List of XML and HTML character entity references

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Character entity reference)

In SGML, HTML and XML documents, the logical constructs known as character data and attribute values consist of sequences of characters, in which each character can manifest directly (representing itself), or can be represented by a series of characters called a character reference, of which there are two types: a numeric character reference and a character entity reference. This article lists the character entity references that are valid in HTML and XML documents.

A character entity reference refers to the content of a named entity. An entity declaration is created by using the <!ENTITY name "value"> syntax in a Document type definition (DTD).

Character reference overview[edit]

A numeric character reference refers to a character by its Universal Character Set/Unicode code point, and uses the format:

&#nnnn;

or

&#xhhhh;

where nnnn is the code point in decimal form, and hhhh is the code point in hexadecimal form. The x must be lowercase in XML documents. The nnnn or hhhh may be any number of digits and may include leading zeros. The hhhh may mix uppercase and lowercase, though uppercase is the usual style.

In contrast, a character entity reference refers to a character by the name of an entity which has the desired character as its replacement text. The entity must either be predefined (built into the markup language) or explicitly declared in a Document Type Definition (DTD). The format is the same as for any entity reference:

&name;

where name is the case-sensitive name of the entity. The semicolon is required, unless marked otherwise in the table below (see [a]).

Standard public entity sets for characters[edit]

XML
XML specifies five predefined entities needed to support every printable ASCII character: &amp;, &lt;, &gt;, &apos;, and &quot;.
ISO Entity Sets
SGML supplied a comprehensive set of entity declarations for characters widely used in Western technical and reference publishing, for Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts. The American Mathematical Society also contributed entities for mathematical characters.
HTML Entity Sets
Early versions of HTML built in small subsets of these, relating to characters found in three Western 8-bit fonts.
MathML Entity Sets
The W3C developed a set of entity declarations for MathML characters.
XML Entity Sets
The W3C MathML Working Group took over maintenance of the ISO public entity sets, combined with the MathML and documents them in XML Entity Definitions for Characters. This set can support the requirements of XHTML, MathML and as an input to future versions of HTML.
HTML5
HTML5 adopts the XML entities as named character references, however it restates them without reference to their sources and does not group them into sets. The HTML5 specification additionally provides mappings from the names to Unicode character sequences using JSON.

Numerous other entity sets have been developed for special requirements, and for major and minority scripts. However, the advent of Unicode has largely superseded them.

List of character entity references in HTML[edit]

HTML5 defines many named entities, references to which act as mnemonic aliases for certain Unicode characters.[1] The HTML5 specification does not allow users to define additional entities.

In the table below, the "Standard" column indicates the first version of the HTML DTD that defines the character entity reference. To use one of these character entity references in an HTML or XML document, enter an ampersand followed by the entity name and a semicolon, e.g., enter &copy; for the copyright symbol ©.

