Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte, North Carolina
|City of Charlotte|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Named for||Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
|• Body||Charlotte City Council|
|• Mayor||Vi Lyles (D)|
|• City||309.25 sq mi (800.94 km2)|
|• Land||307.26 sq mi (795.80 km2)|
|• Water||1.98 sq mi (5.14 km2)|
|Elevation||761 ft (232 m)|
|• Rank||16th in the United States|
1st in North Carolina
|• Density||2,846.38/sq mi (1,098.99/km2)|
|• Metro||2,660,329 (23rd)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
28201-28237, 28240-28247, 28250, 28253-28256, 28258, 28260-28262, 28265-28266, 28269-28275, 28277-28278, 28280-28290, 28296-28297, 28299
|Area codes||704, 980|
|International airport||Charlotte Douglas International Airport|
|Public transportation||Charlotte Area Transit System|
Charlotte (// SHAR-lət) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont region, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County. The population was 874,579 as of the 2020 census, making Charlotte the 16th-most populous city in the U.S., the seventh most populous city in the South, and the second most populous city in the Southeast behind Jacksonville, Florida. The city is the cultural, economic, and transportation center of the Charlotte metropolitan area, whose 2020 population of 2,660,329 ranked 23rd in the U.S. The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a sixteen-county market region or combined statistical area with a 2020 census-estimated population of 2,846,550.
Between 2004 and 2014, Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest-growing metro area, with 888,000 new residents. Based on U.S. Census data from 2005 to 2015, Charlotte tops the U.S. in millennial population growth. It is the third-fastest-growing major city in the United States. Residents are referred to as "Charlotteans".
Charlotte is home to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America, Truist Financial, and the east coast headquarters of Wells Fargo, which along with other financial institutions has made it the second-largest banking center in the United States. As of 2020, Charlotte was considered as a Gamma + level global city by the GaWC.
Among Charlotte's notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Carolina Panthers (NFL), the Charlotte Hornets (NBA), Charlotte FC (MLS), the NASCAR Hall of Fame, the Charlotte Ballet, Children's Theatre of Charlotte, Mint Museum, Harvey B. Gantt Center, Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, the Billy Graham Library, Levine Museum of the New South, Charlotte Museum of History, Carowinds amusement park, and the U.S. National Whitewater Center.
Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate. It is located several miles east of the Catawba River and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city.
Early history through American Revolution
The Catawba Native Americans were the first known historic tribe to settle Mecklenburg County (in the Charlotte area) and were first recorded around 1567 in Spanish records. By 1759 half the Catawba tribe had died from smallpox, which was endemic among European colonists, because the Catawba had not acquired immunity to the new disease. At the time of their largest population, Catawba people numbered 10,000, but by 1826 their total population had dropped to 110.
The city of Charlotte was developed first by a wave of migration of Scots-Irish Presbyterians, or Ulster-Scot settlers from Northern Ireland, who dominated the culture of the Southern Piedmont Region. They made up the principal founding population in the backcountry. German immigrants also settled the area before the American Revolutionary War, but in much smaller numbers. They still contributed greatly to the early foundations of the region.
Mecklenburg County was initially part of Bath County (1696 to 1729) of New Hanover Precinct, which became New Hanover County in 1729. The western portion of New Hanover split into Bladen County in 1734, its western portion splitting into Anson County in 1750. Mecklenburg County formed from Anson County in 1762. Further apportionment was made in 1792, after the American Revolutionary War, with Cabarrus County formed from Mecklenburg.
In 1842, Union County formed from Mecklenburg's southeastern portion and a western portion of Anson County. These areas were all part of one of the original six judicial/military districts of North Carolina known as the Salisbury District.
The area that is now Charlotte was first settled by European colonists around 1755, when Thomas Spratt and his family settled near what is now the Elizabeth neighborhood. Thomas Polk (great-uncle of U.S. President James K. Polk), who later married Thomas Spratt's daughter, built his house by the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers. One path ran north–south and was part of the Great Wagon Road; the second path ran east–west along what is now Trade Street.
Nicknamed the "Queen City", like its county a few years earlier, Charlotte was named in honor of German princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen Consort of Great Britain and of Ireland in 1761, seven years before the town's incorporation. A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents. He wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion", leading to the nickname "The Hornet's Nest".
Within decades of Polk's settling, the area grew to become the Town of Charlotte, incorporating in 1768. Though chartered as Charlotte, the name appears as a form of "Charlottesburgh" on many maps until around 1800. A form of "Charlottetown" also appears on maps of British origin depicting General Cornwallis' route of invasion. The crossroads in the Piedmont became the heart of Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked the streets in a grid pattern for future development. The east–west trading path became Trade Street, and the Great Wagon Road became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina. The intersection of Trade and Tryon—commonly known today as "Trade & Tryon", or simply "The Square"—is more properly called "Independence Square".
Local leaders came together in 1775 and signed the Mecklenburg Resolves, more popularly known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. While not a true declaration of independence from British rule, it is among the first such declarations that eventually led to the American Revolution. May 20, the traditional date of the signing of the declaration, is celebrated annually in Charlotte as "MecDec", with musket and cannon fire by reenactors in Independence Square. North Carolina's state flag and state seal also bear the date.
Late 18th century through 19th century
Charlotte is traditionally considered the home of Southern Presbyterianism, but in the 19th century, numerous churches, including Presbyterian, Baptist, Methodist, Episcopal, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic formed, eventually giving Charlotte the nickname, "The City of Churches".
In 1799, in nearby Cabarrus County, 12-year-old Conrad Reed found a 17- pound rock, which his family used as a doorstop. Three years later, a jeweler determined it was nearly solid gold, paying the family a paltry $3.50. The first documented gold find in the United States of any consequence set off the nation's first gold rush. Many veins of gold were found in the area throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, leading to the 1837 founding of the Charlotte Mint. North Carolina was the chief producer of gold in the United States, until the Sierra Nevada find in 1848, although the volume mined in the Charlotte area was dwarfed by subsequent rushes.
Some groups still pan for gold occasionally in local streams and creeks. The Reed Gold Mine operated until 1912. The Charlotte Mint was active until 1861, when Confederate forces seized it at the outbreak of the Civil War. The mint was not reopened at the war's end, but the building, albeit in a different location, now houses the Mint Museum of Art.
The city's first boom came after the Civil War, as Charlotte became a cotton processing center and railroad hub. By the 1880s, Charlotte sat astride the Southern Railway mainline from Atlanta to Washington, D.C. Farmers from miles around would bring cotton to the railroad platform in Uptown. Local promotors began building textile factories, starting with the 1881 Charlotte Cotton Mill that still stands at Graham and 5th streets.
Early 20th century to present
The population grew again during World War I, when the U.S. government established Camp Greene, north of present-day Wilkinson Boulevard. The camp supported 40,000 soldiers, with many troops and suppliers staying after the war, launching urbanization that eventually overtook older cities along the Piedmont Crescent. In the 1920 census, Charlotte fell to being the state's second largest city, Winston-Salem with 48,395 people, had two thousand more people than Charlotte. Charlotte would pass Winston-Salem in population by the 1930 census, and has remained North Carolina's largest city since.
The city's modern-day banking industry achieved prominence in the 1970s and 1980s, largely under the leadership of financier Hugh McColl. McColl transformed North Carolina National Bank (NCNB) into a formidable national bank that through aggressive acquisitions eventually merged with BankAmerica to become Bank of America. First Union, later Wachovia in 2001, experienced similar growth before it was acquired by San Francisco-based Wells Fargo in 2008. Measured by control of assets, Charlotte became the second largest banking headquarters in the United States after New York City.
On September 22, 1989, the city was hit by Hurricane Hugo. With sustained winds of 69 mph (111 km/h) and gusts of 87 mph (140 km/h), Hugo caused massive property damage, destroyed 80,000 trees, and knocked out electrical power to most of the population. Residents were without power for weeks, schools were closed for a week or more, and the cleanup took months. The city was caught unprepared; Charlotte is 200 miles (320 km) inland, and residents from coastal areas in both Carolinas often wait out hurricanes in Charlotte.
In December 2002, Charlotte and much of central North Carolina were hit by an ice storm that resulted in more than 1.3 million people losing power. During an abnormally cold December, many were without power for weeks. Many of the city's Bradford pear trees split apart under the weight of the ice.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 308.6 square miles (799 km2), of which 306.6 square miles (794 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) is water. Charlotte is the twenty-sixth-most expansive city in the United States and lies at an elevation of 751 feet (229 m). Charlotte constitutes most of Mecklenburg County in the Carolina Piedmont. Uptown Charlotte sits atop a long rise between two creeks, Sugar Creek and Irwin Creek, and was built on the gunnies of the St. Catherine's and Rudisill gold mines. Charlotte is 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Concord, 26 miles (41 km) northeast of Rock Hill, South Carolina, 83 miles (144 km) southwest of Greensboro, 135 miles (217 km) west of Fayetteville, and 165 miles (265 km) southwest of Raleigh, the state capitol.
Though the Catawba River and its lakes lie several miles west, there are no significant bodies of water or other geological features near the city center. Consequently, development has neither been constrained nor helped by waterways or ports that have contributed to many cities of similar size. The lack of these obstructions has contributed to Charlotte's growth as a highway, rail, and air transportation hub.
Charlotte has 199 neighborhoods radiating in all directions from Uptown. Biddleville, the primary historic center of Charlotte's African American community, is west of Uptown, starting at the Johnson C. Smith University campus and extending to the airport. East of The Plaza and north of Central Avenue, Plaza-Midwood is known for its international population, including Eastern Europeans, Greeks, Middle-Easterners, and Hispanics. North Tryon and the Sugar Creek area include several Asian American communities. NoDa (North Davidson), north of Uptown, is an emerging center for arts and entertainment. Myers Park, Dilworth, and Eastover are home to some of Charlotte's oldest and largest houses, on tree-lined boulevards, with Freedom Park nearby.
The SouthPark area offers shopping, dining, and multifamily housing. Far South Boulevard is home to a large Hispanic community. Many students, researchers, and affiliated professionals live near UNC Charlotte in the northeast area known as University City.
The large area known as Southeast Charlotte is home to many golf communities, luxury developments, churches, the Jewish community center, and private schools. As undeveloped land within Mecklenburg has become scarce, many of these communities have expanded into Weddington and Waxhaw in Union County. Ballantyne, in the south of Charlotte, and nearly every area on the I‑485 perimeter, has experienced rapid growth over the past ten years. The Steele Creek neighborhood which is primarily in Mecklenburg county is located within minutes near Uptown Charlotte.
