Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi

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Pervaiz Elahi
چوہدری پرویز الٰہی
President of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
Assumed office
7 March 2023
ChairmanImran Khan
Preceded byJaved Hashmi
18th Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
27 July 2022 – 22 January 2023
PresidentArif Alvi
Prime MinisterShehbaz Sharif
GovernorMuhammad Baligh Ur Rehman
Preceded byHamza Shahbaz
Succeeded byMohsin Raza Naqvi (caretaker)
Governor of Punjab (Acting)
In office
18 August 2018 – 5 September 2018
Preceded byRafique Rajwana
Succeeded byMohammad Sarwar
Other political offices
14th Chief Minister of Punjab
In office
29 November 2002 – 18 November 2007
PresidentPervez Musharraf
GovernorKhalid Maqbool
Preceded byShehbaz Sharif
Succeeded byEjaz Nisar (acting)
3rd Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
25 June 2012 – 16 March 2013
PresidentAsif Zardari
Prime MinisterPervez Ashraf
Preceded byNusrat Bhutto
Succeeded byVacant
Federal Minister for Industries
In office
3 May 2011 – 16 March 2013
PresidentAsif Ali Zardari
Prime MinisterRaja Pervez Ashraf
AdvisorMuhammad Basharat Raja
Senior Minister Cabinet of Pakistan
In office
May 2011 – June 2012
PresidentAsif Ali Zardari
Prime MinisterYousaf Raza Gillani
Federal Minister for Defence Production
In office
May 2011 – June 2012
PresidentAsif Ali Zardari
Prime MinisterYousaf Raza Gillani
Leader of the Opposition Pakistan
In office
10 April 2008 – 16 September 2008
President
Prime MinisterYousaf Raza Gillani
Preceded byFazal-ur-Rehman
Succeeded byNisar Ali Khan
Leader of the Opposition Punjab (Acting)
In office
1993–1996
LeaderShehbaz Sharif
Provincial Minister of Punjab for Local Bodies and Rural Development
In office
1985–1993
Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan
In office
1 June 2013 – 31 May 2018
ConstituencyNA-105 (Gujrat-II)
In office
17 March 2008 – 16 March 2013
Prime Minister
ConstituencyNA-58 (Attock-II)
Member of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab
In office
15 August 2018 – 14 January 2023
ConstituencyPP-30 (Gujrat-III)
In office
25 November 2002 – 17 November 2007
ConstituencyPP-292 (Rahimyar Khan-VIII)
In office
30 August 1988 – 12 October 1999
ConstituencyPP-94 (Gujrat)
In office
12 March 1985 – 30 May 1988
ConstituencyPP-28 (Gujrat)
Personal details
Born (1945-11-01) 1 November 1945 (age 77)[1]
Gujrat, Punjab, British India
NationalityPakistani
Political partyPakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (2023-present)
Other political
affiliations
Pakistan Muslim League (Q) (2002-2023)
Pakistan Muslim League (N) (1996-1999)
Children2, including Moonis Elahi
RelativesSee Chaudhry family
Education

Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi (Urdu, Punjabi: چوہدری پرویز الٰہی; born 1 November 1945) is a Pakistani politician who is the former Chief Minister of Punjab. He was a member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from August 2018 till January 2023, when he, as chief minister, dissolved the assembly. In 2023, he left the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) (PML(Q)) and joined Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) along with his son, Moonis Elahi, and 10 other former PML(Q) MPAs over political rifts with the party president and cousin, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain. He was appointed president of the PTI. He was the former president of the Punjab Division of the PML(Q).[2]

He served as the First Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan in 2013. After a successful campaign in the 2002 general elections, he became the Chief Minister of Punjab and held this position until 2007. In 2008, he briefly served as the leader of the opposition in the National Assembly of Pakistan. He remained a member of the National Assembly for two terms, from 2008 to May 2018. He has also been the Speaker of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab from 2018 to 2022. In a major development in late February 2023, Pervaiz Elahi announced joining Imran Khan-led party along with 10 of his party's former MPAs. On 7 March 2023, Pevaiz Elahi was appointed as President of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi was born 1 November 1945[4][5][1] in Gujrat, Punjab[6] to industrialist Chaudhry Manzoor Elahi. He hails from a family of politicians[6] and industrialists of Gujrat.[7][1][8] They belong to a Punjabi Jat family of the Warraich clan.[9][10][11]

His father Chaudhry Manzoor was non-political, unlike his younger brother Chaudhry Zahoor, concentrating on his business in the textile industry, being active in Ludhiana and then Amritsar after earning his B.Sc. Engineering but having to move back to his native village of Natt in Gujrat due to the 1947 partition. He had two daughters and three sons: Pervaiz, Javed, who looked after the family business, and Sabahat, who has resided in Thailand, being engaged in carpet manufacturing. Chaudhry Manzoor died in 2005, at the age of 90.[12]