Entities Char. codepoint Standard DTD[b] Old ISO subset[c] Description[d]
&Tab; U+0009 HTML 5.0 character tabulation
&NewLine; U+000A HTML 5.0 line feed (LF)
&excl; ! U+0021 HTML 5.0 ISOnum exclamation mark
&quot;[a]
&QUOT;[a]
" U+0022
  • XML 1.0
  • HTML 5.0
html.dtd[e]
HTMLspecial
ISOnum quotation mark
&num; # U+0023 HTML 5.0 number sign
&dollar; $ U+0024 HTML 5.0 dollar sign
&percnt; % U+0025 HTML 5.0 ISOnum percent sign
&amp;[a]
&AMP;[a]
& U+0026
  • XML 1.0
  • HTML 5.0
html.dtd
HTMLspecial
ISOnum ampersand
&apos; ' U+0027 XML 1.0 HTMLspecial ISOnum apostrophe (apostrophe-quote); see below
&lpar; ( U+0028 HTML 5.0 left parenthesis
&rpar; ) U+0029 HTML 5.0 right parenthesis
&ast;
&midast;
* U+002A HTML 5.0 asterisk (middle asterisk)
&plus; + U+002B HTML 5.0 plus sign
&comma; , U+002C HTML 5.0 comma
&period; . U+002E HTML 5.0 full stop (period)
&sol; / U+002F HTML 5.0 solidus
&colon; : U+003A HTML 5.0 colon
&semi; ; U+003B HTML 5.0 semicolon
&lt;[a]
&LT;[a]
< U+003C
  • XML 1.0
  • HTML 5.0
html.dtd
HTMLspecial
ISOnum less-than sign
&equals; = U+003D HTML 5.0 ISOnum equals sign
&gt;[a]
&GT;[a]
> U+003E
  • XML 1.0
  • HTML 5.0
html.dtd
HTMLspecial
ISOnum greater-than sign
&quest; ? U+003F HTML 5.0 question mark
&commat; @ U+0040 HTML 5.0 commercial at
&lsqb;
&lbrack;
[ U+005B HTML 5.0 left square bracket (left bracket)
&bsol; \ U+005C HTML 5.0 reverse solidus (backward solidus)
&rsqb;
&rbrack;
] U+005D HTML 5.0 right square bracket (right bracket)
&Hat; ^ U+005E HTML 5.0 circumflex accent (hat)
&lowbar;
&UnderBar;
_ U+005F HTML 5.0 low line (low bar; &underbar)
&grave;
&DiacriticalGrave;
` U+0060 HTML 5.0 grave accent (diacritical grave)
&lcub;
&lbrace;
{ U+007B HTML 5.0 left curly bracket (left brace)
&verbar;
&vert;
&VerticalLine;
| U+007C HTML 5.0 vertical line (vertical bar), (pipe character)
&rcub;
&rbrace;
} U+007D HTML 5.0 right curly bracket (right brace)
&nbsp;[a]
&NonBreakingSpace;
  U+00A0
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum no-break space (non-breaking space)[f]
&iexcl;[a] ¡ U+00A1 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum inverted exclamation mark
&cent;[a] ¢ U+00A2 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum cent sign
&pound;[a] £ U+00A3 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum pound sign
&curren;[a] ¤ U+00A4 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum currency sign
&yen;[a] ¥ U+00A5 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum yen sign (yuan sign)
&brvbar;[a] ¦ U+00A6 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum broken bar (broken vertical bar)
&sect;[a] § U+00A7 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum section sign
&Dot;
&die;
&DoubleDot;
&uml;
[a]
¨ U+00A8
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOdia diaeresis (spacing dieresis, double dot); see Germanic umlaut
&copy;[a]
&COPY;[a]
© U+00A9
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum copyright sign
&ordf;[a] ª U+00AA HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum feminine ordinal indicator
&laquo;[a] « U+00AB HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum left-pointing double angle quotation mark (left pointing guillemet)
&not;[a] ¬ U+00AC HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum not sign
&shy;[a] U+00AD HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum soft hyphen (discretionary hyphen)
&reg;[a]
&circledR;
&REG;
[a]
® U+00AE
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum registered sign (registered trademark symbol)
&macr;[a]
&strns;
¯ U+00AF
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOdia macron (spacing macron, overline, APL overbar)
&deg;[a] ° U+00B0 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum degree sign
&plusmn;[a]
&pm;
&PlusMinus;
± U+00B1
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum plus–minus sign (plus-or-minus sign)
&sup2;[a] ² U+00B2 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum superscript two (superscript digit two, squared)
&sup3;[a] ³ U+00B3 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum superscript three (superscript digit three, cubed)
&acute;[a]
&DiacriticalAcute;
´ U+00B4
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOdia acute accent (diacritical acute, spacing acute)
&micro;[a] µ U+00B5 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum micro sign
&para;[a] U+00B6 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum pilcrow sign (paragraph sign)
&middot;[a]
&centerdot;
&CenterDot;
· U+00B7
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum middle dot (center dot, Georgian comma, Greek middle dot)
&cedil;[a]
&Cedilla;
¸ U+00B8
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOdia cedilla (spacing cedilla)
&sup1;[a] ¹ U+00B9 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum superscript one (superscript digit one)
&ordm;[a] º U+00BA HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum masculine ordinal indicator
&raquo;[a] » U+00BB HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum right-pointing double angle quotation mark (right pointing guillemet)
&frac14;[a] ¼ U+00BC HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum vulgar fraction one quarter (fraction one quarter)
&frac12;[a]
&half;
½ U+00BD
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum vulgar fraction one half (fraction one half)
&frac34;[a] ¾ U+00BE HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum vulgar fraction three quarters (fraction three quarters)
&iquest;[a] ¿ U+00BF HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum inverted question mark (turned question mark)
&Agrave;[a] À U+00C0 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with grave (Latin capital letter A grave)
&Aacute;[a] Á U+00C1 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with acute
&Acirc;[a] Â U+00C2 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with circumflex
&Atilde;[a] Ã U+00C3 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with tilde
&Auml;[a] Ä U+00C4 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with diaeresis
&Aring;[a]
&angst;
Å U+00C5
  • HTML 2.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter A with ring above (Latin capital letter A ring, Angstrom sign[g])
&AElig;[a] Æ U+00C6 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter AE (Latin capital ligature AE)
&Ccedil;[a] Ç U+00C7 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter C with cedilla
&Egrave;[a] È U+00C8 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter E with grave
&Eacute;[a] É U+00C9 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter E with acute
&Ecirc;[a] Ê U+00CA HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter E with circumflex
&Euml;[a] Ë U+00CB HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter E with diaeresis
&Igrave;[a] Ì U+00CC HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter I with grave
&Iacute;[a] Í U+00CD HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter I with acute
&Icirc;[a] Î U+00CE HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter I with circumflex
&Iuml;[a] Ï U+00CF HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter I with diaeresis
&ETH;[a] Ð U+00D0 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter Eth
&Ntilde;[a] Ñ U+00D1 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter N with tilde
&Ograve;[a] Ò U+00D2 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with grave
&Oacute;[a] Ó U+00D3 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with acute
&Ocirc;[a] Ô U+00D4 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with circumflex
&Otilde;[a] Õ U+00D5 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with tilde
&Ouml;[a] Ö U+00D6 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with diaeresis
&times;[a] × U+00D7 HTML 3.2 HTMLlat1 ISOnum multiplication sign (times sign)
&Oslash;[a] Ø U+00D8 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter O with stroke (Latin capital letter O slash)
&Ugrave;[a] Ù U+00D9 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter U with grave
&Uacute;[a] Ú U+00DA HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter U with acute
&Ucirc;[a] Û U+00DB HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter U with circumflex
&Uuml;[a] Ü U+00DC HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter U with diaeresis
&Yacute;[a] Ý U+00DD HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter Y with acute
&THORN;[a] Þ U+00DE HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin capital letter THORN
&szlig;[a] ß U+00DF HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter sharp s (ess-zed); see German Eszett
&agrave;[a] à U+00E0 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with grave
&aacute;[a] á U+00E1 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with acute
&acirc;[a] â U+00E2 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with circumflex
&atilde;[a] ã U+00E3 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with tilde
&auml;[a] ä U+00E4 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with diaeresis
&aring;[a] å U+00E5 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter a with ring above
&aelig;[a] æ U+00E6 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter ae (Latin small ligature ae)
&ccedil;[a] ç U+00E7 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter c with cedilla
&egrave;[a] è U+00E8 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter e with grave
&eacute;[a] é U+00E9 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter e with acute
&ecirc;[a] ê U+00EA HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter e with circumflex
&euml;[a] ë U+00EB HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter e with diaeresis
&igrave;[a] ì U+00EC HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter i with grave
&iacute;[a] í U+00ED HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter i with acute
&icirc;[a] î U+00EE HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter i with circumflex
&iuml;[a] ï U+00EF HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter i with diaeresis
&eth;[a] ð U+00F0 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter eth
&ntilde;[a] ñ U+00F1 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter n with tilde
&ograve;[a] ò U+00F2 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with grave
&oacute;[a] ó U+00F3 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with acute
&ocirc;[a] ô U+00F4 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with circumflex
&otilde;[a] õ U+00F5 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with tilde
&ouml;[a] ö U+00F6 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with diaeresis
&divide;[a]
&div;
÷ U+00F7
  • HTML 3.2
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLlat1 ISOnum Division sign
&oslash;[a] ø U+00F8 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter o with stroke (Latin small letter o slash)
&ugrave;[a] ù U+00F9 HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter u with grave
&uacute;[a] ú U+00FA HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter u with acute
&ucirc;[a] û U+00FB HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter u with circumflex
&uuml;[a] ü U+00FC HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter u with diaeresis
&yacute;[a] ý U+00FD HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter y with acute
&thorn;[a] þ U+00FE HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter thorn
&yuml;[a] ÿ U+00FF HTML 2.0 HTMLlat1 ISOlat1 Latin small letter y with diaeresis
&Amacr; Ā U+0100 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter A with macron
&amacr; ā U+0101 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter a with macron
&Abreve; Ă U+0102 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter A with breve
&abreve; ă U+0103 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter a with breve
&Aogon; Ą U+0104 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter A with ogonek
&aogon; ą U+0105 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter a with ogonek
&Cacute; Ć U+0106 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter C with acute
&cacute; ć U+0107 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter c with acute
&Ccirc; Ĉ U+0108 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter C with circumflex
&ccirc; ĉ U+0109 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter c with circumflex
&Cdot; Ċ U+010A HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter C with dot above
&cdot; ċ U+010B HTML 5.0 Latin small letter c with dot above
&Ccaron; Č U+010C HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter C with caron
&ccaron; č U+010D HTML 5.0 Latin small letter c with caron
&Dcaron; Ď U+010E HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter D with caron
&dcaron; ď U+010F HTML 5.0 Latin small letter d with caron
&Dstrok; Đ U+0110 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter D with stroke
&dstrok; đ U+0111 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter d with stroke
&Emacr; Ē U+0112 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter E with macron
&emacr; ē U+0113 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter e with macron
&Edot; Ė U+0116 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter E with dot above
&edot; ė U+0117 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter e with dot above
&Eogon; Ę U+0118 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter E with ogonek
&eogon; ę U+0119 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter e with ogonek
&Ecaron; Ě U+011A HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter E with caron
&ecaron; ě U+011B HTML 5.0 Latin small letter e with caron
&Gcirc; Ĝ U+011C HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter G with circumflex
&gcirc; ĝ U+011D HTML 5.0 Latin small letter g with circumflex
