Foreign relations of Eswatini

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nations with which Eswatini (or Swaziland) has diplomatic relations.

Eswatini is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the African Union, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, and the Southern African Development Community. Currently, the Kingdom of Eswatini maintains 11 embassies and High Commissions along with 15 consulates and other representations around the world, while there are five embassies and High Commissions in Eswatini as well as 14 consulates and other representations.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Angola 8 November 1989 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 November 1989[1][2]
 Argentina 1 April 1974 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 April 1974.[3]
 Armenia 3 May 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 May 2013.[4]

 Australia 9 July 1973 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 July 1973.[5]
 Azerbaijan 7 January 2010 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 January 2010.[6]
 Bahrain 9 September 2005 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 September 2005.[7]
 Belgium 14 November 1969 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 November 1969 when ambassador of Swaziland Mr. Nkomeni Douglas Ntiwane presented his credentials to King of Belgium.[8]
 Bhutan 21 August 2012 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 August 2012.[9]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 November 2009 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 25 November 2009.[10]
 Botswana 20 May 1976 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 May 1976.[11]
 Brazil 23 June 1978 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 June 1978.[12]
 Burundi 4 August 2022 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 4 August 2022[13]
 Canada 10 February 1969

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 10 February 1969.[14]

 Chile 25 September 1978 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 25 September 1978.[16]
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 16 September 1968 See Eswatini–Taiwan relations

Eswatini established diplomatic relations with the Republic of China (ROC) commonly known as "Taiwan", on 16 September 1968.[17] Eswatini has an embassy in Taipei and ROC has an embassy in Mbabane. As of 2018, it is last African country to recognize the ROC instead of the PRC as the sole representative of "China".

 Costa Rica 24 September 2007 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 24 September 2007.[18]
 Croatia 5 April 2019 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 April 2019.[19]
 Cuba 22 September 1995 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 September 1995.[20]
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic 9 July 1993 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 July 1993.[24] Previously established on 4 January 1991.[25]
 Egypt 20 November 1973 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 November 1973.[26]
 Equatorial Guinea 19 February 2015 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 19 February 2015.[27]
 Estonia 21 November 2018 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 November 2018.[28]
 Ethiopia 1 January 1971 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 January 1971 when the first Swaziland Ambassador to Ethiopia, Mr. Martin Ndiniso, has presented his credentials to Emperor Haile Selassie.[29]
 Fiji 14 March 2002 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 March 2002.[30]
 Finland 20 September 1990 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 September 1990.[31]
 Georgia 20 May 2016

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 May 2016.[32]

 Germany 15 November 1968 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 November 1968.[33]
 Greece
  • Greece is represented in Eswatini via parallel accreditation of its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.[34]
  • Eswatini is represented in Greece through its embassy in London.[34]
 Guyana 26 February 1993
  • Both countries have established diplomatic relations on 26 February 1993.[35]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Hungary 9 May 1990 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 May 1990.[36]
 Iceland 3 December 1993 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 December 1993.[37]
 Indonesia 12 april 1991 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 12 April 1991.[38]
 Israel September 1968

Both countries established diplomatic relations in September 1968.[39]

 Jamaica 13 February 1991 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 13 February 1991.[40]
 Japan 21 May 1971
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 May 1971.[41]
  • Japan is represented in Eswatini via parallel accreditation of its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.[42]
 Kazakhstan 16 May 2016 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 16 May 2016.[43]
 Kenya 18 May 1970 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 18 May 1970 when first High Commissioner of Swaziland to Kenya Mr. Martin Buya Ndiniso, has presented his credentials to President Kenyatta.[44]
 Kuwait 22 May 1996 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 May 1996.[45]
 Latvia 16 November 2018 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 16 November 2018.[46]
 Lesotho 12 February 1976 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 12 February 1976.[47]
 Lithuania 1 April 2021 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 April 2021.[48]
 Madagascar 21 October 2015 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 October 2015 when Ambassador of Swaziland with residence in Maputo Mr. Christian Muzie Nkambule, presented his credentials to President of Madagascar Hery Rajaonarimampianina.[49][50]
 Maldives 15 December 2020 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 15 December 2020.[51]
 Marshall Islands 11 April 2019 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 11 April 2019.[52]
 Mauritania 22 March 2018 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 March 2018 when Ambassador of Mauritania M. Mohamed Ould Hanany, presented his credentials to King of Swaziland Mswati III.[53]
 Mexico 23 December 1975 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 December 1975.[54]
  • Eswatini is accredited to Mexico from its Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York City.
  • Mexico is accredited to Eswatini from its embassy in Pretoria, South Africa.
 Moldova 21 March 2013 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 March 2013.[55]
 Mongolia 21 November 2018 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 November 2018.[56]
 Montenegro 27 February 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 27 February 2013.[57]

