France Winddance Twine

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France Winddance Twine
France Winddance Twine in 2008
Born1960 (age 61–62)
Alma materSt. Thomas Aquinas Dominican H.S.
Northwestern University
University of California Berkeley
OccupationSociologist, filmmaker
Known forracial literacy, geek capital, photo elicitation interviews visual sociology; critical race theory; whiteness studies; racial, gender and class inequalities; interracial families
Scientific career
InstitutionsDuke University
Stanford University
University of California, Berkeley
University of Washington
University of California, Santa Barbara
London School of Economics

France Winddance Twine is a Black and Native American sociologist, ethnographer, visual artist. and documentary filmmaker. Twine's research has made significant contributions to interdisciplinary research in gender and sexuality studies, racism/anti-racism, feminist studies, science and technology studies, British cultural studies, and qualitative research methods. She has conducted field research in Brazil, the UK, and the United States on race, racism, and anti-racism and has published 11 books and more than 80 articles, review essays, and books on these topics. In 2020 she was awarded the Distinguished Career Award by the Race, Class, and Gender section of the American Sociological Association for her intellectual, innovative and creative contributions to sociology. Twine is the first sociologist to publish an ethnography on everyday racism in rural Brazil after the end of military dictatorship during the "abertura" (return to democratic rule).

Early life[edit]

A native of Chicago, she is the granddaughter of Paul Twine, Sr., a Civil Rights activist and founding member of the Catholic Interracial Council of Chicago, a Civil Rights organization that brought Irish, Italian, German, Polish and Black Catholics together to fight for racial justice.[1]


Twine is a graduate of Northwestern University and earned her M.A. and Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley. She was a research fellow in the class of 2008–2009 at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University. In 2007, she was a distinguished visiting professor in the sociology department at the London School of Economics.[2] She has taught and held tenured professorships at Duke University and the University of Washington in Seattle. Twine is an enrolled member of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma.[3]

She is the former deputy editor of American Sociological Review, the flagship journal of the American Sociological Association. Twine currently[when?] serves as a member of the International editorial boards of Sociology, the official journal of the British Sociological Association, and the journals Social Problems and Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power.[4][5] She has also served on the editorial board of Ethnic and Racial Studies, the highest impact peer-reviewed journal devoted to the study of racial and ethnic inequalities in the discipline of Sociology.

Twine's research examines the intersections of racial, gender and class inequalities on both sides of the Atlantic. Her recent publications include Outsourcing the Womb: Race, Class and Gestational Surrogacy in a Global Market (2015), Geographies of Privilege (2013) and Girls With Guns: Firearms, Feminism and Militarism (2012). She is the editor for the Routledge series, Framing 21st Century Social Issues.[6]


Twine is an ethnographer and feminist race theorist who has over 90 publications including 10 books. She has conducted field research in Brazil, Britain and the United States. Her research has been supported by the Rockefeller Foundation and the Andrew Mellon Foundation. Her recent books include Outsourcing the Womb (Routledge, 2015), Geographies of Privilege Edited by France Winddance Twine, Bradley Gardener (Routledge, 2013), Girls with Guns: Firearms, Feminism and Militarism (Routledge, 2012),[7] A White Side of Black Britain: Interracial Intimacy and Racial Literacy (Duke University Press, 2010) and Racism in a Racial Democracy: the maintenance of white supremacy in Brazil (Rutgers University Press, 1997) and an editor of five volumes including Retheorizing Race and Whiteness in the 21st Century: Changes and Challenges (Routledge, 2011) and Feminism and Anti-Racism: international struggles for justice (New York University Press, 2000).

Her articles, film reviews and book reviews have appeared in English and Brazilian Portuguese in international journals: the Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Estudos Afroasiaticos, Feminist Studies, Meridians: feminism, race, and transnationalism, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Social Identities, Race and Class, and Gender and Society. Twine's current research focuses on inequality in Silicon Valley and transnational gestational surrogacy. One of her most important theoretical contributions is the concept of racial literacy which was first published in a 2004 journal article and developed in her book A White Side of Black Britain.

