Emperor Mo of Western Xia

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Emperor Mo of Western Xia
Emperor of the Western Xia
PredecessorEmperor Xianzong
Weiming Xian (嵬名晛)[1]
Li Xian (李晛)
Era name and dates
Baoyi (寶義): 1226–1227
Posthumous name
Temple name
Emperor Mo of Xia
Literal meaning"Last Emperor of Xia"
Emperor Mozhu of Xia
Literal meaning"Last Ruler of Xia"
Li Xian

Emperor Mo of Western Xia (d. 1227), personal name Li Xian (Chinese: 李晛), was the tenth and last emperor of the Western Xia dynasty of China, ruling from 1226 to 1227. His reign saw the collapse of the Western Xia as forces of the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan overran and conquered it following the defiance of earlier emperors.


He was a nephew of his predecessor Emperor Xianzong. Faced with the threat of the Mongols, Li Xian and his officials rallied around the capital Zhongxing, trying to use its large walls to hold off the Mongol cavalries. However, Zhongxing suffered from a massive earthquake, which resulted in pestilence and food shortage. In 1227, Li finally surrendered to the Mongol Empire, but the Mongols killed him and his entire family out of fear that the Western Xia would rebel against Mongol Empire. His death marked the end of the Western Xia dynasty.

The Mongols gave the last ruler of the Western Xia the name Shidurghu (ᠱᠢᠳᠤᠷᠭᠤ), meaning "simple, right, just", and in 18th century European sources he is referred to as Schidascou or Shidaskû from his Mongolian name.


  1. ^ 辞海编辑委员会 [Ci hai bian ji wei yuan hui] (2000). 辞海:1999年版缩印本 [Ci hai: 1999 nian ban suo yin ben]. Shanghai: 上海辞书出版社 [Shanghai ci shu chu ban she]. p. 2548. ISBN 7532608395. OCLC 222462793. 末主(嵬名𪾢)