|Essential Video Coding|
|Year started||2018 (Initial Requirements Document)|
The publicly available requirements document outlines a development process that is defensive against patent threats: Two sets of coding tools, base and enhanced, are defined:
- The base consist of tools that were made public more than 20 years ago or for which a Type 1 declaration is received. Type 1, or option 1, means "royalty-free", in the nomenclature used in ISO documents.
- The "enhanced" set consists of 21 other tools which have passed an extra compression efficiency justification and which can be disabled individually.
Each of the 21 payable tools can have separately acquired and separately negotiated and separately Traded License agreements.  Each can be individually turned off and, when necessary, replaced by a corresponding cost free baseline profile tool. This structure makes it easy to fall back to a smaller set of tools in the future, if, for example, licensing complications occur around a specific tool, without breaking compatibility with already deployed decoders. 
- XEVE (eXtra-fast Essential Video Encoder) is self-described as a fast open source EVC encoder. It is written in C99 and supports both the baseline and main profiles of EVC. Its license is a custom 3-clause BSD license.
Moving Picture, Audio and data Coding by AI uses:
MPEG-5 Essential Video Coding
in its project:
MPAI - Enhanced Video Coding.
The main goal of MPAI-EVC propper project: Final Standard will attempt to reach at least 35-50% improvement over state of the art traditional EVC.   ("State of the art" may suggest challenging Main Profile of EVC.)
Since Base Profile is free of patents fees; therefore there should be no patent issues hindering development from legal side.
- MPEG-5 Part 2 / Low Complexity Enhancement Video Coding / LC EVC
- H.266 / MPEG-I Part 3 / Versatile Video Coding / VVC
- IP core - Semiconductor intellectual property core - Licensing scheme based on similar solutions as for MPEG-5 Part 1: EVC
- Pennington, Adrian (6 April 2019). "NAB 2019: Five trends to watch". IBC. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- Timmerer, Christian (14 February 2019). "MPEG 125 Meeting Report". Bitmovin. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- Gibellino, Diego (4 March 2019). "Introducing MPEG-5". Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- "MPEG-5 EVC gets final approval". CSImagazine.com. CSImagazine.com. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
- "Requirements for a New Video Coding Standard". 12 October 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- Chiariglione, Leonardo (28 January 2018). "A crisis, the causes and a solution". Retrieved 6 April 2019.
I saw the danger coming and designed a strategy for it. This would create two tracks in MPEG: one track producing royalty free standards (Option 1, in ISO language) and the other the traditional Fair Reasonable and Non Discriminatory (FRAND) standards (Option 2, in ISO language).
- Samuelsson, Jonatan; Choi, Kiho; Chen, Jianle; Rusanovskyy, Dmytro (2020). "MPEG-5 Part 1: Essential Video Coding". SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal. SMPTE. 129 (7): 10–16. doi:10.5594/JMI.2020.3001795. S2CID 225463271. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
- Ozer, Jan (October 15, 2019). "Inside MPEG's Ambitious Plan to Launch 3 Video Codecs in 2020". Retrieved June 12, 2020.
Though the EVC Main profile uses royalty-bearing "tools," these can be switched on and off with "limited loss of performance." This was the model deployed by Divideon and their xvc codec, and, in theory, it allows those deploying the technology to pick and choose both the performance and the associated royalty cost. (…) Two proposals were submitted in response to MPEG's call for proposals for MPEG-5 Part 1, and MPEG selected the proposal from Samsung, Huawei, and Qualcomm
- "eXtra-fast Essential Video Encoder (XEVE)". January 9, 2023 – via GitHub.
- "MPAI-EVC - MPAI community". MPAI Community. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
- "AI-Enhanced Video Coding (MPAI-EVC)". Moving Picture, Audio and data Coding by Artificial Intelligence.
- "Basic Applications, Technologies and Benefits for Video Coding by means of Artificial Intelligence Slide No 10". mpai.community/news/presentations/#ShortPresentation. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
- "Video Basic Applications, Technologies and Benefits for Video Coding by means of Artificial Intelligence Slide No 10; Slides Content Differ". mpai.community/news/presentations/#ShortPresentation. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
- "Basic Applications, Technologies and Benefits for Video Coding by means of Artificial Intelligence Slide No 24". mpai.community/news/presentations/#ShortPresentation. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
- "Video Basic Applications, Technologies and Benefits for Video Coding by means of Artificial Intelligence Slide No & Content Differ". mpai.community/news/presentations/#ShortPresentation. 23 February 2021. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
- Text of the standard on the ISO website (feature freeze (FDIS status) as of August 2020)