Cory Doctorow

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Cory Doctorow
Doctorow smiling
Doctorow in 2019
Born (1971-07-17) July 17, 1971 (age 52)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
OccupationAuthor, blogger
British, American
GenreScience fiction, postcyberpunk
Notable works
Notable awards
  • John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer
  • John W. Campbell Memorial Award
  • Prometheus Award
  • Sunburst Award
(m. 2008)

Cory Efram Doctorow (/ˈkɒri ˈdɒktər/; born July 17, 1971) is a Canadian-British blogger, journalist, and science fiction author who served as co-editor of the blog Boing Boing. He is an activist in favour of liberalising copyright laws and a proponent of the Creative Commons organization, using some of its licences for his books. Some common themes of his work include digital rights management, file sharing, and post-scarcity economics.[1][2]

Life and career[edit]

Cory Efram Doctorow was born in Toronto, Ontario, on 17 July 1971.[3] He is of Eastern European Jewish[4] descent. His paternal grandfather was born in what is now Poland and his paternal grandmother was from Leningrad. Both fled Nazi Germany's advance eastward during World War II, and as a result Doctorow's father was born in a displaced persons camp near Baku, Azerbaijan.[5] His grandparents and father emigrated to Canada from the Soviet Union.[6] Doctorow's mother's family were Ukrainian-Russian Romanians.[6]

Doctorow was a friend of Columbia law professor Tim Wu, dating to their time together in elementary school.[7] Doctorow went to summer camp as a young teenager at what he has described as a "hippy summer camp" at Grindstone Island, near Portland, Ontario, that was influential on his intellectual life and development.[8] He quit high school,[9] received his Ontario Academic Credit (high school diploma) from the SEED School in Toronto,[citation needed] and attended four universities without obtaining a degree.[10]

Cory Doctorow has stated both that he is not related to the American novelist E. L. Doctorow[11] and that he may be a third cousin once removed of the novelist.[12]

In June 1999, Doctorow co-founded the free software P2P company Opencola[13] with John Henson and Grad Conn, which sold to the Open Text Corporation of Waterloo, Ontario in the summer of 2003.[1][third-party source needed] The company used a drink called OpenCola as part of its promotional campaign.[14]

Doctorow at eTech 2007, wearing a cape and goggles in reference to his depiction in webcomic xkcd

Doctorow later relocated to London and worked as European Affairs Coordinator for the Electronic Frontier Foundation for four years,[1][third-party source needed] helping to establish the Open Rights Group, before leaving the EFF to pursue writing full-time in January 2006;[citation needed] Doctorow remained a Fellow of the EFF for some time after his departure from the EFF Staff.[1][15] He was named the 2006–2007 Canadian Fulbright Chair for Public Diplomacy at the USC Center on Public Diplomacy, sponsored jointly by the Royal Fulbright Commission,[16] the Integrated Media Systems Center, and the USC Center on Public Diplomacy.[citation needed] The professorship included a one-year writing and teaching residency at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, United States.[1][17] He then returned to London,[when?] but remained a frequent public speaker on copyright issues.[citation needed]

In 2009, Doctorow became the first Independent Studies Scholar in Virtual Residence at the University of Waterloo in Ontario.[18] He was a student in the program during 1993–94, but left without completing a thesis.[citation needed] Doctorow is also a Visiting Professor at the Open University in the United Kingdom.[when?][18] In 2012 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from The Open University.[19]

Doctorow married Alice Taylor in October 2008;[20] they have a daughter named Poesy Emmeline Fibonacci Nautilus Taylor Doctorow, who was born in 2008.[21][third-party source needed] Doctorow became a British citizen by naturalisation on 12 August 2011.[22]

In 2015, Doctorow decided to leave London and move to Los Angeles, expressing disappointment at London's "death" after Britain's choice of Conservative government; he stated at the time, "London is a city whose two priorities are being a playground for corrupt global elites who turn neighbourhoods into soulless collections of empty safe-deposit boxes in the sky, and encouraging the feckless criminality of the finance industry. These two facts are not unrelated."[23] He rejoined the EFF in January 2015 to campaign for the eradication of digital rights management (DRM).[24]

Doctorow left Boing Boing in January 2020, and soon started a solo blogging project titled Pluralistic.[25] The circumstances surrounding Doctorow's exit from the website were unclear at the time, although Doctorow acknowledged that he remained a co-owner of Boing Boing.[25][26] Given the end of the 19-year association between Doctorow and Boing Boing, MetaFilter described this news as "the equivalent of the Beatles breaking up" for the blog world.[26] Doctorow's exit was not acknowledged by Boing Boing, with his name being quietly removed from the list of editors on 29 January 2020.[27]

Other work, activism, and fellowships[edit]

Doctorow served as Canadian Regional Director of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America in 1999.

