Coat of arms of Kashubia

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Coat of arms of Kashubia
Versions
ArmigerNone
Adoptedlate 12th century
CrestNone
BlazonBlack griffin with a crown on a yellow background
SupportersNone
UseBy ethnic organisations and schools

The coat of arms of Kashubia (Kashubian: pòznaka Kaszëb) is the coat of arms representing Kashubians. It usually is a black griffin with a crown on a yellow background, which used to symbolise the House of Griffin.[1]

Versions[edit]

Kaszëbskô Jednota version[edit]

Kaszëbskô Jednota, the only major Kashubian organisation, presented the coat of arms as a black griffin facing right on a yellow background, claws, beak and crown with a red tongue, a tail going behind the leg, and a black outline.[1] It is used more often than any other versions.

Pomeranian Voivodeship version[edit]

The second version is the coat of arms of the Pomeranian Voivodeship, which is often used to represent Kashubia. It contains a black griffin with a red tongue on a yellow background without a crown facing towards the top right corner with a tail that splits into two and creates a specific pattern.[2]

Black crown version[edit]

This version differs from the others in many aspects; Its outlines are different from all others. Its crown, beak, tongue, and claws are all black. The tail is similar to the first version.[3]

Red beak version[edit]

The last version is a black griffin with red claws and red beak (called an oręż) facing towards the front and the tail facing upwards, without a crown.[2]

History[edit]

The first use of the coat of arms dates back to the late 12th century, when the House of Griffin, rulers of the Duchy of Pomerania, used it as a seal. The Griffins called themselves dux Cassubiae, which stated that they were, indeed, Kashubians.[1] It is worth noting that a similar version of the griffin emblem was used on the flag of the Pomeranian Voivodeship during the Second Polish Republic that contained a red griffin on a silver background.[4] The first use of the red-silver flag was recorded in 1466 by the duke of Pomerelia.[2]

The yellow-black emblem was used by the Duchy of Kashubia, a part of the Duchy of Pomerania. It is shown in the emblem itself, which included the emblems of all Pomeranian duchies under its domain.[5][6]

In most cases, dukes used the version without the crown. Though, Aleksander Majkowski claimed to have seen a crowned griffin in Gryfia (currently Greifswald). The use of the crowned griffin was adapted into Kashubian culture over time. Newspapers played a major role in its rise in popularity, as vignettes often depicted such image. The newspapers that used it were: Zrzesz Kaszëbskô, Kaszëbë, Pomerania, Tatczëzna and Kaszëbskô Òdroda.

Another mention of the coat of arms was in Jan Rompsczi's poem:[1]


To nasz znak – ten czôrny juńc;
Jesz Kaszëbów nie je kùńc!
Òn to straszny juńc i lew,
Òn z Mòrlawë dobéł krew!
Hej, të Grifie w blónë lec,
Chcemë cebie w sercach miec!

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Herb, godło i flaga narodowa Kaszubów". kaszebsko.com. Kaszëbskô Jednota. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "strona21". gryf.pomorze.pl. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Tajemniczy Gryf". arudakita.wordpress.com. 21 January 2016. Archived from the original on 24 February 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  4. ^ Projekt Rozporządzenia Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej w sprawie nadania herbów województwom
  5. ^ Białecki, Tadeusz (1999). Encyklopedia Szczecina. Uniwersytet Szczeciński. ISBN 83-87341-45-2.
  6. ^ Białecki, Tadeusz (1991). Herby miast Pomorza Zachodniego. Wydawnictwo Polskie Pismo i Książka. pp. 10–11. ISBN 83-85360-01-8.