure in the early days of Iraqi independence and the effort to create a multi-ethnic state. He came to power in Bakr Sidqi's coup, the first that the country experienced. His position was confirmed by King Ghazi.

He was president of the Chamber of Deputies in 1926.[5] Together with Sidqi, Sulayman veered away from the pan-Arab nationalism of the preceding Iraqi governments. Together with Sidqi, he forged an alliance with Turkey and settled the border dispute with Iran, two countries he regarded as potential allies in the struggle against Arab nationalist sentiment. Nevertheless, he differed with Sidqi over the emphases of the new government, preferring to address social issues in the country, while Sidqi focused on military affairs and expanding Iraq's borders.

His political positions[edit]

Sulayman held the following political positions in the Iraqi state:[6]

  • He was elected a member of the Iraqi parliament in 1925.
  • Then he rose to the position of Minister of Justice and resigned in 1928.
  • He was appointed Minister of Knowledge.
  • He was appointed Minister of Interior.
  • He was the head of the Iraqi parliament.
  • He was Prime Minister in the era of the coup of Bakr Sidqi in 1936, and he served as Prime Minister in Iraq from October 30, 1936 to August 12, 1937, and managed the helm of government with unparalleled sincerity. After the coup, he was sentenced to five years' imprisonment, and forced to resign after the assassination of Bakr Sidqi in 1937.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ali Bilgenoğlu, Osmanlı Devleti'nde Arap milliyetçi cemiyetler, Müdafaa-i Hukuk Yayınları, 2007, p. 87.]
  2. ^ Nâzım Tektaş, Sadrazamlar: Osmanlı'da ikinci adam saltanatı, Çatı Kitapları, 2002, p. .
  3. ^ İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 101. (in Turkish)
  4. ^ "New York Times, May 17, 1909" (PDF). The New York Times. 17 May 1909.
  5. ^ Ghareeb, Edmund A.; Dougherty, Beth (March 18, 2004). Historical Dictionary of Iraq. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810865686 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "The Who's Who of Iraq" (PDF). Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  7. ^ Allison, William Thomas (2012-08-29). The Gulf War, 1990-91. Macmillan International Higher Education. ISBN 978-1-137-26542-5.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Wien, Peter (2014), Iraqi Arab Nationalism: Authoritarian, Totalitarian and Pro-Fascist Inclinations, 1932–1941, Routledge, ISBN 978-1134204793.
Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Iraq
October 30, 1936— August 12, 1937
Succeeded by