&Gbreve; Ğ U+011E HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter G with breve
&gbreve; ğ U+011F HTML 5.0 Latin small letter g with breve
&Gdot; Ġ U+0120 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter G with dot above
&gdot; ġ U+0121 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter g with dot above
&Gcedil; Ģ U+0122 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter G with cedilla
&Hcirc; Ĥ U+0124 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter H with circumflex
&hcirc; ĥ U+0125 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter h with circumflex
&Hstrok; Ħ U+0126 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter H with stroke
&hstrok; ħ U+0127 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter h with stroke
&Itilde; Ĩ U+0128 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter I with tilde
&itilde; ĩ U+0129 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter i with tilde
&Imacr; Ī U+012A HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter I with macron
&imacr; ī U+012B HTML 5.0 Latin small letter i with macron
&Iogon; Į U+012E HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter I with ogonek
&iogon; į U+012F HTML 5.0 Latin small letter i with ogonek
&Idot; İ U+0130 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter I with dot above
&imath;
&inodot;
ı U+0131 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter dotless i (i mathematical)
&IJlig; IJ U+0132 HTML 5.0 Latin capital ligature IJ[h]
&ijlig; ij U+0133 HTML 5.0 Latin small ligature ij[h]
&Jcirc; Ĵ U+0134 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter J with circumflex
&jcirc; ĵ U+0135 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter j with circumflex
&Kcedil; Ķ U+0136 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter K with cedilla
&kcedil; ķ U+0137 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter k with cedilla
&kgreen; ĸ U+0138 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter kra (k greenlandic)
&Lacute; Ĺ U+0139 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter L with acute
&lacute; ĺ U+013A HTML 5.0 Latin small letter l with acute
&Lcedil; Ļ U+013B HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter L with cedilla
&lcedil; ļ U+013C HTML 5.0 Latin small letter l with cedilla
&Lcaron; Ľ U+013D HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter L with caron
&lcaron; ľ U+013E HTML 5.0 Latin small letter l with caron
&Lmidot; Ŀ U+013F HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter L with middle dot[i]
&lmidot; ŀ U+0140 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter l with middle dot[i]
&Lstrok; Ł U+0141 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter L with stroke
&lstrok; ł U+0142 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter l with stroke
&Nacute; Ń U+0143 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter N with acute
&nacute; ń U+0144 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter n with acute
&Ncedil; Ņ U+0145 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter N with cedilla
&ncedil; ņ U+0146 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter n with cedilla
&Ncaron; Ň U+0147 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter N with caron
&ncaron; ň U+0148 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter n with caron
&napos; ʼn U+0149 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter n preceded by apostrophe[j]
&ENG; Ŋ U+014A HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter Eng
&eng; ŋ U+014B HTML 5.0 Latin small letter eng
&Omacr; Ō U+014C HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter O with macron
&omacr; ō U+014D HTML 5.0 Latin small letter o with macron
&Odblac; Ő U+0150 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter O with double acute
&odblac; ő U+0151 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter o with double acute
&OElig; ΠU+0152 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin capital ligature OE[k]
&oelig; œ U+0153 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin small ligature oe[k]
&Racute; Ŕ U+0154 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter R with acute
&racute; ŕ U+0155 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter r with acute
&Rcedil; Ŗ U+0156 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter R with cedilla
&rcedil; ŗ U+0157 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter r with cedilla
&Rcaron; Ř U+0158 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter R with caron
&rcaron; ř U+0159 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter r with caron
&Sacute; Ś U+015A HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter S with acute
&sacute; ś U+015B HTML 5.0 Latin small letter s with acute
&Scirc; Ŝ U+015C HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter S with circumflex
&scirc; ŝ U+015D HTML 5.0 Latin small letter s with circumflex
&Scedil; Ş U+015E HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter S with cedilla
&scedil; ş U+015F HTML 5.0 Latin small letter s with cedilla
&Scaron; Š U+0160 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin capital letter S with caron
&scaron; š U+0161 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin small letter s with caron
&Tcedil; Ţ U+0162 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter T with cedilla
&tcedil; ţ U+0163 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter t with cedilla
&Tcaron; Ť U+0164 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter T with caron
&tcaron; ť U+0165 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter t with caron
&Tstrok; Ŧ U+0166 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter T with stroke
&tstrok; ŧ U+0167 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter t with stroke
&Utilde; Ũ U+0168 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter U with tilde
&utilde; ũ U+0169 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter u with tilde
&Umacr; Ū U+016A HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter U with macron
&umacr; ū U+016B HTML 5.0 Latin small letter u with macron
&Ubreve; Ŭ U+016C HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter U with breve
&ubreve; ŭ U+016D HTML 5.0 Latin small letter u with breve
&Uring; Ů U+016E HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter U with ring above
&uring; ů U+016F HTML 5.0 Latin small letter u with ring above
&Udblac; Ű U+0170 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter U with double acute
&udblac; ű U+0171 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter u with double acute
&Uogon; Ų U+0172 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter U with ogonek
&uogon; ų U+0173 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter u with ogonek
&Wcirc; Ŵ U+0174 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter W with circumflex
&wcirc; ŵ U+0175 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter w with circumflex
&Ycirc; Ŷ U+0176 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter Y with circumflex
&ycirc; ŷ U+0177 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter y with circumflex
&Yuml; Ÿ U+0178 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOlat2 Latin capital letter Y with diaeresis
&Zacute; Ź U+0179 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter Z with acute
&zacute; ź U+017A HTML 5.0 Latin small letter z with acute
&Zdot; Ż U+017B HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter Z with dot above
&zdot; ż U+017C HTML 5.0 Latin small letter z with dot above
&Zcaron; Ž U+017D HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter Z with caron
&zcaron; ž U+017E HTML 5.0 Latin small letter z with caron
&fnof; ƒ U+0192 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech Latin small letter f with hook (function, florin)
&imped; Ƶ U+01B5 HTML 5.0 Latin capital letter Z with stroke
&gacute; ǵ U+01F5 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter g with acute
&jmath; ȷ U+0237 HTML 5.0 Latin small letter dotless j (j mathematical)
&circ; ˆ U+02C6 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub modifier letter circumflex accent
&caron;
&Hacek;
ˇ U+02C7 HTML 5.0 caron (hacek)
&breve;
&Breve;
˘ U+02D8 HTML 5.0 breve
&dot;
&DiacriticalDot;
˙ U+02D9 HTML 5.0 dot above (diacritical dot)
&ring; ˚ U+02DA HTML 5.0 ring above
&ogon; ˛ U+02DB HTML 5.0 ogonek
&tilde;
&DiacriticalTilde;
˜ U+02DC
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOdia small tilde (diacritical tilde)
&dblac;
&DiacriticalDoubleAcute;
˝ U+02DD HTML 5.0 double acute accent (diacritical double acute)
&DownBreve; ̑ U+0311 HTML 5.0 combining inverted breve (combining down breve)
&Alpha; Α U+0391 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Alpha
&Beta; Β U+0392 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Beta
&Gamma; Γ U+0393 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Gamma
&Delta; Δ U+0394 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Delta
&Epsilon; Ε U+0395 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Epsilon
&Zeta; Ζ U+0396 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Zeta
&Eta; Η U+0397 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Eta
&Theta; Θ U+0398 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Theta
&Iota; Ι U+0399 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Iota
&Kappa; Κ U+039A HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Kappa
&Lambda; Λ U+039B HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Lambda
&Mu; Μ U+039C HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Mu
&Nu; Ν U+039D HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Nu
&Xi; Ξ U+039E HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Xi
&Omicron; Ο U+039F HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Omicron
&Pi; Π U+03A0 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Pi
&Rho; Ρ U+03A1 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Rho
&Sigma; Σ U+03A3 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Sigma
&Tau; Τ U+03A4 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Tau
&Upsilon; Υ U+03A5 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Upsilon
&Phi; Φ U+03A6 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Phi
&Chi; Χ U+03A7 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol Greek capital letter Chi
&Psi; Ψ U+03A8 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Psi
&Omega;
&ohm;
Ω U+03A9
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek capital letter Omega (Ohm sign[l])
&alpha; α U+03B1 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter alpha
&beta; β U+03B2 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter beta
&gamma; γ U+03B3 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter gamma
&delta; δ U+03B4 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter delta
&epsi;
&epsilon;
ε U+03B5
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter epsilon
&zeta; ζ U+03B6 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter zeta
&eta; η U+03B7 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter eta
&theta; θ U+03B8 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter theta
&iota; ι U+03B9 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter iota
&kappa; κ U+03BA HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter kappa
&lambda; λ U+03BB HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter lambda
&mu; μ U+03BC HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter mu
&nu; ν U+03BD HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter nu
&xi; ξ U+03BE HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter xi
&omicron; ο U+03BF HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol New Greek small letter omicron
&pi; π U+03C0 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter pi
&rho; ρ U+03C1 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter rho
&sigmav;
&varsigma;
&sigmaf;
ς U+03C2
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter final sigma (variant sigma)
&sigma; σ U+03C3 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter sigma
&tau; τ U+03C4 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter tau
&upsi;
&upsilon;
υ U+03C5
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter upsilon
&phi; φ U+03C6 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter phi
&chi; χ U+03C7 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter chi
&psi; ψ U+03C8 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter psi
&omega; ω U+03C9 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek small letter omega
&thetav;
&vartheta;
&thetasym;
ϑ U+03D1
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol New Greek theta symbol (variant theta)
&Upsi;
&upsih;
ϒ U+03D2
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol New Greek Upsilon with hook symbol
&straightphi;
&phiv;
&varphi;
ϕ U+03D5 HTML 5.0 Greek phi symbol (straight phi, variant phi)
&piv;
&varpi;
ϖ U+03D6
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOgrk3 Greek pi symbol (variant pi)
&Gammad; Ϝ U+03DC HTML 5.0 Greek letter digamma
&gammad;
&digamma;
ϝ U+03DD HTML 5.0 Greek small letter digamma
&kappav;
&varkappa;
ϰ U+03F0 HTML 5.0 Greek kappa symbol (variant kappa)
&rhov;
&varrho;
ϱ U+03F1 HTML 5.0 Greek rho symbol (variant rho)
&epsiv;
&varepsilon;
&straightepsilon;
ϵ U+03F5 HTML 5.0 Greek lunate epsilon symbol (epsilon, variant epsilon, straight epsilon)
&bepsi;
&backepsilon;
϶ U+03F6 HTML 5.0 Greek reversed lunate epsilon symbol (back epsilon)
&IOcy; Ё U+0401 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Io
&DJcy; Ђ U+0402 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Dje
&GJcy; Ѓ U+0403 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Gje
&Jukcy; Є U+0404 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ukrainian Ie
&DScy; Ѕ U+0405 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Dze
