Gujranwala District

Coordinates: 32°10′N 73°50′E / 32.167°N 73.833°E / 32.167; 73.833
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Gujranwala district
ضلع گوجرانوالہ
Top: Gujranwala Clock Tower
Bottom: Baraari in Sheranwala Garden
Map of Punjab with Gujranwala District highlighted
Map of Punjab with Gujranwala District highlighted
Coordinates: 32°10′N 73°50′E / 32.167°N 73.833°E / 32.167; 73.833
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerSohail Ashraf
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
 • Total3,622 km2 (1,398 sq mi)
 • Total4,180,794
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
Number of Tehsils5
LanguagesPunjabi • Urdu

Gujranwala District (Punjabi and Urdu: ضِلع گُوجرانوالا), is a district that is a part of the Majha region in Punjab, Pakistan. Gujranwala District is bordered by the districts of Wazirabad, Sialkot, Hafizabad and Sheikhupura. Gujranwala district has 5 National Assembly and 12 Punjab Assembly constituencies.


Dak Chowki(mail station) of Sher Shah Suri's period (built in 1542), Wazirabad

Gujranwala belongs to the Majha region of ancient Punjab. The village of Asarur has been identified as the location of Taki, an ancient town, visited by the Chinese pilgrim Hiuen Tsiang contains immense ruins of Buddhist origin. After the time of Tsiang little is known about Gujranwala till the Islamic conquests by Mahmud of Ghazni, by this time, however, Taki had fallen into oblivion while Lahore had become the capital of Punjab. Lahore had replaced Taki as the major city of Punjab and it became the second capital of the Ghaznavids. The contemporary village of Asarur has been identified as the site of the ancient city. From the beginning of the 7th century Gujjar kingdoms dominated Eastern portions of Pakistan and northern India. The district flourished during Mughal rule, from the days of Akbar to those of Aurangzeb, wells were scattered over the whole country, and villages lay thickly dotted about the southern plateau, now a barren waste of grass land and scrub jungle. Their remains may still be found in the wildest and most solitary reaches of the Bar.[3] The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

Eminabad and Hafizabad were the chief towns (the latter now part of a separate district), while the country was divided into six well-tilled parganas. But before the end of the Islamic period the tract was mysteriously depopulated. The tribes at present occupying the District are all immigrants of recent date, and before their advent the whole region seems for a time to have been almost entirely abandoned. The only plausible conjecture to account for this sudden and disastrous change is that it resulted from the constant wars by which the Punjab was convulsed during the last years of Mughal Imperial rule.[3]

After the decline of the Mughal Empire following Aurangzeb's death in 1707, the Afsharids in 1739 under their powerful Turko-Iranian conqueror Nadir Shah destroyed what remained of the once powerful Mughal Empire. Between 1747 and 1772 the Durrani Afghans of Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Sikh Misls vied for control of the region following the power vacuum left by the Mughals. The area was under the control of the Durrani Empire for a short period of time. Eventually the Sikh Sukerchakia Misl of Charat Singh won out and occupied the area of Gujranwala making it his new capital.

Punjabi Muslim Chatthas (Jats) and Bhattis (Rajputs) maintained a sturdy independence. In the end, however, the Sukerchakia misl succeeded in bringing both under its power.[3] Maha Singh’s son Ranjit Singh, founder of the Sikh Empire, was born in Gujranwala. Gujranwala was the capital of the Sukerchakia Misl hence many important personalities of the Sikh Empire were born here such as Ranjit Singh and his most famous general Hari Singh Nalwa.

In 1849, the district was occupied by the British East India Company who annexed the entirety of the Sikh Empire after defeating them in the Second Anglo-Sikh War. The Dogra dynasty collaborated with the British and helped them in bringing down the Sikh Empire. A cantonment was established at Wazirabad, which was abolished in 1855. The District formed a part originally of the extensive District of Wazirabad, which comprised the whole upper portion of the Rechna Doab.[4]

