Farhang e Asifiya

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Farhang e Asifiya
Farhang e Asifiya Cover.jpg
Book Cover
AuthorSyed Ahmad Dehlvi
CountryBritish India
PublishedMay, 1908 (Lahore Matba Rifah-i 'Am)

Farhang-e-Asifiya (Urdu: فرہنگ آصفیہ, lit.'The Dictionary of Asif') is an Urdu-to-Urdu dictionary compiled by Syed Ahmad Dehlvi.[1] It has more than 60,000 entries in four volumes.[2] It was first published in May, 1908 by Lahore Matba Rifah-i 'Am.[3][4]


It was compiled from 1868 to 1898.[5] This dictionary is believed to be the most comprehensive work of Urdu lexicon.[6]


There were Urdu dictionaries before this, but they described Urdu vocable either in Persian or in English (because of the emergence of British Raj). These dictionaries contained mostly common words and idioms and had limited extent.[7] This was the first Urdu-to-Urdu dictionary. During its compilation, Syed Dehlvi’s health worsened and he got into monetary issues. It was only completed with the support of the ruler of Deccan, Mir Mehboob Ali Khan.[5]


  1. ^ Hakala, Walter (2016). Negotiating Languages: Urdu, Hindi, and the Definition of Modern South Asia. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 115. ISBN 9780231178303.
  2. ^ Padhi, Pitambara (1994). Reference Sources in Modern Indian Languages: A Study on Oriya Language. Gayatridevi Publications. p. 26.
  3. ^ Amad Dehlvi, Syed (1908). Farhang-e- asifiya. Robarts - University of Toronto. Lahore: Lahore Matba Rifah-i 'Am. ISBN 9693507134.
  4. ^ Emeneau, Murray B.; Fergusson, Charles A. (2016-11-21). Linguistics in South Asia. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. p. 278. ISBN 9783110819502.
  5. ^ a b Parekh, Rauf (April 29, 2013). "Farhang-i-Aasifiya: a dictionary reflecting cultural heritage". DAWN. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  6. ^ Datta, Amaresh (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: Devraj to Jyoti. Sahitya Akademi. p. 1042. ISBN 9788126011940.
  7. ^ "Farhang-e-Asifiya" [فرہنگِ آصفیہ]. Urdu Gah.