&Iukcy; І U+0406 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Byelorussian-Ukrainian I (Ukrainian I)
&YIcy; Ї U+0407 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter yi
&Jsercy; Ј U+0408 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Je (Serbian J)
&LJcy; Љ U+0409 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Lje
&NJcy; Њ U+040A HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Nje
&TSHcy; Ћ U+040B HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Tshe
&KJcy; Ќ U+040C HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Kje
&Ubrcy; Ў U+040E HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter short U (U breve)
&DZcy; Џ U+040F HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Dzhe
&Acy; А U+0410 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter A
&Bcy; Б U+0411 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Be
&Vcy; В U+0412 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ve
&Gcy; Г U+0413 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ghe
&Dcy; Д U+0414 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter De
&IEcy; Е U+0415 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ie
&ZHcy; Ж U+0416 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Zhe
&Zcy; З U+0417 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ze
&Icy; И U+0418 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter I
&Jcy; Й U+0419 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter short I (J)
&Kcy; К U+041A HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ka
&Lcy; Л U+041B HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter El
&Mcy; М U+041C HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Em
&Ncy; Н U+041D HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter En
&Ocy; О U+041E HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter O
&Pcy; П U+041F HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Pe
&Rcy; Р U+0420 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Er
&Scy; С U+0421 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Es
&Tcy; Т U+0422 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Te
&Ucy; У U+0423 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter U
&Fcy; Ф U+0424 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ef
&KHcy; Х U+0425 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ha (Kha)
&TScy; Ц U+0426 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Tse
&CHcy; Ч U+0427 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Che
&SHcy; Ш U+0428 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Sha
&SHCHcy; Щ U+0429 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Shcha
&HARDcy; Ъ U+042A HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Hard Sign
&Ycy; Ы U+042B HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Yeru (Y)
&SOFTcy; Ь U+042C HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Soft Sign
&Ecy; Э U+042D HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter E
&YUcy; Ю U+042E HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Yu
&YAcy; Я U+042F HTML 5.0 Cyrillic capital letter Ya
&acy; а U+0430 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter a
&bcy; б U+0431 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter be
&vcy; в U+0432 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ve
&gcy; г U+0433 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ghe
&dcy; д U+0434 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter de
&iecy; е U+0435 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ie
&zhcy; ж U+0436 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter zhe
&zcy; з U+0437 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ze
&icy; и U+0438 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter i
&jcy; й U+0439 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter short i (j)
&kcy; к U+043A HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ka
&lcy; л U+043B HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter el
&mcy; м U+043C HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter em
&ncy; н U+043D HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter en
&ocy; о U+043E HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter o
&pcy; п U+043F HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter pe
&rcy; р U+0440 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter er
&scy; с U+0441 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter es
&tcy; т U+0442 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter te
&ucy; у U+0443 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter u
&fcy; ф U+0444 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ef
&khcy; х U+0445 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ha (kha)
&tscy; ц U+0446 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter tse
&chcy; ч U+0447 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter che
&shcy; ш U+0448 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter sha
&shchcy; щ U+0449 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter shcha
&hardcy; ъ U+044A HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter hard sign
&ycy; ы U+044B HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter yeru (y)
&softcy; ь U+044C HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter soft sign
&ecy; э U+044D HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter e
&yucy; ю U+044E HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter yu
&yacy; я U+044F HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ya
&iocy; ё U+0451 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter io
&djcy; ђ U+0452 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter dje
&gjcy; ѓ U+0453 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter gje
&jukcy; є U+0454 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter ukrainian ie
&dscy; ѕ U+0455 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter dze
&iukcy; і U+0456 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter Byelorussian-Ukrainian i (Ukrainian i)
&yicy; ї U+0457 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter yi
&jsercy; ј U+0458 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter je (Serbian j)
&ljcy; љ U+0459 HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter lje
&njcy; њ U+045A HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter nje
&tshcy; ћ U+045B HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter tshe
&kjcy; ќ U+045C HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter kje
&ubrcy; ў U+045E HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter short u (u breve)
&dzcy; џ U+045F HTML 5.0 Cyrillic small letter dzhe
&ensp; U+2002 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub en space[f]
&emsp; U+2003 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub em space[f]
&emsp13; U+2004 HTML 5.0 three-per-em space (1/3 em space)
&emsp14; U+2005 HTML 5.0 four-per-em space (1/4 em space)
&numsp; U+2007 HTML 5.0 figure space (number space)
&puncsp; U+2008 HTML 5.0 punctuation space
&thinsp;
&ThinSpace;
U+2009
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOpub thin space[f]
&hairsp;
&VeryThinSpace;
U+200A HTML 5.0 hair space (very thin space)
&ZeroWidthSpace;
&NegativeVeryThinSpace;
&NegativeThinSpace;
&NegativeMediumSpace;
&NegativeThickSpace;
U+200B HTML 5.0 zero width space (negative space)
&zwnj; U+200C HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial NEW RFC 2070 zero width non-joiner
&zwj; U+200D HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial NEW RFC 2070 zero width joiner
&lrm; U+200E HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial NEW RFC 2070 left-to-right mark
&rlm; U+200F HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial NEW RFC 2070 right-to-left mark
&hyphen;
&dash;
U+2010 HTML 5.0 hyphen (Unicode hyphen)
&ndash; U+2013 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub en dash
&mdash; U+2014 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub em dash
&horbar; U+2015 HTML 5.0 Horizontal bar
&Verbar;
&Vert;
U+2016 HTML 5.0 double vertical line
&lsquo;
&OpenCurlyQuote;
U+2018
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOnum left single quotation mark (open curly quote)
&rsquo;
&rsquor;
&CloseCurlyQuote;
U+2019
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOnum right single quotation mark (close curly quote)
&sbquo;
&lsquor;
U+201A
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial New single low-9 quotation mark
&ldquo;
&OpenCurlyDoubleQuote;
U+201C
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOnum left double quotation mark (open curly double quote)
&rdquo;
&rdquor;
&CloseCurlyDoubleQuote;
U+201D
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOnum right double quotation mark (close curly double quote)
&bdquo;
&ldquor;
U+201E
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial New double low-9 quotation mark
&dagger; U+2020 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOpub dagger (obelisk)
&Dagger;
&ddagger;
U+2021
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOpub double dagger (double obelisk)
&bull;
&bullet;
U+2022
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLspecial ISOpub bullet (black small circle)[m]
&nldr; U+2025 HTML 5.0 two dot leader (n leader)
&hellip;
&mldr;
U+2026
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub horizontal ellipsis (three dot leader, m leader)
&permil; U+2030 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISOtech per mille sign
&pertenk; U+2031 HTML 5.0 per ten thousand sign (basis point)
&prime; U+2032 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech prime (arcminutes, feet)
&Prime; U+2033 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech double prime (arcseconds, inches)
&tprime; U+2034 HTML 5.0 triple prime (thirds, lignes)
&bprime;
&backprime;
U+2035 HTML 5.0 reversed prime (back prime)
&lsaquo; U+2039 HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISO proposed single left-pointing angle quotation mark[n]
&rsaquo; U+203A HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial ISO proposed single right-pointing angle quotation mark[n]
&oline;
&OverBar;
U+203E
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol New overline (spacing overscore)
&caret; U+2041 HTML 5.0 caret insertion point
&hybull; U+2043 HTML 5.0 hyphen bullet
&frasl; U+2044 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol New fraction slash (solidus)
&bsemi; U+204F HTML 5.0 reversed semicolon (backward semicolon)
&qprime; U+2057 HTML 5.0 quadruple prime (fourths)
&MediumSpace; U+205F HTML 5.0 medium mathematical space (medium space)
&NoBreak; U+2060 HTML 5.0 word joiner (no break)
&ApplyFunction;
&af;
U+2061 HTML 5.0 function application (apply function)
&InvisibleTimes;
&it;
U+2062 HTML 5.0 invisible times
&InvisibleComma;
&ic;
U+2063 HTML 5.0 invisible separator (invisible comma)
&euro; U+20AC HTML 4.0 HTMLspecial New euro sign
&tdot;
&TripleDot;
U+20DB HTML 5.0 combining three dots above
&DotDot; U+20DC HTML 5.0 combining four dots above
&Copf;
&complexes;
U+2102 HTML 5.0 double-struck capital C (Complex number)
&incare; U+2105 HTML 5.0 Care of
&gscr; U+210A HTML 5.0 script small g
&hamilt;
&HilbertSpace;
&Hscr;
U+210B HTML 5.0 script capital H (Hilbert space, Hamiltonian mechanics)
&Hfr;
&Poincareplane;
U+210C HTML 5.0 black-letter capital H (Fraktur capital H, Poincare plane)
&quaternions;
&Hopf;
U+210D HTML 5.0 double-struck capital H (Quaternion)
&planckh; U+210E HTML 5.0 Planck constant
&planck;
&hbar;
&plankv;
&hslash;
U+210F HTML 5.0 Planck constant over two pi (h bar, h slash, Planck variant)
&Iscr;
&imagline;
U+2110 HTML 5.0 script capital I (image line)
&image;
&Im;
&imagpart;
&Ifr;
U+2111
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso black-letter capital I (Fraktur capital I, imaginary part)
&Lscr;
&lagran;
&Laplacetrf;
U+2112 HTML 5.0 script capital L (Lagrangian mechanics, Laplace transform)
&ell; U+2113 HTML 5.0 script small l (ell, a mathematical symbol)
&Nopf;
&naturals;
U+2115 HTML 5.0 double-struck capital N (Natural number)
&numero; U+2116 HTML 5.0 Numero sign
&copysr; U+2117 HTML 5.0 Sound recording copyright
&weierp;
&wp;
U+2118
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso script capital P (power set, Weierstrass p)
&Popf;
&primes;
U+2119 HTML 5.0 double-struck capital P (Prime number)
&rationals;
&Qopf;
U+211A HTML 5.0 double-struck capital Q (Rational number)
&Rscr;
&realine;
U+211B HTML 5.0 script capital R (Riemann integral)
&real;
&Re;
&realpart;
&Rfr;
U+211C
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso black-letter capital R (Fraktur capital R, real part symbol)
&reals;
&Ropf;
U+211D HTML 5.0 double-struck capital R (Real number)
&rx; U+211E HTML 5.0 Prescription Take (Rx)
&trade;
&TRADE;
U+2122
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum trademark symbol
&integers;
&Zopf;
U+2124 HTML 5.0 double-struck capital Z (Integer)
&mho; U+2127 HTML 5.0 Inverted Ohm sign (Mho)
&Zfr;
&zeetrf;
U+2128 HTML 5.0 black-letter capital Z (Fraktur capital Z, dram)
&iiota; U+2129 HTML 5.0 turned Greek small letter iota (inverted iota)
&bernou;
&Bernoullis;
&Bscr;
U+212C HTML 5.0 script capital B (Bernoulli polynomials)
&Cfr;
&Cayleys;
U+212D HTML 5.0 black-letter capital C (Fraktur capital C)
&escr; U+212F HTML 5.0 script small e
&Escr;
&expectation;
U+2130 HTML 5.0 script capital E (electromotive force)
&Fscr;
&Fouriertrf;
U+2131 HTML 5.0 script capital F (Fourier transform)
&phmmat;
&Mellintrf;
&Mscr;
U+2133 HTML 5.0 script capital M (Mellin transform, M-matrix (physics))
&order;
&orderof;
&oscr;
U+2134 HTML 5.0 script small o (order, of inferior order to)
&alefsym;
&aleph;
U+2135
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol New alef symbol (first transfinite cardinal)[o]
&beth; U+2136 HTML 5.0 Bet symbol (Beth symbol)[p]
&gimel; U+2137 HTML 5.0 Gimel symbol[q]
&daleth; U+2138 HTML 5.0 Dalet symbol (Daleth symbol)[r]
&CapitalDifferentialD;
