Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations
|Proportion||3:5 or 1:2|
|Adopted||26 March 1976; modified 12 November 2013|
|Design||A gold globe, surrounded by 34 sunrays, on a blue field.|
The flag of the Commonwealth of Nations is the official flag used by and representing the Commonwealth of Nations. Its current design dates to 2013, a modification of a design adopted in 1976.
The flag developed from car pennants produced for the first time at the 1973 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, held in Ottawa, Ontario. The initiative for its design is credited to two Canadians: the first Commonwealth Secretary-General, Arnold Smith; and Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. It was officially adopted on 26 March 1976.
The original design featured a globe surrounded by 64 radiating, approximately quadrilateral, sunrays, which form a 'C' for 'Commonwealth'. The number of sunrays did not represent the number of member states (there have never been 64 members); instead, the large number represented the many ways in which the Commonwealth cooperates around the world.
In 2013, the globe was tilted, and the number of sunrays reduced to 34. The colourings used in the flag were also slightly modified. The standard proportions of the flag are 3:5, however a 1:2 version appears in countries whose flags use a 1:2 ratio, such as Australia and the UK.
The flag of the Commonwealth of Nations is flown at Marlborough House, London, the headquarters of the Commonwealth Secretariat, throughout the year, and for a limited period at other venues where Commonwealth meetings, events, or visits are taking place (for example, Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings). The Canadian federal government does not stipulate that the flag be flown for Commonwealth Day, instead directing that the British Union Jack (officially called the Royal Union Flag) be flown at federal installations which have a second flagpole.
Former Commonwealth Secretary-General Don McKinnon encourages the flying of the Commonwealth flag on Commonwealth Day, and the Office of the Secretary-General notes that "it is not the case that the Union Jack – or the flag of any other member country for that matter – is a substitute for the Commonwealth flag which represents the association of 53 members and their peoples."
Elsewhere, the Commonwealth flag is flown at the Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh on Commonwealth Day, from the fourth flagpole in addition to the Union Flag, the Scottish saltire and the European Union flag which all fly daily. Since 2002 the Commonwealth flag has been flown alongside the Union Flag, over the Northern Ireland Assembly's home at Parliament Buildings Stormont every Commonwealth Day. It is also flown on Commonwealth Day in the territory of Gibraltar, from the third flagpole alongside the Union Flag and the Flag of Gibraltar, which fly on the roof of No. 6 Convent Place, the office of the Chief Minister of Gibraltar.
On 28 September 2016, the Welsh Conservative AM in the National Assembly for Wales Mohammad Asghar suggested that once the United Kingdom leaves the European Union, the Welsh Assembly should replace the EU Flag alongside the Union Flag and the Welsh Flag. It has been suggested that the Flag of the Commonwealth be the replacement. On 31 January 2020 Brexit was marked at the Gibraltar border with the lowering of the EU flag and the raising of the Commonwealth flag in its place.
The Commonwealth Flag flying above the Foreign and Commonwealth Office on Commonwealth Day 2017
The Commonwealth Flag, as well as the flags of Commonwealth members, flying in Parliament Square on Commonwealth Day 2017
- Thomas, Dean (31 March 2004). "Commonwealth of Nations". Flags of the World. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- "Symbol and Flag". Commonwealth Secretariat. Archived from the original on 24 January 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
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- "The Royal Union flag". Department of Canadian Heritage. 24 September 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- Letter from the office of the Commonwealth Secretary-General, January 30, 2008 Archived 25 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "School Pupils Help Parliament Mark Commonwealth Day". Scottish Parliament. 13 March 2001. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- "OPIN-2016-0016 Consulting the public on a new flag at the National Assembly for Wales". www.assembly.wales. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016.
- Culatto, John (31 January 2020). "'End of An Era' to be Marked at Midnight by the Singing of EU Anthem at Gibraltar Fontier". The Olive Press. Retrieved 2 February 2020.