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A currency symbol or currency sign is a graphic symbol used to denote a currency unit. Usually it is defined by a monetary authority, such as the national central bank for the currency concerned.
A symbol may be positioned in various ways, according to national convention: before, between or after the numeric amounts: €2.50, 2,50€ and 250.
Symbols are neither defined nor listed by international standard ISO 4217, which only assigns three-letter codes.
When writing currency amounts, the location of the symbol varies by language. For currencies in English-speaking countries and in most of Latin America, the symbol is placed before the amount, as in R$20,50. Most other countries, including many in Europe, place the symbol after the amount, as in 20,50€. Exceptionally, the symbol for the Cape Verdean escudo (like the Portuguese escudo, to which it was formerly pegged) is placed in the decimal separator position, as in 250.
Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The modern dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish dollar, whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from the letter L (written until the seventeenth century in blackletter type as ) standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver.
Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism meaningful to their adopter. For example, the euro sign € is based on ϵ, an archaic form of the Greek epsilon, to represent Europe; the Indian rupee sign ₹ is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter र (ra); and the Russian Ruble sign ₽ is based on Р (the Cyrillic capital letter 'er').
There are other considerations, such as how the symbol is rendered on computers and typesetting. For a new symbol to be used, its glyphs needs to be added to computer fonts and keyboard mappings already in widespread use, and keyboard layouts need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the new symbol. For example, the European Commission was criticized for not considering how the euro sign would need to be customized to work in different fonts. The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most type foundries designing customized versions that match the 'look and feel' of the font to which it is to be added, often with reduced width.
List of currency symbols currently in use
Af ⁄ Afs
|afghani||Afghan afghani||Af is the singular and Afs is the plural||U+060B ؋ AFGHANI SIGN|
|฿||baht||Thai baht||Also B when ฿ is unavailable||U+0E3F ฿ THAI CURRENCY SYMBOL BAHT|
|₿||bitcoin||Bitcoin||Cryptocurrency||U+20BF ₿ BITCOIN SIGN|
|₵||cedi||Ghanaian cedi||U+20B5 ₵ CEDI SIGN|
|¢||cent, centavo, etc.||Fraction
A centesimal subdivision of the US dollar, the Canadian dollar and the Mexican peso
|U+00A2 ¢ CENT SIGN|
|c||cent etc. variant||Fraction
In currencies Australian, New Zealand, South African dollar; the West African CFA centime, and divisions of the euro.
A centesimal division of the ngultrum
|₡||colon||Costa Rican colón||Also C when ₡ is unavailable||U+20A1 ₡ COLON SIGN|
|C$||córdoba||Nicaraguan córdoba||Also used informally for Canadian dollar; see Can$.|
|dinar||Bahraini dinar||U+062F د ARABIC LETTER DAL & U+0628 ب ARABIC LETTER BEH|
|dinar||Iraqi dinar||U+062F د ARABIC LETTER DAL & U+0639 ع ARABIC LETTER AIN|
Dh ⁄ Dhs
|dirham||Moroccan dirham||Dh is the singular and Dhs is the plural|
Dh ⁄ Dhs
|dirham||Emirati dirham||Dh is the singular and Dhs is the plural|
|Db||dobra||São Tomé and Príncipe dobra|
