|Location||Gallaudet University, Washington, D.C., United States|
|Designer||Daniel Chester French (sculptor)|
The Thomas Gallaudet Memorial is a sculpture by Daniel Chester French located on the campus of Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., United States. The 1889 statue depicts Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet sitting in a chair and Alice Cogswell standing at his side.
Creation and unveiling
French was asked by Edward Miner Gallaudet, the first president of Gallaudet University, to create a statue of his father, Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, in 1882. Due to a lack of funding and French's busy schedule, French was not formally commissioned to create the Thomas Gallaudet Memorial until 1887. French's commission was not without controversy. Students at Gallaudet University objected to a hearing sculptor create the sculpture and lobbied for Albert Victor Ballin, who was deaf, to receive the commission. Additionally, Ballin came with the recommendation of American sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens, who was also French's artistic rival. Edward Miner Gallaudet refused to void French's contract, and French started working on the statue.
French completed a plaster model of the statue by November of that year. In 1888, French worked to enlarge his model. During the enlargement process, French reworked the chair that Gallaudet sits on as well as the position of his right arm. For his efforts, French was paid $3000 (equivalent to $85,367 in 2019).
The Thomas Gallaudet Memorial was unveiled in June 1889.
- Armstrong, David F. (2014). "Deaf President Now and the Struggle for Deaf Control of Gallaudet University". Sign Language Studies. 15 (1): 42–56. doi:10.1353/sls.2014.0018. JSTOR 26191941. S2CID 144691884.
- Holzer, Harold (2019). Monument Man: The Life and Art of Daniel Chester French (Kindle ed.). Hudson, NY: Princeton Architectural Press. ISBN 978-1616897536.
- Richman, Michael (1972). "The Early Public Sculpture of Daniel Chester French". American Art Journal. 4 (2): 97–115. doi:10.2307/1593936. ISSN 0002-7359. JSTOR 1593936.
- Media related to Gallaudet Memorial by Daniel Chester French at Wikimedia Commons