Edith Standen (February 21, 1905 – July 17, 1998) was an American museum curator and military officer, best known as an expert on tapestries and as one of the "Monuments Men" who located and protected art works after World War II.
Early life and education
Edith Appleton Standen was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1905. Her father Robert Hargreave Fraser Standen was a British Army officer, born in India. Her mother Eleanor Armistead Sumner was born in Paris to American parents. Edith was raised in England and Ireland. Standen earned a B. A. at Somerville College, Oxford in 1926. After moving to the United States she gained further training in museum studies at the Fogg Art Museum, under Paul J. Sachs.
In 1928 Standen emigrated to the United States to work at the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, which was founded by her uncle, William Sumner Appleton. The following year, she took a job with art collector Joseph E. Widener in Elkins Park, Pennsylvania.
She worked on the transfer of Widener holdings to the new National Gallery of Art in 1942. That same year, she joined the Women's Army Corps, and in 1945 was assigned to the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program in Germany. She signed the Wiesbaden manifesto and served for one year as Director and Officer-in-Charge at Wiesbaden Collection Center before she was discharged in 1947.
Upon return to civilian life, Standen became associate curator of Textiles at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. She published a two-volume guide, European Post-Medieval Tapestries and Related Hangings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1985), and dozens of scholarly articles on tapestries and textiles. Standen retired from curator work in 1970, but continued as a consultant and curator emeritus until 1988.
Personal life and legacy
Standen became a US citizen in 1942. She died in July 1998, age 93.
Standen donated her papers to the Gallery Archives, National Gallery of Art, Washington D. C.
- Charles Henry Chandler, Sarah Fiske Lee, The History of Ipswich, New Hampshire, 1735-1914 (Sentinel Printing Company 1914): 200.
- "Somerville College Links to Monuments Men," Somerville College University of Oxford News (February 10, 2014) Archived February 28, 2015, at archive.today.
- Edward P. Alexander, The Museum in America: Innovators and Pioneers (Rowman Altamira 1997): 215. ISBN 0585189897
- Greg Bradsher, "Edith A. Standen: A 'Monuments Man' in Germany 1945-1947," The Text Message blog of the National Archives (January 2, 2014).
- "Legionnaires of County to Hear Officer of WACs," Piqua Daily Call (December 1, 1943): 12. via Newspapers.com
- Kenneth D. Alford, Allied Looting in World War II: Theft of Art, Manuscripts, Stamps and Jewelry in Europe (McFarland 2011): 102-103. ISBN 0786460539
- Tom Mashberg, "Not All Monuments Men were Men," New York Times (February 2, 2014): AR19.
- "Edith Appleton Standen," Dictionary of Art Historians.
- Laura Rollins Hockaday, "A King's Tapestries Packed Up, Too," Kansas City Times (March 11, 1970): 15. via Newspapers.com
- Edith A. Standen, European Post-Medieval Tapestries and Related Hangings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Metropolitan Museum of Art 1985, 2 vol.). ISBN 0300086032
- James Parker, "The Publications of Edith A. Standen: A Bibliography Compiled for her Eightieth Birthday," Metropolitan Museum Journal 19/20(1984/1985): 5-10.
- "Edith A. Standen (1905-1998)," Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art website.
- "Publications of Edith Appleton Standen, 1986-1998," Metropolitan Museum Journal : 5-6.
- Judith H. Dobrzynski, "Edith Appleton Standen, 93, Tapestry Expert," New York Times (July 25, 1998).
- Finding aid, Edith A. Standen Papers, Gallery Archives, National Gallery of Art.[permanent dead link]
- Oral history interview with Edith A. Standen, 1994 Jan. 6-Jan. 13 from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Archives, New York.