||May appear with either one or two bars (); in Unicode considered as same glyph (variants).||U+0024 $ DOLLAR SIGN|
|pataca||$: Macanese pataca|
|dong||Vietnamese đồng||U+20AB ₫ DONG SIGN|
|֏||dram||Armenian dram||U+058F ֏ ARMENIAN DRAM SIGN|
|escudo||Cape Verdean escudo||Specifically the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão)||As double barred, not defined in Unicode|
|Ξ||ether||ether||Cryptocurrency||U+039E Ξ GREEK CAPITAL LETTER XI|
|€||euro||Euro||This eurosign is used in all scripts used in the Eurozone countries (Latin, Cyrillic, Greek)||U+20AC € EURO SIGN|
1⁄1000 or 1⁄100 of various Arabic country currencies; see also falus
|ƒ||florin||Also fl when ƒ is unavailable||U+0192 ƒ LATIN SMALL LETTER F WITH HOOK|
||The symbol ₣, an F with a double bar, was proposed but never officially adopted as the symbol of the French franc In some fonts, this code point is represented by Fr combined in a typographic ligature).||U+20A3 ₣ FRENCH FRANC SIGN|
A centesimal division of the złoty
|₲||guarani||Paraguayan guaraní||Also Gs when ₲ is unavailable||U+20B2 ₲ GUARANI SIGN|
A centesimal division of the koruna
|hryvnia||Ukrainian hryvnia||U+20B4 ₴ HRYVNIA SIGN|
|₭||kip||Lao kip||Also K or KN when ₭ is unavailable||U+20AD ₭ KIP SIGN|
|kn||kuna||Croatian kuna||Historically Kn, between 1941 and 1945, see: Independent State of Croatia kuna|
|K ⁄ Ks||kyat||Myanmar kyat||K is the singular form and Ks is the plural|
|₾||lari||Georgian lari||U+20BE ₾ LARI SIGN|
|Lek||lek||Albanian lek||Also occasionally L|
|L||lempira||Honduran lempira||Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho and Swazi currencies as the singular form. Also used as a pound sign (see: Lebanese, Sudanese and Syrian pounds and Turkish lira)|
|leu||Leu is the singular and Lei is the plural. Also sometimes L|
|Le||leone||Sierra Leonean leone|
|L ⁄ E||lilangeni||Swazi lilangeni||L is the singular and E is the plural|
A centesimal division of the kuna
|₺||lira||Turkish lira||Previously official sign was TL, still used when ₺ is unavailable||U+20BA ₺ TURKISH LIRA SIGN|
|L ⁄ M||loti||Lesotho loti||L is the singular and M is the plural|
|₼||manat||Azerbaijani manat||Also m or man. when ₼ is unavailable||U+20BC ₼ MANAT SIGN|
|KM||mark||Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark|
|Mt||metical||Mozambican metical||Also MTn|
|m||mil||Mil, mill, etc.||Fraction
A millesimal subdivision of several currencies. As a subdivision of the US dollar the symbol ₥ is used (U+20A5 ₥ MILL SIGN)
|Nfk||nakfa||Eritrean nakfa||Also Nfa|
|₦||naira||Nigerian naira||Also N when ₦ is unavailable||U+20A6 ₦ NAIRA SIGN|
Centesimal division of the Indian rupee. Before 2010, official sign was ps. Still used when is not available.
|Not in Unicode|
|ps||paisa||Pakistani and Nepalese paisas||Fraction
A centesimal division of the rupee
|p||penny||Penny sterling, and the pegged pennies of Alderney, the Falklands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Isle of Man and Saint Helena||Fraction
The centesimal subdivision of a pound sterling, known as the "New Penny" when introduced in 1971
|piastre||Lebanese and Syrian piastres||A centesimal subdivision of the Lebanese and Syrian pounds|
|₱||peso||Philippine peso||Also ₱ and P||U+20B1 ₱ PESO SIGN|
|PT||piastre||Egyptian and Sudanese piastres||Fraction
A centesimal subdivision of the Egyptian and Sudanese pounds
|pound||Egyptian pound||Also abbreviated £E in Latin script|
|pound||Lebanese pound||Also abbreviated £L in Latin script|
||Sudanese pound also abbreviated £Sd in Latin script.
Syrian pound also abbreviated £S, £Syr and SP in Latin script.
