Chief Ministership of Shehbaz Sharif

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Shehbaz Sharif
شہباز شریف
CM Punjab Shehbaz Hajra (35706248992).jpg
Mian Shahbaz Sharif
Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
8 June 2013 – 8 June 2018
GovernorChaudhry Mohammad Sarwar
Malik Muhammad Rafique Rajwana
Preceded byNajam Sethi (Caretaker)
Succeeded byHasan Askari Rizvi (Caretaker)
MajorityPakistan Muslim League (N)
In office
8 June 2008 – 26 March 2013
GovernorMakhdoom Ahmed Mehmood
Latif Khosa
Salmaan Taseer
Preceded byDost Muhammad Khosa
Succeeded byNajam Sethi (Caretaker)
In office
20 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
GovernorShahid Hamid
Zulfiqar Ali Khosa
Preceded byMian Muhammad Afzal Hayat (Caretaker)
Succeeded byChaudhry Pervaiz Elahi

Shehbaz Sharif served the longest tenure in history as chief minister of Punjab spanning over 11 years of rule. His tenures involved the 1997 Nawaz Government, the 2008 Pakistan Peoples Party's regime and the 2013 PML-N's rule. His prominent contribution involves infrastructure development, transit projects and power plants. He has developed flyovers, road infrastructures, transit services and power projects. He is best known for his dedication, working speed, ability to execute mega projects and quick actions. However, he is also criticised over lack of priorities, spending development funds mostly in Lahore and large cities, keeping major power and assignments within himself, nepotism, conflict of interests, and misuse of authority by opposition parties.

His vision in transit system involves Lahore Metrobus, Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus, Multan Metrobus and Orange Line (Lahore Metro), several flyovers and road projects majorly in larger cities especially Lahore. His main work in education includes, Danish School, Punjab Educational Endowment Fund and the Chief Minister Laptop Scheme. His electric power initiates include, Nandipur Power Project, Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park and other projects. In order to maintain security and enforce law and order, he started the Dolphin Force and the Safe Cities Project. He had done some tremendous work during the dengue outbreak in Punjab and capped it successfully within a short period of time. However, Shehbaz Sharif also remained surrounded with several controversies including Model town incident, scam, and corruption probes over development projects.

Tenure of Chief Ministership[edit]

The chief ministership of Shehbaz Sharif began on 20 February 1997, with formation of majority provincial government in the Punjab, Pakistan. This occurred upon dismissal of the government by-then President Leghari after alleged corruption and abuse of power, which was two years earlier than 5-year tenure.[1][2] After the 1997 Pakistani general election, Sharif became 9th Chief Minister of Punjab. His first tenure started on 20 February 1997 and ended on 12 October 1999 with 1999 Pakistani coup d'état.

Sharif again became chief minister of Punjab on 8 June 2008 after his fourth[3] win from Bhakkar constituency in by-polls held in June 2008 and subsequently elected chief minister unopposed after securing 265 votes in the 371-members provincial assembly.[4][5] After the 2013 general election, Sharif remained Chief Minister of Punjab after securing 214 seats out of 372.

No. Regime Election Term of office
1 Nawaz Government 1997
(1997-1999)
1997 Pakistani general election 20 February
1997
12 October
1999
2 years, 234 days
2 Pakistan Peoples Party 2008
(2008-2012)
2008 Pakistani general election 11 April
2008
8 June
2008
58 days
3 Pakistan Peoples Party 2008
(2008-2012)
2008 Pakistani general election 30 March
2009
26 March
2013
3 years, 361 days
4 Pakistan Muslim League (N) 2013
(2013-2018)
Pakistani general election, 2013 23 June
2013
7 June
2018
4 years, 349 days

First term (1997–99)[edit]

During his first tenure as chief minister of Punjab, he focused on health, education, agriculture, and industrial sectors.

Second and third term (2008–13)[edit]

During election 2008 Pakistani general election obtained 59 seats out of total 296 as compared to 45 seats of Pakistan peoples Party. [6] During this tenure Shahbaz Shareef initiated "Sasti Roti scheme" (bread on subsidised rates), [7], disbursed laptop among students, and other key initiatives.

Third term (2013–2018)[edit]

Election 2013 marked landslide victory for Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) securing 214 seats in Punjab Assembly. Shehbaz Sharif was selected 17th chief minister and fourth time in Punjab. The fourth term continued major policies from the third tenure, including mass transportation systems in Punjab. Shehbaz Sharif initiated several power projects during his fourth tenure, started Lahore Waste Management Company, and initiated numerous health and education projects.