 Mozambique 11 September 1975 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 11 September 1975.[58]
 Namibia 28 February 1992 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 28 February 1992.[59]
  • Eswatini is accredited to Namibia from its High Commission in Pretoria, South Africa.
  • Namibia is accredited to Eswatini from its High Commission in Pretoria, South Africa.
   Nepal 9 May 2019 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 9 May 2019.[60]
 New Zealand 2000 Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2000[61]
 Nicaragua 17 September 2019 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 17 September 2019.[62]
 North Korea 20 September 2007 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 September 2007.[63]
 North Macedonia 6 July 2007 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 6 July 2007.[64]
 Oman 18 September 2013 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 18 September 2013.[65]
 Palestine 3 November 2010 The two countries maintain diplomatic relations on 3 November 2010 as a copy of Ambassador Abdel-Gawad's credentials is given to the Kingdom of Eswatini's Minister of Foreign Affairs.[66]
  • Eswatini officially recognized the State of Palestine on 1 July 1991.[67]
 Paraguay 3 April 2007 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 3 April 2007.[68]
 Peru 8 June 1989 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 8 June 1989.[69]
 Philippines 19 February 1993 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 19 February 1993.[70]
 Poland 10 May 1990 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 10 May 1990.[71]
 Portugal 6 September 1968 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 6 September 1968.[72]
 Qatar 31 October 2002 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 31 October 2002.[73]
 Romania 12 December 1990

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 12 December 1990.[74]

 Russia 19 October 1999 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 19 October 1999.[75]

See Eswatini–Russia relations

 Saint Kitts and Nevis 7 June 2018 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 June 2018.[76]
 Saudi Arabia 30 March 2015 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 30 March 2015.[77]
 Serbia 1 June 1990
  • Both countries have established diplomatic relations on 1 June 1990.[78]
  • A number of bilateral agreements have been concluded and are in force between both countries.[79]
 Seychelles 14 March 2002 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 March 2002.[80]
 Singapore 1 September 1992 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 September 1992.[81]
 Slovakia 1 January 1993 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 January 1993.[82]
 South Africa 1 October 1993 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 October 1993.[83]
  • South Africa has a High Commission in Mbabane.
  • Eswatini has a High Commission in Pretoria.
 South Korea 6 November 1968

Both countries established diplomatic relations began on 6 November 1968.[84]

 Spain 5 April 1979 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 April 1979.[85]
 Sudan 27 March 2018 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 27 March 2018[86]
 Suriname 7 June 2013 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 7 June 2013.[87]
  Switzerland 6 August 1969

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 6 August 1969 when Ambassador of Switzerland to South Africa, Mr. R. Hunziker presented his credentials to King of Swaziland Sobhuza II.[88]

 Tajikistan 12 November 2018 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 12 November 2018.[89]
 Thailand 17 January 1991 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 17 January 1991.[90]
 Tonga 22 May 2003 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 May 2003.[91]
 Turkey 20 January 1981 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 January 1981.[92]
 Uganda 23 January 1974 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 January 1974 when has been accredited High Commissioner of Swaziland to Uganda Mr. S. M. Kunene.[94]
 Ukraine 13 May 1998 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 13 May 1998.[95]
 United Arab Emirates 2 November 2005 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 2 November 2005.[96][97]
 United Kingdom 6 September 1968 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 6 September 1968.[98]
  • Eswatini has a High Commission in London.
  • United Kingdom has a High Commission in Mbabane.
 United States 6 September 1968 See Eswatini–United States relations

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 6 September 1968.[99]

The Eswatini embassy in Washington, D.C., USA.

The United States assists Eswatini with a number of HIV/AIDS initiatives and programs implemented through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the Peace Corps, African Development Foundation, the Department of Labor, and the Department of Defense. In addition, the U.S. supports small enterprise development, education, military training, institutional and human resources development, agricultural development, and trade capacity building.

The U.S. is also the largest bilateral donor to the Global Fund, Eswatini's principal HIV/AIDS funding source. The U.S. Government sends about 4 Swazi professionals to the United States each year, from both the public and private sectors, primarily for master's degrees, and about 5 others for three- to four-week International Visitor programs.

  • Eswatini has an embassy in Washington, D.C.
  • United States has an embassy in Mbabane.
 Venezuela 21 September 2006 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 September 2006.[100]
 Vietnam 21 May 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 May 2013.[101]

 Yemen 21 October 2009 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 21 October 2009.[102]
 Zambia 31 March 1971 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 31 March 1971 when has been accredited High Commissioner of Swaziland to Zambia (resident in Nairobi) Mr. Martin Buya Mdiniso.[103]
 Zimbabwe 27 November 1981 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 27 November 1981.[104]

Swaziland embassies, High Commissions, and consulates abroad[edit]

Foreign embassies, High Commissions, and consulates in Eswatini[edit]

Republic of China (Taiwan) Embassy in Eswatini

Eswatini and the Commonwealth of Nations[edit]

Eswatini was a British protectorate until 1968, when it became an independent native monarchy within the Commonwealth of Nations, when the then Paramount Chief of Swaziland, Sobhuza II became King of Swaziland.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]