|£||pound||Pound sterling and the pegged Alderney, Falkland, Gibraltarian, Guernsey, Jersey, Manx and Saint Helena pounds||Can be substituted with ₤, L, Ł and Ⱡ
Sterling can also be £ stg, STG or Stg
|U+00A3 £ POUND SIGN|
|SSP||pound||South Sudanese pound||Also represented by £|
A centesimal subdivision of the lek
|R||rand||South African rand||Also Russian and Belarusian currencies in Latin script|
|R$||real||Brazilian real||The $ is sometimes written with a double bar like a double-barred dollar sign:|
Rl ⁄ Rls
|rial||Iranian rial||Rl is singular and Rls is plural||U+FDFC ﷼ RIAL SIGN|
YRl ⁄ YRls
Rl ⁄ Rls
|rial||Yemeni rial||Rl is singular and Rls is plural||U+064A ي ARABIC LETTER YEH & U+0631 ر ARABIC LETTER REH|
SRl ⁄ SRls
Rl ⁄ Rls
|riyal||Saudi riyal||Rl is singular and Rls is plural||U+0631 ر ARABIC LETTER REH & U+0633 س ARABIC LETTER SEEN|
|riel||Cambodian riel||U+17DB ៛ KHMER CURRENCY SYMBOL RIEL|
|Rbl ⁄ Rbls
|rubel||Belarusian rubel||Rbl is the singular and Rbls is the plural. Also used for the Russian rouble|
Rbl ⁄ Rbls
|rouble||Russian rouble||U+20BD ₽ RUBLE SIGN|
|₹||rupee||Indian rupee||Before 2010, official sign was Re/Rs; still used when ₹ is unavailable||U+20B9 ₹ INDIAN RUPEE SIGN|
|Re ⁄ Rs||rupee||
||Re is the singular form and Rs is the plural||U+20A8 ₨ RUPEE SIGN|
|shekel||Israeli new shekel||U+20AA ₪ NEW SHEQEL SIGN|
|som||Kyrgyzstani som||: Kyrgyz National Bank approved the underlined С (Cyrillic Es) as currency symbol (2017)||U+20C0 SOM SIGN|
|taka||Bangladeshi Taka||The Unicode code character name is "Bengali Rupee sign"||U+09F3 ৳ BENGALI RUPEE SIGN|
|WS$||tala||Samoan tālā||Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala". Also T and ST.|
|₸||tenge||Kazakhstani tenge||Also T when ₸ is unavailable||U+20B8 ₸ TENGE SIGN|
|tetri||data-sort-value="tetri" | tetri||Georgian lari||Fraction|
|₮||togrog||Mongolian tögrög||Also Tog when ₮ is unavailable||U+20AE ₮ TUGRIK SIGN|
||U+20A9 ₩ WON SIGN|
|¥||yuan||Renminbi yuan (元 / 圆)||Used with one and two crossbars, depending on font
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and the Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars
|U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN,|
U+FFE5 ￥ FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN
|yen||Japanese yen (円 / 圓);||円 (en, lit. "circle") is usually used in Japan|
|zł||zloty||Polish złoty||Also zl when ł is unavailable|
|¤||generic||Generic placeholder for any actual symbol, for example in formatting pattern "12¤00"||U+00A4 ¤ CURRENCY SIGN
Rupee symbols by language 
|Language||Sign in Unicode||Currency|
|Sinhala||රු (U+0DBB ර SINHALA LETTER RAYANNA) + (U+0DD4 ු SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI PAA-PILLA)||Sri Lankan rupee|
|Tamil||U+0BF9 ௹ TAMIL RUPEE SIGN||Sri Lankan rupee|
|Gujarati||U+0AF1 ૱ GUJARATI RUPEE SIGN|
|Kannada||U+0CB0 ರ KANNADA LETTER RA|
|North Indic||U+A838 ꠸ NORTH INDIC RUPEE MARK|
|Wancho||U+1E2FF 𞋿 WANCHO NGUN SIGN|
List of historic currency symbols
Some of these symbols may not display correctly.
|₳||Argentine austral (1985–1991)|
|Cz$||Brazilian cruzado (1986–1989)|
|₢$||Brazilian cruzeiro (1942–1967)|
|Cr$||Brazilian cruzeiro (1970–1986)|
Brazilian cruzeiro (1990–1993)
|CR$||Brazilian cruzeiro real (1993–1994)|
|NCz$||Brazilian cruzado novo (1989–1990)|
|NCr$||Brazilian cruzeiro novo (1967–1970)|
|Rs$||Brazilian real (1747–1942)|
|₰||Pfennig, a subdivision of the German Mark (1875–1923) and the German Reichsmark (1923–1948)|
|M||East German Deutsche Mark (east) (1948–1964)|
|DM||West German and united German Deutsche Mark (west) (1948–2001)|
|₻||Nordic mark symbol used by Ludvig Holberg in Denmark and Norway in the 17th and 18th centuries|
|₠||ECU (not widely used, and now historical; replaced by the euro)|
|Eº||Chilean escudo (1960–1975)|
|ƒ||Dutch gulden, currently used in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba|
|Fr||Franc, used in France and other countries; in France an F with double bar (₣) was proposed in 1988 but never adopted|
|Kčs||Czechoslovak koruna (1919–1993)|
|Ls||Latvian lats (1922–2013, not continuously)|
|Lt||Lithuanian litas (1922–2014, not continuously)|
|M||East German Mark der DDR (1968–1990)|
|ℳ||German Mark (1875–1923)|
|MDN||East German Mark der Deutschen Notenbank (1964–1968)|
|mk||Finnish markka (1860–2002)|
|o$s||Argentine peso oro sellado (1881–1970)|
|PF||Philippine peso fuerte (1852–1901)|
|₡||Salvadoran colón (–2001)|
|₧||Spanish peseta (1869–2002)|
|R or RD||Swedish riksdaler (1777–1873)|
|Portuguese escudo (cifrão)|
|Sk||Slovak koruna (1993–2008)|
|₷||Spesmilo (1907 – First World War) in the Esperanto movement|
|₶||Livre tournois (13th century – 1795)|
|𐆚||As coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic|
|𐆖||Denarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|𐆙||Dupondius coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic|
