Help:Link color

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In Wikipedia, the color of a link shows the status of the corresponding target page. The default colors (in the Vector skin) have the following meanings: See also Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Accessibility/Colors.

Standard colors

Standard colors
Link color Type Other skins Vector 2022
Color code Color Color code Color
blue link (other skins)
blue link (Vector 2022)
link to a Wikipedia page that currently exists, but you never visited #0645AD = rgb(6,69,173)   #3366CC = rgb(51,102,204)  
indigo link (other skins)
purple link
link to a Wikipedia page that exists and that you have visited #0B0080 = rgb(11,0,128)   #795CB2 = rgb(121,92,178)  
red link (other skins)
red link (Vector 2022)
link to a Wikipedia page that does not currently exist, and you never visited #BA0000 = rgb(186,0,0)   #DD3333 = rgb(221,51,51)  
light maroon link link to a Wikipedia page that does not currently exist, but that you have visited #A55858 = rgb(165,88,88)   #A55858 = rgb(165,88,88)  
maroon link link to a very short article/stub within Wikipedia, but only if the user has set a preference option to format links to stubs in this way #772233 = rgb(119,34,51)   not yet defined
light blue link 1 (other skins)
light blue link 2 (other skins)
blue link (Vector 2022)
link to a page at another wiki, usually another Wikimedia project or an external link
Note that the light blue color is used whether or not the page actually exists at the target wiki. For example, there is an article about George Washington Carver here on the English Wikipedia, while there is no article of the same name on the Japanese Wikipedia; but they do have an article about the same man under a different title.
#3366BB = rgb(51,102,187)   #3366CC = rgb(51,102,204)  
purple link (other skins)
purple link (Vector 2022)
link to a page on another site that has been visited #663366 = rgb(102,51,102)   #795CB2 = rgb(121,92,178)  

Note that the colors in the boxes may appear darker than text of the same color; also, larger or bold text will tend to look darker. Furthermore, the actual color seen by a user will vary slightly according to their operating system, desktop settings, and browser, as well as their monitor and for low-end LCDs, viewing angle. Logged-in users can also change the colors they see by selecting a different skin or using custom CSS.

Custom colors

To use named CSS colors for text on a white background, refer to Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Accessibility/CSS colors for text on white for recommended colors.

Normal text

For normal text, the {{color}} template with two parameters can be used; name of color or hex code of color and text. However, prose text intended for readers should never be manually colored. (MOS:PROSECOLOR)

  • {{color|orange|Hello, world!}}Hello, world!
  • {{color|#00F000|Hello, world!}}Hello, world!


Refrain from implementing colored links that may impede user ability to distinguish links from regular text, or color links for purely aesthetic reasons. (MOS:COLOR)

Styling individual links on a page

You can set the color of an individual link or set of links on a page (rather than a global change to the style of all links on Wikipedia) as follows. Setting styles in this way will apply to everyone who views those particular links or that particular page, not just you. However, links intended for readers should never be manually colored. (MOS:LINKCOLOR)

The {{colored link}} template takes two parameters to function : the color of the link, the article being linked to, and an optional third parameter for alternative text to display as a piped link.

  • {{colored link|orange|Canada}}Canada
  • {{colored link|#00F000|Page name to link|Alternative text}}Alternative text

You can turn links a different color like so:

*[[example|<span style="color:Orange;">This page exists.</span>]]
*[[exampl|<span style="color:green;">This page does not exist.</span>]]
Renders as

Or, if you desire existence checking, you can try:

*[[example|{{#ifexist: example|<span style="color:Orange;">This page exists.</span>|This page does not exist.}}]]
*[[exampl|{{#ifexist: exampl|<span style="color:green;">This page exists.</span>|This page does not exist.}}]]
Renders as

External links

A similar styled span can be added within an external link:

*[ <span style="color:green;">Example external link</span>]
Renders as

Styling all links just for you

You can also customize link colors by editing the CSS at your skin subpage. This is a change which will apply to all links throughout the site, but will only be visible to you.

The standard link selectors are:

  • a:link — defines the style for normal unvisited links
  • a:visited — defines the style for visited links
  • a:active — defines the style for active links; links become active once you click on them
  • a:hover — defines the style for hovered links; links hover when the mouse moves over it

Colors are defined by hexadecimal characters: see web colors.

/* standard link colors */
.mw-body-content a:link { color: #0000FF; } /* normal unvisited links */
.mw-body-content a:link:visited { color: #0B0080; } /* visited links */
.mw-body-content a:link:active { color: #FF0000; } /* active links */
.mw-body-content { color: #FF0000; } /* new links */
.mw-body-content a:link.extiw { color: #3366BB; } /* interwiki links */
.mw-body-content a:link.external { color: #3366BB; } /* external links */
.mw-body-content a:link.stub { color: #772233; } /* hovered links */

.mw-body-content a:link {color: #FF0000}
.mw-body-content a:visited {color: #00FF00}
.mw-body-content a:hover {color: #FF00FF}
.mw-body-content a:active {color: #0000FF}


  • a:hover must come after a:link and a:visited
  • a:active must come after a:hover
  • you need to have ".mw-body-content" in front of the standard link definition, because otherwise the default definition on this website will still take precedence over what you have defined.


Show redirects as green links:

.mw-body-content {color:#308050}
.mw-body-content {color:#3070A0}


Show external links as green links:

.mw-body-content a.external {color: #008000}
.mw-body-content a.external:visited {color: #008000}

Text decoration

This allows formatting such as underlines. For example:

.mw-body-content a:link {color: #000000; text-decoration: underline; }

Possible values are:

  • none
  • underline
  • overline
  • line-through

Font family

This will change the link font:

.mw-body-content a:link {font-family: monospace}


The "display links to disambiguation pages in orange" feature, located in the gadgets tab of the preferences menu (under the "appearance" section), shows you all links to disambiguation pages in orange.


User:Anomie/linkclassifier is a popular script that customizes colors to indicate links such as pages to be deleted, nonfree-media, redirects, protected pages and more.

See also