The Crack Platoon was a special commando team of the Mukti Bahini which was formed in 1971 during the Bangladesh Liberation War. It was formed by young members of Mukti Bahini which carried out commando operations in Dhaka and its surroundings and led by Major Khaled Mosharraf. The commandos were mostly students and civilians, received guerrilla training later in the training camps for Mukti Bahini and then engaged in battle against Pakistan Army.
Formation and deployment of Crack Platoon
In June 1971, during the Bangladesh Liberation War, the World Bank sent a mission to observe the situation in East Pakistan. The media cell of Pakistan government was circulating a news that situation in East Pakistan was stable and normal. Khaled Mosharraf, a sector commander of Mukti Bahini, planned to deploy a special commando team. The task assigned to the team was to carry out commando operations and to terrorise Dhaka. The major objective of this team was to prove that the situation was not normal actually. Moreover, Pakistan. at that time, was expecting economic aid from World Bank, which was assumed to be spent to buy arms. The plan was to make World Bank Mission understand the true situation of East Pakistan and stop sanctioning the aid. Khaled along with Abu Taher Mohammad Haider, another sector commander formed the Crack Platoon. Initially, number of commandos in the platoon was 17. Those commandos were receiving training in Melaghar Camp at that time. From Melaghar, commandos of Crack Platoon headed for Dhaka on 4 June 1971 and launched guerrilla operation on 5 June. Later, number of commandos was increased, the platoon was split and deployed in different areas surrounding Dhaka city.
Major objectives and success
The basic objectives of Crack Platoon were to demonstrate the strength of the Mukti Bahini, terrorising Pakistan Army and their collaborators. Another major objective was proving to the international community that the situation in East Pakistan was not normal. That commando team also aimed at inspiring the people of Dhaka who were frequently being victims of killing and torture. These objectives were successfully fulfilled by Crack Platoon. The World Bank mission, in its report, clearly described the hazardous situation that was prevailing in East Pakistan. In the report, the World Bank mission prescribed to end the military regime in East Pakistan. Between July and September 1971, operations by the Crack Platoon resulted in the death of 8 Pakistan Army commissioned officers from the rank of Second Lieutenant to Colonel and 31 soldiers and NCOs Crack Platoon carried out several successful and important operations. The power supply in Dhaka was devastated which caused severe problem for Pakistan Army and the military administration in Dhaka. The Chinese restaurants in Dhaka had become almost prohibited for Pakistani army officers.
Recognition and awards
The role of Crack Platoon in the Bangladesh Liberation War was highly appreciated by the post war government of Bangladesh and the people. Six commandos including Mofazzal Hossain Chowdhury, the leader of Crack Platoon and a former minister were awarded Bir Bikrom, third highest gallantry award in Bangladesh and two commandos were awarded Bir Protik, fourth highest gallantry award in Bangladesh.
Some of the members of Crack Platoon
- Habibul Alam
- Kazi Kamaluddin
- Abdul Halim Chowdhury Jewel
- Ali Ahmed Ziauddin
- Mofazzal Hossain Chowdhury Maya
- Golam Dastagir Gazi
- Sadeque Hossain Khoka
- Nasiruddin Yousuf Bachchu
- Artist Shahabuddin Ahmed
- Singer Azam Khan
- Raisul Islam Asad
- Ahmed Munier Bhashon
- Fateh Ali Chowdhury
- Abu Sayeed Khan
- Anwar Rahman
- Shahadat Chowdhury
- Ahrar Ahmed
- Shafi Imam Rumi
- Magfar Ahmed Chowdhury (Azad)
- Qamrul Huq Shawpon
- Bodiul Alam Bodi
- AFMA Harris
- Masud Sadik Chullu
- Humayun Kabir Khan
- ^ "Children take interview of 55 war heroes". The Daily Star. 9 August 2008.
- ^ Islam, Zahirul (2013). মুক্তিযুদ্ধে মেজর হায়দার ও তার বিয়োগান্ত বিদায় (in Bengali). Prathamā prakāśana. p. 76. ISBN 978-984-90253-1-3.
- ^ a b Mosharraf, Khaled (2013). মুক্তিযুদ্ধে ২ নম্বর সেক্টর এবং কে ফোর্স (in Bengali). Prathamā prakāśana. pp. 55–56. ISBN 978-984-90253-2-0.
- ^ Islam, Zahirul (2013). মুক্তিযুদ্ধে মেজর হায়দার ও তার বিয়োগান্ত বিদায় (in Bengali). Prathamā prakāśana. p. 77. ISBN 978-984-90253-1-3.
- ^ Islam, Zahirul (2013). মুক্তিযুদ্ধে মেজর হায়দার ও তার বিয়োগান্ত বিদায় (in Bengali). Prathamā prakāśana. p. 78. ISBN 978-984-90253-1-3.
- ^ Gavshon, Arthur L. (14 July 1971). "Experts Cite Remedial Measures for East Pakistan". The Day. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- ^ "3 Power Plants Bombed By East Pakistan Rebels". Morning Record. 22 July 1971.
- ^ "Pakistan Rebels Bomb Plant". The Daily News. 22 October 1971.
- ^ "Dacca Cafes Bombed". The Spokesman-Review. 25 July 1971.
- ^ THE CRACK PLATOON, Of valour and love for motherland, New Age, 29 August 2021