Engels Gabbasov

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Engels Gabbasov
Энгельс Ғаббасов
Senator for West Kazakhstan Region
In office
5 December 1995 – 17 September 1999
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byRashit Ahmetov
Member of the Supreme Soviet of Kazakhstan
In office
7 March 1994 – 11 March 1995
Personal details
Born(1937-01-17)17 January 1937
Furmanova, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
Died11 July 2014(2014-07-11) (aged 77)
Oral, Kazakhstan
Political partyPeople's Union of Kazakhstan Unity
Other political
QKP (until 1991)
Alma materWest Kazakhstan State University
Higher Party School
Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union

Engels Gabbasuly Gabbasov (Kazakh: Энгельс Ғаббасұлы Ғаббасов, Engels Ğabbasūly Ğabbasov; 17 January 1937 – 11 July 2014) was a Kazakh politician and writer who was a Senator for West Kazakhstan Region from 1995 to 1999. Prior to that, he was a member of the Supreme Soviet of Kazakhstan from 1994 to 1995. Gabbasov was a candidate in the 1999 Kazakh presidential election for the People's Union of Kazakhstan Unity.

Early life and education[edit]

Gabbasov was born in 1937 in the village of Furmanova (now Jalpaqtal) in a family of six children.[1][2] In 1957, he graduated from the West Kazakhstan State University in Oral with a degree in Russian language and literature then in 1966, he graduated from the Higher Party School with a degree in journalism. In 1976, Gabbasov completed his postgraduate studies at the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union in the direction of criticism and literary criticism. That same year, he earned candidacy in philology with his dissertation topic: "The artistic concept of personality in a modern historical-revolutionary novel".[1]


Gabbasov began his career as a teacher and the head of the Department of the Regional Library in 1957. From 1966 to 1973, he worked as an instructor and the head of the Political Education House of the Oral Regional Party Committee. In 1976, Gabbasov became the head of the lecturer group of the Regional Party Committee. From 1988 to 1991, he served as rector of the University of Marxism-Leninism under the Regional Party Committee until he became the referent and the head of Department of the West Kazakhstan Regional Council. In 1993, Gabbasov was appointed as the head of the Department of the West Kazakhstan Regional Administration.[1]

In 1994, he was elected as a member of the Supreme Soviet of Kazakhstan. From there, he was a member of the Committee on Culture, Press, Mass Media and Public Associations.[1] On 5 December 1995, Gabbasov was then elected as one of the first Senators for West Kazakhstan Region where he was member of the Committee on International Affairs, Defense and Security.[3]

1999 presidential campaign[edit]

On 22 October 1998, while serving as a Senator, Gabbasov launched his bid for presidency for the People's Union of Kazakhstan Unity.[4] On 30 November 1998, he was registered by the Central Election Commission as a candidate.

Although Gabbasov had no rallies and only gave a limited amount of press interviews, he maintained a strong support mostly from rural areas.[5][6] Gabbasov ran on campaign mostly on environmental issues such as proposing to close the Baikonur Cosmodrome, claiming that it was harming the environment, as well as eliminate public health hazards and boost economic reforms. He also promised to create flexible system of farm subsidies and grant tax privileges to agricultural workers, as well as benefits for women with many children, continue in providing free secondary education and vocational training for young people and maintain free healthcare. At the same time, Gabbasov avoided in criticizing President Nursultan Nazarbayev.[6] Gabbasov also favored for closer economic ties with Russia and the CIS.[7] He received 0.77% of the votes in the election, placing him in last place among other candidates.[8]

Later life and death[edit]

After retiring from politics in 1999, Gabbasov continued enjoying his creative hobbies. In his last years, he felt very ill and eventually died on 11 July 2014 in his hometown of Oral at the age of 78 which his death only confirmed almost week later.[9][4]


Member of the Writers' Union of Kazakhstan, Gabbasov is the author of ten collections of novellas and short stories:

  • Free horse for the dzhigit (Свободная лошадь для джигита, 1969)
  • One tree for the whole steppe (Одно дерево на всю степь, 1976)
  • That summer and this winter (В то лето и эту зиму, 1980, 1988)
  • Green leaf in the snow (Зеленый лист на снегу, 1982)
  • Little boy and two men (Маленький мальчик и двое мужчин, 1983)
  • Love story (История любви, 1984)
  • There are no unforeseen barriers (Нет непредвиденных преград, 1989)


  1. ^ a b c d Смирнова, Алёна (2020-01-17). "День рождения Энгельса Габбасова: факты о писателе". Новое Телевидение (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  2. ^ "Энгельс Габбасов: «Жить, не теряя достоинства»". газета «ИНФОРМБИРЖА news» (in Russian). 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  3. ^ "1". senate.parlam.kz. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  4. ^ a b tengrinews.kz (2014-07-16). "Скончался казахстанский писатель Энгельс Габбасов". Главные новости Казахстана - Tengrinews.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  5. ^ "Kazakhstan, Presidential Election, 10 January 1999: Final Report" (PDF). OSCE. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 1999-02-05. Retrieved 2020-10-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ a b Recknagel, Charles; Pannier, Bruce (1999-01-08). "Kazakhstan: Profiles Of Kazakh Opposition Candidates". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-10-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "KAZAKHSTAN ELECTION PREVIEW: CANDIDATE ENGELS GABBASOV". Jamestown. 1998-12-23. Retrieved 2020-10-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p424 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  9. ^ "Умер писатель и экс-кандидат в президенты Казахстана Энгельс Габбасов". Interfax.ru (in Russian). 2014-07-16. Retrieved 2020-10-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)