&DD;
U+2145 HTML 5.0 double-struck italic capital D
&DifferentialD;
&dd;
U+2146 HTML 5.0 double-struck italic small d
&ExponentialE;
&exponentiale;
&ee;
U+2147 HTML 5.0 double-struck italic small e
&ImaginaryI;
&ii;
U+2148 HTML 5.0 double-struck italic small i
&frac13; U+2153 HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction one third (fraction one third)
&frac23; U+2154 HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction two thirds (fraction two thirds)
&frac15; U+2155 HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction one fifth (fraction one fifth)
&frac25; U+2156 HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction two fifths (fraction two fifths)
&frac35; U+2157 HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction three fifths (fraction three fifths)
&frac45; U+2158 HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction four fifths (fraction four fifths)
&frac16; U+2159 HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction one sixth (fraction one sixth)
&frac56; U+215A HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction five sixths (fraction five sixths)
&frac18; U+215B HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction one eighth (fraction one eighth)
&frac38; U+215C HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction three eighths (fraction three eighths)
&frac58; U+215D HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction five eighths (fraction five eighths)
&frac78; U+215E HTML 5.0 vulgar fraction seven eighths (fraction seven eighths)
&larr;
&leftarrow;
&LeftArrow;
&slarr;
&ShortLeftArrow;
U+2190
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum leftwards arrow
&uarr;
&uparrow;
&UpArrow;
&ShortUpArrow;
U+2191
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum upwards arrow
&rarr;
&rightarrow;
&RightArrow;
&srarr;
&ShortRightArrow;
U+2192
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum rightwards arrow
&darr;
&downarrow;
&DownArrow;
&ShortDownArrow;
U+2193
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum downwards arrow
&harr;
&leftrightarrow;
&LeftRightArrow;
U+2194
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsa left right arrow (horizontal arrow)
&varr;
&updownarrow;
&UpDownArrow;
U+2195 HTML 5.0 up down arrow (vertical arrow)
&nwarr;
&UpperLeftArrow;
&nwarrow;
U+2196 HTML 5.0 north west arrow (upper left arrow)
&nearr;
&UpperRightArrow;
&nearrow;
U+2197 HTML 5.0 north east arrow (upper right arrow)
&searr;
&searrow;
&LowerRightArrow;
U+2198 HTML 5.0 south east arrow (lower right arrow)
&swarr;
&swarrow;
&LowerLeftArrow;
U+2199 HTML 5.0 south west arrow (lower left arrow)
&nlarr;
&nleftarrow;
U+219A HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow with stroke (not left arrow)
&nrarr;
&nrightarrow;
U+219B HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow with stroke (not right arrow)
&rarrw;
&rightsquigarrow;
U+219D HTML 5.0 rightwards wave arrow (rightwards squiggle arrow)
&Larr;
&twoheadleftarrow;
U+219E HTML 5.0 leftwards two headed arrow
&Uarr; U+219F HTML 5.0 upwards two headed arrow
&Rarr;
&twoheadrightarrow;
U+21A0 HTML 5.0 rightwards two headed arrow
&Darr; U+21A1 HTML 5.0 downwards two headed arrow
&larrtl;
&leftarrowtail;
U+21A2 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow with tail
&rarrtl;
&rightarrowtail;
U+21A3 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow with tail
&LeftTeeArrow;
&mapstoleft;
U+21A4 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow from bar (maps to leftward, left tee arrow)
&UpTeeArrow;
&mapstoup;
U+21A5 HTML 5.0 upwards arrow from bar (maps to upward, up tee arrow)
&map;
&RightTeeArrow;
&mapsto;
U+21A6 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow from bar (maps to, right tee arrow)
&DownTeeArrow;
&mapstodown;
U+21A7 HTML 5.0 downwards arrow from bar (maps to downward, down tee arrow)
&larrhk;
&hookleftarrow;
U+21A9 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow with hook
&rarrhk;
&hookrightarrow;
U+21AA HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow with hook
&larrlp;
&looparrowleft;
U+21AB HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow with loop
&rarrlp;
&looparrowright;
U+21AC HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow with loop
&harrw;
&leftrightsquigarrow;
U+21AD HTML 5.0 left right wave arrow (horizontal wave arrow, left right squiggle arrow)
&nharr;
&nleftrightarrow;
U+21AE HTML 5.0 left right arrow with stroke (not horizontal arrow, not left right arrow)
&lsh;
&Lsh;
U+21B0 HTML 5.0 upwards arrow with tip leftwards (left shift)
&rsh;
&Rsh;
U+21B1 HTML 5.0 upwards arrow with tip rightwards (right shift)
&ldsh; U+21B2 HTML 5.0 downwards arrow with tip leftwards (left down shift)
&rdsh; U+21B3 HTML 5.0 downwards arrow with tip rightwards (right down shift)
&crarr; U+21B5 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol New downwards arrow with corner leftwards (carriage return)
&cularr;
&curvearrowleft;
U+21B6 HTML 5.0 anticlockwise top semicircle arrow (curve arrow left)
&curarr;
&curvearrowright;
U+21B7 HTML 5.0 clockwise top semicircle arrow (curve arrow right)
&olarr;
&circlearrowleft;
U+21BA HTML 5.0 anticlockwise open circle arrow (circle arrow left, open left arrow)
&orarr;
&circlearrowright;
U+21BB HTML 5.0 clockwise open circle arrow (circle arrow right, open right arrow)
&lharu;
&LeftVector;
&leftharpoonup;
U+21BC HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb upwards (left vector)
&lhard;
&leftharpoondown;
&DownLeftVector;
U+21BD HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb downwards (down left vector)
&uharr;
&upharpoonright;
&RightUpVector;
U+21BE HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb rightwards (right up vector)
&uharl;
&upharpoonleft;
&LeftUpVector;
U+21BF HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb leftwards (left up vector)
&rharu;
&RightVector;
&rightharpoonup;
U+21C0 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb upwards (right vector)
&rhard;
&rightharpoondown;
&DownRightVector;
U+21C1 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb downwards (down right vector)
&dharr;
&RightDownVector;
&downharpoonright;
U+21C2 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb rightwards (right down vector)
&dharl;
&LeftDownVector;
&downharpoonleft;
U+21C3 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb leftwards (left down vector)
&rlarr;
&rightleftarrows;
&RightArrowLeftArrow;
U+21C4 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow over leftwards arrow
&udarr;
&UpArrowDownArrow;
U+21C5 HTML 5.0 upwards arrow leftwards of downwards arrow
&lrarr;
&leftrightarrows;
&LeftArrowRightArrow;
U+21C6 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow over rightwards arrow
&llarr;
&leftleftarrows;
U+21C7 HTML 5.0 leftwards paired arrows
&uuarr;
&upuparrows;
U+21C8 HTML 5.0 upwards paired arrows
&rrarr;
&rightrightarrows;
U+21C9 HTML 5.0 rightwards paired arrows
&ddarr;
&downdownarrows;
U+21CA HTML 5.0 downwards paired arrows
&lrhar;
&ReverseEquilibrium;
&leftrightharpoons;
U+21CB HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon over rightwards harpoon (Reverse Equilibrium)
&rlhar;
&rightleftharpoons;
&Equilibrium;
U+21CC HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon over leftwards harpoon (Equilibrium)
&nlArr;
&nLeftarrow;
U+21CD HTML 5.0 leftwards double arrow with stroke (not leftwards double arrow)
&nhArr;
&nLeftrightarrow;
U+21CE HTML 5.0 left right double arrow with stroke (not horizontal double arrow, not left right double arrow)
&nrArr;
&nRightarrow;
U+21CF HTML 5.0 rightwards double arrow with stroke (not rightwards double arrow)
&lArr;
&Leftarrow;
&DoubleLeftArrow;
U+21D0
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech leftwards double arrow[s]
&uArr;
&Uparrow;
&DoubleUpArrow;
U+21D1
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsa upwards double arrow
&rArr;
&Rightarrow;
&Implies;
&DoubleRightArrow;
U+21D2
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOnum rightwards double arrow (Implies)[t]
&dArr;
&Downarrow;
&DoubleDownArrow;
U+21D3
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsa downwards double arrow
&hArr;
&Leftrightarrow;
&DoubleLeftRightArrow;
&iff;
U+21D4
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsa left right double arrow (Iff)
&vArr;
&Updownarrow;
&DoubleUpDownArrow;
U+21D5 HTML 5.0 up down double arrow
&nwArr; U+21D6 HTML 5.0 north west double arrow
&neArr; U+21D7 HTML 5.0 north east double arrow
&seArr; U+21D8 HTML 5.0 south east double arrow
&swArr; U+21D9 HTML 5.0 south west double arrow
&lAarr;
&Lleftarrow;
U+21DA HTML 5.0 leftwards triple arrow
&rAarr;
&Rrightarrow;
U+21DB HTML 5.0 rightwards triple arrow
&zigrarr; U+21DD HTML 5.0 rightwards squiggle arrow (rightwards zigzag arrow)
&larrb;
&LeftArrowBar;
U+21E4 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow to bar
&rarrb;
&RightArrowBar;
U+21E5 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow to bar
&duarr;
&DownArrowUpArrow;
U+21F5 HTML 5.0 downwards arrow leftwards of upwards arrow
&loarr; U+21FD HTML 5.0 leftwards open-headed arrow
&roarr; U+21FE HTML 5.0 rightwards open-headed arrow
&hoarr; U+21FF HTML 5.0 left right open-headed arrow (horizontal open-headed arrow)
&forall;
&ForAll;
U+2200
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech for all
&comp;
&complement;
U+2201 HTML 5.0 complement
&part;
&PartialD;
U+2202
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech partial differential
&exist;
&Exists;
U+2203
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech there exists
&nexist;
&NotExists;
&nexists;
U+2204 HTML 5.0 there does not exist
&empty;
&emptyset;
&emptyv;
&varnothing;
U+2205
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso empty set (null set, empty variable, variable nothing); see also U+8960, ⌀
&nabla;
&Del;
U+2207
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech nabla (del, vector differential operator)
&isin;
&isinv;
&Element;
&in;
U+2208
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech element of (in set)
&notin;
&NotElement;
&notinva;
U+2209
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech not an element of (not in set)
&niv;
&ReverseElement;
&ni;
&SuchThat;
U+220B
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech contains as member (Reversed element, Reversed in set, such that)
&notni;
&notniva;
&NotReverseElement;
U+220C HTML 5.0 does not contain as member (Not reversed element, nor reversed in set)
&prod;
&Product;
U+220F
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsb n-ary product (product sign)[u]
&coprod;
&Coproduct;
U+2210 HTML 5.0 n-ary coproduct (coproduct sign)
&sum;
&Sum;
U+2211
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsb n-ary summation[v]
&minus; U+2212 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech minus sign
&mnplus;
&mp;
&MinusPlus;
U+2213 HTML 5.0 minus-or-plus sign (minus–plus sign)
&plusdo;
&dotplus;
U+2214 HTML 5.0 dot plus (dot plus sign, plus dot sign)
&setmn;
&setminus;
&Backslash;
&ssetmn;
&smallsetminus;
U+2216 HTML 5.0 set minus
&lowast; U+2217 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech asterisk operator
&compfn;
&SmallCircle;
U+2218 HTML 5.0 ring operator (composition function, small circle)
&radic;
&Sqrt;
U+221A
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech square root (radical sign)
&prop;
&propto;
&Proportional;
&vprop;
&varpropto;
U+221D
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech proportional to
&infin; U+221E HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech infinity
&angrt; U+221F HTML 5.0 Right angle
&ang;
&angle;
U+2220
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamso angle
&angmsd;
&measuredangle;
U+2221 HTML 5.0 measured angle
&angsph; U+2222 HTML 5.0 Spherical angle
&mid;
&VerticalBar;
&smid;
&shortmid;
U+2223 HTML 5.0 divides (vertical bar, mid, short mid)
&nmid;
&NotVerticalBar;
&nsmid;
&nshortmid;
U+2224 HTML 5.0 does not divide (not vertical bar, not mid, not short mid)
&par;
&parallel;
&DoubleVerticalBar;
&spar;
&shortparallel;
U+2225 HTML 5.0 parallel to (double vertical bar)
&npar;
&nparallel;
&NotDoubleVerticalBar;
&nspar;
&nshortparallel;
U+2226 HTML 5.0 not parallel to (not double vertical bar)
&and;
&wedge;
U+2227
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech logical and (wedge)
&or;
&vee;
U+2228
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech logical or (vee)
&cap; U+2229 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech intersection (cap)
&cup; U+222A HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOtech union (cup)
&int;
&Integral;
U+222B
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech integral
&Int; U+222C HTML 5.0 double integral
&tint;
&iiint;
U+222D HTML 5.0 triple integral
&conint;
&oint;
&ContourIntegral;
U+222E HTML 5.0 contour integral (circle integral)
&Conint;
&DoubleContourIntegral;
U+222F HTML 5.0 Surface integral (double contour integral)
&Cconint; U+2230 HTML 5.0 Volume integral
&cwint; U+2231 HTML 5.0 clockwise integral
&cwconint;
&ClockwiseContourIntegral;
U+2232 HTML 5.0 clockwise contour integral
&awconint;
&CounterClockwiseContourIntegral;
U+2233 HTML 5.0 anticlockwise contour integral
&there4;
&therefore;
&Therefore;
U+2234
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech therefore
&becaus;
&because;
&Because;
U+2235 HTML 5.0 because
&ratio; U+2236 HTML 5.0 Ratio
&Colon;
&Proportion;
U+2237 HTML 5.0 Proportion
&minusd;
&dotminus;
U+2238 HTML 5.0 dot minus
&mDDot; U+223A HTML 5.0 Geometric proportion
&homtht; U+223B HTML 5.0 Homothetic
&sim;
&Tilde;
&thksim;
&thicksim;
U+223C
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech tilde operator (varies with, similar to, thick tilde)[w]
&bsim;
&backsim;
U+223D HTML 5.0 reversed tilde (back similar to)
&ac;
&mstpos;
U+223E HTML 5.0 inverted lazy s
&acd; U+223F HTML 5.0 Sine wave
&wreath;
&VerticalTilde;
&wr;
U+2240 HTML 5.0 Wreath product (vertical tilde)
&nsim;
&NotTilde;
