Education in Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) is an area which was affiliated with Pakistan in 1948. There was no educational system at the time. Gradually some of the more ambitions students of GB moved toward different cities (such as Karachi and Lahore) in search of a better education. Some of them returned to their home after completion of their education, and started teaching their children, thus making people aware of what it was to be literate. They demanded the government build schools in the region, but their demand was neglected because the region didn't have a representative in the senate or National Assembly (Pakistan). After several years, schools were opened in Gilgit-Baltistan and thus its educational system came into being.
At first, only primary and middle-schools were available. Gradually, these middle-schools were upgraded to high-schools. In the 1970s, students had to migrate in order to attend university. The revolution in education began when private schools began to emerge under the Jabir Bin Hayyan trust initiative. Then after a sudden several private schools began to emerge. According to one news report the private sector contributes 90% of the infrastructure for the overall education in Gilgit Baltistan. The Aga Khan foundation was also the other NGO which contributed to the spread of education.
During the last decade the first higher education institutions were constructed. The first university, Karakoram University, was founded during the reign of Pervez Musharaf. The university was established in 2002 by a charter from the federal government on the orders of Pervez Musharraf, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Another campus of this university was established in Skardu Hussain Abad in 2010, though it currently faces financial strains.
GOVERNMENT UNIVERSITIES IN GIGIT BALTISTAN
- 1. University of Baltistan Skardu
- 2. Karakoram International University (KIU), Gilgit
- 3. KIU, HUNZA (sub campus)
- 4. KIU, DIAMER, CHILLAS (sub campus)
- 5. KIU GHIZAR (sub campus)
There are eighteen colleges in GB, including eight girls' colleges and ten boys' colleges. Ten of them are in the Gilgit district and seven are in the Skardu District. Seven are degree colleges, eight are intermediate[clarification needed] and other two are elementary colleges.
According to a World Bank Economic Report On Gilgit-Baltistan (2010–11), the net primary school enrolment in Gilgit Baltistan is 51%, the net middle-school enrollment is 17%, and only 14% are enrolled in matric school.[clarification needed] In other words, only 17 out of every 100 students achieve the middle level and only 14 out of every 100 students reach to matric level.
According to a current survey, approximately a thousand students belonging to Baltistan are studying in different colleges and universities of Karachi. There are no medical or engineering colleges in the area. A large number of students are studying in different colleges and schools of Pakistan. However, seats for Gilgit-Baltistan are very limited in engineering and medical colleges. There are no scholarship programs for higher education in GB. Medical colleges in Karachi do not provide a single seat for students coming from Gilgit-Baltistan. On September 29, 2009 Prime Minister Gillani announced the foundation of the first medical college. However, construction hasn't begun. Currently, the local government has allocated an amount of over Rs361 million (5.3% of the total budget) towards education in the area.