Malik Ghulam Mustafa
غلام مصطفى کھر
|14th & 16th Governor of Punjab|
10 March 1975 – 15 July 1975
|President||Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry|
|Preceded by||Sadiq Hussain Qureshi|
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Abbas Abbasi|
23 December 1971 – 12 November 1973
|President||Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|
Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
|Preceded by||Attiqur Rahman|
|Succeeded by||Sadiq Hussain Qureshi|
|6th Chief Minister of Punjab|
12 November 1973 – 15 March 1974
|Prime Minister||Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|
|Governor||Sadiq Hussain Qureshi|
|Preceded by||Malik Meraj Khalid|
|Succeeded by||Hanif Ramay|
2 August 1937
Sanawan, Punjab, British India
Bilal khar ]]
Bilal khar ]]
|Political party||Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (2017 – 2022)
Pakistan Muslim League (F) (2012 – 2017)
Pakistan Muslim League Q (2002-2008)
Pakistan Peoples Party (1988-1997)
National Peoples Party (1977-1988)
Pakistan Peoples Party (1969-1977)
Pakistan Muslim League (1962-1969)
|Spouses||Tehmina Durrani (Divorced) |
Ayonia Mumtaz Marral
+ 5 others
|Relatives||Ghulam Rabbani Khar (brother) |
Hina Rabbani Khar (niece)
|Alma mater||Aitchison College|
He was born on 2 August 1937 in Sanawan in Kot Addu, Punjab to a wealthy landlord family belonging to the Khar clan, of the larger Kharal tribe. From his maternal side, he is a descendant of Khawaja Suleman Taunsvi of Taunsa Sharif.
Ghulam Mustafa Khar won his first National Assembly election in 1962 at the age of 24. He remained on posts of Minister of Water and Power, Chief Minister and Governor. In 1967, Khar joined Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as one of the founding members of the Pakistan Peoples Party as a close personal friend and political ally. He was appointed Governor and Martial Law Administrator of Punjab, the most electorally powerful province in the country by the newly sworn in President Bhutto following the collapse of Yahya Khan's military government. When the 1973 constitution was adopted in August and Bhutto became Prime Minister of Pakistan, Khar was given the portfolio of Chief Minister of Punjab Province.
Thanks to complaints from within the PPP, Khar was replaced by the far more left-leaning and intellectual Hanif Ramay. Khar was briefly reappointed Governor in March 1975 before being finally dismissed in July 1975. Bhutto's suspicions over Khar's ambitions as well as the deep divisions within the PPP in the Punjab led to his refusal to allow Khar to run for Ramay's seat in Lahore. Khar's attempts to run for the seat as an independent ended in failure. By 1976, former rivals within the PPP, Khar and Ramay were working together within the Pir of Pagaro's Pakistan Muslim League (F). However, his relations with Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto briefly improved as he was appointed Special Assistant to the Prime Minister in 1977.
In April 2017, he joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and he is considered to be on the left-wing of the PTI.
Khar has been married eight times. One of Khar's marriages was to Tehmina Durrani, a Pakistani women's rights activist and author. Her first book, My Feudal Lord, released by Vanguard Books of Lahore in June 1991, caused controversy in Pakistan's society by describing her abusive and traumatic marriage to Ghulam Mustafa Khar.
His son, Bilal Mustafa Khar was accused by his former wife Fakhra Younus of pouring acid over her face. Later, his son was acquitted of the charges. Four witnesses testified to seeing his son enter Fakhra's home on the day of the attack complained of receiving death threats. Later, they retracted their statements due to serious threats. In December 2003, judge dismissed the charges. Khar continued to protest his son's innocence, claiming the perpetrator was a pimp with whom his wife had been having an affair.
- Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto ki Kahani, 1975, 156 p.
- Khari Baten, 1987, 152 p.
“Pakistan’s role in Muslim world” in the book Re-emerging Muslim World edited by Zahid Malik, published by Pakistan National Centre in 1974.
- Chaudhry, Fahad (24 April 2017). "Veteran politician Mustafa Khar joins Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf".
- "Ghulam Mustafa Khar set to join PML-F - The Express Tribune". 24 May 2012.
- "Ayesha Butt becomes seventh official wife of Federal Minister Ghulam Mustafa Khar". India Today. September 15, 1990.
- "Khar weds for eighth time". 15 March 2002.
- "Between pirs and politicians | Encore | thenews.com.pk". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
- "Ghulam Mustafa Khar | Former Chief Minister of the Punjab during Z.A. Bhutto Government". Story Of Pakistan. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
- The Terrorist Prince: The Life and Death of Murtuza Bhutto 1997 p12 ISBN 1859848869 "Punjab, admittedly, was Bhutto's power base, but after a revolt by his most trusted deputy, Malik Ghulam Mustafa Khar, in 1974 he no longer felt too easy with the country's largest and most formidable province."
- "Ghulam Mustafa Khar | Former Chief Minister of the Punjab during Z.A. Bhutto Government". 5 January 2009.
- Basharat, The Daily. "رضا ربانی کھر کی پی ٹی آئی میں شمولیت، حنا کا انکار" (in Urdu). Retrieved 2017-04-26.
- Correspondent, A. (2002-03-15). "Khar weds for eighth time". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2022-04-15.
- "Tehmina Durrani: 'My family disowned me for 13 years'". The Express Tribune. 2013-02-24. Retrieved 2022-04-15.
- "Who is Hina Rabbani Khar?". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
- "Fakhra Younus". www.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2022-04-04.