Hafeez Jalandhari

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Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari
ابو الاثر حفیظ جالندھری

Hafeez Jalandhari
Hafeez Jalandhari
BornMuhammad Abdul Hafeez
(1900-01-14)14 January 1900
Jalandhar, Punjab, British India
Died21 December 1982(1982-12-21) (aged 82)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Pen nameAbu Al-Asar
OccupationUrdu poet
EducationEarly education in Jalandhar but due to family issues he could not complete his education.
GenreGhazal and Nazm
SubjectPakistani Nationalism
Literary movementPakistan Movement
Notable worksLyrics of the National Anthem of Pakistan
Hymn of Kashmir
Notable awardsPride of Performance in 1958
Hilal-e-Imtiaz (Crescent of Excellence) Award
SpouseZeenat Begum
Khurshid Begum
RelativesShams-ud-Din (father)

Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari (Urdu: ابو الاثر حفیظ جالندھری) (born 14 January 1900 – 21 December 1982) was a Pakistani Urdu-language poet who wrote the lyrics for the National Anthem of Pakistan[1][2] and National Anthem of Azad Kashmir.[3]

Early life[edit]

Chaudhary Abu Alasr Hafeez Jalandhari was born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India on 14 January 1900 in Gujjar Family.[1][4] His father, Shams-ud-Din, was a Hafiz-e-Qur'an. Jalandhari initially studied in a mosque school and later joined a local school. He only received formal education until the seventh grade.[1] He had a natural liking for poetry. He became the disciple of Maulana Qadir Gharami.[1]

After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Jalandhari migrated to Lahore in the new state of Pakistan.[4]

Literary career[edit]

From 1922 to 1929, Jalandhari remained the editor of a few monthly magazines namely, Nonehal, Hazar Dastaan, Teehzeeb-e-Niswan, and Makhzin. His first collection of poems Nagma-e-Zar was published in 1935. After World War II, he worked as the director of the Song Publicity Department. During this same time he wrote several songs.

Jalandhari participated in the Pakistan Movement and used his writings to inspire people for the cause of Pakistan. In early 1948, he joined the forces for the freedom of Kashmir and got wounded. Jalandhari wrote the Kashmiri Anthem, "Watan Hamara Azad Kashmir". He wrote many patriotic songs during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.[2]

Jalandhari served as Director General of morals in Pakistan Armed Forces, and then in a very prominent position as an adviser to the President, Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan and also a Director of Writers Guild of Pakistan.[2]

Jalandhari's work of poetry, Shahnam-e-Islam, gave him incredible fame which, in the manner of Firdowsi's Shahnameh, is a record of the glorious history of Islam in verse.

In 1946, Jalandhari visited the Sylhet region of Bengal where he watched a mushaira performance by the Anjuman-i Taraqqi-i Urdu.[5]

On 23 February 1949, Government of Pakistan formed a committee to prepare Pakistan's national anthem. 723 people competed to write the national anthem. Out of which, Hafeez Jalandhari's lyrics were selected as the national anthem of Pakistan.[1] Then this national anthem of Pakistan was composed by Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla also known as Ahmed G Chagla. Hafeez Jalandhari was unique in Urdu poetry for the enchanting melody of his voice and lilting rhythms of his songs and lyrics. His poetry generally dealt with romantic, religious, patriotic and natural themes. His language was a fine blend of Hindi and Urdu diction, reflecting the composite culture of South Asia.[2] One of his most famous poem 'Abhi Toh Mein Jawan Hoon' was sung by Malika Pukhraj in the 1950s with music by the Pakistani music director Master Inayat Hussain which is still popular among the public in 2018.[6] Though considered a devout Muslim, he also wrote Krishn Kanhaiya, a poem in praise of the Hindu god Krishna.[7][8]


Jalandhari married his cousin, Zeenat Begum, in 1917, at the age of 17. They had seven children, all girls. In 1939, he took a young English woman of Lithuanian descent, Anela, as his second wife. They had a daughter; the marriage ended in divorce. His first wife, Zeenat Begum, died in 1954. In 1955, Jalandhari married Khurshid Begum, with whom he had a daughter.[2]


  • Naghma Zar (1925)
  • Shahnama-i-Islam (1928 - 1947) in four volumes[1]
  • Soz-o-Saaz (1932)
  • Talkhaba-i-Shireen (1947)
  • Chiragh-i-Sehar (1974)[1]


Jalandhari died in Lahore, Pakistan, on 21 December 1982 at the age of 82.[1][4] Buried in Model Town, Lahore, his remains were later shifted to a tomb built by the Government of Pakistan near the Minar-e-Pakistan in Lahore, the site of the Pakistan Resolution.[9]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Commemorative postage stamp[edit]

In 2001, Pakistan Post Office issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honor in its 'Poets of Pakistan' series.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Rauf Parekh (19 December 2017). "Hafeez Jalandhari: he came, he saw, he conquered (profile of Hafeez Jalandhari on Dawn newspaper)". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e [1] Profile of Hafeez Jalandhari on poemhunter.com website, Retrieved 21 November 2018
  3. ^ Hafeez Jalandhari, The writer of National Anthem. "He also wrote National Anthem of Azad Jammu & Kashmir". Geo TV.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e 118th birthday of Hafeez Jalandhari observed (Profile of Hafeez Jalandhri) on Daily Times (newspaper) Published 15 January 2018, Retrieved 20 November 2018
  5. ^ Atful Hye Shibly (2011). Abdul Matin Chaudhury (1895-1948): Trusted Lieutenant of Mohammad Ali Jinnah. p. 125.
  6. ^ Malika Pukhraj sings Hafeez Jalandhri's poem on YouTube Retrieved 21 November 2018
  7. ^ "In pre-Partition India, Muslims too celebrated Janmashtami: A look back at reverence for Krishna in works of Urdu poets - Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  8. ^ Mandalaparthy, Nikhil (30 August 2017). "When the man who wrote Pakistan's national anthem saw the divine in Hindu god Krishna". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  9. ^ "National anthems founder remembered". Dawn (newspaper). 21 December 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  10. ^ Aftab Shahban Mirani (3 May 2018). "National anthem's composer (Pride of Performance award for Hafeez Jalandhari)". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  11. ^ Hafeez Jalandhari commemorative postage stamp issued in 2001 by the Pakistan Post Office Retrieved 21 November 2018