Pervaiz received his early education from Forman Christian College, Lahore until 1967[1][6] and later attended Watford College of Technology[7] from where he received his Diploma in Industrial Management.[1]

Pervaiz is a cousin of former Prime Minister of Pakistan Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain and is married to his sister, with whom he has two sons, Moonis Elahi and Rasikh Elahi.[6][7] While his younger son Moonis is also a well known politician, his elder son Rasikh has been described as “a Sufi religious scholar, who avoids politics and public appearances.”[13]

His brother-in-law Ashraf Marth, who served as the SSP Gujranwala, was assassinated in 1997 by Lashkar-e-Jhangvi militants.[14]

Outside Chaudhry Shujaat, his brothers and their sons, Pervaiz’s other relatives in politics include Chaudhry Tajamal Hussain, the cousin of his father who has been an MNA, and whose own son Chaudhry Mubashar Hussain is a politician as well.[15]

Political career[edit]

Pervaiz began his political career after being elected as the chairman of the district council of Gujrat[6][16] for four years in 1983.

He served as Provincial Minister[6][16] for Local Government and Rural Development for eight years[1] from 1985 to 1993.

He was elected as a member of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the first time in 1985, again in 1988, 1990, and 1993.

He also served as the acting leader of the opposition in the Provincial Assembly of Punjab from 1993 to 1996, in the absence of Shahbaz Sharif who had gone to the United Kingdom for medical treatment.[16]

Several cases were registered against Pervaiz during Benazir Bhutto's government in 1993-1996 and he was sent to Adiala Jail where he spent several months.[17] He enjoyed the services of Mentorship of Barrister Ijaz Hussain Batalvi and his legal team including M.A. Zafar, Nawaz Bhatti and Akhtar Aly Kureshy Advocates. He also appointed Akhtar Aly Kureshy as legal Advisor to Provincial Assembly of the Punjab when he was Speaker Punjab Assembly.

It was reported that Nawaz Sharif had promised Pervaiz that if PML-N won the 1997 Pakistani general election, Pervaiz would be made the chief minister of Punjab. However, when PML-N won the 1997 general elections, Nawaz appointed his brother Shahbaz Sharif as the Chief Minister of Punjab. To avoid the impression that Pervaiz was unhappy with this decision of Nawaz Sharif, Pervaiz supported Shahbaz Sharif for the position of Chief Minister, however, he decided not to join the provincial cabinet of Shahbaz Sharif.[16][6][18]

He was re-elected as a member of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the fifth time in 1997 and was elected as the speaker of Provincial Assembly of Punjab[1][6][16][18] in 1997 where he remained until June 2001.[19]

Following the 1999 military coup, he was detained by the National Accountability Bureau on corruption charges. The charges were dropped following an agreement he made to quit the Pakistan Muslim League (N), whose part he had been until the ouster of the PML-N government,[18][16] and assist President Pervez Musharraf in building PML-Q.[7]

He along with his cousin Shujaat and other dissidents left PML-N to form their own party, PML-Q.[1][6][16]

He was re-elected as a member of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the sixth time in the 2002 Pakistani general election.[1]

Following the elections, Pervaiz was elected as the chief minister of Punjab for the first time,[18][16] an office he served from October 2002 until October 2007.[18][1]

In the 2008 Pakistani general election, Pervaiz was elected as a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan for the first time and as a member of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab for the seventh time.[1]

PML-Q nominated Pervaiz as its candidate for the post of prime ministers of Pakistan following the 2008 general elections.[18]

In 2008, he was made the Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly, however he quit this post later that year.[1][6][20]

He was made Federal Minister for Defence Production and Industries in the Yousuf Raza Gilani cabinet.[21][6][1]

In 2011, the ceremonial post was created to appoint Pervaiz as the first deputy prime minister of Pakistan,[22] having no powers even in the absence of the prime minister of Pakistan.[21][6]

In the 2013 Pakistani general election, Pervaiz contested and won election from NA-105, a National Assembly constituency in Gujrat[6][23] defeating candidates of PPP and PML-N.[24][10]

He was re-elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of PML-Q from NA-65 (Chakwal-II) and NA-69 (Gujrat-II) in the 2018 Pakistani general election. In the same election, he was re-elected to the Provincial Assembly of Punjab as a candidate of PML-Q from PP-30 (Gujrat-III).[25] Following his successful election, he abandoned his National Assembly seats in favor of his provincial assembly seat.[26] He was named by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and PML-Q as their joint candidate for the office of Speaker of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab.[27] On 16 August 2018, he was elected as Speaker of the Punjab Assembly. He received 201 votes against his opponent Muhammad Iqbal Gujjar who secured 147 votes.[28][29]

On 19 August 2018, he became the acting governor of Punjab[30] following the resignation of Rafique Rajwana.[31] In March 2022, Imran Khan nominated Pervez Elahi as a candidate for the post of Chief Minister of Punjab after the incumbent Usman Buzdar resigned.