In 2007, together with Austrian art group monochrom, he initiated the Instant Blitz Copy Fight project, which asks people from all over the world to take flash pictures of copyright warnings in movie theaters.[28][29]

On October 31, 2005, Doctorow was involved in a controversy concerning digital rights management with Sony-BMG, as told in Wikinomics.[30]

As a user of the Tor anonymity network for more than a decade during his global travels, Doctorow publicly supports the network; furthermore, Boing Boing operates a "high speed, high-quality exit node."[31]

Doctorow was the keynote speaker at the July 2016 Hackers on Planet Earth conference.[32]

He is a member of the Democratic Socialists of America[33]


Doctorow in his office, 2009

Doctorow began selling fiction when he was 17 years old, and sold several stories, followed by publication of the story "Craphound" in 1998.[9]

Down and Out in the Magic Kingdom, Doctorow's first novel, was published in January 2003, and was the first novel released under one of the Creative Commons licences, allowing readers to circulate the electronic edition as long as they neither made money from it nor used it to create derived works.[34][2] The electronic edition was released simultaneously with the print edition.[2] In February 2004, it was re-released with a different Creative Commons license that allowed derivative works such as fan fiction, but still prohibited commercial usage.[35]

Down and Out... was nominated for a Nebula Award,[36] and won the Locus Award for Best First Novel in 2004.[37] A semi-sequel short story named Truncat was published on in August 2003.[38]

His novel Someone Comes to Town, Someone Leaves Town, published in June 2005, was chosen to launch the Sci-Fi Channel's book club, Sci-Fi Essentials (now defunct).[citation needed]

Doctorow's other novels have been released with Creative Commons licences that allow derived works and prohibit commercial usage, and he has used the model of making digital versions available, without charge, at the same time that print versions are published.[citation needed]

His Sunburst Award-winning short story collection[39] A Place So Foreign and Eight More was also published in 2004: "0wnz0red" from this collection was nominated for the 2004 Nebula Award for Best Novelette.[40]

Doctorow (left) pictured at the 2006 Lift Conference with fellow Boing Boing contributor Jasmina Tešanović (centre) and cyberpunk author Bruce Sterling (right).

Doctorow released the bestselling novel Little Brother in 2008 with a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike licence.[citation needed] It was nominated for a Hugo Award for Best Novel in 2009.[41] and won the 2009 Prometheus Award,[42] Sunburst Award,[43] and the 2009 John W. Campbell Memorial Award.[44]

His novel Makers was released in October 2009, and was serialised for free on the Tor Books website.[45]

Doctorow released another young adult novel, For the Win, in May 2010.[9] The novel is available free on the author's website as a Creative Commons download, and is also published in traditional paper format by Tor Books. The book is about "greenfarming", and concerns massively multiplayer online role-playing games.[citation needed]

Doctorow's short story collection "With a Little Help" was released in printed format on May 3, 2011. It is a project to demonstrate the profitability of Doctorow's method of releasing his books in print and subsequently for free under Creative Commons.[46][47]

In September 2012, Doctorow released The Rapture of the Nerds, a novel written in collaboration with Charles Stross.[48]

Doctorow's young adult novel Pirate Cinema was released in October 2012. It won the 2013 Prometheus Award.[49]

In February 2013, Doctorow released Homeland, the sequel to his novel Little Brother.[50] It won the 2014 Prometheus Award (Doctorow's third novel to win this award).

