Dental ejective affricate

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Dental ejective affricate
Audio sample

The dental ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is t̪͡θʼ.


Features of the dental ejective affricate:

  • Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • Its place of articulation is dental, which means it is articulated with either the tip or the blade of the tongue at the upper teeth, termed respectively apical and laminal. Note that most stops and liquids described as dental are actually denti-alveolar.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is ejective (glottalic egressive), which means the air is forced out by pumping the glottis upward.


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Deg Xinag[1] tth'ok[2] [t̪͡θʼok] 'dish'
Halkomelem pé·ltʼθ [peːlt̪͡θʼeʔ] "buzzard"

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hargus, Sharon (2009). Vowel quality and duration in Yukon Deg Xinag (PDF). Seattle, University of Washington. p. 2.
  2. ^ "Deg Xinag: Deg Xinag Learners' Dictionary". Retrieved 2021-03-14.

External links[edit]