Schinegger was born in Agsdorf, Carinthia, and raised as a girl.
Schinegger first attracted attention when he finished third in the downhill in Grindelwald on 14 January 1966 with start no. 24 and thus contributed to an ÖSV quadruple success (Christl Haas, Edith Zimmermann; fourth Traudl Hecher). He also won the downhill in St-Gervais on 29 January with a lead of 1.53 sec. over Nancy Greene and on 25 March 1966 the downhill in Sun Valley in the "Five Nations Competition" (again ahead of Greene).
Schinegger's greatest success was winning the women's downhill world championship title at the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 in Portillo, Chile a month after his eighteenth birthday. At the Gold Key Race in Schruns, Schinegger finished second on 18 January 1967, followed by his only victory in an World Cup Race, a giant slalom, on 28 January 1967 in Saint-Gervais. In February 1967, Schinegger won the Austrian Championships in the giant slalom.
Before the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, a medical examination revealed that Schinegger was genetically male. Schinegger, whose sex had not been correctly identified for years due to inward growing genitals, a so-called pseudohermaphroditism, decided to have surgery and change his first name from Erika to Erik.
Schinegger was not retroactively stripped of the World Champion title of 1966, but the then runner-up Marielle Goitschel was retroactively awarded the gold medal as well. In 1988 Schinegger himself presented his World Championship gold medal to Marielle Goitschel, however, she gave him back the medal. Schinegger married and became father of a daughter in 1978. He lives as owner of a children's ski school and two inns in his hometown Agsdorf in Carinthia and has two grandsons.
In 1988 Erik Schinegger wrote together with Marco Schenz the book Mein Sieg über mich. The man who became world champion, in which he came to terms with his life. This book was very successful, especially in the French translation. Schinegger's story was depicted in 2005 by Kurt Mayer in the documentary film ERIK(A) - Der Mann der Weltmeisterin wurde. At the 53rd Trento Film Festival the film was awarded the "Silver Gentian" in the same year.
On 17 March 2017, a major fire occurred on Schinegger's estate in Agsdorf, completely burning down the entire farm building.
In the 2018 feature film Erik & Erika by Reinhold Bilgeri from, his life was again portrayed, with Markus Freistätter in the leading role. Titled One like Erika, the film was shown on Ersten on 25 November 2020.
- In the election held on 19 December 1966 for Austria's Sportsman of the Year, Schinegger came second(r) behind Emmerich Danzer with 837 points (18 first places) and was thus practically Sportswoman of the Year; Heidi Zimmermann came third.
- Before adjusting to manhood, Erik(a) Schinegger of the Sports Press Club of Carinthia was twice (1966, 1967) best female athlete in the election "Carinthian Sportsman of the Year"
- Erik/Erika Schinegger: My victory over me. The man who became world champion. recorded by Marco Schenz, F.A. Herbig, Munich 1988, ISBN 0-283-92112-9.
- Erik Schinegger: With a Porsche to new self-confidence. In: Landesschiverband / Kleine Zeitung (ed.): Vom Großglockner zum Klammer-Stich. 100 Years of Skiing in Carinthia. Carinthia Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-85378-622-2, pp. 29–34.
- Erik Schinegger: The man who became world champion: My two lives, recorded by Claudio Honsal. Amalthea Signum Verlag, Vienna 2018, ISBN 978-3-99050-114-6.
- Matthias Marschik / Georg Spitaler (eds.): Heroes and Idols: Sports Stars in Austria, StudienVerlag, 2006, pp. 355–359, ISBN 3-7065-4253-6.
- Erik Schinegger: an Intersex Epic in Alpine Skiing, in: Patricia Nell Warren: The Lavender Locker Room: 3000 Years of Great Athletes Whose Sexual Orientation Was Different, Beverly Hills, Wildcat Press 2006, p. 227, ISBN 1-889135-07-0
- ERIK(A) - Der Mann der Weltmeisterin wurde (Documentary, 2005), Producer: Kurt Mayer
- Erik & Erika (feature film, Germany/Austria 2018), director: Reinhold Bilgeri; first broadcast on TV on 6 January 2020 on ORF and under the title Einer wie Erika on 25 November 2020 on Ersten
- "Champion Girl Skier In Sex Change ". The Age. 17 June 1968. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- Erika Schinegger - die Sensation von Grindelwald. In: Volkszeitung Kärnten No. 10 of 15 January 1966, page 8.
- Erika Schinegger came up trumps. In: Volkszeitung Kärnten No. 23 of 30 January 1966, page 7.
- Erika Schinegger's great success. In: Volkszeitung Kärnten No. 71 of 27 March 1966, page 6, bottom.
- Erik Schinegger - The grandfather of the world champion was. In: derstandard.at, 23 February 2015.
- The Schinegger Story In: orf.at, 8 November 2019.
- Mittelkärnten: Love lured her to the big city, She is the daughter of the well-known skier Erik Schinegger and grew up in St. Urban. Now Claire Sybrecht lives in Dortmund with her own family., kleinezeitung.at, 8 May 2013
- film poster
- ORF press release: Silver Gentian for ORF-co-financed cinema documentary "Erik(a)". In: ots.at, 10 May 2005.
- "Dancing Stars": Erik Schinegger leaves the show. In: diepresse.com, 24 April 2014.
- "Major fire at Erik Schinegger". kaernten.orf.at. 2017-03-17.
- Emmerich Danzer Sportler des Jahres. In: Arbeiter-Zeitung. Wien 20. Dezember 1966, S. 12.
- Mediathek Villach: Favourite for Carinthia's sportsman of the year is "Mathias Mayer". In: villach.awm.at, retrieved on 28 December 2015.
- Einer wie Erika In: daserste.de, retrieved 21 November 2020.