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EditorRobert Dahlmann
CategoriesArts magazine
First issueApril 1941
Final issueNovember 1944
Based inCopenhagen

Helhesten (Danish: The Hell-Horse) was an arts and literary magazine which was published between 1941 and 1944 in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was one of the leading publications during World War II in the region. Its title was a reference to a figure in the Norse mythology.[1]

History and profile[edit]

Helhesten was first published in Copenhagen in April 1941 during the Nazi occupation of the city.[2] The magazine was inspired from two former Danish magazines, Klingen and Linien.[3] The founders of Helhesten were Asger Jorn, a painter, and Robert Dahlmann, an architect.[4] They were part of the Danish Harvest group.[5] Robert Dahlmann also edited the magazine.[3]

The magazine adopted an avant-garde approach and opposed the Nazi propaganda.[2] Its main contributors who were supporters of German expressionism, dada and surrealism included Ejler Bille, Henry Heerup, Egill Jacobsen and Carl-Henning Pedersen.[2] They were also interested in the art of the banal.[1] It mostly featured articles on art theory, non-Western work, literature, poetry, film, architecture, and photography in addition to the reviews of art exhibitions and biographies of Danish artists.[2] Asger Jorn's translation of the work by Franz Kafka was serialized in Helhesten which was the first translation of Kafka into Danish.[6] The magazine produced a total of nine issues before its closure in November 1944.[5][6] The reason for its closure was the financial problems.[3] It was succeeded by another magazine entitled Cobra.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Nathalie Aubert (2006). "'Cobra after Cobra' and the Alba Congress". Third Text. 20 (2): 261. doi:10.1080/09528820600590959. S2CID 142598369.
  2. ^ a b c d Kerry Greaves (2015). Mobilizing the collective: Helhesten and the Danish avant-garde, 1934-1946 (PhD thesis). City University of New York. ISBN 978-1-321-49966-7. ProQuest 1651529564.
  3. ^ a b c Kerry Greaves (March 2014). "Hell-Horse: Radical Art and Resistance in Nazi-Occupied Denmark". Oxford Art Journal. 37 (1): 51. doi:10.1093/oxartj/kct043.
  4. ^ Karen Kurczynski (2019). "Asger Jorn and Cobra – A Many Headed Beast". In Benedikt Hjartarson; et al. (eds.). A Cultural History of the Avant- Garde in the Nordic Countries 1925-1950. Leiden; Boston: Brill Rodopi. p. 162. ISBN 978-90-04-38829-1.
  5. ^ a b c Philip Hawkins (2006). An Enquiry into Fully Lived Moments (PhD thesis). University of Plymouth. pp. 7, 18, 82. hdl:10026.1/2651.
  6. ^ a b Asger Jorn; Niels Henriksen (Summer 2012). "The Human Animal". October. 141: 53–58. doi:10.1162/OCTO_a_00097. JSTOR 41684276. S2CID 57570042.