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This Japanese scroll calligraphy of Bodhidharma reads “直指人心,見性成佛”(from up to low, left to right) “Zen points directly to the human heart, see into your nature and become Buddha”. It was created by Hakuin Ekaku (1685 to 1768)

This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain
According to Japanese Copyright Law (June 1, 2018 grant) the copyright on this work has expired and is as such public domain. According to articles 51, 52, 53 and 57 of the copyright laws of Japan, under the jurisdiction of the Government of Japan works enter the public domain 50 years after the death of the creator (there being multiple creators, the creator who dies last) or 50 years after publication for anonymous or pseudonymous authors or for works whose copyright holder is an organization.

Note: The enforcement of the revised Copyright Act on December 30, 2018 extended the copyright term of works whose copyright was valid on that day to 70 years. Do not use this template for works of the copyright holders who died after 1967.

Use {{PD-Japan-oldphoto}} for photos published before December 31, 1956, and {{PD-Japan-film}} for films produced prior to 1953. Public domain works must be out of copyright in both the United States and in the source country of the work in order to be hosted on the Commons. The file must have an additional copyright tag indicating the copyright status in the United States. See also Copyright rules by territory.

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You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that this work might not be in the public domain in countries that do not apply the rule of the shorter term and have copyright terms longer than life of the author plus 50 years. In particular, Mexico is 100 years, Jamaica is 95 years, Colombia is 80 years, Guatemala and Samoa are 75 years, Switzerland and the United States are 70 years, and Venezuela is 60 years.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain".
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain in the United States. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details.

Uploaded at en: by en:User:PHG.


Scroll calligraphy of Bodhidharma, by Hakuin Ekaku (1686 to 1769)

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33,694 byte

800 pixel

360 pixel

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current04:20, 17 March 2023Thumbnail for version as of 04:20, 17 March 2023360 × 800 (33 KB)User-duckCropped dark background using CropTool with lossless mode.
09:52, 24 August 2021Thumbnail for version as of 09:52, 24 August 2021360 × 834 (36 KB)ArtanisenHigher resolution version of the same file from the same source with the same colors
10:38, 30 December 2016Thumbnail for version as of 10:38, 30 December 2016180 × 417 (44 KB)Ismoonbetter image
17:50, 4 November 2005Thumbnail for version as of 17:50, 4 November 2005180 × 417 (20 KB)AscánderThis Japanese scroll calligraphy of Bodhidharma reads “Zen points directly to the human heart, see into your nature and become Buddha”. It was created by Hakuin Ekaku (1685 to 1768) {{PD-art}} Uploaded at en: by en:User:PHG.

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