Twine was a scholar in residence at the Beatrice Bain Research Group (2014–2015).[8]

Academic positions and honors[edit]

Selected publications[edit]


  • Geek Girls: Inequality and Opportunity in Silicon Valley. (2022) NYU Press. ISBN 1479803839
  • Outsourcing the Womb: Race, Class and Gestational Surrogacy in a Global Market. Second edition, (2015) Routledge. ISBN 978-0415892025
  • Geographies of Privilege, (2013) Edited by France Winddance Twine, Bradley Gardener Routledge. ISBN 978-0415519625
  • Girls with Guns: Firearms, Feminism and Militarism, (2012) Routledge. [[Routledge|ISBN 978-0415516730]]
  • Retheorizing Race and Whiteness in the 21st Century: Changes and Challenges (2011) Routledge, co-edited with Charles A. Gallagher [[Routledge|ISBN 978-0415519625]]
  • Outsourcing the Womb: Race, Class and Gestational Surrogacy in a Global Market, (2011) Routledge. [[Routledge|ISBN 978-0415849326]]
  • A White Side of Black Britain: Interracial Intimacy and Racial Literacy, (2010) Duke University Press.[9]
  • Feminism and Anti-Racism: International Struggles for Justice, (2001), New York University Press, co-edited with Kathleen Blee. [[Routledge|ISBN 978-0814798553]]
  • Ideologies and Technologies of Motherhood: Race, Class, Sexuality and Nationalism, (2000), Routledge, co-edited with Helena Ragone. [[Routledge|ISBN 978-0415921107]]
  • Racing Research/Researching Race: Methodological Dilemmas in Critical Race Studies, (2000), New York University Press, co-edited with Jonathan Warren. [[Routledge|ISBN 978-0814782422]]
  • Feminisms and Youth Cultures, a special issue of Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Vol. 23, no. 3, (Spring, 1998), University of Chicago Press, co-edited with Kum Kum Bhavani and Kathryn Kent.
  • Racism in a Racial Democracy: The Maintenance of White Supremacy in Brazil, (1997) Rutgers University Press. [[Routledge|ISBN 978-0813523651]]

Journal articles[edit]

  • Technology's Invisible Women: Black Geek Girls in Silicon Valley and the Failure of Diversity Initiatives International Journal of Critical Diversity Studies, Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018): 58–79.
  • Gender-Fluid Geek Girls: Negotiating Inequality Regimes in the Tech Industry, Gender & Society, Vol. 31, Issue 1: 28-50 (2017)
  • White migrations: Swedish women, gender vulnerabilities and racial privileges, in European Journal of Women's Studies vol.18, no.1 (2011): 67–86. Coauthored with Catrin Lundstrom.
  • The Gap Between Whites and Whiteness: Interracial Intimacy and Racial literacy, in Du Bois Review, vol.3, no.2 (2006): 341–363. Coauthored with Amy Steinbugler.
  • Visual Ethnography and Racial Theory: family photographs as archives of Interracial Intimacies, in Ethnic and Racial Studies (a special issue on ethnography) vol. 29, no. 3 (May, 2006): 487–511.
  • A White Side of Black Britain: The Concept of Racial Literacy, in Ethnic and Racial Studies, (a special issue on racial hierarchy) vol. 27, no. 6 (November 2004): 1-30.
  • White Americans, the New Minority?: Non-Blacks and the Ever-Expanding Boundaries of Whiteness, Journal of Black Studies, vol. 28, no. 2: 200–218. Co-authored with Jonathan Warren
  • Brown Skinned White Girls: Class, Culture and the Construction of White Identity in Suburban Communities, in Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, vol. 3, no. 2 (July 1996): 204–224.
  • O hiato de genero nas percepcoes de racismo: o caso dos afro-brasileiros socialments ascendentes, in Estudos Afro-Asiaticos, vol. 29 (March 1996) 37–54.

Film productions[edit]

  • Just Black?: Multiracial Identity in the U.S., (1990), with J. Warren and F. Ferrandiz, New York, Filmakers Library[10]


  1. ^ McGreevy, John T. Parish Boundaries: The Catholic Encounter with Race in the Twentieth-Century Urban North. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
  2. ^ UCBS Sociology Department: France Winddance Twine. (retrieved 19 April 2010)
  3. ^ Curriculum Vitae
  4. ^ Sage Publications Advisory Board
  5. ^ Identities 2012 Editorial board
  6. ^ Framing 21st Century Social Issues
  7. ^ Routledge Girls with Guns Announcement.
  8. ^ Beatrice Bain Resident Scholar Page
  9. ^ Link to Jaddaliya review of book
  10. ^ Just Black? at Filmakers Library Page

External links[edit]