His novel Walkaway was released in 2017.[51]

In March 2019, Doctorow released Radicalized, a collection of four self-contained science-fiction novellas dealing with how life in America could be in the near future.[52] The book was selected for the 2020 edition of Canada Reads, in which it was defended by Akil Augustine.[53]

Attack Surface, a standalone adult novel set in the "Little Brother" universe, was released on October 13, 2020.[54][55]

His novel called Red Team Blues, a financial thriller about cybersecurity, was released in April 2023. It features a character named Martin Hench, expected to occur in future Doctorow novels as well.[56]

Nonfiction and other writings[edit]

Doctorow's nonfiction works include his first book, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Publishing Science Fiction (co-written with Karl Schroeder and published in 2000),[citation needed] his contributions to Boing Boing, the blog he co-edits,[citation needed] as well as regular columns in the magazines Popular Science and Make.[citation needed] He is a contributing writer to Wired magazine, and contributes occasionally to other magazines and newspapers such as the New York Times Sunday Magazine, The Globe and Mail, Asimov's Science Fiction magazine, and the Boston Globe.[citation needed]

In 2004, he wrote an essay on Wikipedia included in The Anthology at the End of the Universe, comparing Internet attempts at Hitchhiker's Guide-type resources, including a discussion of the Wikipedia article about himself.[57] Doctorow contributed the foreword to Sound Unbound: Sampling Digital Music and Culture (The MIT Press, 2008) edited by Paul D. Miller a.k.a. DJ Spooky. He also was a contributing writer to the book Worldchanging: A User's Guide for the 21st Century.[58][clarification needed][third-party source needed]

He popularised the term "metacrap" by a 2001 essay titled "Metacrap: Putting the torch to seven straw-men of the meta-utopia."[59] Some of his non-fiction published between 2001 and 2007 has been collected by Tachyon Publications as Content: Selected Essays on Technology, Creativity, Copyright, and the Future of the Future. In 2016 he wrote the article Mr. Robot Killed the Hollywood-Hacker (published on MIT Technology Review) as a review of the TV show Mr. Robot and argued for a better portrayal and understanding of technology, computers and their risks and consequences in our modern world.[60]

His essay "You Can't Own Knowledge" is included in the Freesouls book project.[61]

He is the originator of Doctorow's Law: "Anytime someone puts a lock on something you own, against your wishes, and doesn't give you the key, they're not doing it for your benefit."[62][63][64][65][66]

Writing in The Guardian in 2022, Doctorow listed the many problems confronting Facebook and suggested that its future would be increasingly fraught.[67]


Doctorow (left), alongside Mayor of Burbank Konstantine Anthony, picketing in support of the 2023 Writers Guild of America strike.

Intellectual property[edit]

Doctorow believes that copyright laws should be liberalised to allow for free sharing of all digital media. He has also advocated filesharing.[68] He argues that copyright holders should have a monopoly on selling their own digital media and that copyright laws should not be operative unless someone attempts to sell a product that is under someone else's copyright.[69]

Doctorow is an opponent of digital rights management and claims that it limits the free sharing of digital media and frequently causes problems for legitimate users (including registration problems that lock users out of their own purchases and prevent them from being able to move their media to other devices).[70]

He was a keynote speaker at the 2014 international conference CopyCamp in Warsaw, Poland[71] with the presentation "Information Doesn't Want to Be Free."[72]


In criticising the decay in usefulness of online platforms, Doctorow coined the neologism enshittification,[73] which he defines as a degradation of an online environment caused by greed:

Here is how platforms die: first, they are good to their users; then they abuse their users to make things better for their business customers; finally, they abuse those business customers to claw back all the value for themselves. Then, they die. I call this enshittification, and it is a seemingly inevitable consequence arising from the combination of the ease of changing how a platform allocates value, combined with the nature of a “two sided market,” where a platform sits between buyers and sellers, hold each hostage to the other, raking off an ever-larger share of the value that passes between them.[74]

The word gained traction in 2023, where it was used by a variety of sources in reference to several major platforms discontinuing free features in order to further their monetization or taking other actions that were seen to degrade functionality.[75][76][77][78][79][80][81]

In popular culture[edit]

The webcomic xkcd has occasionally featured a partially fictional version of Doctorow who lives in a hot air balloon up in the "blogosphere" ("above the tag clouds") and wears a red cape and goggles, such as in the comic "Blagofaire".[82] When Doctorow won the 2007 EFF Pioneer Award, the presenters gave him a red cape, goggles and a balloon.[83]

The novel Ready Player One features a mention of Doctorow as being the newly re-elected President of the OASIS User Council (with Wil Wheaton as his vice-president) in the year 2044, saying that, "those two geezers had been doing a kick-ass job of protecting user rights for over a decade."[84]

The comedic role-playing game Kingdom of Loathing features a boss-fight against a monster named Doctor Oh, who is described as wearing a red cape and goggles.[85] The commentary before the fight and assorted hit, miss and fumble messages during the battle make reference to Doctorow's advocacy for open-source sharing and freedom of media.


