Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah

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Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah
1st Governor of Sindh
In office
15 August 1947 – 4 October 1948
Governor-GeneralMohammad Ali Jinnah
Khawaja Nazimuddin
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded byShaikh Din Muhammad
1st & 5th Premier of Sindh
In office
28 April 1937 – 23 March 1938
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded byAllah Bux Soomro
In office
October 14, 1942 – August 14, 1947
Preceded byAllah Bux Soomro
Succeeded byMuhammad Ayub Khuhro[1]
Personal details
BornJanuary 1879[2]
Shikarpur, Sindh, British India
Died4 October 1948(1948-10-04) (aged 69)
Karachi, Pakistan
(m. 1940)

Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah KCSI (Urdu: غلام حسین هدايت الله, Sindhi: غلام حسين هدايت الله; January 1879 – 4 October 1948)[3][4] was a colonial Indian and Pakistani politician from Sindh. He held several offices in Sindh including 1st Chief Minister (1937–1938) and being re-elected as 5th Chief Minister (1942–1947).[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was born in 1879 in Shikarpur, Sindh and received his education from Shikarpur High School, Sindh Madressah, Karachi, D. J. Sindh College, Karachi and Government Law College, Bombay.[6][7]

His son, Anwar Hussain Hidayatullah, was married with Doulat Haroon Hidayatullah, daughter of Abdullah Haroon.[8]


After completing his LL.B. in 1902, he started his legal practice in Hyderabad Sindh. He started his public career as Vice President of the Hyderabad Municipality. Hidayatullah was also the first Non-official President of the Hyderabad District Board. In 1921 he became a Member of the Bombay Legislative Council.[citation needed] In the same year, he was appointed a Minister in the Bombay Government, an office which he occupied till 1928 when he was made a Member of the Executive council of the Governor of Bombay. He served in this capacity until 1934. He received the title of Khan Bahadur from the British government, which also knighted him in the 1926 New Year Honours and further appointed him a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (KCSI) in the 1933 Birthday Honours.[9][10]

Hidayatullah served as the Chief Minister of Sindh for two separate terms.[11] The first term was 28 April 1937 to 23 March 1938. The second term was 7 March 1941 to 14 October 1947, and served the longest tenure that any chief minister has so far held.

As a Minister, Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was associated with the famous 'Sukkur Barrage project' which contributed so much to the prosperity of Sindh in later years. Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, along with Khan Bahadur Muhammad Ayub Khuhro, Syed Miran Shah and Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto, represented Sindh in the Round Table Conferences in London. They convinced the Chairman of the 'Committee on Sindh' that Sindh was not to be a deficit province and had sufficient revenue and administrative capability to be a full-fledged province. Sindh was separated from Bombay and its first assembly came into being in 1937.

After the separation of Sindh from Bombay, Sir Ghulam Hussain became the first Chief Minister and remained so until 1947 with two short breaks when Allah Bux Soomro and Mir Bande Ali Talpur had formed their Governments. He became the Chief Minister of Sindh three times; Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah was opposed to the partition of India.[11][12]

In 1938, the Sindh Assembly passed a resolution demanding a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. In 1943, the Sindh Government became the first Provincial Assembly of the sub-continent to pass an official resolution in favour of the creation of Pakistan. When the Muslim League in 1946 decided on a policy of renunciation of titles conferred by the British Government, Sir Ghulam renounced his British titles and honorifics.

After the partition of India and creation of Pakistan, he became the first Governor of Sindh from 14 August 1947 to 4 October 1948. Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah earned the unique distinction of being the only Pakistani Governor of a Province in Pakistan as all other Governors were British.

Within a month of the passing away of the Quaid-e-Azam, Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah the "Grand Old Man of Sindh" died in Karachi on 4 October 1948.

See also[edit]

List of members of the 1st Provincial Assembly of Sindh

List of members of the 2nd Provincial Assembly of Sindh


  1. ^ Khan, Jan. "Wrongs in the first year of Pakistan".
  2. ^ "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah Collection". Sindh Archives. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  3. ^ Hidayatullah, G.H. (4 January 2008). "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah". Story of Pakistan. Shikarpur.
  4. ^ Hidayat, Ahmed (12 February 2012). "Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah – Brief Profile".
  5. ^ Safi, Khan. "Sir ghulam hussain hidayatullah".
  6. ^ Misaal, Ali. "Sindh politicians". Entertainmentillustratedmagazine. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-11-08.
  7. ^ Hidayatullah, Ghulam Hussain. "Sindh politicians". androidillustrated. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Sindh's Sugar King". 18 November 2016.
  9. ^ "No. 33119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1925. p. 3.
  10. ^ "No. 33119". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1933. p. 3803.
  11. ^ a b Naqvi, Raza (14 August 2017). "Meet the Muslim freedom fighters who strongly opposed the Partition of India". IE Online Media Services. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  12. ^ "Sir Geuulam Eiussain on Partition". The Indian Review. 41 (1–6): 315. 1940. Opposing the Muslim League Scheme for the partition of India on financial and other grounds, Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah, former Minister, says that the attachment to the place of one's birth ...
Political offices
Preceded by
Sindh province reconstituted
Chief Minister of Sindh
28 April 1937 – 23 March 1938
Succeeded by
Preceded by 2nd term
7 March 1941 – 14 October 1942
Succeeded by