Since the 1980s in particular, Uptown Charlotte has undergone massive construction of buildings, housing Bank of America, Wells Fargo, Hearst Corporation, and Duke Energy, several hotels, and multiple condominium developments.
The 120‑acre Park Road Park is a prominent landmark near the SouthPark area. Park Road Park features eight basketball courts, two horseshoe pits, six baseball fields, five picnic shelters, volleyball courts, playgrounds, trails, tennis courts, and an eleven-acre lake. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Parks & Recreation Department operates 36 tennis facilities and the 12 lighted tennis courts at the park.
The urban section of Little Sugar Creek Greenway was completed in 2012. Inspired in part by the San Antonio River Walk, and integral to Charlotte's extensive urban park system, it is "a huge milestone" according to Gwen Cook, greenway planner for Mecklenburg County Park and Recreation. However, the Little Sugar Creek Greenway bears no relation to the San Antonio River Walk. The Little Sugar Creek Greenway is prone to flooding during thunderstorms and periods of heavy rain. Creation of Little Sugar Creek Greenway cost $43 million and was controversial because it required the forced acquisition of several established local businesses.
The city of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County began purchasing flood-prone homes in the 1990s. Voluntary buyouts of 700 households have created around 200 acres of open land that can flood safely, thereby saving an estimated $28 million in flood damage and emergency rescues.
Like much of the Piedmont region of the southeastern United States, Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with four distinct seasons; the city itself is part of USDA hardiness zone 8a, transitioning to 7b in the suburbs in all directions except the south. The following narrative reflects 1991-2020 climate data. Winters are cool, with a normal January daily mean temperature of 42.1 °F (5.6 °C). On average, there are 59 nights per year that drop to or below freezing, and only 1.5 days that fail to rise above freezing. Precipitation is evenly distributed through the year; only August stands out as a slightly wetter month, averaging 4.35 inches of rainfall. Summers are hot and humid, with a normal July daily mean temperature of 80.1 °F (26.7 °C). There is an average 44 days per year with highs at or above 90 °F (32 °C). Official record temperatures range from 104 °F (40 °C) recorded six times, most recently from June 29 to July 1, 2012, down to −5 °F (−21 °C) recorded on January 21, 1985, the most recent of three occasions. The record cold daily maximum is 14 °F (−10 °C) on February 12 and 13, 1899, and the record warm daily minimum is 82 °F (28 °C) on August 13, 1881.[a] The average window for freezing temperatures is November 5 through March 30, allowing a growing season of 220 days.
Charlotte is directly in the path of subtropical moisture from the Gulf of Mexico as it heads up the eastern seaboard, thus the city receives ample precipitation throughout the year but also many clear, sunny days; precipitation is generally less frequent in autumn than in spring. On average, Charlotte receives 43.60 inches (1,110 mm) of precipitation annually, evenly distributed throughout the year. Annual precipitation has historically ranged from 26.23 in (666 mm) in 2001 to 68.44 in (1,738 mm) in 1884. There is an average of 3.5 inches (8.9 cm) of snow, mainly in January and February and rarely December or March, with more frequent ice storms and sleet mixed in with rain; seasonal snowfall has historically ranged from trace amounts in 2011–12 to 22.6 in (57 cm) in 1959–60. Snow and ice storms can have a major impact on the area, as they often pull tree limbs down onto power lines and make driving hazardous. Snow has been recorded a small number of times in April, most recently, April 2, 2019.
As of 2020[update], the Charlotte metropolitan area as a whole is noted for having one of the worst weather radar gaps among any major U.S. East Coast city, with little to no coverage in a roughly quadrilateral area spanning Concord, Salisbury and much of Statesville. As the nearest NWS-owned NEXRAD is located in Greer, South Carolina, more than 80 mi (130 km) to the west-southwest of Charlotte, this deficit is particularly problematic during severe thunderstorm or tornado episodes. The current lowest angle of the radar, based in Greer, is quite far above the surface over Charlotte, so the velocities measurement for detecting rotations cannot be below mid-level in potential tornado-forming storms and thus cannot indicate whether said rotation extends closer to the ground (below 5,000 ft (1,500 m)).
|Climate data for Charlotte, North Carolina (Charlotte-Douglas Int'l), 1991–2020 normals,[b] extremes 1878–present[c]|
|Record high °F (°C)||79
|Mean maximum °F (°C)||70.6
|Average high °F (°C)||52.3
|Daily mean °F (°C)||42.1
|Average low °F (°C)||31.8
|Mean minimum °F (°C)||14.8
|Record low °F (°C)||−5
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.49
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||1.6
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||10.3||9.7||10.2||9.0||9.5||10.6||10.5||10.1||7.7||7.1||8.1||9.6||112.4|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||0.9||0.5||0.2||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.3||1.9|
|Average relative humidity (%)||65.7||61.8||61.5||59.3||66.9||69.6||72.2||73.5||73.3||69.9||67.6||67.3||67.4|
|Average dew point °F (°C)||27.3
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||173.3||180.3||234.8||269.6||292.1||289.2||290.0||272.9||241.4||230.5||178.4||168.5||2,821|
|Percent possible sunshine||55||59||63||69||67||66||66||65||65||66||58||55||63|
|Average ultraviolet index||3||4||6||8||9||10||10||9||8||5||3||2||6|
|Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)|
|Source 2: Weather Atlas  (UV index)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
NC population changes in the 1800s
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||284,206||32.5%|
|Hispanic or Latino||142,704||16.32%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 874,579 people, 342,448 households, and 195,614 families residing in the city. In 2019, the U.S. Census Bureau estimates showed 885,708 residents living within Charlotte's city limits and 1,093,901 in Mecklenburg County. The combined statistical area, or trade area, of Charlotte–Concord–Gastonia, NC–SC had a population of 2,728,933. Figures from the more comprehensive 2010 census show Charlotte's population density to be 2,457 per square mile (948.7/km2). There were 319,918 housing units at an average density of 1,074.6 per square mile (414.9/km2).
According to the 2010 United States census, the racial composition of Charlotte was 45.1% White or Caucasian, 35.0% Black or African American, 13.1% Hispanic or Latin American, 5.0% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 6.8% some other race, and 2.7% two or more races. In 1970, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Charlotte's population as 30.2% Black and 68.9% White. In 2020, 39.72% of the population was non-Hispanic white, 32.5% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 7.02% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.15% other or mixed, and 16.32% Hispanic or Latin American of any race. This reflected the national demographic shift as Hispanic or Latinos and Asians increased in population.
The median income for a household in the city was $48,670, and the median income for a family was $59,452. Males had a median income of $38,767 versus $29,218 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,825. The percentage of the population living at or below the poverty line was 10.6%, with 7.8% of families living at or below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Charlotte has historically been a Protestant city. It is the birthplace of Billy Graham, and is also the historic seat of Southern Presbyterianism, but the changing demographics of the city's increasing population have brought scores of new denominations and faiths. The Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, Wycliffe Bible Translators' JAARS Center, SIM Missions Organization, and The Christian Research Institute make their homes in the Charlotte general area. In total, Charlotte proper has over 700 places of worship.
The Presbyterian Church (USA) is now the fourth largest denomination in Charlotte, with 68,000 members and 206 congregations. The second largest Presbyterian denomination, the Presbyterian Church in America has 43 churches and 12,000 members, followed by the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church with 63 churches and 9,500 members.
The Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America is headquartered in Charlotte, and both Reformed Theological Seminary and Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary have campuses there; more recently, the religious studies academic departments of Charlotte's local colleges and universities have also grown considerably.
The largest Protestant church in Charlotte, by attendance, is Elevation Church, a Southern Baptist church founded by lead pastor Steven Furtick. The church has over 15,000 congregants at nine Charlotte locations.
Charlotte's Cathedral of Saint Patrick is the seat of the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlotte, the head of which is Rev. Peter Joseph Jugis. St. Matthew Parish, located in the Ballantyne neighborhood, is the largest Catholic parish with over 30,000 parishioners. Charlotte is home to ~28,000 Catholics.
Charlotte has the largest Jewish population in the Carolinas. Shalom Park in south Charlotte is the hub of the Jewish community, featuring two synagogues, Temple Israel and Temple Beth El, as well as a community center, the Charlotte Jewish Day School for grades K–5, and the headquarters of the Charlotte Jewish News.
Most African Americans in Charlotte are Baptists affiliated with the National Baptist Convention, the largest predominantly African American denomination in the United States. African American Methodists are largely affiliated with either the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, headquartered in Charlotte, or the African Methodist Episcopal Church. African American Pentecostals are represented by several organizations such as the United House of Prayer for All People, Church of God in Christ, and the United Holy Church of America.
As of 2013[update], 51.91% of people in Charlotte practice religion on a regular basis, making it the second most religious city in North Carolina after Winston-Salem. The largest religion in Charlotte is Christianity, with Baptists (13.26%) having the largest number of adherents. The second largest Christian group are the Roman Catholics (9.43%), followed by Methodists (8.02%) and Presbyterians (5.25%). Other Christian affiliates include Pentecostals (2.50%), Lutherans (1.30%), Episcopalians (1.20%), Latter-Day Saints (0.84%), and other Christian (8.87%) churches, including the Eastern Orthodox and non-denominational congregations. Judaism (0.57%) is the second largest religion after Christianity, followed by Eastern religions (0.34%) and Islam (0.32%).
Charlotte is the second-largest banking center in the United States, after New York City. The nation's second largest financial institution by total assets, Bank of America, calls the city home. It is also home to the nation's sixth largest financial institution, Truist, formed from the merger of BB&T and SunTrust in 2019. The city was also the former corporate home of Wachovia until its 2008 acquisition by Wells Fargo; Wells Fargo integrated legacy Wachovia, with the two banks fully merged at the end of 2011, which included transitioning all of the Wachovia branches in the Carolinas to Wells Fargo branches by October 2011. Since then, Charlotte has become the regional headquarters for East Coast operations of Wells Fargo, which is headquartered in San Francisco, California. Charlotte also serves as the headquarters for Wells Fargo's capital markets activities. Bank of America's headquarters, along with other regional banking and financial services companies, are located primarily in the Uptown central business district. Microsoft and Centene Corporation also operate their East Coast headquarters in Charlotte. In November 2018, Honeywell moved its corporate headquarters to Charlotte. In June 2019, Lowe's announced it will be building it's Lowe's Global Technology Center worth $153 million, which is set to be complete in 2021 and will be headquartered in South End neighborhood in Charlotte. In 2019, Dole Food Company relocated its headquarters to Charlotte from California, and expanded its presence in Charlotte with its merger with Ireland-based Total Produce in February 2021. On May 25, 2021, it was announced that Charlotte would become the East Coast headquarters of Credit Karma. Cedar Fair's corporate office is located in southwest Charlotte.
