Flag of Ossetia

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Flag of Ossetia
Proportion1:2
Adopted1990 (South Ossetia), 1991 (North Ossetia)
DesignA tri-horizontal bar flag with the colors white, red, and yellow

The Flag of Ossetia is a tricolor flag, top to bottom white, red, and yellow, used by the Ossetian people in Ossetia, a region spanning both sides of the Caucasus Mountains.

The flag is used by three distinct political entities: The Republic of North Ossetia–Alania (a federal subject of Russia), the self-declared Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania, and the Georgia-established Administration of South Ossetia.[citation needed]

South Ossetia has been under the control of the Russian Federation since the 2008 Russo-Georgian war and is mostly unrecognized by the international community. Georgia considers the Provisional Administration of South Ossetia to be the legal government of South Ossetia.[citation needed]

History[edit]

North Ossetia[edit]

Under the Soviet Union, the North Ossetian ASSR changed flags several times. The present flag was adopted on 2 October 1991 shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union, and then reinstated on 24 November 1994.[1]

Flag Date Use Details
1917–1922 Flag of the Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus
3 July 1937–29 July 1938 Flag of the North Ossetian ASSR Russian written in Cyrillic and Ossetian written in Latin
18 June 1938–16 June 1954 Flag of the North Ossetian ASSR Russian and Ossetian both written in Cyrillic
16 June 1954–24 June 1981 Flag of the North Ossetian ASSR
24 June 1981–2 October 1991 Flag of the North Ossetian ASSR
2 October 1991–10 December 1991 Flag of the North Ossetian ASSR, and then of the North Ossetian SSR
10 December 1991–24 November 1994 Flag of the North Ossetian SSR, and then of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania

South Ossetia[edit]

Between 1922 and 1990, South Ossetia was an autonomous oblast of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic known as the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast. As an autonomous oblast, it did not have its own flag, instead the Flag of Georgian SSR was used for official purposes.

The flag of the Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania was prescribed by the South Ossetian Constitution of 26 November 1990 and confirmed by the Regulation on the National Flag of 30 March 1992.[2]

The Administration of South Ossetia was established by the Government of Georgia in April 2007.[3] It uses the Ossetian flag together with the flag of Georgia.[4][5]

Design[edit]

Symbolism[edit]

The flag is said to represent the social structure of ancient Ossetian society, which was divided into three social groups forming an organic whole: the military aristocracy, the clergy, and ordinary people.[citation needed] The colors symbolize moral purity (white), martial courage (red) and wealth and prosperity (yellow). In blazons, the flag is described as Per fess Argent and Or, a fess Gules. The proportions are 1:2.[6][7]

Color scheme[edit]

Colour model White Bright Red Gold
Pantone Safe Red 186c Yellow 012c
CMYK 0.0.0.0 0.100.83.24 0.16.100.1
RGB (255,255,255) (193,0,32) (255,215,0)
HTML #FFFFFF #C10020 #FFD700
NCS S 0300-N S 1085-Y80R S 0580-G70Y

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "On the State Flag of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania", The Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania dated 24.11.1994 No. 522A, Vladikavkaz, 1994. Accessed 24 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Государственная символика Республики Южная Осетия | Парламент Республики Южная Осетия". www.parliamentrso.org (in Russian). Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  3. ^ "MPs Pass Draft Law on S. Ossetia with Final Hearing". Civil.ge. 13 April 2007. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012.
  4. ^ "ადმინისტრაციის ხელმძღვანელი". სამხრეთ ოსეთის ადმინისტრაცია (in Georgian). Retrieved 27 November 2023.
  5. ^ "ჯანდაცვისა და სოცუზრუნველყოფის სამსახურის 2019 წელს გაწეული საქმიანობის ანგარიში". სამხრეთ ოსეთის ადმინისტრაცია (in Georgian).
  6. ^ Республика Северная Осетия - Алания. Russian Centre of Vexillology and Heraldry. 15 July 2007. Accessed 25 June 2021.
  7. ^ "South Ossetia (Georgia; under Russian occupation)". Flags of the World.

External links[edit]