Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry

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Fazlul Quader Ch‍owdhury
Fazlul Quader Chowdhury.jpg
Fazlul Quader Chowdhury
5th Speaker of the National Assembly
In office
29 November 1963 – 12 June 1965
DeputyAyub Khan
Preceded byAyub Khan
Succeeded byAyub Khan
Personal details
Born(1919-03-26)26 March 1919
Gohira, Raozan Upazila, Chittagong District, Bengal Presidency, British India, (now Bangladesh)
Died17 July 1973(1973-07-17) (aged 54)
Old Dhaka Central Jail , Dhaka, Bangladesh
Political partyMuslim League (Before 1962)
Convention Muslim League (1962–1969)
RelativesZamindar family of Gahira
Alma materCalcutta Presidency College
Calcutta University Law College

Fazlul Quader Chowdhury (1919–1973) was a Bengali politician who served as the 5th speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan from East Pakistan. He belonged to Ayub Khan's Convention Muslim League. He was also the Acting President of Pakistan from time to time when Ayub Khan left the country. His elder brother Fazlul Kabir Chowdhury was the leader of the opposition in East Pakistan assembly. Quader was preceded by Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan of Awami League.

Early life and family[edit]

Chaudhury was born on 26 March 1919 to a Bengali Muslim zamindar family in Gahira, Raozan, located in the Chittagong District of the Bengal Province. His father, Khan Bahadur Abdul Jabbar Chaudhry, was descended from Bakhsh-e-Ali Chaudhry, and his mother, Begum Fatema Khatun Chaudhrani, was a housewife.[1] His mother's grandmother was the 18th-century poet Rahimunnessa. Chaudhury's brother Fazlul Kabir Chowdhury was also a parliamentarian.[2]


Chaudhry graduated from Calcutta Presidency College and earned B.L degree from Calcutta University Law College. In 1941 he was elected general secretary of All-India Muslim Student Federation. He joined the All-India Muslim League and was elected the secretary of Chittagong district unit of the party in 1943.[3]


In 1947, Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry supported the United Bengal pact of Sarat Bose and Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, but when Suhrawardy agreed to form Pakistan, he failed from presenting the matter to Muhammad Ali Jinnah.[4]

Chaudhury was elected member of the Pakistan National Assembly in 1962. In Ayub Khan's cabinet he served in the Ministry of Agriculture and Works, the Ministry of Education and Information and the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare. He played an important role in floating the Convention Muslim League (1962) and was elected a member of the central committee of the party.[3]

He facilitated the foundation of University of Chittagong,[5] Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong Marine Academy, Chittagong Marine Fisheries and the Polytechnic Institute.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Chaudhry married Syeda Selena Akhtar, the second daughter of Syed Azizullah and Syeda Ammatul Ela Raziya Khatun. They had six children. Their eldest son, Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury, was a six-time Bangladeshi parliamentarian and adviser to Khaleda Zia. Their second son, Saifuddin Qadir Chaudhry, was a businessman and their third son, Giasuddin Quader Chowdhury, was also a parliamentarian. Their fourth son, Jamaluddin Qadir Chaudhry, was an industrialist and the names of their two daughters are Zubayda Qadir Chaudhry and Hasina Qadir Chaudhry. Fazlul Qadir Chaudhry's elder sister-in-law, Syeda Roqeya Akhtar, was the wife of former Finance Minister Murtaza Raza Choudhry.[1]

Arrest and death[edit]

In 1973, after the independence of Bangladesh (former East Pakistan), he was jailed in Bangladesh for war crimes as collaborator of Pakistan Army during 1971. He died in Dhaka Central Jail on 17 July 1973.[6]


Chaudhury's elder son Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury was a politician. He was elected member of the Bangladeshi Parliament six times. In October 2015, Supreme Court of Bangladesh upheld the death sentence awarded by international crime tribunal for the alleged crime committed by Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury during the Liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971. The death sentence was executed on early hours of 22 November 2015 inside Dhaka Central Jail.[7]


  1. ^ a b Ahmad, Syed Kamaluddin (30 June 2021), তরফের সৈয়দ বংশ ও লাকসাম নবাব পরিবার (in Bengali)
  2. ^ "কাল আলহাজ এ কে এম ফজলুল কবির চৌধুরীর ৪৩তম মৃত্যুবার্ষিকী". Dainik Purbokone. 8 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Muazzam Hussain Khan (2012). "Chaudhury, Fazlul Quader". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 31 March 2023.
  4. ^ Mukhopadhay, Keshob. "An interview with prof. Ahmed sharif". News from Bangladesh. Daily News Monitoring Service. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  5. ^ Azim, Fayezul. "University of Chittagong". Banglapedia. Bangladesh Asiatic Society. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  6. ^ "Tread Warily To The Dream". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 6 February 2010. Archived from the original on 8 February 2010.
  7. ^ "SQ Chy now booked for war crimes". The Daily Star. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
Political offices
Preceded by Speaker of the National Assembly
Succeeded by