As of 2019, Charlotte has seven Fortune 500 companies in its metropolitan area. Listed in order of their rank, they are: Bank of America, Honeywell, Nucor, Lowe's, Duke Energy, Sonic Automotive and Brighthouse Financial. The Charlotte area includes a diverse range of businesses, including foodstuffs such as Harris Teeter, Snyder's-Lance, Carolina Foods Inc, Bojangles', Food Lion, Salsarita's Fresh Mexican Grill, Showmars, Compass Group USA, and Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated (Charlotte being the nation's second largest Coca-Cola bottler); packaging company Sealed Air, financial services company Dixon Hughes Goodman, online leading marketplace Lending Tree, chemical company Albemarle Corporation, Lawn and garden equipment maker WORX, door and window maker JELD-WEN, motor and transportation companies such as RSC Brands, Continental Tire the Americas, LLC., Meineke Car Care Centers, Carlisle Companies (along with several other services); retail companies Belk, Cato Corporation and Rack Room Shoes, along with a wide array of other businesses.
Charlotte is the major center of the U.S. motorsports industry, housing the US's only Formula One team, Haas F1, multiple teams and offices of NASCAR, the NASCAR Hall of Fame, and Charlotte Motor Speedway in Concord. Approximately 75% of the NASCAR industry's race teams, employees and drivers are based nearby. The large presence of the racing technology industry and the newly built NHRA dragstrip, zMAX Dragway at Concord, are influencing other top professional drag racers to move their shops to Charlotte as well.
The Charlotte Region has a major base of energy-oriented organizations and has become known as "Charlotte USA – The New Energy Capital". In the region there are more than 240 companies directly tied to the energy sector, collectively employing more than 26,400. Since 2007 more than 4,000 energy sector jobs have been announced. Major energy players in Charlotte include AREVA, Duke Energy, Electric Power Research Institute, Fluor, Metso Power, Piedmont Natural Gas, Albemarle Corp, Siemens Energy, Shaw Group, Toshiba, URS Corp., and Westinghouse. The University of North Carolina at Charlotte has a reputation in energy education and research, and its Energy Production and Infrastructure Center (EPIC) trains energy engineers and conducts research. Over the last couple of years, Charlotte has become a hub in the Information technology (IT) industry.
The area is an increasingly growing trucking and freight transportation hub for the East Coast. The Charlotte Center city has seen remarkable growth over the last decade. Numerous residential units continue to be built uptown, including over 20 skyscrapers under construction, recently completed, or in the planning stage. Many new restaurants, bars and clubs now operate in the Uptown area. Several projects are transforming the Midtown Charlotte/Elizabeth area.
In 2013, Forbes named Charlotte among its list of Best Places for Business and Careers. Charlotte was listed as the 20th largest city in the US, and the 60th fastest growing city in the US between 2000 and 2008.
|#||Name||Industry||Number of employees|
|1||Atrium Health||Health Care and Social Assistance||35,700|
|2||Wells Fargo||Finance and Insurance||24,000|
|3||Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools||Educational Services||18,495|
|5||Bank of America||Finance and Insurance||15,000|
|6||Novant Health||Health Care||11,698|
|8||Food Lion||Retail Trade||7,900|
|9||Harris Teeter||Retail Trade||8,239|
|12||North Carolina State Government||Public Administration||7,600|
|13||Daimler Trucks North America||Manufacturing||6,800|
|14||City of Charlotte||Public Administration||6,800|
|15||Mecklenburg County||Public Administration||5,512|
|16||Union County Public Schools||Educational Services||5,427|
|17||US Government||Public Administration||5,300|
|18||YMCA of Greater Charlotte||Arts, Entertainment and Recreation||4,436|
|19||Adecco Staffing, USA||Administration and Support Services||4,200|
|20||Carowinds||Arts, Entertainment and Recreation||4,100|
Arts and culture
- Bechtler Museum of Modern Art
- Billy Graham Library
- Carolinas Aviation Museum
- Charlotte-Mecklenburg Fire Education Center and Museum
- Charlotte Nature Museum in Freedom Park
- Charlotte Trolley Museum in Historic South End
- Discovery Place
- Harvey B. Gantt Center for African-American Arts + Culture
- Historic Rosedale Plantation
- Levine Museum of the New South
- The Light Factory
- McColl Center for Art + Innovation
- Mint Museum
- NASCAR Hall of Fame
- Second Ward Alumni House Museum
- Charlotte Museum of History
- Actor's Theatre of Charlotte
- Amos' Southend Music Hall
- Comedy Arts Theater of Charlotte
- Blumenthal Performing Arts Center
- Charlotte Ballet
- Charlotte Symphony Orchestra
- AvidxChange Music Factory
- PNC Music Pavilion
- Opera Carolina
- The Robot Johnson Show
- Citizens of the Universe
- Theatre Charlotte
- Carolina Renaissance Festival
Festivals and events
The Charlotte region is home to many annual festivals and special events. The Carolina Renaissance Festival operates on Saturdays and Sundays each October and November. Located near the intersection of NC 73 and Poplar Tent Road, the Carolina Renaissance Festival is one of the largest renaissance themed events in the country. It features 11 stages of outdoor variety entertainment, a 22-acre village marketplace, an interactive circus, an arts and crafts fair, a jousting tournament, and a feast, all rolled into one non-stop, day-long family adventure.
The Yiasou Greek Festival is a Greek Festival. It began in 1978 and since then has become one of Charlotte's largest cultural events. The Yiasou (the Greek word for Hello, Goodbye and Cheers) Greek Festival features Hellenic cultural exhibits, authentic Greek cuisine and homemade pastries, entertainment, live music and dancing, wine tastings, art, shopping and more.
Taste of Charlotte is a three-day festival offering samples from area restaurants, live entertainment and children's activities. Located on Tryon Street, Taste of Charlotte spans six city blocks from Stonewall to 5th Street.
Breakaway Music Festival is a music festival which takes place at the NC Music Factory and consists of hip hop and electronic music artists and DJs.
Heroes Convention is an annual comic book convention held in June at the Charlotte Convention Center. Founded in 1982, it is one of the oldest and largest independent comic book conventions in the United States.
Zoos and aquariums
Charlotte is "... the largest metropolitan area in the United States without a zoo". The Charlotte Zoo initiative is a proposal to allocate 250 acres (101 ha) of natural North Carolina land to be dedicated to the zoological foundation, which was incorporated in 2008. On August 18, 2012, Channel 14 News says that the initiative is "... still a few years away" and the plot of land is "... just seven miles from the center of uptown". According to the news channel, "... the zoo will cost roughly $300 million, and will be completely privately-funded." The Charlotte Observer references two other zoos, the Riverbanks Zoo and Garden and the North Carolina Zoological Park as two "great zoos" that are accessible from the Charlotte-Mecklenburg area, both roughly more than 70 miles away.
Charlotte is also served by the Sea Life Charlotte-Concord Aquarium in the nearby city of Concord. The aquarium is 30,000 square feet in size, and is part of the Concord Mills mall. The aquarium opened on February 20, 2014.
The Charlotte Mecklenburg Library serves the Charlotte area with a large collection (more than 1.5 million) of books, CDs and DVDs at 15 locations in the city of Charlotte, with branches in the surrounding towns of Matthews, Mint Hill, Huntersville, Cornelius and Davidson. All locations provide free access to Internet-enabled computers and WiFi, and a library card from one location is accepted at all 20 locations.
Although the library's roots go back to the Charlotte Literary and Library Association, founded on January 16, 1891, the state-chartered Carnegie Library, which opened on the current North Tryon site of the Main Library, was the first non-subscription library opened to members of the public in the city of Charlotte. The philanthropist Andrew Carnegie donated $25,000 for a library building, on the condition that the city of Charlotte donate a site and $2,500 per year for books and salaries, and that the state grant a charter for the library. All conditions were met, and the Charlotte Carnegie Library opened in an imposing classical building on July 2, 1903.
The 1903 state charter also required that a library be opened for the disenfranchised African-American population of Charlotte. This was completed in 1905 with the opening of the Brevard Street Library for Negroes, an independent library in Brooklyn, a historically black area of Charlotte, on the corner of Brevard and East Second Streets (now Martin Luther King Boulevard). The Brevard Street Library was the first library for African Americans in the state of North Carolina, and some sources say in the southeast. The library was closed in 1961 when the Brooklyn neighborhood in Second Ward was redeveloped, but its role as a cultural center for African-Americans in Charlotte is continued by the Beatties Ford and West Boulevard branches of the library system, as well as by Charlotte's African-American Cultural Center.
Charlotte is home to three major professional sports franchises: the Carolina Panthers of the National Football League (NFL), the Charlotte Hornets of the National Basketball Association (NBA), and Charlotte FC of Major League Soccer (MLS). The Panthers have been located in Charlotte since the team's creation in 1995, and the current Hornets franchise has been located in Charlotte since its creation in 1988 (with the exception of the 2002-03 and 2003-04 seasons). The Panthers and Charlotte FC play their home games in Bank of America Stadium, while the Hornets play in the Spectrum Center. The Panthers have won six division titles from (1996, 2003, 2008, 2013, 2014, 2015) and two NFC championships in 2003 and 2015. Carolina has reached the Super Bowl twice but has been unsuccessful in both losing to the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XXXVIII in 2004 and against the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl 50 in 2016. The original Hornets NBA franchise was established in 1988 as an expansion team, but it relocated to New Orleans, Louisiana in 2002 after animosity grew between the team's fans and principal owner George Shinn. The NBA quickly granted Charlotte an expansion franchise following the departure of the Hornets and the new franchise, the Charlotte Bobcats, began to play in 2004. The team retook the Hornets name when the New Orleans-based team renamed itself the New Orleans Pelicans in 2013. The name change became official on May 20, 2014. On the same day, the franchise reclaimed the history and records of the original 1988–2002 Hornets. MLS awarded its expansion team to Charlotte in 2019, which began play as Charlotte FC in 2022.
