Harman and Co.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Harman and Co.
Foundedc. 1740
HeadquartersLondon, England, UK
Key people
Johnathan Gurnell
Joseph Hoare
Samuel Hoare
John Harman
Jeremiah Harman
Edward Harman
Henry Harman
ProductsFinancial services

Harman and Co. was a well-known and respected English banking firm in the City of London. It was founded around 1740 by Quaker partners Jonathan Gurnell (1684-1753)[1] (who married in 1711 Grizell Wilmer of Pitzhanger Manor) and Joseph Hoare (d. 1729), and was in business until 1846.[2] The firm traded extensively with Portugal[3] and were agents for the Russian Imperial Court in St. Petersburg.[4]

The firm had close ties to the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade[5] The only surviving brother of one of its founders was the abolitionist Samuel Hoare Jr. Jeremiah Harman, son of one of the early investors, was one of the first merchants to liquidate his slave related holdings.[5]

The firm changed names several times, finally settling on Harman and Co.[3]

  • Gurnell and Hoare c. 1750 - c. 1754[6] at Frederick Place in Old Jewry, London. Samuel Hoare Sr, son-in-law, was involved in the company from the beginning.[7] When his grandson John Harman joined the firm, the name was changed to Gurnell, Hoare, and Harman.
  • Gurnell, Hoare, Harman & Co. (Sometimes Gurnell, Hoare, and Harman or Gurnell, Hoare & Co) c.1754[8] - c. 1783[9] at Frederick Place in Old Jewry, London. Henry Hope, later a significant international merchant banker, apprenticed in the firm during 1754-1760[10]
  • Harman, Hoare, and Co. c.1786[11] - c.1792[12] at Frederick Place in Old Jewry, London
  • Harman and Co. c.1804[13]-1846 at Adam's Court of Old Broad Street, London. John's son Jeremiah (above) took over as a principal partner. He was a well-known banker, from 1816-1818 Governor of the Bank of England,[3] and remained head of the firm until his death in 1844. The business was left to the two remaining partners: Edward Harman and Henry Harman.[4]


  1. ^ Puritan family of Wilmer: their alliances and connections
  2. ^ Jennings, Judith (November 12, 2013). The Business of Abolishing the British Slave Trade, 1783-1807. Routledge. ISBN 9781317791874 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c "The Gentleman's Magazine (London, England)". F. Jefferies. May 13, 1844 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ a b Evans, David Morier (May 13, 1849). "The Commercial Crisis, 1847-1848: Being Facts and Figures Illustrative of the Events of that Important Period Considered in Relation to the Three Epochs of the Railway Mania, the Food and Money Panic and the French Revolution. To which is Added an Appendix..." Letts, Son and Steer – via Google Books.
  5. ^ a b "The City of London and slavery: evidence from the first dock companies, 1795–1800" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-05-18. Retrieved 2015-05-06.
  6. ^ Jennings, Judith (November 12, 2013). The Business of Abolishing the British Slave Trade, 1783-1807. Routledge. ISBN 9781317791874 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society". Cork Historical and Archaeological Society. May 13, 1892 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ History of the Wilmer family, together with some account of its descendants
  9. ^ "The New Complete Guide to All Persons who Have Any Trade Or Concern with the City of London, and Parts Adjacent". Longman,Rivingtonand sons. May 13, 1783 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Fox, George (May 13, 1925). "The Short Journal and Itinerary Journals of George Fox". CUP Archive – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "Browse - London Lives". www.londonlives.org.
  12. ^ "Catalogue description Insured: John Harman, Jonathan Hoare and Jeremiah Harman, Fredericks Place, the Old..." July 6, 1792 – via National Archive of the UK.
  13. ^ Borrow, George (May 13, 1825). "Celebrated Trials and Remarkable Cases of Criminal Jurisprudence from the Earliest Records to the Year 1825". Knight and Lacey – via Google Books.