Eduard, Duke of Anhalt

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Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
Duke of Anhalt
Reign21 April 1918 – 13 September 1918
PredecessorFriedrich II
SuccessorJoachim Ernst
Born(1861-04-18)18 April 1861
Dessau, Anhalt-Dessau
Died13 September 1918(1918-09-13) (aged 57)
Berchtesgaden, Bavaria
SpousePrincess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg
IssuePrincess Friederike
Prince Leopold
Princess Marie-Auguste
Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt
Prince Eugen
Prince Wolfgang
Eduard Georg Wilhelm Maximilian
FatherFriedrich I, Duke of Anhalt
MotherPrincess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg

Eduard Georg Wilhelm Maximilian (18 April 1861 – 13 September 1918) was a German prince of the House of Ascania and the penultimate ruler of the Duchy of Anhalt from April to September 1918.[1]

Early life[edit]

Prince Eduard in 1883.

Prince Eduard was born at Dessau, the capital of the Duchy of Anhalt, in 1861 as the third son of Duke Friedrich I of Anhalt (1831–1904) and his wife Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg (1838–1908). As Eduard's eldest brother, Leopold, died without male offspring in 1886, and the next brother, Frederick, had no issue, Eduard became heir presumptive and Hereditary Prince following the death of their father, Duke Friedrich I, in 1904.


Eduard succeeded his brother Duke Friedrich II of Anhalt on 21 April 1918, but his brief reign came to an end five months later with his own death on 13 September 1918. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son Prince Joachim Ernst under the regency of Eduard's younger brother, Prince Aribert.

Marriage and children[edit]

Duke Eduard married Princess Louise Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg (1873–1953) in Altenburg on 6 February 1895. She was a daughter of Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg and his wife Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen. They had six children before divorcing in 1918.



  1. ^ Ralf Regener: Der Sturz der Askanier 1918 in Anhalt. Bedingungen, Verlauf und Nachwirkungen des Untergangs einer kleinstaatlichen deutschen Monarchie, Dessau-Roßlau 2013
Eduard, Duke of Anhalt
Born: 18 April 1861 Died: 13 September 1918
Regnal titles
Preceded by Duke of Anhalt
Succeeded by