The city is also the home of the National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) headquarters. The NJCAA is the second-largest national intercollegiate athletic organization in the United States with over 500 member schools in 43 states. The Big South Conference is also headquartered in Charlotte. Founded in 1983, the Big South Conference has 11 member institutions with over 19 different sports and completes in the NCAA's Division I.
Over the years, Charlotte has hosted many international, collegiate, and professional sporting events. In professional basketball, the city hosted the NBA All-Star Game twice in 1991 at the old Charlotte Coliseum and most recently in 2019 at Spectrum Center. In collegiate sports, Charlotte hosts the ACC Championship Game and Duke's Mayo Bowl. The city has also been the host many ACC Men's Basketball Tournaments most recently in 2019. In 2021, Charlotte hosted the ACC Baseball Tournament. In 2017, Charlotte hosted the PGA Championship at the Quail Hollow Club and is set to host again by 2025. Charlotte will also host the 2022 Presidents Cup. In 1994, Charlotte hosted the Final Four.
Since 1931, Jim Crockett Promotions has been a full-fledged professional wrestling performer, based in the North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia states, and has been called Mid-Atlantic Wrestling. National Wrestling Alliance, World Championship Wrestling, WWE has big matches, and many pay-per-view event. Many professional wrestlers living.
Currently, the city is home to two universities that participate in NCAA Division I Athletics: the Charlotte 49ers of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, as well as the Queens Royals of Queens University of Charlotte, who announced their transition from NCAA Division II to Division I on May 7, 2022. Charlotte has participated in 11 NCAA Men's Basketball tournaments, 14 NCAA Men's Soccer Tournaments, and the Football team participated in their first bowl game in 2019 just six years after starting their program.
Charlotte has a council-manager form of government. The mayor and city council are elected every two years, with no term limits. The mayor is ex officio chair of the City Council, and only votes in case of a tie. Unlike other mayors in council-manager systems, Charlotte's mayor has the power to veto ordinances passed by the council; the council can override a mayoral veto by a vote of seven of its ten members. The Council appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrative officer.
Unlike some other cities and towns in North Carolina, elections are held on a partisan basis. Vi Lyles, a Democrat elected in 2017, became the 59th mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina. She is in her second term.
Patrick Cannon, a Democrat, was sworn in as mayor on December 2, 2013. On March 26, 2014, Cannon was arrested on public corruption charges. Later the same day, he resigned as mayor. Mayor Pro Tem Michael Barnes served as Acting Mayor until April 7, when the City Council selected State Senator Dan Clodfelter, also a Democrat, to serve the remainder of Cannon's term. Former Mecklenburg County Commission chairwoman Jennifer Roberts defeated Clodfelter in the 2015 Democratic primary and went on to win the general election, becoming the first Democratic woman to be elected to the post. She was ousted in the 2017 Democratic primary by Mayor Pro Tem Vi Lyles, who later defeated Republican City Councilman Kenny Smith in the general election to become Mayor of Charlotte.
Historically, voters have been friendly to moderates of both parties. However, in recent years, Charlotte has swung heavily to the Democrats. Republican strength is concentrated in the southeastern portion of the city, while Democratic strength is concentrated in the south-central, eastern, and northern areas.
The city council has 11 members (7 from districts and 4 at-large). Democrats control the council with a 9-to-2 advantage, winning all 4 of the at-large seats in the November 2013, 2015, and 2017 municipal elections. While the City Council is responsible for passing ordinances, the city's budget, and other policies, all decisions can be overridden by the North Carolina General Assembly, since North Carolina municipalities do not have home rule. While municipal powers have been broadly construed since the 1960s, the General Assembly still retains considerable authority over local matters.
Charlotte is split between two congressional districts on the federal level. The southeastern portion is part of the 9th District, represented by Republican Dan Bishop. Most of the city is in the 12th District, represented by Democrat Alma Adams.
Charlotte was selected in 2011 to host the 2012 Democratic National Convention, which was held at the Spectrum Center. It began September 4, 2012, and ended on September 6, 2012.  In 2018, Charlotte was chosen to host the Republican National Convention in August 2020.
The city's public school system, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, is the second largest in North Carolina and 17th largest in the nation. In 2009, it won the NAEP Awards, the Nation's Report Card for urban school systems with top honors among 18 city systems for fourth grade math, second place among eighth graders. An estimated 144,000 students are taught in 164 separate elementary, middle, and high schools. Charlotte is also home to many private and independent schools, including British School of Charlotte, Charlotte Catholic High School, Charlotte Christian School, Charlotte Country Day School, Charlotte Islamic Academy, Charlotte Latin School, Charlotte United Christian Academy, Grace Academy, Providence Day School, Hickory Grove Christian School, Northside Christian Academy, Southlake Christian Academy, and United Faith Christian Academy.
Colleges and universities
Charlotte is home to a number of universities and colleges such as Central Piedmont Community College, Johnson C. Smith University, Johnson & Wales University, Queens University of Charlotte, and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Several notable colleges are located in the metropolitan suburbs. Located in nearby Davidson, North Carolina is Davidson College. Additional colleges in the area include Belmont Abbey College in the suburb of Belmont, North Carolina, Gaston College with its main campus in the suburb of Dallas, North Carolina and Wingate University in the suburb of Wingate, North Carolina. Also nearby are Winthrop University, Clinton Junior College, York Technical College in Rock Hill, South Carolina, and Gardner-Webb University in Boiling Springs, North Carolina in the westernmost part of the Charlotte area.
UNC Charlotte is the city's largest university. It is located in University City, the northeastern portion of Charlotte, which is also home to University Research Park, a 3,200 acres (13 km2) research and corporate park. With more than 30,000 students, UNC Charlotte is the second largest university in the state system.
Central Piedmont Community College is the largest community college in the Carolinas, with more than 70,000 students each year and 6 campuses throughout the Charlotte-Mecklenburg region. CPCC is part of the statewide North Carolina Community College System.
The Charlotte School of Law opened its doors in Charlotte in 2006 and was fully accredited by the American Bar Association in 2011. The law school offered the Juris Doctor degree but the Bar association rescinded the accreditation in 2017. Charlotte School of Law, once the largest law school in the Carolinas, has ceased to operate.
Pfeiffer University has a satellite campus in Charlotte. Wake Forest University, with its main campus in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, also operates a satellite campus of its Babcock Graduate School of Management in the Uptown area. On March 24, 2021, it was announced Wake Forest School of Medicine would expand a 20-acre campus in Charlotte by 2024. The Connecticut School of Broadcasting, DeVry University, and ECPI University all have branches in Charlotte. The Universal Technical Institute has the NASCAR Technical Institute in nearby Mooresville, serving the Charlotte area. Montreat College (Charlotte) maintains a School of Professional and Adult Studies in the city. Additionally, Union Presbyterian Seminary has a non-residential campus offering the Master of Arts in Christian Education, and the Master of Divinity in Charlotte near the Beverley Woods area.
The North Carolina Research Campus, a 350-acre biotechnology hub located northeast of Charlotte in the city of Kannapolis, is a public-private venture including eight universities, one community college, the David H. Murdock Research Institute (DHMRI), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and corporate entities that collaborate to advance the fields of human health, nutrition and agriculture. Partnering educational organizations include UNC Charlotte and Rowan-Cabarrus Community College, from the Charlotte region, as well as Appalachian State University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Duke University, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina A&T State University, Shaw University, North Carolina Central University and North Carolina State University. The research campus is part of a larger effort by leaders in the Charlotte area to attract energy, health, and other knowledge-based industries that contribute to North Carolina's strength in biotechnology.
Charlotte is the 24th largest radio market in the nation, according to Nielsen Audio. While major groups like iHeartMedia and Urban One have stations serving Charlotte, several smaller groups also own and operate stations in the area. The local National Public Radio news affiliate is WFAE News, which sponsors a number of podcasts and radio shows.
According to Nielsen Media Research, Charlotte is the 22nd largest television market in the nation (as of the 2016–2017 season) and the largest in the state of North Carolina. Major television stations located in Charlotte include CBS affiliate WBTV 3 (the oldest television station in the Carolinas),ABC affiliate WSOC-TV 9,NBC affiliate WCNC-TV 36, CW affiliate WCCB 18, and PBS member station WTVI 42. Two cable sports networks are also headquartered in Charlotte: the ESPN-controlled SEC Network and the regional Fox Sports Carolinas. Raycom Sports is also headquartered in Charlotte.
Other stations serving the Charlotte market include Fox affiliate WJZY 46 in Belmont, UNC-TV/PBS member station WUNG-TV 58 in Concord, independent station WAXN-TV 64 (a sister to WSOC-TV) in Kannapolis, and two stations in Rock Hill, South Carolina: MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYT-TV 55 (a sister to WJZY) and PBS member station WNSC-TV 30. Additionally, INSP is headquartered in nearby Indian Land, South Carolina.
Emergency medical services
Emergency medical services for the city of Charlotte are provided by Mecklenburg EMS Agency (MEDIC). MEDIC received over 146,000 calls in 2017 and transported over 112,000 patients in Mecklenburg County. The agency employs over 600 paramedics, EMTs, EMDs and admin staff.
In addition to dispatching MEDIC's EMS calls, the agency also dispatches all county fire calls outside of the city of Charlotte.
Hospitals in Charlotte include Atrium Health Mercy, Atrium Health Pineville, Atrium Health University City, Carolinas ContinueCare Pineville, Atrium Health Carolinas Medical Center / Levine Children's, Novant Health Charlotte Orthopedic Hospital, Novant Health Hemby Children's Hospital, and Novant Health Presbyterian Medical Center. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Hospital Authority is the public hospital authority of Mecklenburg County.
The Charlotte Fire Department provides fire suppression, emergency medical services, public education, hazardous materials (HAZMAT) mitigation, technical rescues, and fire prevention and inspection with 1,164 personnel. Forty-three fire stations are strategically scattered throughout Charlotte to provide a reasonable response time to emergencies in the city limits.
Law enforcement and crime
The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department (CMPD) is a combined jurisdiction agency. The CMPD has law enforcement jurisdiction in both the city of Charlotte and the few unincorporated areas left in Mecklenburg County. The other small towns maintain their own law enforcement agencies for their own jurisdictions. The department consists of approximately 1,700 sworn law enforcement officers, 550 civilian personnel, and more than 400 volunteers.