Mall of Gujranwala

In 1852 this unwieldy territory was divided between Gujranwala and Sialkot District. The District, as then constituted, stretched across the entire plateau, from the Chenab to the Ravi; but in 1853 the south-eastern fringe, consisting of 303 villages, was transferred to Lahore District, and three years later a second batch of 324 villages was handed over to the same District. There was no outbreak during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the Hindus and Sikh rallied to the side of Government with the greatest enthusiasm while Muslims rallied for the Mughals.[4] According to the 1901 census the District had a population of 890,577 and contained 8 towns and 1,331 villages. Its population according to the 1881 census was 616,892 rising to 690,169 in 1891. The population increased by 29 per cent between 1891 and 1901 - the increase being greatest in the Hafizabad and Khangah Dogran tahsils, owing to the extension of canal-irrigation and the colonisation of the Bar.[4] At the time the district was divided into four tehsils, namely: Gujranwala, Wazirabad, Hafizabad and Khangah Dogran (the headquarters of each being at the place from which it is named).[4] The chief towns during British rule were the municipalities of Gujranwala, the headquarters of the District, Wazirabad, Rasulnagar, Ali Pur Chattha, Eminabad, Qila Didar Singh, and the notified area of Sodhra.[4] During the British era, the district of Gujranwala was part of Lahore Division.[5]



Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951 578,179—    
1961 745,393+2.57%
1972 1,245,258+4.78%
1981 1,665,872+3.29%
1998 2,756,707+3.01%
2017 4,180,794+2.22%

At the time of the 2017 census, Gujranwala district had 616,742 households and a population of 4,180,794. Gujranwala had a sex ratio of 971 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 75.09% - 77.23% for males and 72.91% for females. 2,649,405 (63.37%) lived in urban areas. 1,049,382 (25.10%) were under 10 years of age.[2]

According to the 1998 census, the population of the district was 3,400,940, of which 51% were urban.[7]


Religion in Gujranwala district (2017)[2]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Religious groups in Gujranwala District (British Punjab province era)
1901[8] 1911[9][10] 1921[11] 1931[12] 1941[13]
Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. % Pop. %
Islam 531,908 70.28% 622,430 67.4% 443,147 71.06% 521,343 70.82% 642,706 70.45%
Hinduism [a] 169,594 22.41% 176,075 19.07% 101,566 16.29% 92,764 12.6% 108,115 11.85%
Sikhism 51,607 6.82% 107,748 11.67% 50,802 8.15% 71,595 9.73% 99,139 10.87%
Christianity 2,748 0.36% 16,215 1.76% 27,308 4.38% 49,364 6.71% 60,829 6.67%
Jainism 932 0.12% 950 0.1% 754 0.12% 1,071 0.15% 1,445 0.16%
Judaism 8 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0%
Zoroastrianism 0 0% 1 0% 4 0% 0 0% 0 0%
Buddhism 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 1 0% 0 0%
Others 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0%
Total population 756,797 100% 923,419 100% 623,581 100% 736,138 100% 912,234 100%
Note1: British Punjab province era district borders are not an exact match in the present-day due to various bifurcations to district borders — which since created new districts — throughout the historic Punjab Province region during the post-independence era that have taken into account population increases.

Note2: Population decrease between 1911 and 1921 census due to the creation of Sheikhupura District, as a result of the large population increase in the region, primarily due to the Chenab Canal Colony.


Languages of Gujranwala district (2017)[2]

  Punjabi (95.28%)
  Urdu (2.75%)
  Pashto (0.95%)
  Others (1.02%)

At the time of the 2017 census, 95.28% of the population spoke Punjabi, 2.75% Urdu and 0.95% Pashto as their first language.[2]


Major tribes are Ansari, Gujjars, Jats, Awans, and Sayyids.


Gujranwala is in fact a City district. The district is divided into the following tehsils:

Furthermore, there are the following towns under these tehsils:

  • Khiali Shahpure Town
  • Aroop Town
  • Nandipur Town
  • Qila Didar Singh Town
  • Kamoke Town
  • Naushehra Virkan Town

The first four towns lie in Gujranwala City and Saddar tehsils while the last two towns are under their respective tehsils, i.e. Tehsil Kamoke and Naushehra Virkan respectively.

Gujranwala is the district headquarters while Gujranwala, Kamoke and Naushehra Virkan are tehsil headquarters.