U+2241 HTML 5.0 Not Tilde (is not similar to)
&esim;
&EqualTilde;
&eqsim;
U+2242 HTML 5.0 minus tilde (equal tilde)
&sime;
&TildeEqual;
&simeq;
U+2243 HTML 5.0 asymptotically equal to (tilde equal)
&nsime;
&nsimeq;
&NotTildeEqual;
U+2244 HTML 5.0 not asymptotically equal to (not tilde equal)
&cong;
&TildeFullEqual;
U+2245
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech approximately equal to (congruent to)
&simne; U+2246 HTML 5.0 approximately but not actually equal to (similar but not equal to)
&ncong;
&NotTildeFullEqual;
U+2247 HTML 5.0 neither approximately nor actually equal to (not congruent to)
&asymp;
&ap;
&TildeTilde;
&approx;
&thkap;
&thickapprox;
U+2248
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsr almost equal to (asymptotic to, approximately, tilde over tilde)
&nap;
&NotTildeTilde;
&napprox;
U+2249 HTML 5.0 not almost equal to (not approximately, not tilde over tilde)
&ape;
&approxeq;
U+224A HTML 5.0 almost equal or equal to (approximately equal to)
&apid; U+224B HTML 5.0 triple tilde
&bcong;
&backcong;
U+224C HTML 5.0 all equal to (backwards congruent to)
&asympeq;
&CupCap;
U+224D HTML 5.0 equivalent to (asymptotically equivalent to, Cup and Cap)
&bump;
&HumpDownHump;
&Bumpeq;
U+224E HTML 5.0 geometrically equivalent to (bump equals, hump and down hump equals)
&bumpe;
&HumpEqual;
&bumpeq;
U+224F HTML 5.0 difference between (hump equals)
&esdot;
&DotEqual;
&doteq;
U+2250 HTML 5.0 Approaches the limit (dot equal)
&eDot;
&doteqdot;
U+2251 HTML 5.0 geometrically equal to (dot equal dot)
&efDot;
&fallingdotseq;
U+2252 HTML 5.0 approximately equal to or the image of (falling dot sequence)
&erDot;
&risingdotseq;
U+2253 HTML 5.0 image of or approximately equal to (rising dot sequence)
&colone;
&coloneq;
&Assign;
U+2254 HTML 5.0 colon equals (Assignment (computer science))
&ecolon;
&eqcolon;
U+2255 HTML 5.0 equals colon
&ecir;
&eqcirc;
U+2256 HTML 5.0 ring in equal to (equals circle)
&cire;
&circeq;
U+2257 HTML 5.0 ring equal to (circle equals)
&wedgeq; U+2259 HTML 5.0 estimates (wedge equals)
&veeeq; U+225A HTML 5.0 equiangular to (vee equals)
&trie;
&triangleq;
U+225C HTML 5.0 delta equal to (triangle equals)
&equest;
&questeq;
U+225F HTML 5.0 questioned equal to
&ne;
&NotEqual;
U+2260
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech not equal to
&equiv;
&Congruent;
U+2261
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech identical to; sometimes used for 'equivalent to' or 'congruent'
&nequiv;
&NotCongruent;
U+2262 HTML 5.0 not identical to; sometimes used for 'not congruent'
&le;
&leq;
U+2264
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech less-than or equal to
&ge;
&GreaterEqual;
&geq;
U+2265
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech greater-than or equal to
&lE;
&LessFullEqual;
&leqq;
U+2266 HTML 5.0 less-than over equal to
&gE;
&GreaterFullEqual;
&geqq;
U+2267 HTML 5.0 greater-than over equal to
&lnE;
&lneqq;
U+2268 HTML 5.0 less-than but not equal to
&gnE;
&gneqq;
U+2269 HTML 5.0 greater-than but not equal to
&Lt;
&NestedLessLess;
&ll;
U+226A HTML 5.0 much less-than
&Gt;
&NestedGreaterGreater;
&gg;
U+226B HTML 5.0 much greater-than
&twixt;
&between;
U+226C HTML 5.0 between
&NotCupCap; U+226D HTML 5.0 not equivalent to (not cup cap)
&nlt;
&NotLess;
&nless;
U+226E HTML 5.0 not less-than
&ngt;
&NotGreater;
&ngtr;
U+226F HTML 5.0 not greater-than
&nle;
&NotLessEqual;
&nleq;
U+2270 HTML 5.0 neither less-than nor equal to
&nge;
&NotGreaterEqual;
&ngeq;
U+2271 HTML 5.0 neither greater-than nor equal to
&lsim;
&LessTilde;
&lesssim;
U+2272 HTML 5.0 less-than or equivalent to (less-than tilde, less-than or similar to)
&gsim;
&gtrsim;
&GreaterTilde;
U+2273 HTML 5.0 greater-than or equivalent to (greater-than tilde, greater-than or similar to)
&nlsim;
&NotLessTilde;
U+2274 HTML 5.0 neither less-than nor equivalent to (not less-than tilde, neither less-than nor similar to)
&ngsim;
&NotGreaterTilde;
U+2275 HTML 5.0 neither greater-than nor equivalent to (not greater-than tilde, neither greater-than nor similar to)
&lg;
&lessgtr;
&LessGreater;
U+2276 HTML 5.0 less-than or greater-than
&gl;
&gtrless;
&GreaterLess;
U+2277 HTML 5.0 greater-than or less-than
&ntlg;
&NotLessGreater;
U+2278 HTML 5.0 neither less-than nor greater-than
&ntgl;
&NotGreaterLess;
U+2279 HTML 5.0 neither greater-than nor less-than
&pr;
&Precedes;
&prec;
U+227A HTML 5.0 precedes
&sc;
&Succeeds;
&succ;
U+227B HTML 5.0 succeeds
&prcue;
&PrecedesSlantEqual;
&preccurlyeq;
U+227C HTML 5.0 precedes or equal to (precedes curly equals, precedes slant equals)
&sccue;
&SucceedsSlantEqual;
&succcurlyeq;
U+227D HTML 5.0 succeeds or equal to (succeeds curly equals, succeeds slant equals)
&prsim;
&precsim;
&PrecedesTilde;
U+227E HTML 5.0 precedes or equivalent to (precedes or similar to, precedes tilde)
&scsim;
&succsim;
&SucceedsTilde;
U+227F HTML 5.0 succeeds or equivalent to (succeeds or similar to, succeeds tilde)
&npr;
&nprec;
&NotPrecedes;
U+2280 HTML 5.0 does not precede
&nsc;
&nsucc;
&NotSucceeds;
U+2281 HTML 5.0 does not succeed
&sub;
&subset;
U+2282
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech subset of
&sup;
&supset;
&Superset;
U+2283
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech superset of
&nsub; U+2284 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOamsn not a subset of
&nsup; U+2285 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOamsn not a superset of[x]
&sube;
&SubsetEqual;
&subseteq;
U+2286
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech subset of or equal to
&supe;
&supseteq;
&SupersetEqual;
U+2287
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech superset of or equal to
&nsube;
&nsubseteq;
&NotSubsetEqual;
U+2288 HTML 5.0 neither a subset of nor equal to
&nsupe;
&nsupseteq;
&NotSupersetEqual;
U+2289 HTML 5.0 neither a superset of nor equal to
&subne;
&subsetneq;
U+228A HTML 5.0 subset of with not equal to
&supne;
&supsetneq;
U+228B HTML 5.0 superset of with not equal to
&cupdot; U+228D HTML 5.0 multiset multiplication (cup dot)
&uplus;
&UnionPlus;
U+228E HTML 5.0 multiset union (union plus)
&sqsub;
&SquareSubset;
&sqsubset;
U+228F HTML 5.0 square image of (square subset)
&sqsup;
&SquareSuperset;
&sqsupset;
U+2290 HTML 5.0 square original of (square superset)
&sqsube;
&SquareSubsetEqual;
&sqsubseteq;
U+2291 HTML 5.0 square image of or equal to (square subset equal)
&sqsupe;
&SquareSupersetEqual;
&sqsupseteq;
U+2292 HTML 5.0 square original of or equal to (square superset equal)
&sqcap;
&SquareIntersection;
U+2293 HTML 5.0 square cap (square intersection)
&sqcup;
&SquareUnion;
U+2294 HTML 5.0 square cup (square union)
&oplus;
&CirclePlus;
U+2295
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsb circled plus (direct sum)
&ominus;
&CircleMinus;
U+2296 HTML 5.0 circled minus
&otimes;
&CircleTimes;
U+2297
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsb circled times (vector product)
&osol; U+2298 HTML 5.0 circled division slash (circled solidus)
&odot;
&CircleDot;
U+2299 HTML 5.0 circled dot operator (circled dot)
&ocir;
&circledcirc;
U+229A HTML 5.0 circled ring operator (circled circle)
&oast;
&circledast;
U+229B HTML 5.0 circled asterisk operator
&odash;
&circleddash;
U+229D HTML 5.0 circled dash
&plusb;
&boxplus;
U+229E HTML 5.0 squared plus (boxed plus)
&minusb;
&boxminus;
U+229F HTML 5.0 squared minus (boxed minus)
&timesb;
&boxtimes;
U+22A0 HTML 5.0 squared times (boxed times)
&sdotb;
&dotsquare;
U+22A1 HTML 5.0 squared dot operator (boxed small dot)
&vdash;
&RightTee;
U+22A2 HTML 5.0 right tack (proves, right tee)
&dashv;
&LeftTee;
U+22A3 HTML 5.0 left tack (left tee)
&top;
&DownTee;
U+22A4 HTML 5.0 down tack (top tack, down tee)
&bottom;
&bot;
&perp;
&UpTee;
U+22A5
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech up tack (orthogonal to, perpendicular, bottom tack, up tee)[y]
&models; U+22A7 HTML 5.0 models
&vDash;
&DoubleRightTee;
U+22A8 HTML 5.0 true (double right tee)
&Vdash; U+22A9 HTML 5.0 forces
&Vvdash; U+22AA HTML 5.0 triple vertical bar right turnstile
&VDash; U+22AB HTML 5.0 double vertical bar double right turnstile
&nvdash; U+22AC HTML 5.0 does not prove
&nvDash; U+22AD HTML 5.0 not true
&nVdash; U+22AE HTML 5.0 does not force
&nVDash; U+22AF HTML 5.0 negated double vertical bar double right turnstile
&prurel; U+22B0 HTML 5.0 precedes under relation
&vltri;
&vartriangleleft;
&LeftTriangle;
U+22B2 HTML 5.0 Normal subgroup of (left triangle)
&vrtri;
&vartriangleright;
&RightTriangle;
U+22B3 HTML 5.0 contains as Normal subgroup (right triangle)
&ltrie;
&trianglelefteq;
&LeftTriangleEqual;
U+22B4 HTML 5.0 Normal subgroup of or equal to (left triangle equal)
&rtrie;
&trianglerighteq;
&RightTriangleEqual;
U+22B5 HTML 5.0 contains as Normal subgroup or equal to (right triangle equal)
&origof; U+22B6 HTML 5.0 original of
&imof; U+22B7 HTML 5.0 image of
&mumap;
&multimap;
U+22B8 HTML 5.0 multimap
&hercon; U+22B9 HTML 5.0 Hermitian conjugate matrix
&intcal;
&intercal;
U+22BA HTML 5.0 intercalate
&veebar; U+22BB HTML 5.0 xor
&barvee; U+22BD HTML 5.0 nor
&angrtvb; U+22BE HTML 5.0 right angle with arc
&lrtri; U+22BF HTML 5.0 Right triangle (lower right triangle)
&xwedge;
&Wedge;
&bigwedge;
U+22C0 HTML 5.0 n-ary logical and (x wedge, big wedge)
&xvee;
&Vee;
&bigvee;
U+22C1 HTML 5.0 n-ary logical or (x vee, big vee)
&xcap;
&Intersection;
&bigcap;
U+22C2 HTML 5.0 n-ary intersection (x cap, big cap)
&xcup;
&Union;
&bigcup;
U+22C3 HTML 5.0 n-ary Union (x cup, big cup)
&diam;
&diamond;
&Diamond;
U+22C4 HTML 5.0 Diamond operator
&sdot; U+22C5 HTML 4.0 HTMLsymbol ISOamsb dot operator (small dot)[z]
&sstarf;
&Star;
U+22C6 HTML 5.0 star operator
&divonx;
&divideontimes;
U+22C7 HTML 5.0 division times
&bowtie; U+22C8 HTML 5.0 bowtie
&ltimes; U+22C9 HTML 5.0 left normal factor semidirect product (left times)
&rtimes; U+22CA HTML 5.0 right normal factor semidirect product (right times)
&lthree;
&leftthreetimes;
U+22CB HTML 5.0 left semidirect product (left three times)
&rthree;
&rightthreetimes;
U+22CC HTML 5.0 right semidirect product (right three times)
&bsime;
&backsimeq;
U+22CD HTML 5.0 reversed tilde equals (back similar or equal to)
&cuvee;
&curlyvee;
U+22CE HTML 5.0 curly logical or (curly vee)
&cuwed;
&curlywedge;
U+22CF HTML 5.0 curly logical and (curly wedge)
&Sub;
&Subset;
U+22D0 HTML 5.0 double subset
&Sup;
&Supset;
U+22D1 HTML 5.0 double superset
&Cap; U+22D2 HTML 5.0 double intersection (double cap)
&Cup; U+22D3 HTML 5.0 double union (double cup)
&fork;
&pitchfork;
U+22D4 HTML 5.0 pitchfork (Transversality theorem)
&epar; U+22D5 HTML 5.0 equal and parallel to
&ltdot;
&lessdot;
U+22D6 HTML 5.0 less-than with dot
&gtdot;
&gtrdot;
U+22D7 HTML 5.0 greater-than with dot
&Ll; U+22D8 HTML 5.0 very much less-than[aa]
&Gg;
&ggg;
U+22D9 HTML 5.0 very much greater-than
&leg;
&LessEqualGreater;
&lesseqgtr;
U+22DA HTML 5.0 less-than equal to or greater-than
&gel;
&gtreqless;
&GreaterEqualLess;
U+22DB HTML 5.0 greater-than equal to or less-than
&cuepr;
&curlyeqprec;
U+22DE HTML 5.0 equal to or precedes (curly equal to or precedes)
&cuesc;
&curlyeqsucc;
U+22DF HTML 5.0 equal to or succeeds (curly equal to or succeeds)
&nprcue;
&NotPrecedesSlantEqual;
U+22E0 HTML 5.0 does not precede or equal (not precedes curly equal, not precedes slant equal)
&nsccue;
&NotSucceedsSlantEqual;
U+22E1 HTML 5.0 does not succeed or equal (not succeeds curly equal, not succeeds slant equal)
&nsqsube;
&NotSquareSubsetEqual;
U+22E2 HTML 5.0 not square image of or equal to (not square subset equal)
&nsqsupe;
&NotSquareSupersetEqual;
U+22E3 HTML 5.0 not square original of or equal to (not square superset equal)
&lnsim; U+22E6 HTML 5.0 less-than but not equivalent to (less-than but not similar to)
&gnsim; U+22E7 HTML 5.0 greater-than but not equivalent to (greater-than but not similar to)
&prnsim;
&precnsim;
U+22E8 HTML 5.0 precedes but not equivalent to (precedes but not similar to)
&scnsim;
&succnsim;
U+22E9 HTML 5.0 succeeds but not equivalent to (succeeds but not similar to)
&nltri;
&ntriangleleft;
&NotLeftTriangle;
U+22EA HTML 5.0 not normal subgroup of (not left triangle)
&nrtri;
&ntriangleright;
&NotRightTriangle;
U+22EB HTML 5.0 does not contain as normal subgroup (not right triangle)
&nltrie;
&ntrianglelefteq;
&NotLeftTriangleEqual;
U+22EC HTML 5.0 not normal subgroup of or equal to (not left triangle equal)
&nrtrie;
&ntrianglerighteq;
&NotRightTriangleEqual;
U+22ED HTML 5.0 does not contain as normal subgroup or equal (not right triangle equal)
&vellip; U+22EE HTML 5.0 vertical ellipsis
&ctdot; U+22EF HTML 5.0 midline horizontal ellipsis (centered triple dot)
&utdot; U+22F0 HTML 5.0 up right diagonal ellipsis (upward triple dot)
&dtdot; U+22F1 HTML 5.0 down right diagonal ellipsis (downward triple dot)
&disin; U+22F2 HTML 5.0 element of with long horizontal stroke
&isinsv; U+22F3 HTML 5.0 element of with vertical bar at end of horizontal stroke
&isins; U+22F4 HTML 5.0 small element of with vertical bar at end of horizontal stroke
&isindot; U+22F5 HTML 5.0 element of with dot above
&notinvc; U+22F6 HTML 5.0 element of with overbar
&notinvb; U+22F7 HTML 5.0 small element of with overbar
&isinE; U+22F9 HTML 5.0 element of with two horizontal strokes
&nisd; U+22FA HTML 5.0 contains with long horizontal stroke
&xnis; U+22FB HTML 5.0 contains with vertical bar at end of horizontal stroke
&nis; U+22FC HTML 5.0 small contains with vertical bar at end of horizontal stroke
&notnivc; U+22FD HTML 5.0 contains with overbar
&notnivb; U+22FE HTML 5.0 small contains with overbar
&barwed;
&barwedge;
U+2305 HTML 5.0 projective
&Barwed;
&doublebarwedge;
U+2306 HTML 5.0 perspective
&lceil;
&LeftCeiling;
U+2308
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsc left ceiling (APL upstile)
&rceil;
&RightCeiling;
U+2309
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsc right ceiling
&lfloor;
&LeftFloor;
U+230A
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsc left floor (APL downstile)
&rfloor;
&RightFloor ;
U+230B