According to the Congressional Quarterly Press; '2008 City Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America,' Charlotte, North Carolina ranks as the 62nd most dangerous city larger than 75,000 inhabitants. However, the entire Charlotte-Gastonia Metropolitan Statistical Area ranked as 27th most dangerous out of 338 metro areas.
Charlotte has a municipal waste system consisting of trash pickup, water distribution, and waste treatment. There are five waste water treatment plants operated by Charlotte Water (previously Charlotte-Mecklenburg Utility Department). Charlotte has a biosolids program. Some Chester residents spoke out against the program on February 26, 2013. Charlotte's sludge is handled, transported, and spread on farm fields in Chester by a company called Synagro, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Carlyle Group Charlotte's sludge is of the "CLASS B" variety, which means it still contains detectable levels of pathogens.
The city of Charlotte has a lower than average percentage of households without a car. In 2015, 7.4 percent of Charlotte households lacked a car, and decreased to 6 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Charlotte averaged 1.65 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8.
The Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS) is the agency responsible for operating mass transit in the Charlotte metropolitan area, carrying over 16 million riders annually. Established in 1999 and administered as a department of the City of Charlotte, CATS operates light rail transit, streetcar, express buses, local buses, and special bus services serving Charlotte and the surrounding area in addition to other programs such as vanpool.
CATS' rail arm, LYNX Rapid Transit Services, comprises two lines as of fall 2020. The Blue Line is an 18.9‑mile line north–south light rail line running through South End, Center City, NoDa, and University City. The CityLYNX Gold Line streetcar, Phase 1 of which opened in 2015, is under Phase 2 construction as of fall 2020. When completed, the Gold Line will link the Beatties Ford neighborhood through Uptown and then south and east to the Elizabeth neighborhood. The LYNX Silver Line, a light rail line in the pre-project development phase as of fall 2020, will link the southeastern suburbs of Matthews, Stallings, and Indian Trail with Uptown Charlotte and the future Charlotte Gateway Station before extending west to Charlotte Douglas International Airport and across the Catawba River to Belmont in Gaston County.
The bulk of CATS ridership is derived from its extensive bus network, which has its main hub at the Charlotte Transportation Center in Uptown, which also connects to the Blue and Gold lines. Other bus hubs are located at community transit centers in SouthPark, Eastland, and at Rosa Parks Place. CATS operates express buses to outlying parts of the city and some commuter bus to the northern suburbs in the Lake Norman area under the MetroRAPID umbrella.
Roads and highways
Charlotte's central location between the population centers of the northeast and southeast has made it a transportation focal point and primary distribution center, with two major interstate highways, I-85 and I-77, intersecting near the city's center. The latter highway also connects to the population centers of the Rust Belt.
Charlotte's beltway, designated I-485 and simply called "485" by local residents, has been under construction for over 20 years, but funding problems have slowed its progress. The final segment was finished in mid-2015. I-485 has a total circumference of approximately 67 mi (108 km). Within the city, the I-277 loop freeway encircles Charlotte's uptown (usually referred to by its two separate sections, the John Belk Freeway and the Brookshire Freeway) while Charlotte Route 4 links major roads in a loop between I-277 and I-485. Independence Freeway, which carries U.S. 74 and links downtown with the Matthews area, is undergoing an expansion and widening in the eastern part of the city.
In 2011, Charlotte Douglas International Airport was the sixth-busiest airport in both the U.S. and the world overall as measured by traffic (aircraft movements). The airport handled just over 50 million travellers in 2019, as well as many domestic and international carriers including Air Canada, Lufthansa, and Volaris. It is a major hub for American Airlines, having historically been a hub for its predecessors US Airways and Piedmont Airlines. Nonstop flights are available to many destinations across the United States, Canada, Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Mexico, and South America. The 145th Airlift Wing of North Carolina Air National Guard is also located east of the airport.
Charlotte is served daily by three Amtrak routes with ten daily trips from a station on North Tryon Street, just outside downtown.
- The Crescent connects Charlotte with New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C.; Charlottesville, and Greensboro to the north, and Greenville, Atlanta, Birmingham, Meridian and New Orleans to the south. It arrives overnight once in each direction.
- The Carolinian connects Charlotte with New York; Philadelphia; Baltimore; Washington, D.C.; Richmond; Raleigh; Durham; and Greensboro. Charlotte is the southern terminus, with the northbound train leaving just before the morning rush and the southbound train arriving in the evening.
- The Piedmont, a regional companion of the Carolinian, connects Charlotte with Greensboro, Durham and Raleigh with three daily round trips. Charlotte is the southern terminus.
Charlotte is also served by both Greyhound and low-cost curbside carrier Megabus. Charlotte is a service stop for Greyhound routes running to Atlanta, Detroit, Jacksonville, New York and Philadelphia. It is also a stop for buses running out of Megabus' hub in Atlanta, with connections to Megabus' northeastern routes out of New York.
The city is planning a new centralized downtown multimodal station called Gateway Station. It is expected to house Amtrak, Greyhound and the future LYNX Red Line. It is under construction at the former site of the Greyhound station; Greyhound is currently operating from a temporary station nearby.
|City||County / District / Region / State||Country||Date|
|Wroclaw||Lower Silesian Voivodeship||Poland||1993|
- Interstate 85
- List of tourist attractions in Charlotte, North Carolina
- May 1989 tornado outbreak
- Urban League of Central Carolinas
- List of Charlotte neighborhoods
- The corresponding record since the observation site was moved to Charlotte/Douglas International Airport in 1948 is 79 °F (26 °C), last recorded on July 25, 2010.
- Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
- Official records for Charlotte kept October 1878 to August 1948 at downtown and at Charlotte-Douglas Int'l since September 1948. For more information, see Threadex
- Wilson, Jen (October 13, 2014). "So is Charlotte the real Queen City?". Bizjournals.com. Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2022.
- "The Mecklenburg Historical Association, Charlotte, NC". meckdec.org. Archived from the original on June 10, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- "Charlotte, North Carolina". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
- "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
- "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Totals: 2010-2020". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. April 27, 2021. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
- "QuickFacts: Charlotte city, North Carolina". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
- "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Totals: 2010-2020". U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. April 2021. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
- "Here's Why Charlotte Became The Fastest Growing City in The Country Over The Past Decade". Charlottestories.com. May 2017.
- "Carolinas well represented on list of fastest growing U.S. Cities". WCNC.com. July 14, 2021. Retrieved July 14, 2021.
- "Millennial magnet: Charlotte ranks as top city in young-adult population growth". Bizjournals.com. Charlotte Business Journal. November 2016.
- "Millennial mecca: Which Charlotte neighborhoods, suburbs rank tops for young professionals". Bizjournals.com. Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
- "Where are millennials moving? This North Carolina city ranks top 10 study finds". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
- "More and more millennials are deciding to live and work in Ballantyne – here's why". Charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
- Balk, Gene (May 22, 2014). "Census: Seattle is the fastest-growing big city in the U.S." The Seattle Times. FYI Guy. Archived from the original on February 22, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
- "Charlotte ranked No.3 in growth rate". Spectrumlocalnews.com. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
- "Study: Charlotte among fastest-growing cities, New Yorkers top list of new residents coming in". Fox46.com. Retrieved October 20, 2021.
- "31 signs you're a native Charlottean". The Charlotte Observer. March 21, 2018. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- O'Daniel, Adam (September 4, 2012). "So how did Charlotte become a banking center?". Charlotte Business Journal. The Business Journals. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Mashayekhi, Rey (July 23, 2019). "How Charlotte became the South's Capital of Capital". Fortune.com. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
- Solt, Katy (April 5, 2021). "Changing Face of NC: The Wall Street of the South". spectrumlocalnews.com. Spectrum News. Retrieved April 5, 2021.
- "Charlotte, NC – Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
- "The World According to GaWC 2020". GaWC - Research Network. Globalization and World Cities. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
- "Welcome to Carowinds, The Carolinas Premier Entertainment Destination". Carowinds.com. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Welcome to the Billy Graham Library". billygrahamlibrary.org. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
- "NASCAR Hall of Fame Official website". nascarhall.com. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
- "The Mint Museum: North Carolina's First Art Museum". Mintmuseum.org. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
- "Harvey B. Gantt Center for African American Arts + Culture at Levine Center for the Arts homepage". ganttcenter.org. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
- Levans, Katie (May 29, 2019). "The ultimate guide to beaches, water activities and lakeside restaurants on Lake Norman and Lake Wylie". charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- Formato, Brian (August 17, 2021). "Mountain Island Lake: The Hidden Gem in Charlotte's Crown". Charlottestories.com. Retrieved June 5, 2022.
- "Question the Queen City: Who were the Native Americans that lived here before Charlotte was colonized?". Creative Loafing Charlotte. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Mecklenburg County (1762)". North Carolina History Project. Archived from the original on June 26, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "The American Revolution in North Carolina". Archived from the original on July 13, 2007. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Founding a New City". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- Bernstein, Viv. "Welcome to Charlotte, a City of Quirks". The New York Times Caucus Blog. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- "Queen Charlotte (19 May 1744 - 17 November 1818)". royal.uk. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
- Charlotte Mecklenburg Library: A Welcome for Cornwallis (Retrieved on 07–25–19)
- "1768- Charlotte Chartered". cmstory.org. Archived from the original on June 22, 2020. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
- "A Compleat map of North-Carolina from an actual survey". library.unc.edu. 1770. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
- "The marches of Lord Cornwallis in the Southern Provinces, now States of North America; comprehending the two Carolinas, with Virginia and Maryland, and the Delaware counties". loc.gov. 1787. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
- "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: Designing a New City". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- "101 Independence Center". Archived from the original on June 5, 2008. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- Beam, Adam (February 12, 2012). "N.C.-S.C. border may move". The State. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: The City of Churches". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- Blanchard Online: American Rarities (Retrieved on 05–22–07)
- "History of the Charlotte Mint". Charlottegold.net. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
- "The Charlotte Branch Mint". Blanchardonline.com. Archived from the original on April 19, 2004. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
- "Reed Gold Mine – NC Historic Sites". Retrieved December 12, 2021.