After a four-month long constitutional crisis, he took oath as the 18th Chief Minister of Punjab on 27 July 2022.

On 22 December 2022, the Governor of Punjab, Balighur Rehman, denotified Elahi from his position, citing his failure to take a vote of confidence from the Provincial Assembly, which the Governor had requested, as the reason for the denotification.[32] However, Elahi was restored by the Lahore High Court on 23 December 2022.

On 12 January 2023, after securing victory in a vote of confidence the night before, Pervaiz sent a letter to Governor Balighur-Rehman, advising him to dissolve the Provincial Assembly.[33]

On 22 January 2023, he was replaced as Chief Minister by Mohsin Raza Naqvi, who was appointed by the Election Commission of Pakistan to lead a caretaker government.[34]

He was stated to be in the run for a seat in the Punjab Assembly from PP-34 Gujrat-VII as a candidate of the PTI in the next Punjab provincial election.[35]

Publications[edit]

  • Punjab's Vision 2020: Pre Budget Policy Address, Government of the Punjab, 2004, 55 p.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi". DAWN.COM. 25 June 2012. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Pervaiz Elahi joins PTI along with 10 former MPAs". The Express Tribune. 22 February 2023. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  3. ^ "PTI appoints Parvez Elahi as president". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  4. ^ "If elections are held on time…". www.thenews.com.pk. Archived from the original on 5 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Detail Information". 23 March 2011. Archived from the original on 23 March 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi". DAWN.COM. 30 April 2013. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d "Pervaiz Elahi as chief minister fought terrorists effectively: Wikileaks". www.thenews.com.pk. 7 December 2010. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Choosing right man for Punjab CM real test for Imran". The News. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  9. ^ "LAHORE: Pervaiz Elahi's father dies". DAWN.COM. 12 January 2005. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi takes Gujrat's NA-105". DAWN.COM. 12 May 2013. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  11. ^ "Detail Information". www.pildat.org. PILDAT. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  12. ^ "LAHORE: Pervaiz Elahi's father dies". Dawn News. 12 January 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
  13. ^ "Nawaz went back on his promise to Pervaiz". Dawn News. 4 December 2010.
  14. ^ "Four acquitted in SSP Marth's murder trial". The Express Tribune. 21 May 2010.
  15. ^ "Close relative stuns Chaudhrys". Dawn News. 12 September 2006.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h "Pervaiz pledges to uproot corruption". DAWN.COM. 29 November 2002. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  17. ^ "Zardari keeps alive PPP legacy of embracing political opponents". www.thenews.com.pk. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e f "Nawaz went back on his promise to Pervaiz". DAWN.COM. 4 December 2010. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  19. ^ "1997-1999". www.pap.gov.pk. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Pervaiz resigns as Leader of Opposition in NA -DAWN - Top Stories; September 15, 2008". Daily Times. 15 September 2008. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  21. ^ a b "PML-Q gets all that it wanted; deputy PM, 15 ministers". DAWN.COM. 26 June 2012. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  22. ^ "•Zardari 'accepts all demands' •Pervez Elahi to be Deputy PM: PPP and Q agree to seal deal". DAWN.COM. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  23. ^ "Pervaiz Elahi to run for NA-105". DAWN.COM. 30 January 2013. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  24. ^ "Dunya News: Pakistan:-Pervez Elahi wins NA-105 seat..." dunyanews.tv. Archived from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  25. ^ Butt, Waseem Ashraf (27 July 2018). "PML-Q, PTI alliance makes clean sweep in Gujrat". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  26. ^ Khan, Iftikhar A. (14 August 2018). "By-polls on 11 NA seats to be held within two months". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  27. ^ "Pervez Elahi set to be elected as Speaker Punjab Assembly". The News. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  28. ^ "Pervez Elahi elected Speaker Punjab Assembly". The News. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  29. ^ "KP, Sindh chief ministers elected; Punjab Assembly elects Elahi as speaker". DAWN.COM. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  30. ^ "Notification". www.pap.gov.pk. Punjab Assembly. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  31. ^ Rana Bilal, Dawn.com (15 August 2018). "Governor Punjab Rafique Rajwana resigns". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  32. ^ "Parvez Elahi denotified as chief minister". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 20 March 2023.
  33. ^ Farooq, Umar (12 January 2023). "CM Elahi signs summary for dissolving Punjab Assembly". DAWN News. Retrieved 12 January 2023.
  34. ^ Sadozai, Irfan (22 January 2023). "Mohsin Naqvi sworn in as Punjab caretaker chief minister". DAWN News. Retrieved 22 January 2023.
  35. ^ "List of PTI Candidates for Provincial Elections In Punjab | 2023". Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. 19 April 2023. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  36. ^ "Profile". Open Library. Retrieved 15 August 2023.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Chief Minister of Punjab
2002–2007
Succeeded by
Preceded by Leader of the Opposition
2008
Succeeded by
New office Deputy Prime Minister of Pakistan
2012–2013
Succeeded by
Vacant