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOamsc right floor
&drcrop ; U+230C HTML 5.0 bottom right crop (down right crop)
&dlcrop ; U+230D HTML 5.0 bottom left crop (down left crop)
&urcrop ; U+230E HTML 5.0 top right crop (up right crop)
&ulcrop ; U+230F HTML 5.0 top left crop (up left crop)
&bnot; U+2310 HTML 5.0 reversed not sign (backwards not sign)
&profline; U+2312 HTML 5.0 arc
&profsurf; U+2313 HTML 5.0 segment
&telrec; U+2315 HTML 5.0 telephone recorder
&target; U+2316 HTML 5.0 position indicator (target)
&ulcorn;
&ulcorner;
U+231C HTML 5.0 top left corner (up left corner)
&urcorn;
&urcorner;
U+231D HTML 5.0 top right corner (up right corner)
&dlcorn;
&llcorner;
U+231E HTML 5.0 bottom left corner (down left corner)
&drcorn;
&lrcorner;
U+231F HTML 5.0 bottom right corner (down right corner)
&frown;
&sfrown;
U+2322 HTML 5.0 frown
&smile;
&ssmile;
U+2323 HTML 5.0 smile
&cylcty; U+232D HTML 5.0 cylindricity
&profalar; U+232E HTML 5.0 all around-profile
&topbot; U+2336 HTML 5.0 APL functional symbol I-beam (top bottom)
&ovbar; U+233D HTML 5.0 APL functional symbol circle stile (circle vertical bar)
&solbar; U+233F HTML 5.0 APL functional symbol slash bar (solidus bar)
&angzarr; U+237C HTML 5.0 right angle with downwards zigzag arrow
&lmoust;
&lmoustache;
U+23B0 HTML 5.0 upper left or lower right curly bracket section (left moustache)
&rmoust;
&rmoustache;
U+23B1 HTML 5.0 upper right or lower left curly bracket section (right moustache)
&tbrk;
&OverBracket;
U+23B4 HTML 5.0 top square bracket (over bracket)
&bbrk;
&UnderBracket;
U+23B5 HTML 5.0 bottom square bracket (under bracket)
&bbrktbrk; U+23B6 HTML 5.0 bottom square bracket over top square bracket
&OverParenthesis; U+23DC HTML 5.0 top parenthesis (over parenthesis)
&UnderParenthesis; U+23DD HTML 5.0 bottom parenthesis (under parenthesis)
&OverBrace; U+23DE HTML 5.0 top curly bracket (over brace)
&UnderBrace; U+23DF HTML 5.0 bottom curly bracket (under brace)
&trpezium; U+23E2 HTML 5.0 white trapezium
&elinters; U+23E7 HTML 5.0 electrical intersection
&blank; U+2423 HTML 5.0 open box (blank)
&oS;
&circledS;
U+24C8 HTML 5.0 circled Latin capital letter S
&boxh;
&HorizontalLine;
U+2500 HTML 5.0 box drawings light horizontal (horizontal line)
&boxv; U+2502 HTML 5.0 box drawings light vertical
&boxdr; U+250C HTML 5.0 box drawings light down and right
&boxdl; U+2510 HTML 5.0 box drawings light down and left
&boxur; U+2514 HTML 5.0 box drawings light up and right
&boxul; U+2518 HTML 5.0 box drawings light up and left
&boxvr; U+251C HTML 5.0 box drawings light vertical and right
&boxvl; U+2524 HTML 5.0 box drawings light vertical and left
&boxhd; U+252C HTML 5.0 box drawings light down and horizontal (horizontal and down)
&boxhu; U+2534 HTML 5.0 box drawings light up and horizontal (horizontal and up)
&boxvh; U+253C HTML 5.0 box drawings light vertical and horizontal
&boxH; U+2550 HTML 5.0 box drawings double horizontal
&boxV; U+2551 HTML 5.0 box drawings double vertical
&boxdR; U+2552 HTML 5.0 box drawings down single and right double
&boxDr; U+2553 HTML 5.0 box drawings down double and right single
&boxDR; U+2554 HTML 5.0 box drawings double down and right
&boxdL; U+2555 HTML 5.0 box drawings down single and left double
&boxDl; U+2556 HTML 5.0 box drawings down double and left single
&boxDL; U+2557 HTML 5.0 box drawings double down and left
&boxuR; U+2558 HTML 5.0 box drawings up single and right double
&boxUr; U+2559 HTML 5.0 box drawings up double and right single
&boxUR; U+255A HTML 5.0 box drawings double up and right
&boxuL; U+255B HTML 5.0 box drawings up single and left double
&boxUl; U+255C HTML 5.0 box drawings up double and left single
&boxUL; U+255D HTML 5.0 box drawings double up and left
&boxvR; U+255E HTML 5.0 box drawings vertical single and right double
&boxVr; U+255F HTML 5.0 box drawings vertical double and right single
&boxVR; U+2560 HTML 5.0 box drawings double vertical and right
&boxvL; U+2561 HTML 5.0 box drawings vertical single and left double
&boxVl; U+2562 HTML 5.0 box drawings vertical double and left single
&boxVL; U+2563 HTML 5.0 box drawings double vertical and left
&boxHd; U+2564 HTML 5.0 box drawings down single and horizontal double (horizontal double and down single)
&boxhD; U+2565 HTML 5.0 box drawings down double and horizontal single (horizontal single and down double)
&boxHD; U+2566 HTML 5.0 box drawings double down and horizontal (horizontal and down)
&boxHu; U+2567 HTML 5.0 box drawings up single and horizontal double (horizontal double and up single)
&boxhU; U+2568 HTML 5.0 box drawings up double and horizontal single (horizontal single and up double)
&boxHU; U+2569 HTML 5.0 box drawings double up and horizontal (horizontal and up)
&boxvH; U+256A HTML 5.0 box drawings vertical single and horizontal double
&boxVh; U+256B HTML 5.0 box drawings vertical double and horizontal single
&boxVH; U+256C HTML 5.0 box drawings double vertical and horizontal
&uhblk; U+2580 HTML 5.0 upper half block
&lhblk; U+2584 HTML 5.0 lower half block
&block; U+2588 HTML 5.0 full block
&blk14; U+2591 HTML 5.0 light shade (1/4 block)
&blk12; U+2592 HTML 5.0 medium shade (1/2 block)
&blk34; U+2593 HTML 5.0 dark shade (3/4 block)
&squ;
&square;
&Square;
U+25A1 HTML 5.0 white square
&squf;
&squarf;
&blacksquare;
&FilledVerySmallSquare;
U+25AA HTML 5.0 black small square (filled very small square)
&EmptyVerySmallSquare; U+25AB HTML 5.0 white small square (empty very small square)
&rect; U+25AD HTML 5.0 white rectangle
&marker; U+25AE HTML 5.0 black vertical rectangle (marker)
&fltns; U+25B1 HTML 5.0 white parallelogram
&xutri;
&bigtriangleup;
U+25B3 HTML 5.0 white up-pointing triangle (big up-pointing triangle)
&utrif;
&blacktriangle;
U+25B4 HTML 5.0 black up-pointing small triangle (black triangle, up-pointing triangle filled)
&utri;
&triangle;
U+25B5 HTML 5.0 white up-pointing small triangle (up-pointing triangle)
&rtrif;
&blacktriangleright;
U+25B8 HTML 5.0 black right-pointing small triangle (black right-pointing triangle, right-pointing triangle filled)
&rtri;
&triangleright;
U+25B9 HTML 5.0 white right-pointing small triangle (right-pointing triangle)
&xdtri;
&bigtriangledown;
U+25BD HTML 5.0 white down-pointing triangle (big down-pointing triangle)
&dtrif;
&blacktriangledown;
U+25BE HTML 5.0 black down-pointing small triangle (black down-pointing triangle, down-pointing triangle filled)
&dtri;
&triangledown;
U+25BF HTML 5.0 white down-pointing small triangle (down-pointing triangle)
&ltrif;
&blacktriangleleft;
U+25C2 HTML 5.0 black left-pointing small triangle (black left-pointing triangle, left-pointing triangle filled)
&ltri;
&triangleleft;
U+25C3 HTML 5.0 white left-pointing small triangle (left-pointing triangle)
&loz;
&lozenge;
U+25CA
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub lozenge
&cir; U+25CB HTML 5.0 white circle (circle)
&tridot; U+25EC HTML 5.0 white up-pointing triangle with dot (triangle dot)
&xcirc;
&bigcirc;
U+25EF HTML 5.0 large circle (big circle)
&ultri; U+25F8 HTML 5.0 upper left triangle
&urtri; U+25F9 HTML 5.0 upper right triangle
&lltri; U+25FA HTML 5.0 lower left triangle
&EmptySmallSquare; U+25FB HTML 5.0 white medium square (empty small square)
&FilledSmallSquare; U+25FC HTML 5.0 black medium square (filled small square)
&starf;
&bigstar;
U+2605 HTML 5.0 black star (filled star, big star)
&star; U+2606 HTML 5.0 white star (star)
&phone; U+260E HTML 5.0 black telephone (phone)
&female; U+2640 HTML 5.0 female sign
&male; U+2642 HTML 5.0 male sign
&spades;
&spadesuit;
U+2660
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub black spade suit[m]
&clubs;
&clubsuit;
U+2663
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub black club suit (shamrock)[m]
&hearts;
&heartsuit;
U+2665
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub black heart suit (valentine)[m]
&diams;
&diamondsuit;
U+2666
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOpub black diamond suit[m]
&sung; U+266A HTML 5.0 eighth note (sung)
&flat; U+266D HTML 5.0 music flat sign
&natur;
&natural;
U+266E HTML 5.0 music natural sign
&sharp; U+266F HTML 5.0 music sharp sign
&check;
&checkmark;
U+2713 HTML 5.0 check mark
&cross; U+2717 HTML 5.0 ballot x (cross)
&malt;
&maltese;
U+2720 HTML 5.0 Maltese cross
&sext; U+2736 HTML 5.0 six pointed black star (sextile)
&VerticalSeparator; U+2758 HTML 5.0 light vertical bar (vertical separator)
&lbbrk; U+2772 HTML 5.0 light left tortoise shell bracket ornament
&rbbrk; U+2773 HTML 5.0 light right tortoise shell bracket ornament
&bsolhsub; U+27C8 HTML 5.0 reverse solidus preceding subset
&suphsol; U+27C9 HTML 5.0 superset preceding solidus
&lobrk;
&LeftDoubleBracket;
U+27E6 HTML 5.0 mathematical left white square bracket
&robrk;
&RightDoubleBracket;
U+27E7 HTML 5.0 mathematical right white square bracket
&lang;
&LeftAngleBracket;
&langle;
  • U+27E8;
  • U+2329, previously
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech mathematical left angle bracket (bra)[ab]
&rang;
&RightAngleBracket;
&rangle;
  • U+27E9;
  • U+232A, previously
  • HTML 4.0
  • HTML 5.0
  • HTML 5.0
HTMLsymbol ISOtech mathematical right angle bracket (ket)[ac]
&Lang; U+27EA HTML 5.0 mathematical left double angle bracket
&Rang; U+27EB HTML 5.0 mathematical right double angle bracket
&loang; U+27EC HTML 5.0 mathematical left white tortoise shell bracket
&roang; U+27ED HTML 5.0 mathematical right white tortoise shell bracket
&xlarr;
&longleftarrow;
&LongLeftArrow;
U+27F5 HTML 5.0 long leftwards arrow
&xrarr;
&longrightarrow;
&LongRightArrow;
U+27F6 HTML 5.0 long rightwards arrow
&xharr;
&longleftrightarrow;
&LongLeftRightArrow;
U+27F7 HTML 5.0 long left right arrow (long horizontal arrow)
&xlArr;
&Longleftarrow;
&DoubleLongLeftArrow;
U+27F8 HTML 5.0 long leftwards double arrow
&xrArr;
&Longrightarrow;
&DoubleLongRightArrow;
U+27F9 HTML 5.0 long rightwards double arrow
&xhArr;
&Longleftrightarrow;
&DoubleLongLeftRightArrow;
U+27FA HTML 5.0 long left right double arrow (long horizontal double arrow)
&xmap;
&longmapsto;
U+27FC HTML 5.0 long rightwards arrow from bar (long maps to)
&dzigrarr; U+27FF HTML 5.0 long rightwards squiggle arrow (long rightwards zigzag arrow)
&nvlArr; U+2902 HTML 5.0 leftwards double arrow with vertical stroke
&nvrArr; U+2903 HTML 5.0 rightwards double arrow with vertical stroke
&nvHarr; U+2904 HTML 5.0 left right double arrow with vertical stroke
&Map; U+2905 HTML 5.0 rightwards two-headed arrow from bar (double maps to)
&lbarr; U+290C HTML 5.0 leftwards double dash arrow
&rbarr;
&bkarow;
U+290D HTML 5.0 rightwards double dash arrow
&lBarr; U+290E HTML 5.0 leftwards triple dash arrow
&rBarr;
&dbkarow;
U+290F HTML 5.0 rightwards triple dash arrow
&RBarr;
&drbkarow;
U+2910 HTML 5.0 rightwards two-headed triple dash arrow
&DDotrahd; U+2911 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow with dotted stem
&UpArrowBar; U+2912 HTML 5.0 upwards arrow to bar
&DownArrowBar; U+2913 HTML 5.0 downwards arrow to bar
&Rarrtl; U+2916 HTML 5.0 rightwards two-headed arrow with tail
&latail; U+2919 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow-tail
&ratail; U+291A HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow-tail
&lAtail; U+291B HTML 5.0 leftwards double arrow-tail
&rAtail; U+291C HTML 5.0 rightwards double arrow-tail
&larrfs; U+291D HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow to black diamond
&rarrfs; U+291E HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow to black diamond
&larrbfs; U+291F HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow from bar to black diamond
&rarrbfs; U+2920 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow from bar to black diamond
&nwarhk; U+2923 HTML 5.0 north west arrow with hook
&nearhk; U+2924 HTML 5.0 north east arrow with hook
&searhk;
&hksearow;
U+2925 HTML 5.0 south east arrow with hook
&swarhk;
&hkswarow;
U+2926 HTML 5.0 south west arrow with hook
&nwnear; U+2927 HTML 5.0 north west arrow and north east arrow
&nesear;
&toea;
U+2928 HTML 5.0 north east arrow and south east arrow (to east arrow)
&seswar;
&tosa;
U+2929 HTML 5.0 south east arrow and south west arrow (to south arrow)
&swnwar; U+292A HTML 5.0 south west arrow and north west arrow
&rarrc; U+2933 HTML 5.0 wave arrow pointing directly right (right arrow curved)
&cudarrr; U+2935 HTML 5.0 arrow pointing rightwards then curving downwards (curved down arrow right)
&ldca; U+2936 HTML 5.0 arrow pointing downwards then curving leftwards (left down curved arrow)
&rdca; U+2937 HTML 5.0 arrow pointing downwards then curving rightwards (right down curved arrow)
&cudarrl; U+2938 HTML 5.0 right-side arc clockwise arrow (curved down arrow left)
&larrpl; U+2939 HTML 5.0 left-side arc anticlockwise arrow
&curarrm; U+293C HTML 5.0 top arc clockwise arrow with minus (curved right arrow with minus)
&cularrp; U+293D HTML 5.0 top arc anticlockwise arrow with plus (curved left arrow with plus)
&rarrpl; U+2945 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow with plus below
&harrcir; U+2948 HTML 5.0 left right arrow through small circle
&Uarrocir; U+2949 HTML 5.0 upwards two-headed arrow from small circle
&lurdshar; U+294A HTML 5.0 left barb up right barb down harpoon (left up right down short arrow)
&ldrushar; U+294B HTML 5.0 left barb down right barb up harpoon (left down right up short arrow)
&LeftRightVector; U+294E HTML 5.0 left barb up right barb up harpoon (left right vector)
&RightUpDownVector; U+294F HTML 5.0 up barb right down barb right harpoon (right up down vector)
&DownLeftRightVector; U+2950 HTML 5.0 left barb down right barb down harpoon (down left right vector)
&LeftUpDownVector; U+2951 HTML 5.0 up barb left down barb left harpoon (left up down vector)
&LeftVectorBar; U+2952 HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb up to bar (left vector bar)
&RightVectorBar; U+2953 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb up to bar (right vector bar)
&RightUpVectorBar; U+2954 HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb right to bar (right up vector bar)