- The History of Charlotte, NC. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
- "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- "Survey and Research Report on the Mecklenburg County Courthouse". Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- "Northwest Almanac: When Winston-Salem was the state's largest city". Winston-Salem Journal. January 8, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- "The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Story: History Timeline: NationsBank Soars". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- Hurricanedisasterslive.com Archived August 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved on July 30, 2009
- Henderson, Bruce (September 20, 2019). "Hurricane Hugo left Charlotte in the dark; the electric grid is smarter now". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
- "Ice Storm Knocks Out Power Across North Carolina". Raleigh, NC: WRAL-TV. December 5, 2002. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "Two arrested during Kerrick trial protests in Charlotte". Durham, NC: WTVD. August 22, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
- Rothacker, Rick; Washburn, Mark; Bell, Adam (September 23, 2016). "Staggered by protests, city regains its footing". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
- "State of North Carolina Incorporated Places - Current/BAS19 - Data as of January 1, 2018". U.S. Census Bureau, TIGERweb Application. January 1, 2019. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
- Williams, James. "The Formation of Mecklenburg County – The Charlotte Museum of History". charlottemuseum.org. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
- "Why it's called Uptown & Why Charlotte's Uptown streets go Northeast". Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "Distance between Concord, NC and Charlotte, NC". distance-cities.com. Distance Cities. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- "Distance between Rock Hill, SC and Charlotte, NC". distance-cities.com. Distance Cities. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- "Distance between Greensboro, NC and Charlotte, NC". distance-cities.com. Distance Cities. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- "Distance between Fayetteville, NC and Charlotte, NC". distance-cities.com. Distance Cities. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- "Distance between Raleigh, NC and Charlotte, NC". distance-cities.com. Distance Cities. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- "About the River". Catawbariverkeeper.org. Catawba River Keeper. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
- Portillo, Ely (July 29, 2019). "Why Isn't Charlotte built on the Water". plancharlotte.org. Plan Charlotte. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
- "Archive version of neighborhood listing – waybackmachine October 2007". October 29, 2007. Archived from the original on October 29, 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "Biddleville Five Points Neighborhood". Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- "A walk through Black History in Biddleville – Spectrum News". spectrumlocalnews.com. Spectrum News. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- Kelley, Pam (March 22, 2016). "White people in Biddleville: The story of a changing neighborhood". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
- "History – Plaza Midwood Neighborhood Association". Plaza Midwood Neighborhood Association. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- Ciuntu, Alexandra (November 24, 2020). "Keep it Cool and Quirky in Charlotte's Plaza Midwood". rentcafe.com. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- Bruno, Joe (November 14, 2020). "City of Charlotte to focus on Sugar Creek neighborhood improvements". wsoctv.com. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
- "NoDa – Urban Explorers Handbook". Creative Loafing Charlotte. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- "Welcome to NoDa – Charlotte's Historic Arts and Entertainment District". NoDa.org. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- Markovich, Jeremy (February 17, 2015). "NoDa Is Charlotte's Island of Interesting". ourstate.com. Retrieved June 5, 2022.
- Cutchin, A.M. (October 13, 2018). "Myers Park: Tradition and Beauty, Minutes from Downtown Charlotte". mansionglobal.com. Archived from the original on October 13, 2018. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
- Primis, Avery (July 6, 2020). "21 things to do, see, and eat in Dilworth". Charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
- Martin, Jenna (July 7, 2016). "Charlotte neighborhood among 'most beautiful' in the South, says Thrillist". Bizjournals.com. Retrieved June 5, 2022.
- MacLaughlin, Courtney (April 25, 2018). "Not a one-trick pony: the 5 best things about living in SouthPark". charlottefive.com. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- "Forecasting Urbanization in the Carolina Piedmont Region". UNC Charlotte Urban Institute. Archived from the original on June 30, 2010. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- "Fun Things to do in Ballantyne". charlottesgotalot.com. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Ciuntu, Aleksandra (December 9, 2020). "Ballentyne Neighborhood: Upscale Style on Charlotte's South Side". rentcafe.com. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- "Ballentyne may be more racially diverse than you think". The Charlotte Ledger. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
- Ciuntu, Alexandra (December 23, 2020). "Charlotte's Steele Creek: From Sleepy Corner to Bustling Neighborhood". rentcafe.com. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
- Dunn, Andrew (May 19, 2019). "Steele Creek is the next hot neighborhood in Charlotte". Charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
- Grande DIsco – Charlotte, NC – Abstract Public Sculptures on. Waymarking.com. Retrieved on August 25, 2013.
- Addie Rising (September 12, 2012). "Getting to Know Charlotte's SouthPark Neighborhood".
- "Park Road Park". Charmeck.org. Archived from the original on December 13, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
- "That page does not exist - LatinoYP". Hellocharlotte.com. Archived from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
- "Little Sugar Creek Greenway section is done". CharlotteObserver.com. July 22, 2012. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012.
- "Little Sugar Greenway – Mecklenburg County Government". mecknc.gov. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
- Sellers, Frances Stead (November 26, 2019). "One city's plan to combat climate change: Bulldoze homes, rebuild paradise". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 27, 2019. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
- "Upper McAlpine Creek Greenway". MeckNC.gov. Mecklenburg County Government. Retrieved June 12, 2021.
- "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
- "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991–2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on May 5, 2021. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
- Tompkins, Meilins (April 2, 2019). "Charlotte sees first measurable April snow in 37 years". WCNC.com. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
- Cappucci, Matthew; Freedman, Andrew (April 27, 2020). "Meteorologists have warned about North Carolina's 'radar gap' for years. It's taking a toll on forecasts". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- "WMO Climate Normals for CHARLOTTE/DOUGLAS INT'L ARPT NC 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
- "Charlotte, North Carolina, USA - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "North Carolina Cities Population Changes in the 1800s".
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2019 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Bureau, U. S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
- "US Census Bureau Quick Facts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2015.
- Jasper, Simone (January 22, 2020). "North Carolina's biggest cities are becoming more diverse, how they compare to U.S." The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
- McShane, Chuck (July 7, 2020). "Charlotte Region's Hispanic Population Grows at a Rapid Pace". ui.uncc.edu. University of North Carolina Charlotte. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
- Chemtob, Danielle (August 23, 2021). "The Charlotte area is becoming more diverse". Charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
- "North Carolina – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 12, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
- "US census: Hispanic and Asian-American driving US population growth". BBC News. August 12, 2021. Retrieved February 6, 2022.
- Frey, William H. (August 13, 2021). "New 2020 census results show increased diversity countering decade-long declines in America's white and youth populations". Brookings. Retrieved February 6, 2022.
- Drew, Jonathan (February 23, 2018). "Billy Graham and North Carolina: The Affection was mutual". Associated Press. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
- "10 things you need to know to navigate Charlotte's faith scene". Charlotte Observer. July 30, 2018. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
- "The Association of Religion Data Archives – Maps & Reports". Thearda.com. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- "Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America website". bpfna.org. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
- "Conference History". wnccumc.org. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
- Joe Marusak (2013). "Elevation Church eyes old Palace Theater in Cornelius for another location". Retrieved May 16, 2013.[dead link]
- "Welcome to the Cathedral of Saint patrick". Retrieved September 24, 2021.
- Michael Gordon (2012). "Two Charlotte churches are expanding, defying decline of religion". Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- Diocese of Charlotte (2010). "Pastoral Report - The Diocese of Charlotte" (PDF). Retrieved March 31, 2022.
- "About us – Holy Trinity Cathedral". htgo.org. Archived from the original on June 27, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "Jewish Life in Charlotte NC". Jewishnc.org. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
- Foundation of Shalom Park – Charlotte. Shalomcharlotte.org. Retrieved on August 25, 2013.
- "Charlotte, North Carolina Religion". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- Roberts, Deon (November 16, 2018). "Charlotte regains its place as No. 2 U.S. banking center. Will it keep it?". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
- Carrizales, Jennifer. "Charlotte Soars to Become the Nation's Second Largest Financial Center". North Carolina History Projects. Archived from the original on August 29, 2015. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- "Bank of America Financial Centers and ATMs in Charlotte, NC". Bank of America. Archived from the original on June 26, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- Craver, Richard (April 1, 2020). "Truist completes $455.5M purchase of Charlotte HQ; bank delays new branding unveilings". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- Fahey, Ashley (December 11, 2019). "Truist to purchase Hearst Tower for $455.5M, rename uptown building". BizJournals.com. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
- Weinstein, Austin (December 29, 2019). "Will Wells Fargo ever move its headquarters to Charlotte? Its CEO has options". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
- "Microsoft East Coast Headquarters - Safway Services". safway.com. Archived from the original on March 29, 2017. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- Smoot, Hannah (October 25, 2019). "Microsoft investing $24 million in Charlotte campus, creating over 400 high-paying jobs". charlotteobserver.com. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- Muccigrosso, Catherine; Chemtob, Danielle; Eanes, Zachary (July 1, 2020). "Insurance giant to bring over 3,200 jobs to Charlotte, with up to $450M in incentives". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
- Lucas, Ameila (November 30, 2018). "Honeywell moves HQ to Charlotte, North Carolina from New Jersey". CNBC.com. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "Tech Transformation: Lowe's Chooses Charlotte For Global Technology Center". corporate.lowes.com. Lowe's. June 25, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
- Peralta, Katherine (June 27, 2019). "Lowe's picks South End for tech hub, 2,000 high-paying jobs and a new 23-story tower". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
- "Dole Food Company announced a merger with Ireland-based Total Produce Wednesday. The combined business will be the world's largest fresh produce company, and it'll have its American headquarters in Charlotte".
- "Credit Karma bringing 600 new jobs to Charlotte with new east coast hub". WBTV.com. May 25, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
- "Credit Karma to put east coast headquarters in North Carolina". ABC11.com. Associated Press. May 25, 2021. Archived from the original on May 27, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
- "Corporate Fun Jobs". Jobs.cedarfair.com. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
- "Fortune 500 (2019)". Retrieved August 25, 2019.
- "About us – Coca-Cola Consolidated". Retrieved December 12, 2021.
- Charlotte Chamber of Commerce. "270 Fortune 500 Companies Represented in Charlotte-Mecklenburg" (PDF). Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Leading Tree Locations".
- "Belk Inc – History Outline". Retrieved December 12, 2021.
- "About Tri-Arc Food Systems – Our History". Bojanglesrdu.com. Bojangles'. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
- "About us – Harris Teeter". harristeeter.com. Harris Teeter Supermarkets, Inc. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
- "Haas F1 Team". HaasF1team.com. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
- Utter, Jim (October 8, 2014). "Gene Haas' Formula One team to be based in Kannapolis, NC". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- "Charlotte Motor Speedway – Track History". Retrieved May 21, 2022.