Policies and key achievements[edit]

Mass Transportation[edit]

During his third tenure, he initiated a rapid urban transportation project in Lahore namely Lahore Metrobus. The project started operating in 2013 and has 27 stations along a 27 km corridor that stretches from Shahdara to Gajumata.[8] He started two further metro networks in Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus and in Multan Metrobus under China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Shahbaz Shareef also started the metro railway system in Lahore commonly known as Orange Line (Lahore Metro). The first phase of the project was started in October 2015, while in October 2016, Phase 2 of the project was started.[9] The project was inaugurated on October 26, 2020, by Chief minister Usman Buzdar though most of the work was completed in the fourth tenure of Shahbaz Shareef. [10]

Energy Sector[edit]

Shahbaz Shareef's tenure marked key improvements in energy projects in installed capacity under China-Pakistan economic corridor. The projects include 400MW Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park,[11][12] 425 MW Nandipur Power Project,[13] 1,223MW Balloki Power Plant (RLNG based),[14][15] 1,230MW Haveli Bahadur Shah Power Plant (LNG based) and 1320 Megawatt Sahiwal Coal Power Project.[16]

Controversies and Scandals[edit]

Sabzazar case[edit]

In 2003, an anti-terrorism court issued an arrest warrant for Sharif in a 1998 extrajudicial killings case.[17] Sharif was accused for ordering extrajudicial killings of five people in a fake police encounter in 1998 during his first tenure as Chief Minister of Punjab.[18] Sharif attempted to return to Pakistan in 2004 to appear before the court, but was forcibly deported back to Saudi Arabia.[18][19] In August 2007, the Supreme Court of Pakistan gave its verdict which allowed Sharif to return to Pakistan.[20] In September 2007, a court in Pakistan ordered police to arrest Sharif "at whichever airport he lands at" on a 2003 arrest warrant.[18][21] Sharif denied ordering the alleged killings and said the charges against him were politically motivated.[18] He further said "in 2004 he landed at the Lahore Airport and wanted to appear before the court but the government in a deceitful mode sent him back to Saudi Arabia in sheer violation of the orders of the Supreme Court."[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sharif takes office as Pakistan's prime minister". CNN. 17 February 1997. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  2. ^ "ELECTIONS HELD IN 1997". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Punjab Assembly". www.pap.gov.pk.
  4. ^ Hanif, Intikhab (6 June 2008). "Shahbaz to take oath today: Khosa, cabinet set to resign".
  5. ^ en.people.cn/90001/90777/90851/6426618.html
  6. ^ {{Cite news| url=https://www.dawn.com/news/290178/ppp-pml-n-in-sight-of-magical-number | title = PPP, PML-N in sight of magical number| date = February 20, 2008| publisher = Dawn
  7. ^ {{Cite news| url=https://tribune.com.pk/story/82936/bitter-truth-about-sasti-roti | title = Bitter truth about sasti roti| date = November 28, 2010| publisher = The Tribune
  8. ^ {{Cite news| url =https://www.dawn.com/news/785085/lahore-turns-festive-as-metro-bus-service-opens | title = Lahore turns festive as Metro Bus service opens| date = February 10, 2013| publisher = Dawn
  9. ^ "Contract for Orange Line Package-2 re-awarded". Tribune. 31 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Buzdar inaugurates orange line metro train". The News. 26 October 2020.
  11. ^ "Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park: Solar energy's 100MW to arrive in April". The Tribune. 27 March 2015.
  12. ^ "P.M inaugurates project of 1000 quad e azam solar". The Dawn.
  13. ^ "China to complete Nandipur Power project by end March 2015". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  14. ^ "PM inaugurates 760MW Haveli Bahadur Shah Power Plant". www.thenews.com.pk.
  15. ^ "Haveli Bahadur Shah: Power plant to start production in a week - The Express Tribune". 20 June 2017.
  16. ^ "Second unit of Sahiwal power plant being inaugurated today". The Nation. 3 July 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  17. ^ "Warrants for Shahbaz Sharif issued". DAWN.COM. 11 June 2003. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d "Order for Sharif brother arrest". BBC. 7 September 2007. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  19. ^ "Nawaz Sharif, a profile". www.thenews.com.pk. 25 November 2007. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  20. ^ "DAWN – Opinion; September 01, 2007". DAWN.COM. 1 September 2007. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  21. ^ "Pakistan Court Orders Arrest of Former Prime Minister's Brother". VOA. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  22. ^ "Arrest warrant for Shahbaz issued". www.thenews.com.pk. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.