|Duke of Elbeuf|
Hôtel d'Elboeuf, Paris, France
|Died||May 4, 1692 (aged 71–72)|
Hôtel d'Elboeuf, Paris, France
|Spouse||Anne Élisabeth de Lannoy|
Élisabeth de La Tour d'Auvergne
Françoise de Montault de Navailles
|Father||Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf|
|Mother||Catherine Henriette de Bourbon|
Charles III (1620 – 4 May 1692) was the third Duke of Elbeuf and member of the House of Lorraine. He succeeded his father Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf, to the Duchy-Peerage of Elbeuf. His mother was an illegitimate daughter of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées. He was also a Peer of France as well as titular Duke of Guise, Count of Harcourt, Lillebonne and Rieux.
Charles was born at the Hôtel d'Elboeuf in Paris and was the eldest son of Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf, and his wife Catherine Henriette de Bourbon, legitimised daughter of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées.
Charles was known as the Count of Harcourt-Elbeuf while his father was alive; from circa 1650, he styled himself as the prince d'Harcourt, the county of Harcourt being one of the subsidiary titles of his father. He served in Italy (1641) and Picardy (1642) under the command of his uncle Henri, Count of Harcourt. Charles took great part in the Thirty Years' War; he was with le Grand Condé (then the Duke of Enghien) at the famous victory at Rocroi in 1643. Charles was also a part of battles at Thionville and Sierck, as well as the siege of Gravelines (1644); he latter fought in the Battle of Nördlingen (1645) as well as at Trier.
At the death of his father in November 1657, Charles became Duke of Elbeuf as well as a Peer of France. Some time after in 1661, Louis XIV started his personal reign and named Charles as the Governor General of Picardy and Artois, a post his father had previously occupied.
Charles died in Paris aged roughly 61 and was buried at the Église du couvent des Jacobins in Paris. He was succeeded by his third surviving son Henri
- Anne Élisabeth of Lorraine (6 August 1649 – 5 August 1714) known as Mademoiselle d'Elbeuf, she married Charles Henri de Lorraine, a distant cousin and illegitimate son of Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, and had issue: Charles Thomas, Prince of Vaudémont.
- Charles of Lorraine, Chevalier d'Elboeuf (2 November 1650 – 1690), never married;
- Henri Frédéric of Lorraine, Count of Islebonne (26 January 1657 – 21 October 1666) died in infancy;
- Marie Eléonore of Lorraine (24 February 1658 – March 1731), Abbess of Saint Jacques;
- Marie Françoise de Lorraine (5 May 1659 – ?), Abbess of Saint Germaine;
- Henri of Lorraine, Duke of Elbeuf (7 August 1661 – 17 May 1748) married Charlotte de Rochechouart de Mortemart, daughter of Louis Victor de Rochechouart de Mortemart, niece of Madame de Montespan and had issue;
- Louis of Lorraine, Abbot of Orcamp (18 September 1662 – 4 February 1693) had illegitimate issue;
- Emmanuel Maurice of Lorraine, Duke of Elbeuf (30 December 1677 – 17 July 1763), married twice but no issue; at his death the Duchy of Elbeuf went to Charles Eugène de Lorraine, prince de Lambesc;
- Suzanne Henriette of Lorraine (1 February 1686 – 19 October 1710) married Ferdinand Charles, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat, no issue;
- Louise Anne of Lorraine, Princess of Navailles (10 July 1689 – 1762) never married.
Charles also had three illegitimate children, including Charles bâtard de Lorraine (1645–1708), no surviving issue.
|Ancestors of Charles III, Duke of Elbeuf|
References and notes
- Spangler 2009, p. table 4.
- Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques; Eriau, Jean-Baptiste, L'ancien Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques (1604–1792), J. de Gigord, A. Picard, Paris, 1929(http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/rhef_0300-9505_1929_num_15_69_2523_t1_0497_0000_2
- a Carmelite convent on the Left Bank in Paris Latin Quarter.
- Spangler, Jonathan (2009). The Society of Princes: The Lorraine-Guise and the Conservation of Power and Wealth in Seventeenth-Century France. Ashgate Publishing.
- Georges Poull, La maison ducale de Lorraine, 1991