- Norwood, Allen. "Charlotte: The Hub of Racing Culture". greatamericancountry.com. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- "U.S. National Whitewater Center :: Whitewater Rafting, Biking, Climbing, Kayaking, Zip lines, Food, and Fun. – Come Play!". Usnwc.org. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
- Glader, Paul (September 10, 2010). "Charlotte looks beyond financial sector in effort to become 'energy capital'". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- "New plaza in Uptown Charlotte to become Duke energy's corporate headquarters". Duke Energy. May 17, 2021. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
- "Charlotte – Siemens Energy". Siemens Energy. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Overview – Energy Production & Infrastructure Center". epic.uncc.edu. Archived from the original on June 26, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- Thompson, Ben (May 26, 2021). "Why Charlotte is such a popular destination for tech companies". wcnc.com. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
- Soloff, Katie (April 3, 2021). "Words out, How Charlotte is becoming a hot tech town". Charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
- Jensen, Scott (June 4, 2020). "Charlotte ranked as the No. 1 tech town in America". Charlottestories.com. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
- Cosgrove, Elly (June 28, 2018). "Where the rubber meets the road for Charlotte's trucking industry". BizJournals.com. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- Fahey, Ashley (February 11, 2021). "State of the Center City 2021: $3B in development planned in uptown, midtown, South End". BizJournals.com. Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- "Metropolitan Charlotte North Carolina | MetTerrace Townhomes | MetLoft Condos | MetClub Resort | Residential Urban Living North Carolina". Metmidtown.com. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
- "Best Places For Business and Careers — Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- "Charlotte vs. Raleigh Statistics — Carolina Ad Group". Carolinaadgroup.com. Archived from the original on June 13, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "Major Employers in Charlotte Region - Charlotte Area Major Employers (Q2 2018)" (PDF). Charlotte Regional Business Alliance. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "About The Bechtler Museum of Modern Art". m.bechtler.org. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "What is the Library – The Billy Graham Library". billygrahamlibrary.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "About the Carolinas Aviation Museum". carolinasaviation.org. November 22, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "Fire and life safety Education". Charlottenc.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
- "Discovery Place Nature". nature.discoveryplace.org. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
- "Charlotte Trolley Powerhouse studio". Charlottesgotalot.com. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
- "Official website of Discovery Place Charlotte". Discoveryplace.org. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
- "About the Gantt". ganttcenter.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "History of Rosedale". historicRosedale.org. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
- "The Levine Museum of the New South – Our History". museumofthenewsouth.org. November 23, 2019. Archived from the original on May 28, 2020. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "Our 40–Year History". lightfactory.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "About McColl". mccollcenter.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "About the Mint Museum". mintmuseum.org. November 23, 2019. Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "About the Hall – NASCAR Hall of Fame". nascarhall.com. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "Second Ward High School National Alumni Foundation". secondwardfoundation.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "About – Charlotte museum". charlottemuseum.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "Actor's Theatre of Charlotte". atcharlotte.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- "History of Southend". AmosSouthend.com. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- "Comedy Arts Theater of Charlotte Official homepage". catch.theater. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
- "History of Blumenthal Performing Arts". Blumenthalarts.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
- "Charlotte Ballet: History". charlotteballet.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "Charlotte Symphony Orchestra". charlottesymphony.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
- "ConCarolinas 2022 homepage – Carolina's Longest Running Multi-Fandom Con". concarolinas.org. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
- "About imaginon". imaginon.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- "AdvidxChange Music Factory: Charlotte's Premier hub for Music, Entertainment, & Nightlife". Avidxchangemusicfactory.com. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
- "PNC Music Pavilion Official homepage". charlottemusicpavilon.com. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
- "The History of Opera Carolina". operacarolina.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "Robot Johnson". Charlotte Magazine. June 3, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "Citizens of the Universe". citizensoftheuniverse.org. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- "Official website of Theatre Charlotte". theatrecharlotte.org. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
- "Quick Facts – Carolina Renaissance festival". carolina.renfestinfo.com. November 25, 2019. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- "Opa! it's time for the Yiasou Greek Festival". wsoctv.com. August 29, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- "41st Yiasou Greek Festival kicks off in Charlotte". spectrumlocalnews.com. September 6, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- Giles, Alex (June 7, 2019). "Night one of Taste of Charlotte draws big crowds despite earlier rainy weather". wbtv.com. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- "City's biggest food festival, Taste of Charlotte, sets fall date at new location". WSOCTV.com. May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
- "Moo and Brew Festival". mooandbrewfest.com. November 24, 2019. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- Ruane, Alyssa (August 2, 2016). "Moo & Brew: Two dudes and a Burger Joint". Charlotte Magazine. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- "Breakaway Music Festival Returns to Charlotte". Charlotte Concert Guide. June 3, 2019.
- "Heroescon: History". heroesonline.com.
- "Thousands come out for Charlotte Pride Festival in uptown". wcnc.com. August 18, 2019. Retrieved November 5, 2021.
- Price, Mark (August 25, 2017). "Charlotte's largest annual parade is now the gay-themed Charlotte Pride". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 5, 2021.
- "About the Charlotte Zoological Park Initiative | Bringing Animal Conservation & Research to the Carolinas". Charlottezoologicalpark.org. Archived from the original on January 31, 2011. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "Charlotte Zoological Park Initiative ready to move forward — News 14". Charlotte.news14.com. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "Great zoos". CharlotteObserver.com. May 16, 2013. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "Sea Life Aquarium opens at Concord Mills". CharlotteObserver.com. February 20, 2014. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
- "History of Sea life Aquarium". Retrieved December 5, 2018.
- "Charlotte Mecklenburg Library Info". cmlibrary.org. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- "charmeck.org Web Site". Archived from the original on October 6, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
- "The Official website of the Carolina Panthers". Carolina Panthers. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- "The Official Website of The Charlotte Hornets". Hornets.com. NBA Media Ventures, LLC. May 20, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "The Official website of Charlotte FC". Charlottefootballclub.com. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
- "About Spectrum Center". spectrumcentercharlotte.com. November 25, 2019. Archived from the original on December 26, 2019. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- "Carolina Panthers Franchise Encyclopedia". Pro-Football Reference.Com. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "This Day In Panthers History". Carolina Panthers. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
- Archives, Times L.A. (April 23, 1987). "NBA Gives Florida Two Franchises – Miami, Orlando: League Also Grants Expansion Teams to Minneapolis and Charlotte for $32.5 Million". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
- Spanberg, Erik. "George Shinn says co-owner 'hell-bent' on Charlotte exit". Bizjournals.com. Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- "Charlotte Hornets – 30th Anniversary Season". hornets30.com. Charlotte Hornets. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
- NBA owners give Bobcats OK to change name to Charlotte Hornets, The Charlotte Observer, July 19, 2013
- "Hornets all the buzz in Charlotte". ESPN. Associated Press. May 20, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "Charlotte Hornets on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- Newton, David (December 17, 2019). "Charlotte gets MLS' 30th franchise for record $325 million". ESPN. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
- "Charlotte officially named 30th Major League Soccer team". WCNC.com. December 17, 2019. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
- Huber, Jason (March 5, 2022). "Charlotte FC begins soccer era in the Queen City, drawing nearly 74,500 fans". WBTV.com. Retrieved March 6, 2022.
- Papsupula, Pooja (August 23, 2018). "Baseball has a storied history in Charlotte, and it's been quite a journey for the Knights". clture.org. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- "The Official site of the Charlotte Checkers". Retrieved December 31, 2021.
- "NJCAA National Office". NJCAA.com. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "Big South Conference Quick Facts". bigsouthsports.com. November 26, 2019. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- Bonnell, Rick (May 24, 2017). "Charlotte to host 2019 NBA All-Star Game". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- Powell, Shaun (February 14, 2019). "Charlotte no stranger to NBA All-Star Spotlight". NBA.com. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
- Carter, Andrew (December 29, 2021). "As Gamecocks and UNC fight for mayonnaise, Duke's Mayo Bowl found a way to still matter". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved June 5, 2022.
- "ACC Announces 10-Year Extension With Charlotte as Football Championship Game Host Site". TheACC.com. Atlantic Coast Conference. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- "ACC Men's Basketball Tournament set for Charlotte this week". fox46charlotte.com. March 12, 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- Pryor, Justin (May 18, 2021). "Play Ball! 2021 ACC Baseball Championship to host fans at full capacity". Spectrum News. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
- Scott, David (July 30, 2016). "1 year away, Quail Hollow Club, Charlotte poised to host PGA Championship". newsobserver.com. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- Fowler, Scott (May 14, 2020). "'The Kind of thing you dream about; PGA Championship will return to Charlotte in 2025". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved June 10, 2022.
- Carboni, Nick (May 6, 2022). "Preparations underway for 2022 Presidents Cup in Charlotte". WCNC.com. WCNC-TV. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
- "'A premier host city': Presidents Cup mural unveiled as Charlotte prepares for major international golf tournament". WBTV.com. WBTV. September 29, 2021. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
- Applebome, Peter (April 2, 1994). "Charlotte's Downtown Manages To Stay Up Late For Tournament". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2022.
- Soloff, Katie (April 5, 2022). "Charlotte was an eager-to-please town back when we last hosted the Final Four". charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
- Devores, Courtney (July 30, 2010). "Rasslin's long Charlotte History". CharlotteMagazine.com. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
- Marusak, Joe (March 8, 2021). "He made Ric Flair famous: Charlotte wrestling promoter Jim Crockett Jr. dies at 76". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
- "Charlotte 49ers Athletics Almanac: Facts and History" (PDF). Charlotte 49ers. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
- Limehouse, Jonathan (May 7, 2022). "Queens University of Charlotte accepts invitation to NCAA Division I conference". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
- Giles, Alex (December 19, 2019). "Charlotte 49ers fans flock to Bahamas for first bowl game in football team's history". WBTV.com. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
- "JWU Charlotte Athletics". JWU.edu. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
- "Sec. 3.23. - Quorum; procedure; voting". Code of Ordinances City of Charlotte, North Carolina - Part I: Charter. Municode. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
- "About Charlotte City Council". CharlotteNC.gov. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
- "Mayor". City of Charlotte Government. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
- "Cannon sworn in as Mayor". WBTV. December 2, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
- Washburn, Mark; Morrill, Jim. "Charlotte mayor resigns after arrest on corruption charges". Charlotteobserver.com. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- WBTV. "Dan Clodfelter selected as mayor of Charlotte". WBTV. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- Morrill, Jim (November 4, 2015). "Jennifer Roberts defeats Edwin Peacock for Charlotte mayor". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- Berky, Rad (November 8, 2017). "Vi Lyles wins Charlotte mayoral race". wcnc.com. Retrieved November 25, 2019.
