Correctional Training Facility

Coordinates: 36°28′09″N 121°23′00″W / 36.46917°N 121.38333°W / 36.46917; -121.38333
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Correctional Training Facility (CTF)
LocationSoledad, Monterey County, California, U.S.
Coordinates36°28′09″N 121°23′00″W / 36.46917°N 121.38333°W / 36.46917; -121.38333
Security classMinimum–medium
Population3,927 (140.3% capacity) (as of January 31, 2023[1])
Managed byCalifornia Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
WardenCraig Koenig[2]

Correctional Training Facility (CTF), commonly referenced as Soledad State Prison, is a state prison located on U.S. Route 101, 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Soledad, California, adjacent to Salinas Valley State Prison.


Location of Soledad in Monterey County, and Monterey County in California

The institution is divided into three facilities: North Facility, Central Facility, and South Facility. All offer their own programs to the inmate/prisoner population. In March 2012, the facility's total population was 5,684, or more than 171.6 percent of its design capacity of 3,312.[3]

As of July 31, 2022, Soledad was incarcerating people at 123.0% of its design capacity, with 4,761 occupants.[4]

The South Facility dates back to 1946, when it was used as "Camp Center" and administered by San Quentin State Prison. In 1951, the Central Facility opened, and in 1958 the Northern Facility opened. By 1984, an additional dormitory was added to the Central Facility. Three more dormitories were added in 1996, two more to the Northern Facility and one to the Southern Facility. The Correctional Training Facility covers 680 acres (280 ha). As of 2006–2007, there was total number of 1,643 staff and an annual budget of US$150 million.[citation needed]

On April 13, 2021, CDCR announced that the Southern Facility would close by July 2022 due to a decreased minimum security inmate population.[5]


The facility offers educational, vocational, volunteer, mental health, and self-help programming.[6] Incarcerated individuals at Correctional Training Facility help train service dogs[7] and have organized fundraising efforts to give back to their communities.[8] Correctional Training Facility was the primary filming location for the CNN documentary, "The Feminist on Cellblock Y," which highlighted some of the rehabilitative and advocacy efforts of people incarcerated in CDCR.

Correctional Training Facility offers a dedicated Veterans housing and rehabilitation program for centralizing services for incarcerated Veterans.[9] The Veterans hub is the first of its kind in the United States and has the capacity to house and treat up to 1200 Veterans.[10]

Fallen officers[edit]

Four correctional staff from the Correctional Training Facility have been killed while on duty, including Officer John V. Mills, Officer William Shull, Officer Robert McCarthy and Program Administrator Kenneth Conant.

Most prominently, Officer Mills, a correctional officer on a maximum security unit, was beaten to death on January 16, 1970, in Y-Wing in retaliation of the killing of three inmates by another correctional officer during a riot in the Adjustment Center (O-Wing)[11] a few days prior. A group of three prisoners, known as the Soledad Brothers, were later indicted for Mills's death.

Six months later, on July 23, 1970, Officer Shull was stabbed to death with a shank fashioned from a sharpened steel file.[12] on the North Facility recreation yard. He was discovered in a equipment shack with a multitude of stab wounds.

Officer McCarthy was murdered on March 4, 1971, while working in X-Wing, collecting mail from inmate Hugo Pinell at cell 104. As he opened the food port to collect the out going mail, Pinell stabbed McCarthy in the neck with a shank. The incident occurred on March 3, 1971; however Officer McCarthy succumbed to his injuries the following morning at a hospital located at Fort Ord in Seaside, California.

Program Administrator Conant was murdered on May 19, 1971, the last of the four killed in the line of duty.

Notable inmates[edit]

Notable staff[edit]


  1. ^ "California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation: Monthly Report of Population As of Midnight January 31, 2023" (PDF). California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Division of Internal Oversight and Research. January 31, 2023. Retrieved September 21, 2023.
  2. ^ CDCR. "CDCR - Correctional Training Facility (CTF)". Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  3. ^ "Monthly Report of Population" (PDF). California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Offender Information Services Branch. January 3, 2013. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  4. ^ "California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation: Monthly Report of Population As of Midnight July 31, 2022" (PDF). California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Division of Internal Oversight and Research. July 31, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 5, 2022. Retrieved September 5, 2022.
  5. ^ "Low inmate population to cause shut down of NorCal firefighter training prison". 14 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Correctional Training Facility (CTF)".
  7. ^ "Soledad inmates at CTF training service dogs to change lives". 28 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Prison inmates raised $32,000 for a high school student's tuition - The Washington Post". The Washington Post.
  9. ^ "Soledad prison opens housing facility for imprisoned veterans". 25 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Correctional Training Facility in Soledad Launches Innovative Veterans Hub for Incarcerated Veterans". 28 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Officer John V. Mills", "Officer Down Memorial Page"
  12. ^ file "William C. Shull", "Officer Down Memorial Page"
  13. ^ "Serial Killers Fast Facts". CNN Library. Cable News Network. December 24, 2018. Retrieved December 25, 2018. During a 2011 parole hearing, he confessed to killing the men. Corona, who was 77 and suffering from dementia at the time of the hearing...
  14. ^ "Cinaue: A Dropout Who Has Been in Constant Trouble". The New York Times. 17 May 1974.
  15. ^ Payne, Les; Findley, Tim; Craven, Carolyn (1976). The Life and Death of the SLA. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 9780345254498.
  16. ^[bare URL]
  17. ^[bare URL]
  18. ^ "Daytona Beach Morning Journal - Google News Archive Search".
  19. ^ Florida Department of Corrections. "Prison Gangs (continued) - Gangs and Security Threat Group Awareness". Florida Department of Corrections. Archived from the original on 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
  20. ^ 'Brawler' hoping to gain boxing championship By Ken Peters, AP Sports Writer, The Paris News, July 5, 1986, p. 5.
  21. ^ James, pg 85.
  22. ^ Cummins, pg 165.
  23. ^[bare URL]
  24. ^ a b "State of California Inmate Locator". Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  25. ^ Brumfield, Dale. "Ricardo Sánchez: A Revolutionary Chicano Poet Lost in the Wilderness of Richmond". Style Weekly. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  26. ^ Curtis, Kim. Even in prison Jackson would be 'star'. Daily Breeze (Torrance, CA), June 13, 2005.
  27. ^ Grossi, Mark. Corcoran Prison Home to Who's-Who of Killers. The List of Infamous Murderers at the State Facility has Grown This Week to Include Sirhan Sirhan and Juan Corona. The Fresno Bee, June 5, 1992
  28. ^ Trejo, Danny [@officialDannyT] (March 24, 2018). "I'd been in Soledad, San Quentin, Folsom, Vacaville, Susanville, Sierra – and here's a guy asking "Can you act like a convict?" I remember I said, "I'll give it a shot"" (Tweet). Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved September 4, 2021 – via Twitter.
  29. ^ "Rapper MoneySign Suede dies in California prison stabbing". Associated Press. 27 April 2023.
  30. ^ Stratton, Richard (January 29, 2007). "The Making of Bonecrusher". Esquire. Retrieved March 7, 2021.

External links[edit]