Foreign trade of Pakistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pakistani exports in 2005

Pakistan has bilateral and multilateral trade agreements with many nations and international organizations. It is a member of the World Trade Organization, part of the South Asian Free Trade Area agreement and the China–Pakistan Free Trade Agreement. Fluctuating world demand for its exports, domestic political uncertainty, and the impact of occasional droughts on its agricultural production have all contributed to variability in Pakistan's trade deficit. The trade deficit for the fiscal year 2013/14 is $7.743 billion, exports are $10.367 billion in July–November 2013 and imports are $18.110 billion.

Pakistan's exports continue to be dominated by manpower export in the subcontinent, cotton textiles and apparel. Imports include petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, fertilizer, capital goods, industrial raw materials, and consumer products.[1]

On 12 December 2013, the European Union granted GSP Plus status to Pakistan[2] until 2017, which enabled it to export 20% of its good with 0 tariff and 70 percent at preferential rates to the EU market. This status was given after the European Parliament passed the resolution by 406-186 votes.[3] Foreign trade is important for the economy because the country has to import different types of products but due to poor economy Pakistan is facing deficit in foreign trade balance every year.[4]


Pakistan's exports for the year 2015-2016 stood at US$21 Billion and imports were at US$44.76 billion for the same period.[5]

Pakistan's exports increased more than 100% from $7.5 billion in 1999 to stand at $18 billion in the financial year 2007–2008.[6][7]

Pakistan exports rice, kinnows, mangoes, furniture, cotton fiber, cement, tiles, marble, textiles, clothing, leather goods, veterinary surgical supplies, sports goods (renowned for footballs/soccer balls), cutlery, surgical instruments, electrical appliances, software, carpets, rugs, ice cream, livestock meat, chicken, powdered milk, wheat, seafood (especially shrimp/prawns), vegetables, processed food items, Pakistani-assembled Suzukis (to Afghanistan and other countries), defense equipment (submarines, tanks, radars), salt, onyx, engineering goods, and many other items. Pakistan produces and exports cements to Asia and the Middle East. In August 2007, Pakistan started exporting cement to India to fill in the shortage there caused by the building boom.[8] Russia is a growing market for Pakistani exporters. In 2009/2010 the export target of Pakistan was US$20 billion.[9] As of April 2015, Pakistan's exports stand at US$29 billion.

List of trading partners[edit]

The following is a list of Pakistan's main trading partners as of JULY 2017.

Country Percentage of imports Percentage of exports Percentage of total trade
 China 31 11 16.9
 European Union 10.4 18.2 13.0
 United Arab Emirates 12.1 8.5 10.9
 Saudi Arabia 12.2 8.5 9.0
 United States 3.7 13.6 6.7
 Kuwait 6.3 0.07 4.4
 India[1] 4.07 1.67 3
 Malaysia 9 0.9 2.9
 Japan 3.6 1.6 2.9
 Iran 3.4 1.8 2.9
 Afghanistan 0.3 7.6 2.8
 Singapore 4.1 0.3 2.8

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Asif Shahzad and Gibran Naiyyar Peshimam (1 April 2021). "Pakistan defers trade with India until Delhi reviews Kashmir's status, foreign minister says". Reuters news agency. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  2. ^ Lone, Mahlia S. (30 December 2013). "Pakistan to Benefit From EU Trade Status". WWD. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Pak gets GSP Plus status till 2017 for free access to EU market". Business Standard India. 13 December 2013.
  4. ^ "Pakistan economic crisis is getting worse: From debt to inflation to forex, here's what is happening". Business Today. 2023-01-04. Retrieved 2023-09-20.
  5. ^ Arshad Hussain (July 16, 2016). "Total exports slide by 12.11% in 2015-16, imports by 2.32%". Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  6. ^ "Government of Pakistan. Statistics division federal bureau of statistics. Karachi. Summary June 2007" (PDF). June 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 27, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
  7. ^ "Data: Board of Investment " Economic Pakistan". 2008-02-18. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
  8. ^ "Pakistan to start cement export by August end" Archived August 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Yahoo! News, August 3, 2007
  9. ^ "FreshPlaza: Global Fresh Produce and Banana News".

External links[edit]