|𐆗||Quinarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|𐆘||Sestertius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|£2 10s 3d, £2/10/3||The United Kingdom and British Commonwealth countries, before decimalisation, used several recognised formats for amounts in pounds, shillings and pence, all for the same amount. A dash was often used to indicate a zero amount of pence or shillings, e.g. 3/- or £4/-/6d|
|I/.||Peruvian inti (1985-1991)|
|৲||Bengali rupee mark|
|৹||Bengali ānā, historically used to represent 1/16 of a taka or rupee|
|৻||Bengali gaṇḍā, historically used to represent 1/20 of an ānā (1/320 of a taka or rupee)|
|߾||Dorome sign using the N'Ko alphabet|
|߿||Taman sign using the N'Ko alphabet|
|𞲰||Indic Siyaq rupee mark|
- List of currencies
- List of circulating currencies
- Currency Symbols (Unicode block)
- International currency symbol
- ^ "Moedas" (in Portuguese). Banco de Cabo Verde. Archived from the original on January 22, 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
A mais recente emissão de moedas do BCV é a moeda comemorativa de 200$00 emitida em 2005[BCV's most recent coin issue is the 200$00 commemorative coin issued in 2005]
- ^ Kinnaird, Lawrence (July 1976). "The Western Fringe of Revolution". The Western Historical Quarterly. 7 (3): 259. doi:10.2307/967081. JSTOR 967081.
- ^ "The Origins of £sd". The Royal Mint Museum. Archived from the original on 8 March 2020.
- ^ "European Commission – Economic and Financial Affairs – How to use the euro name and symbol". Ec.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
- ^ "Currency Symbol for Indian Rupee" (PDF). Idc.iitb.ac.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- ^ "Currency Geeks Rejoice, Russia Has A New Symbol For The Rouble". Business Insider. Archived from the original on 2021-11-01. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
- ^ Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol Archived 2017-06-21 at the Wayback Machine, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
- ^ Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- ^ Editorial Style Guide (PDF). World Bank Publications. p. 137.
- ^ Editorial Style Guide (PDF). World Bank Publications. p. 134.
- ^ Bank of Guyana. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- ^ Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us – A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
- ^ National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender Archived 2011-04-03 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- ^ Haralambous, Yannis (2007), Fonts & Encodings, p. 78
- ^ Balladur, Édouard (1988), Un symbole pour le franc
- ^ Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- ^ Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder Archived 2011-02-21 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- ^ Banque Centrale de Mauritanie Archived 2010-12-19 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- ^ "World Bank Editorial Style Guide 2020 - page 138" (PDF). openknowledge.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2022-09-02.
- ^ Bank of Mauritius Archived 2006-12-28 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- ^ Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- ^ Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- ^ Central Bank of Sri Lanka. Accessed 23 Nov 2022.
- ^ Central Bank of Somalia Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- ^ "KGS gets own currency symbol". Bishkek - 24.kg news agency. 10 February 2017.
- ^ The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation Archived 2018-08-02 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- ^ Everson, Michael (2017-10-22). "N4787R2: Proposal to encode the Wancho script" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-06-14. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
- ^ Evensen, Nina Marie; Anderson, Deborah (2012-07-24). "L2/12-242: Proposal for one historic currency character, MARK SIGN" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-07-06. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
- ^ "Bengali Code Chart, Range: 0980–09FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
- ^ a b c Pandey, Anshuman (2007-05-21). "L2/07-192: Proposal to Encode the Ganda Currency Mark for Bengali in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-06-14. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
- ^ a b Everson, Michael (2015-12-19). "L2/15-338: Proposal to encode four N'Ko characters in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-03-06. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
- ^ Pandey, Anshuman (2015-11-05). "L2/15-121R2: Proposal to Encode Indic Siyaq Numbers" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-07-13. Retrieved 2018-06-09.