Fire Protection Association

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Fire Protection Association
Legal statusAssociation
PurposeProvider of independent advice and guidance on all aspects of fire safety
Region served
UK and Overseas
Approx 5,000 fire protection companies, organisations and individuals from the UK and overseas
Managing Director
Jonathan O’Neill
WebsiteThe FPA

The Fire Protection Association is the UK's National Fire Safety Organisation. Established in 1946, it works to identify and draw attention to the dangers of fire and the means by which their potential for occurrence and loss is kept to a minimum. Recognized as an independent and authoritative source of fire safety information and advice[citation needed] it offers education and training, a fire risk assessment service, a nationwide risk management survey service for insurers, a membership journal (Fire Risk Management), all underpinned by proactive research consultancy conducted on behalf of insurers and commercial clients.


In 1880 the UK insurance industry, represented by the British Insurance Association (now the Association of British Insurers), formed the Fire Offices Committee (FOC) for the purposes of insurance tariff setting and technical support, and the Fire Protection Association (FPA) for information dissemination.

In 1935 the FOC set up a test laboratory on the outskirts of London at Borehamwood,[1] which at the start of World War II was taken over by the government as the Fire Research Station (FRS), with the FOC’s technical department being represented by a combined group called the Joint Fire Research Organisation (JFRO).

In the early 1980s, aided by the ABI, there was a parting of the ways to address the often incompatible issues of ‘life safety’ versus ‘business and property protection’, and the technical arm of FOC formed the Fire Insurer’s Research and Testing Organisation (FIRTO). FRS remained a government organisation until it was absorbed into the Building Research Establishment (BRE).

In 1984 FIRTO combined with the FOC technical department, FPA, and the Insurers Technical Bureau (ITB) to form the Loss Prevention Council (LPC) which later went on to develop a certification body called the Loss Prevention Certification Board (LPCB). In 1999 UK insurers sold LPC Laboratories and LPCB to BRE, retaining the Fire Protection Association which relocated to offices at Blackfriars in London. Many of FPA’s current staff have over the years worked for a number of the aforementioned organisations.

With its roots firmly in the insurance sector, one of FPA’s primary roles is to encourage convergence of government (life safety) and insurer (life safety and business and property protection) fire protection perspectives. Where government statutory requirements are considered inadequate by insurers for business and property protection, the FPA develops and maintains a number of key insurer standards for the implementation of active and passive fire protection requirements, together with a substantial library of Risk Control documents.

FPA relocated to the Fire Service College at Moreton-in-Marsh in Gloucestershire in 2004 - placing it firmly at the heart of the UK fire industry.[citation needed]


The agreed aims and objectives of the FPA are:

  • To protect people and property and the environment by advancing fire prevention and protection techniques
  • To collaborate with central Government, the Fire Service and other agencies in this work
  • To focus national and European attention on these issues
  • To influence consumers and business related decision making
  • To collect, analyse and publish statistics, identify trends and provide research
  • To disseminate advice and information[citation needed]


FPA operates via two divisions, each led by a Director. The Commercial Division encompasses the publications, Fire Risk Management journal, fire risk assessment, risk surveying and training activities, while the Technical Division undertakes research, and consultancy in support of all aspects of fire prevention and protection.

The FPA supplies publications in the fields of fire safety, fire prevention and related topics. The range covers a wide variety of products including videos, DVDs, CDs and online services, books, codes of practice, recommendations, reports, leaflets, pocket cards and posters.

The Training Department currently offers approximately 55 different courses covering fire safety management, fire safety engineering, health and safety and N/SVQs in fire safety. This is in addition to organising regular topical seminars and bespoke training tailored to clients’ specific requirements.

RISC Authority[edit]

The RISC Authority (Risk, Insight, Strategy and Control Authority), who conduct research and representation on behalf of a group of UK Insurers into risk mitigation measures from fire and security risks, is administered by the FPA.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ BRE Group, The Fire Research Station - FRS - a brief history, accessed 18 August 2020
  2. ^ RISC Authority, FAQ Page: Who are RISCAuthority?, accessed 24 November 2020

Further reading[edit]

  • Mueller, Benjamin (29 May 2019). "Britain Vowed Big Changes After Grenfell Tower Burned. Why Are Thousands Stuck in Firetraps?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  • "Grenfell two years on – the Fire Protection Association renews its call that government changes to building regulations don't go far enough". Building Products. 17 June 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  • Young, Matthew (18 July 2019). "Building owners with "Grenfell" cladding must take immediate action to fix it". mirror. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  • "Tory minister urged against including sprinklers in fire safety rules as it could discourage house building". The Independent. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2019.

External links[edit]