- Weigel, David (August 23, 2020). "The six political states of North Carolina". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 28, 2021.
- "City Government in Charlotte". cmstory.org. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
- Burlij, Terence (February 1, 2011). "Democrats Select Charlotte to Host 2012 Convention". PBS.org. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- Mueller, Eleanor (July 20, 2018). "Charlotte to host 2020 Republican National Convention". Politico. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
- "Largest 100 School Districts". Proximityzone.com. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- "Official website of Charlotte–Mecklenburg Schools". cms.k12.nc.us. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
- "Charlotte NC- Three Big Wins for the City". Charlotte Communities Online. December 10, 2009. Archived from the original on August 6, 2016. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
- "Top 20 School Systems". Media.newsobserver.com. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007.
- "Background, Facts and History". Cms.kj12.nc.us. Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- Hopkins, Paige (November 11, 2020). "19 biggest private schools in Charlotte, ranked by the cost of tuition". Charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- Martin, Jenna (September 29, 2021). "Ranked: These are the Charlotte area's best private K–12 schools for 2022, Niche says". Bizjournals.com. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
- "Johnson C. Smith University". jcsu.edu. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "Queens University of Charlotte". queens.edu. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "Distinctly Davidson". davidson.edu. Davidson College. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
- "About us – Belmont Abbey College". belmontabbeycollege.edu. Belmont Abbey College. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "About – Wingate University". Wingate.edu. Wingate University. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "About Winthrop". Winthrop.edu. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "Garner Webb University". Garner-Webb.edu. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "Clinton Junior College". Clintoncollege.edu. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "About us – UNC Charlotte". uncc.edu. UNC Charlotte. November 23, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "About CPCC — CPCC". Cpcc.edu. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- Olson, Elizabeth (August 15, 2017). "For–Profit Charlotte School of Law Closes". The New York Times. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
- "Pfeiffer University – Charlotte". pfeiffer.edu. Pheiffer University. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- "Pfeiffer's new Charlotte campus offers convenient and affordable space for events and meetings". pfeiffer.edu. Pfeiffer University. Archived from the original on August 5, 2017. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
- "Wake Forest University plans for growth and increases commitment in Charlotte". Wake Forest University. May 22, 2009. Archived from the original on June 10, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2009.
- Ablon, Matthew (March 24, 2021). "There's a new medical school coming to Charlotte soon, here's a first look at the campus". WCNC.com. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
- "DeVry University – Charlotte campus". DeVry.edu. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "Our campus in Charlotte". ECPI.edu. ECPI University. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "CSB Media Arts Center is located in Charlotte, NC". gocsb.com. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "CNC, welding, and automotive Mechanic School". UTI.edu. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "Charlotte Campus". upsem.edu. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "N.C. Research Campus Partners and Research". Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- "About NCRC". NCresearchcampus.net. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
- "About us". The Charlotte Observer. Archived from the original on June 27, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- "Biggest North Carolina Newspapers". Mondotimes.com. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Charlotte Stations – iHeartMedia". iHeartMedia.com. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- "Charlotte Archives – Urban One". Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "About WFAE". wfae.org. Archived from the original on June 26, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "Local Television Market Universe Estimates" (PDF). Nielsen. January 1, 2017.
- "WBTV: The First 60 Years". WBTV.com. WBTV. March 4, 2009. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
- "WSOC-TV: Past and Future". wsoctv.com. January 20, 2016. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
- "About WCNC: The WCNC Charlotte Difference". WCNC.com. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
- "About WCCB – WCCB Charlotte's CW". wccbcharlotte.com. Retrieved June 2, 2022.
- "About PBS Charlotte". WTVI.org. WTVI. Retrieved June 5, 2022.
- Hallmark, Gi (June 29, 2015). "The ESPN offices in Charlotte are like yours, but not". Charlotte.axios.com. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
- "Raycom Sports". Raycomsports.com. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
- "About us – Queen City News – Fox 46". Fox46.com. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- Janes, Théoden. "Dianne Gallagher to be first CNN correspondent in Charlotte". The Charlotte Observer. McClatchy. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- "Charlotte – Spectrum News 1". Spectrumlocalnews.com. Retrieved July 18, 2021.
- "2017 Annual Report" (PDF). Medic911.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 15, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
- "About us – Mecklenburg EMS Agency". medic911.com. March 26, 2021. Retrieved October 24, 2021.
- "Atrium Health Mercy, a facility of Carolinas Medical Center". atriumhealth.org. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Atrium Health Pineville". atriumhealth.org. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Atrium Health University City". atriumhealth.org. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Carolinas ContinueCare Hospital at Pineville". pineville.continuecare.org. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Carolinas Medical Center". atriumhealth.org. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Charlotte Orthopedic Hospital homepage – Novant Health". novanthealth.org. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Hemby Children's Hospital homepage – Novant Health". novanthealth.org. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Presbyterian Medical Center homepage – Novant Health". novanthealth.org. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
- "Atrium Health Financial Information". Atrium Health. Retrieved November 19, 2021.
- "Charlotte Fire Department – City of Charlotte". charlottenc.gov. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- "Home". Charmeck.org. Archived from the original on June 5, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
- Charlotte, NC Auto Theft Statistics, archived from the original on June 6, 2014, retrieved June 6, 2014
- "Charlotte, NC Crime Rates". neighborhoodscout.com. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
- "CMPD: 238 vehicles stolen since beginning of year". WBTV.com. January 24, 2018. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
- "CQ Press: City Crime Rankings 2008". Os.cqpress.com. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
- "AMSAFM2.WK4" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
- Wilson, Jen (May 21, 2014). "Charlotte among nation's most dangerous cities for pedestrians, report says". BizJournals.com. Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- "Charlotte Utilities — Home". Charmeck.org. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "Charlotte Water". City of Charlotte Government. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Controversial 'sludge' disposal draws friends, foes in four S.C. counties". Wrhi.com. February 26, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "News Release Archive | The Carlyle Group". Carlyle.com. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Biosolids: Targeted National Sewage Sludge Survey Report - Overview". US EPA. April 23, 2014. Archived from the original on June 29, 2014. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map". Governing. December 9, 2014. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- "Charlotte Area Transit System". Charlottenc.gov. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
- "Lynx Blue Line – City of Charlotte City Council". Charlottenc.gov. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
- Spanberg, Erik (March 25, 2021). "City seeking firms to oversee final portion of CityLynx Goldline". BizJourals.com. Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
- "Lynx Silver Line Project Entering New Phase of Development". Spectrum News. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
- Helmer, Jodi (December 11, 2019). "Charlotte is on its way to becoming a modern transit hub". NRDC.org. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
- "2011 City and Neighborhood Rankings". Walk Score. 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
- Markovich, Jeremy (August 26, 2014). "From Rust Belt to Bible Belt". Charlotte Magazine. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
- Baldwin, Amy (September 28, 2008). "Rust Belt folks take liking to the area". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
- "Historical Perspective: I-485 opens 40 years after planning began". wsoctv.com. June 5, 2015. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
- "NCDOT: I-485 Charlotte Outer Loop". Ncdot.gov. Archived from the original on June 21, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- WCNC Staff (January 29, 2019). "Toll lanes being considered for Independence Blvd". WCNC.com. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
- "Release ACI World Airport Traffic" (PDF). Charmeck.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 16, 2013.
- Smoot, Hannah (August 20, 2021). "It's not your imagination; Charlotte's airport is the world's busiest this summer". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
- Smoot, Hannah (October 22, 2020). "American Airlines faces billions in net loss, but CLT remains a top performing hub". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
- Reed, Ted (May 26, 2021). "Can American Airline's Only Growth Hub, In Charlotte Remain the Sixth Busiest U.S. Airport?". Forbes. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- "About CLT". cltairport.com. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
- "About us – 145th Airlift Wing". North Carolina Air National Guard. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
- "Charlotte Air National Guard Base". Air National Guard. Retrieved June 5, 2022.
- "Crescent Train – Amtrak Guide". amtrakguide.com. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
- "Carolinian Train". Amtrakguide.com. October 25, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "Piedmont Train: Schedule and Stations". Amtrakguide.com. October 25, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "Charlotte Bus Station – Greyhound". greyhound.com. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
- Pauroso, Paige (March 17, 2021). "Group petitions Norfolk Southern to change policy to get Lynx Red Line project back on track". WBTV.com. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
- Baldeck, Brett (April 6, 2021). "Charlotte Gateway Station makes progress; development underway surrounding project". Fox46.com. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
- International Government Relations > Sister Cities. charlottenc.gov. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
- "Arequipa, Peru – Charlotte Sister Cities Association". Charlottesistercities.org. Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "Krefeld, Germany – Charlotte Sister Cities Association". Charlottesistercities.org. Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "Baoding, China – Charlotte Sister Cities Association". Charlottesistercities.org. Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "Voronezh, Russia – Charlotte Sister Cities Association". Charlottesistercities.org. Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "Limoges, France – Charlotte Sister Cities Association". Charlottesistercities.org. Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "Wroclaw, Poland – Charlotte Sister Cities Association". Charlottesistercities.org. Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "Kumasi, Ghana – Charlotte Sister Cities Association". Charlottesistercities.org. Retrieved January 29, 2022.
- "Charlotte Giving Away $20,000 in Grants To Help Foster Relationships With Our Sister Cities". Charlottestories.com. December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
- Graves, William, and Heather A. Smith, eds. Charlotte, NC: The Global Evolution of a New South City (University of Georgia Press; 2010) 320 pages. Essays that use Charlotte to explore how globalization and local forces combine to transform Southern cities. ISBN 0-8203-3561-4
- Hanchett, Thomas W. Sorting Out the New South City: Race, Class, and Urban Development in Charlotte, 1875–1975. 380 pages. University of North Carolina Press. August 1, 1998. ISBN 0-8078-2376-7.
- Kratt, Mary Norton. Charlotte: Spirit of the New South. 293 pages. John F. Blair, Publisher. September 1, 1992. ISBN 0-89587-095-9.
- Kratt, Mary Norton and Mary Manning Boyer. Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905–1950. 176 pages. University of North Carolina Press. October 1, 2000. ISBN 0-8078-4871-9.
- Kratt, Mary Norton. New South Women: Twentieth Century Women of Charlotte, North Carolina. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County in Association with John F. Blair, Publisher. August 1, 2001. ISBN 0-89587-250-1.