Eureka Masonic College
|Location||On MS 17, Richland, Holmes County, Mississippi|
|Area||3.6 acres (1.5 ha)|
|NRHP reference No.||70000318|
|Added to NRHP||November 10, 1970|
Eureka Masonic College, also known as The Little Red Schoolhouse (originally the Richland Literary Institute) in Richland, Holmes County, Mississippi, is widely known as the birthplace of the Order of the Eastern Star, created by Robert Morris.
The educational institution was established in 1847 by the Masonic Lodges of Holmes County, Mississippi, as the Richland Literary Institute. The lodges raised $3,400 to erect the two-story brick school building.
Morris was concerned that the female relatives of Masons could not share in the benefits of Freemasonry. In the winter of 1849-1850, while in Jackson, Mississippi, to recuperate from an attack of an ailment that he described as rheumatism, he focused his attention on developing a women's Masonic organization. During that winter he developed a system of degrees and other principles for that organization, and in February 1850 wrote Eastern Star's first ritual, titled The Rosary of the Eastern Star.
Morris left the school some time thereafter, moving to Masonic University in LaGrange, Kentucky. Eureka Masonic College operated until 1861, with a curriculum that never extended past the college preparatory level. During the Civil War, the school building housed the regimental headquarters for a Mississippi Infantry regiment.
Segregated public school
After the Civil War, Holmes County took over the abandoned schoolhouse for use as a segregated public school for African Americans. It continued to be used for this purpose until the 1958-1959 school year.
Restoration of building
Following the school's closure, the schoolhouse was leased to the Order of the Eastern Star, which undertook an extensive restoration project that was finally completed in 1979. Ownership was transferred to the Order of the Eastern Star in August 1968.
Location and architecture
The Eureka Masonic College building is located in a rural setting in Holmes County along Mississippi Highway 17 near Interstate 55. The building's footprint has dimensions of 30 feet (9.1 m) by 60 feet (18 m). There are Federal style fanlights over the doorways on its two primary facades. The first story is divided into two large classrooms, and the second story contains a single large meeting hall. At the time of its construction, it was "undoubtedly, the largest building in rural Holmes County."
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Little Red Schoolhouse; Birthplace of the Order of the Eastern Star". Grand Chapter of Mississippi, Order of the Eastern Star. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- Miller, Mary Carol; Iles, Greg; Carter, Mary Rose (14 September 2007). Must see Mississippi: 50 Favorite Places. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-57806-845-6. Retrieved 11 September 2010. Pages 59-61
- "About Us: Our History". Grand Chapel of California, Order of the Eastern Star. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- Howell, Elmo (1992). Mississippi Scenes: Notes on Literature and History. Elmo Howell. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-9622026-2-9.
- "The Little Red Schoolhouse". Holmes County website. Retrieved 11 September 2010.