Colleges and Universities[edit]

  • University of the Punjab, Gujranwala Campus, bypass road Near Shalimar Town, Gujranwala
  • Saint Mary's Institute of Nursing, Pharmacy, and Allied Health Sciences
  • University of Health Sciences, Gujranwala Medical College, Ali Pure Chatha Road, Gujranwala
  • Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, Gujranwala Inst. of Nuclear Medicine, Sialkot Road, Nizampure, Gujranwala
  • Allama Iqbal Open University, Regional Campus Gujranwala
  • Virtual University of Pakistan, Gujranwala Campus, GT Road Gujranwala
  • Pakistan Military Aviation Training School, Link Air Base Road off Main Shahra-e-Qauid-e-Azam, Cantt. Gujranwala
  • GIFT University, Sialkot By-pass Road near Garden Town, Gujranwala
  • (SM College), Gujranwala
  • Saint Mary's College of Medical & Advance Studies
  • Government of Commerce People's Colony Gujranwala
  • Govt. College, Satellite Town, Gujranwala
  • Govt. Post Graduate College for Girls, Satellite Town, Gujranwala
  • Govt. Post Graduate College for Girls, Model Town, Gujranwala
  • Govt. Islamia Post Graduate College, Islamia College Road, Gujranwala
  • Govt. College for Girls, Islamia College Road, Gujranwala
  • Govt. College for Girls, Niyaean Chowk, Urdu Bazar, Gujranwala
  • Govt. Post Graduate College for Girls, Model Town, Gujranwala
  • Govt. Degree College, People's Colony, Gujranwala
  • Govt. College for Girls, People's Colony, Gujranwala
  • Federal Govt. College, Cantt., Gujranwala
  • Federal Govt. College for Girls, Cantt., Gujranwala
  • Govt. College for Girls, Cantt., Gujranwala
  • Chenab College Of Engineering And Technology Gujranwala
  • GOVT College Of Commerce Nowshera road
  • GOVT College Of Commerce for Girls, Civil Lines, Gujranwala
  • GOVT College Of Technology, GT road Gujranwala
  • GOVT Leather Tech. Instt. GT road Gujranwala
  • GOVT tech, training Inst. Pasrur road Gujranwala
  • GOVT Vocational training Instt. for Girls, Cantt. Gujranwala
  • Sanat Zaar, Jinnah Road Gujranwala
  • Saint Mary's Law College
  • University of Central Punjab, Gujranwala Campus, Sialkot bypass road Gujranwala
  • Chenab College Of Engineering And Technology Gujranwala
  • Punjab Group of Colleges

Transport links[edit]


Gujranwala railway station

The main Peshawar-Karachi railway line passes through Gujranwala district. The district is linked with Sialkot, Hafizabad and Gujrat districts through railway network.[14]


Gujranwala District is 3rd largest industrial city of Pakistan, and important player in famous Golden Triangle of Pakistan. Gujranwala contributes at least 5% to the GDP of Pakistan.[citation needed] Gujranwala is largest manufacturer of sanitary fittings, textiles, plastic furniture, pots, room coolers and heaters, gas stove and agricultural tools and equipment. Pakistan's top quality Basmati rice is grown in this region.[15]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Gujranwala | Punjab Portal". Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  3. ^ a b c Gujrānwāla District Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 355
  4. ^ a b c d e Gujrānwāla District Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 356
  5. ^ Gujrānwāla District - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 12, p. 353
  6. ^ "Population by administrative units 1951-1998" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  7. ^ 1998 District Census report of Gujranwala. Census publication. Vol. 37. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.
  8. ^ "Census of India 1901. [Vol. 17A]. Imperial tables, I-VIII, X-XV, XVII and XVIII for the Punjab, with the native states under the political control of the Punjab Government, and for the North-west Frontier Province". 1901. p. 34. JSTOR saoa.crl.25363739. Retrieved 23 March 2024.
  9. ^ "Census of India 1911. Vol. 14, Punjab. Pt. 2, Tables". 1911. p. 27. JSTOR saoa.crl.25393788. Retrieved 23 March 2024.
  10. ^ Kaul, Harikishan (1911). "Census Of India 1911 Punjab Vol XIV Part II". p. 27. Retrieved 23 March 2024.
  11. ^ "Census of India 1921. Vol. 15, Punjab and Delhi. Pt. 2, Tables". 1921. p. 29. JSTOR saoa.crl.25430165. Retrieved 23 March 2024.
  12. ^ "Census of India 1931. Vol. 17, Punjab. Pt. 2, Tables". 1931. p. 277. JSTOR saoa.crl.25793242. Retrieved 23 March 2024.
  13. ^ "Census of India, 1941. Vol. 6, Punjab". 1941. p. 42. JSTOR saoa.crl.28215541. Retrieved 23 March 2024.
  14. ^ "Punjab Portal". Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  15. ^ "The importance of Gujranwala". 22 March 2021. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  1. ^ 1931-1941: Including Ad-Dharmis

External links[edit]