Sir Harry Goschen
William Henry Neville Goschen
30 October 1865
|Died||7 July 1945 (aged 79)|
|Years of service||1886–1918|
Sir William Henry Neville Goschen, 1st Baronet, KBE, JP, DL (30 October 1865 – 7 July 1945), known as Harry Goschen, was a British businessman and banker from the prominent Goschen family.
Family and early life
Harry was born at 7 Chapel Street, Grosvenor Square, London, the son of Henry Goschen (1837–1932) and Augusta Eleanor Shakerley, niece of Sir Charles Shakerley, 1st Baronet. Henry Goschen was the younger brother of George Goschen, 1st Viscount Goschen.
Their grandfather was prominent publisher and printer Georg Joachim Göschen of Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony. His third son Wilhelm Heinrich (William Henry) Göschen (1793–1866) came to England in 1814 and founded together with the German merchant Heinrich Frühling (1790–1841) the merchant bank Frühling & Göschen, of Leipzig and London. He married an English woman and had several children, including George, Henry and Edward.
His younger brother was Major General Arthur Goschen. Harry was educated at Eton College from 1879 to 1884. In 1886, he was gazetted as a lieutenant in the 24th Middlesex Volunteer Rifles, the London Regiment.
Goschen joined the family merchant banking firm Frühling & Göschen, and became involved in insurance. He was director of the Ocean Marine Insurance Co., Sun Insurance Office and Sun Life Assurance Society. His personality and role during the First World War were later recalled in The Times:
Thus born with the family gift for finance, Harry Goschen easily succeeded to a position in the City which he confirmed by his native shrewdness and common sense, and above al by his kindliness, accessibility, and straight-forward candour. Those who worked with him and consulted him were sure of getting from him sound and disinterested views as to the practical aspects of a problem. This faculty, combined with his unfailing readiness to work hard for what he believed to be the best interests of the City, and of the national and international well-being which is its chief concern, caused Sir Harry Goschen to be called to offices of high responsibility in the critical period during and after the 1914–18 war. With his stalwart, balky person, round, friendly. spectacled face, and general appearance of massive strength, he was the embodiment of imperturbable steadiness and confidence, at a time when various forms of nervous hysteria abroad were reducing the world's monetary system to chaos.
In 1920, he merged his families bank Frühling & Göschen with Cunliffe Brothers, owned by Lord Cunliffe, to form Goschens & Cunliffe. During his career, he served as chairman of the London Clearing banks, the National Provincial Bank and the Accepting Houses Committee, and as a director of the Chartered Bank of India, Australia, and China. Goschen also sat on various other boards and charities, including commissioner of the Public Works Loan Board, Warden of the Royal Chapel of the Savoy, Member House Committee of the London Hospital and served as Prime Warden of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths.
Goschen was appointed a deputy lieutenant for Essex in 1920. He retired from business in 1936.
Goschen was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1918 Birthday Honours for his services during the First World War. He was knighted in the same order (KBE) in April 1920, for "valuable services on many Government Committees" during the war.
In the 1927 Birthday Honours, Goschen was created a Baronet, of Durrington House in the Parish of Sheering and County of Essex, in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom, for public services.
He was also a Knight of Grace of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
On 23 November 1893, Goschen married Christian (1871–1951), daughter of Lt.-Col. James Augustus Grant. They had one daughter, Christian Eleanor Margaret, in 1895. She married Claud Douglas-Pennant, grandson of Edward Douglas-Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn, and younger brother of the fifth Baron Penrhyn.
He died at Durrington House, his Essex estate, in 1945. The baronetcy became extinct upon his death.
- ^ a b c d e f "Obituary: Sir Harry Goschen". The Times. 9 July 1945. p. 7.
- ^ a b Howard, Joseph Jackson; Crisp, Frederick Arthur (1908). Visitation of England and Wales. Priv. printed. p. 159. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- ^ a b Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 1607. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- ^ Spinner, Thomas J. (1977). George Joachim Goschen: The Transformation of a Victorian Liberal. CUP Archive. p. 1. ISBN 9780521202107. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
- ^ "Goschen Publishers and Printer". Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art. John W. Parker and Son: 201. 1903. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
- ^ Laybourn, Keith (2001). British Political Leaders: A Biographical Dictionary. ABC-CLIO. p. 133. ISBN 9781576070437. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
- ^ "No. 25652". The London Gazette. 3 December 1886. p. 6129.
- ^ Bassett, Herbert Henry (1901). Men of Note in Finance and Commerce: With which is Incorporated Men of Office. A Biographical Business Directory. E. Wilson. p. 97. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- ^ a b The Bankers Magazine. Bradford-Rhodes & Company. 1922. p. 348. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- ^ "No. 31798". The London Gazette. 27 February 1920. p. 2338.
- ^ "No. 30730". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1918. p. 6701.
- ^ "No. 13582". The Edinburgh Gazette. 1 April 1920. p. 895.
- ^ "No. 33280". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 June 1927. p. 3603.
- ^ "No. 33292". The London Gazette. 8 July 1927. p. 4406.
- ^ Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1914. p. 873. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- ^ "Forthcoming Marriages". The Times. 6 March 1922. p. 15.
- ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 3098. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- 1847 births
- 1924 deaths
- Military personnel from London
- Goschen family
- British bankers
- Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire
- Baronets in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom
- British people of German descent
- People educated at Eton College
- Deputy Lieutenants of Essex
- Volunteer Force officers
- London Regiment officers