For Little Brother
For Pirate Cinema
For Homeland


In chronological sequence, unless otherwise indicated



  • Down and Out in the Magic Kingdom. Tor. 2003. ISBN 0-7653-0436-8.
  • Eastern Standard Tribe. Tor. 2004. ISBN 0-7653-0759-6.
  • Someone Comes to Town, Someone Leaves Town. Tor. 2005. ISBN 0-7653-1278-6.
  • Makers. Tor. 2009. ISBN 978-0-7653-1279-2.
  • For the Win. Tor. 2010. ISBN 978-0-7653-2216-6.
  • The Great Big Beautiful Tomorrow, November 1, 2011, ISBN 978-1-6048-6404-5
  • The Rapture of the Nerds. Tor. September 2012. ISBN 978-0-765-32910-3.(with Charles Stross)
  • Pirate Cinema. Tor. 12 October 2012. ISBN 978-0-7653-2908-0.
  • Walkaway. Tor. 25 April 2017. ISBN 978-0-7653-9276-3.
Little Brother Universe[edit]
Martin Hench Series[edit]

Graphic novels[edit]


Short fiction[edit]

Title Year First published in Reprinted in
Craphound 1998 Science Fiction Age, March 1998[91]
  • Northern Suns (Tor, 1999, David Hartwell and Glenn Grant, editors)
  • Year's Best Science Fiction XVI (Morrow, 1999, Gardner Dozois, editor)
  • Hayakawa Science Fiction Magazine (Japan) September 2001[91]
The Super Man and the Bugout 1998 DailyLit[92]
Return to Pleasure Island 2000 Realms of Fantasy Helgadottir, Margrét, ed. (2019). American Monsters Part 2. Fox Spirit Books. ISBN 978-1910462294.
0wnz0red 2002 ? A place so foreign and eight more. Four Walls Eight Windows. 2003. ISBN 1568582862.
Truncat[93] 2002 ? The Bakka anthology. Bakka Books. 2002. ISBN 0973150831.
I, Row-Boat 2006 Flurb: a webzine of astonishing tales 1 (Fall 2006) Overclocked: stories of the future present. Thunder's Mouth Press. 2007. ISBN 978-1560259817.
Scroogled 2007 Radar (Sep 2007) With a little help. Cor-Doc Co. 2009. ISBN 9780557943050.
The Things that Make Me Weak and Strange Get Engineered Away 2008
When Sysadmins Ruled the Earth 2008 ?? Wastelands: Stories of the Apocalypse. Night Shade Books. 2008. ISBN 9781597801058.
True names (with Benjamin Rosenbaum) 2008 Anders, Lou, ed. (2008). Fast forward 2. Pyr. ISBN 9781591026921. Kessel, John; Kelly, James Patrick, eds. (2012). Digital rapture: the singularity anthology. Tachyon. ISBN 9781616960704.
Chicken Little 2009 With a little help. Cor-Doc Co. 2009. ISBN 9780557943050. Hull, Elizabeth Anne, ed. (2011). Gateways. Tor. ISBN 9780765326621.
There's a great big beautiful tomorrow / Now is the best time of your life 2010 Doctorow, C. (2010). Strahan, Jonathan (ed.). Godlike machines. Science Fiction Book Club. ISBN 9781616647599. Doctorow, C. (2011). The great big beautiful tomorrow. PM Press. ISBN 9781604864045.
Clockwork Fagin 2011 Grant, Gavin J. and Link, Kelly, eds. (2011). Steampunk! Candlewick Press. ISBN 9780763660451
Another Time, Another Place 2011 Van Allsburg (2011). The Chronicles of Harris Burdick: Fourteen Amazing Authors Tell the Tales ISBN 0547548109
Lawful interception 2013 TOR.COM
The Man Who Sold The Moon 2014 Boing Boing
Car Wars 2016 Deakin University[94]
Party Discipline 2017



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