Gerhart M. Riegner
On August 8, 1942, he sent the famous Riegner Telegram through diplomatic channels to Stephen Samuel Wise, president of the World Jewish Congress. (However, Wise did not receive it until the end of the month. The source of the information was Eduard Schulte, the anti-Nazi chief executive officer of the prominent German company Giesche (part of Silesian-American Corporation) that employed high-level Nazi officials.
His telegram was the first official communication about the planned Holocaust. It read in part:
"Have received through foreign office following message from Riegner Geneva STOP Received alarming report that in Führers headquarters plan discussed and under consideration all Jews in countries occupied or controlled Germany number 3½ to 4 million should after deportation and concentration in East at one blow exterminated to resolve once and for all Jewish question in Europe. Never did I feel so strongly the sense of abandonment, powerlessness and loneliness as when I sent messages of disaster and horror to the free world and no one believed me."
Awards and honors
In 1994 he received the Four Freedoms Award for the Freedom of Worship
- "Eduard Schulte - Industrieller warnte vor dem Holocaust". Der Spiegel. 27 July 2017.
- "Four Freedoms Awards | Roosevelt Institute". Archived from the original on 2015-03-25. Retrieved 2015-04-04.
- "Honorary Doctorates - University of Lucerne". www.unilu.ch. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Article on Eduard Schulte in the Holocaust Encyclopedia with an image of the cable originating from Gerhart Riegner
- A Final Hitler Decision for the "Final Solution"? The Riegner Telegram Reconsidered by Christopher R. Browning