&RightDownVectorBar; U+2955 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb right to bar (right down vector bar)
&DownLeftVectorBar; U+2956 HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb down to bar (down left vector bar)
&DownRightVectorBar; U+2957 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb down to bar (down right vector bar)
&LeftUpVectorBar; U+2958 HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb left to bar (left up vector bar)
&LeftDownVectorBar; U+2959 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb left to bar (left down vector bar)
&LeftTeeVector; U+295A HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb up from bar (left tee vector)
&RightTeeVector; U+295B HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb up from bar (right tee vector)
&RightUpTeeVector; U+295C HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb right from bar (right up tee vector)
&RightDownTeeVector; U+295D HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb right from bar (right down tee vector)
&DownLeftTeeVector; U+295E HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb down from bar (down left tee vector)
&DownRightTeeVector; U+295F HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb down from bar (down right tee vector)
&LeftUpTeeVector; U+2960 HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb left from bar (left up tee vector)
&LeftDownTeeVector; U+2961 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb left from bar (left down tee vector)
&lHar; U+2962 HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb up above leftwards harpoon with barb down
&uHar; U+2963 HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb left beside upwards harpoon with barb right
&rHar; U+2964 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb up above rightwards harpoon with barb down
&dHar; U+2965 HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb left beside downwards harpoon with barb right
&luruhar; U+2966 HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb up above rightwards harpoon with barb up
&ldrdhar; U+2967 HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb down above rightwards harpoon with barb down
&ruluhar; U+2968 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb up above leftwards harpoon with barb up
&rdldhar; U+2969 HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb down above leftwards harpoon with barb down
&lharul; U+296A HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb up above long dash
&llhard; U+296B HTML 5.0 leftwards harpoon with barb down below long dash
&rharul; U+296C HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb up above long dash
&lrhard; U+296D HTML 5.0 rightwards harpoon with barb down below long dash
&udhar;
&UpEquilibrium;
U+296E HTML 5.0 upwards harpoon with barb left beside downwards harpoon with barb right (up equilibrium)
&duhar;
&ReverseUpEquilibrium;
U+296F HTML 5.0 downwards harpoon with barb left beside upwards harpoon with barb right (reverse up equilibrium)
&RoundImplies; U+2970 HTML 5.0 right double arrow with rounded head (round implies)
&erarr; U+2971 HTML 5.0 equals sign above rightwards arrow
&simrarr; U+2972 HTML 5.0 tilde operator above rightwards arrow (similar to above rightwards arrow)
&larrsim; U+2973 HTML 5.0 leftwards arrow above tilde operator (leftwards arrow above similar to)
&rarrsim; U+2974 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow above tilde operator (rightwards arrow above similar to)
&rarrap; U+2975 HTML 5.0 rightwards arrow above almost equal to (rightwards arrow above approximately equal to)
&ltlarr; U+2976 HTML 5.0 less-than above leftwards arrow
&gtrarr; U+2978 HTML 5.0 greater-than above rightwards arrow
&subrarr; U+2979 HTML 5.0 subset above rightwards arrow
&suplarr; U+297B HTML 5.0 superset above leftwards arrow
&lfisht; U+297C HTML 5.0 left fish tail
&rfisht; U+297D HTML 5.0 right fish tail
&ufisht; U+297E HTML 5.0 up fish tail
&dfisht; ⥿ U+297F HTML 5.0 down fish tail
&lopar; U+2985 HTML 5.0 left white parenthesis
&ropar; U+2986 HTML 5.0 right white parenthesis
&lbrke; U+298B HTML 5.0 left square bracket with underbar
&rbrke; U+298C HTML 5.0 right square bracket with underbar
&lbrkslu; U+298D HTML 5.0 left square bracket with tick in top corner
&rbrksld; U+298E HTML 5.0 right square bracket with tick in bottom corner
&lbrksld; U+298F HTML 5.0 left square bracket with tick in bottom corner
&rbrkslu; U+2990 HTML 5.0 right square bracket with tick in top corner
&langd; U+2991 HTML 5.0 left angle bracket with dot
&rangd; U+2992 HTML 5.0 right angle bracket with dot
&lparlt; U+2993 HTML 5.0 left arc less-than bracket (left parenthesis less-than)
&rpargt; U+2994 HTML 5.0 right arc greater-than bracket (right parenthesis greater-than)
&gtlPar; U+2995 HTML 5.0 double left arc greater-than bracket (double left parenthesis greater-than)
&ltrPar; U+2996 HTML 5.0 double right arc less-than bracket (double right parenthesis less-than)
&vzigzag; U+299A HTML 5.0 vertical zigzag line
&vangrt; U+299C HTML 5.0 right angle variant with square
&angrtvbd; U+299D HTML 5.0 measured right angle with dot
&ange; U+29A4 HTML 5.0 angle with underbar
&range; U+29A5 HTML 5.0 reversed angle with underbar
&dwangle; U+29A6 HTML 5.0 oblique angle opening up
&uwangle; U+29A7 HTML 5.0 oblique angle opening down
&angmsdaa; U+29A8 HTML 5.0 measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing up and right
&angmsdab; U+29A9 HTML 5.0 measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing up and left
&angmsdac; U+29AA HTML 5.0 measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing down and right
&angmsdad; U+29AB HTML 5.0 measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing down and left
&angmsdae; U+29AC HTML 5.0 measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing right and up
&angmsdaf; U+29AD HTML 5.0 measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing left and up
&angmsdag; U+29AE HTML 5.0 measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing right and down
&angmsdah; U+29AF HTML 5.0 measured angle with open arm ending in arrow pointing left and down
&bemptyv; U+29B0 HTML 5.0 reversed empty set (backwards empty set)
&demptyv; U+29B1 HTML 5.0 empty set with overbar (dash over empty set)
&cemptyv; U+29B2 HTML 5.0 empty set with small circle above
&raemptyv; U+29B3 HTML 5.0 empty set with right arrow above
&laemptyv; U+29B4 HTML 5.0 empty set with left arrow above
&ohbar; U+29B5 HTML 5.0 circle with horizontal bar
&omid; U+29B6 HTML 5.0 circled vertical bar (circled middle line)
&opar; U+29B7 HTML 5.0 circled parallel
&operp; U+29B9 HTML 5.0 circled perpendicular
&olcross; U+29BB HTML 5.0 circle with superimposed x (circled large cross)
&odsold; U+29BC HTML 5.0 circled anticlockwise-rotated division sign
&olcir; U+29BE HTML 5.0 circled white bullet (circled light circle)
&ofcir; ⦿ U+29BF HTML 5.0 circled bullet (circled full circle)
&olt; U+29C0 HTML 5.0 circled less-than
&ogt; U+29C1 HTML 5.0 circled greater-than
&cirscir; U+29C2 HTML 5.0 circle with small circle to the right
&cirE; U+29C3 HTML 5.0 circle with two horizontal strokes to the right
&solb; U+29C4 HTML 5.0 squared rising diagonal slash (boxed solidus)
&bsolb; U+29C5 HTML 5.0 squared falling diagonal slash (backward boxed solidus)
&boxbox; U+29C9 HTML 5.0 two joined squares (two joined boxes)
&trisb; U+29CD HTML 5.0 triangle with serifs at bottom
&rtriltri; U+29CE HTML 5.0 right triangle above left triangle
&LeftTriangleBar; U+29CF HTML 5.0 left triangle beside vertical bar
&RightTriangleBar; U+29D0 HTML 5.0 vertical bar beside right triangle
&iinfin; U+29DC HTML 5.0 incomplete infinity
&infintie; U+29DD HTML 5.0 tie over infinity
&nvinfin; U+29DE HTML 5.0 infinity negated with vertical bar
&eparsl; U+29E3 HTML 5.0 equals sign and slanted parallel
&smeparsl; U+29E4 HTML 5.0 equals sign and slanted parallel with tilde above (similar to over equals sign and slanted parallel)
&eqvparsl; U+29E5 HTML 5.0 identical to and slanted parallel ('equivalent to' and slanted parallel)
&lozf;
&blacklozenge;
U+29EB HTML 5.0 black lozenge (lozenge filled)
&RuleDelayed; U+29F4 HTML 5.0 rule-delayed
&dsol; U+29F6 HTML 5.0 solidus with overbar (dash over solidus)
&xodot;
&bigodot;
U+2A00 HTML 5.0 n-ary circled dot operator
&xoplus;
&bigoplus;
U+2A01 HTML 5.0 n-ary circled plus operator
&xotime;
&bigotimes;
U+2A02 HTML 5.0 n-ary circled times operator
&xuplus;
&biguplus;
U+2A04 HTML 5.0 n-ary union operator with plus (big u plus)
&xsqcup;
&bigsqcup;
U+2A06 HTML 5.0 n-ary square union operator (big square cup)
&qint;
&iiiint;
U+2A0C HTML 5.0 quadruple integral operator
&fpartint; U+2A0D HTML 5.0 finite part integral
&cirfnint; U+2A10 HTML 5.0 circulation function
&awint; U+2A11 HTML 5.0 anticlockwise integration
&rppolint; U+2A12 HTML 5.0 line integration with rectangular path around pole
&scpolint; U+2A13 HTML 5.0 line integration with semicircular path around pole
&npolint; U+2A14 HTML 5.0 line integration not including the pole
&pointint; U+2A15 HTML 5.0 integral around a point operator
&quatint; U+2A16 HTML 5.0 quaternion integral operator
&intlarhk; U+2A17 HTML 5.0 integral with leftwards arrow with hook
&pluscir; U+2A22 HTML 5.0 plus sign with small circle above
&plusacir; U+2A23 HTML 5.0 plus sign with circumflex accent above
&simplus; U+2A24 HTML 5.0 plus sign with tilde above (plus sign with similar to above)
&plusdu; U+2A25 HTML 5.0 plus sign with dot below (plus dot under)
&plussim; U+2A26 HTML 5.0 plus sign with tilde below (plus sign with similar to below)
&plustwo; U+2A27 HTML 5.0 plus sign with subscript two
&mcomma; U+2A29 HTML 5.0 minus sign with comma above
&minusdu; U+2A2A HTML 5.0 minus sign with dot below (minus dot under)
&loplus; U+2A2D HTML 5.0 plus sign in left half circle
&roplus; U+2A2E HTML 5.0 plus sign in right half circle
&Cross; U+2A2F HTML 5.0 vector or cross product
&timesd; U+2A30 HTML 5.0 multiplication sign with dot above (times dot)
&timesbar; U+2A31 HTML 5.0 multiplication sign with underbar
&smashp; U+2A33 HTML 5.0 smash product
&lotimes; U+2A34 HTML 5.0 multiplication sign in left half circle
&rotimes; U+2A35 HTML 5.0 multiplication sign in right half circle
&otimesas; U+2A36 HTML 5.0 circled multiplication sign with circumflex accent
&Otimes; U+2A37 HTML 5.0 multiplication sign in double circle
&odiv; U+2A38 HTML 5.0 circled division sign
&triplus; U+2A39 HTML 5.0 plus sign in triangle
&triminus; U+2A3A HTML 5.0 minus sign in triangle
&tritime; U+2A3B HTML 5.0 multiplication sign in triangle
&iprod;
&intprod;
U+2A3C HTML 5.0 interior product
&amalg; ⨿ U+2A3F HTML 5.0 amalgamation or coproduct
&capdot; U+2A40 HTML 5.0 intersection with dot (cap dot)
&ncup; U+2A42 HTML 5.0 union with overbar
&ncap; U+2A43 HTML 5.0 intersection with overbar
&capand; U+2A44 HTML 5.0 intersection with logical and (cap and)
&cupor; U+2A45 HTML 5.0 union with logical or (cup or)
&cupcap; U+2A46 HTML 5.0 union above intersection (cup cap)
&capcup; U+2A47 HTML 5.0 intersection above union (cap cup)
&cupbrcap; U+2A48 HTML 5.0 union above bar above intersection (cup bar cap)
&capbrcup; U+2A49 HTML 5.0 intersection above bar above union (cap bar cup)
&cupcup; U+2A4A HTML 5.0 union beside and joined with union (cup cup)
&capcap; U+2A4B HTML 5.0 intersection beside and joined with intersection (cap cap)
&ccups; U+2A4C HTML 5.0 closed union with serifs
&ccaps; U+2A4D HTML 5.0 closed intersection with serifs
&ccupssm; U+2A50 HTML 5.0 closed union with serifs and smash product
&And; U+2A53 HTML 5.0 double logical and
&Or; U+2A54 HTML 5.0 double logical or
&andand; U+2A55 HTML 5.0 two intersecting logical and
&oror; U+2A56 HTML 5.0 two intersecting logical or
&orslope; U+2A57 HTML 5.0 sloping large or
&andslope; U+2A58 HTML 5.0 sloping large and
&andv; U+2A5A HTML 5.0 logical and with middle stem
&orv; U+2A5B HTML 5.0 logical or with middle stem
&andd; U+2A5C HTML 5.0 logical and with horizontal dash
&ord; U+2A5D HTML 5.0 logical or with horizontal dash
&wedbar; U+2A5F HTML 5.0 logical and with underbar
&sdote; U+2A66 HTML 5.0 equals sign with dot below
&simdot; U+2A6A HTML 5.0 tilde operator with dot above (similar with dot)
&congdot; U+2A6D HTML 5.0 congruent with dot above
&easter; U+2A6E HTML 5.0 equals with asterisk
&apacir; U+2A6F HTML 5.0 almost equal to with circumflex accent
&apE; U+2A70 HTML 5.0 approximately equal or equal to
&eplus; U+2A71 HTML 5.0 equals sign above plus sign
&pluse; U+2A72 HTML 5.0 plus sign above equals sign
&Esim; U+2A73 HTML 5.0 equals sign above tilde operator
&Colone; U+2A74 HTML 5.0 double colon equal
&Equal; U+2A75 HTML 5.0 two consecutive equals signs
&eDDot;
&ddotseq;
U+2A77 HTML 5.0 equals sign with two dots above and two dots below
&equivDD; U+2A78 HTML 5.0 equivalent with four dots above
&ltcir; U+2A79 HTML 5.0 less-than with circle inside
&gtcir; U+2A7A HTML 5.0 greater-than with circle inside
&ltquest; U+2A7B HTML 5.0 less-than with question mark above
&gtquest; U+2A7C HTML 5.0 greater-than with question mark above
&les;
&LessSlantEqual;
&leqslant;
U+2A7D HTML 5.0 less-than or slanted equal to
&ges;
&GreaterSlantEqual;
&geqslant;
U+2A7E HTML 5.0 greater-than or slanted equal to
&lesdot; ⩿ U+2A7F HTML 5.0 less-than or slanted equal to with dot inside
&gesdot; U+2A80 HTML 5.0 greater-than or slanted equal to with dot inside
&lesdoto; U+2A81 HTML 5.0 less-than or slanted equal to with dot above
&gesdoto; U+2A82 HTML 5.0 greater-than or slanted equal to with dot above
&lesdotor; U+2A83 HTML 5.0 less-than or slanted equal to with dot above right
&gesdotol; U+2A84 HTML 5.0 greater-than or slanted equal to with dot above left
&lap;
&lessapprox;
U+2A85 HTML 5.0 less-than or approximate
&gap;
&gtrapprox;
U+2A86 HTML 5.0 greater-than or approximate
&lne;
&lneq;
U+2A87 HTML 5.0 less-than and single-line not equal to
&gne;
&gneq;
U+2A88 HTML 5.0 greater-than and single-line not equal to
&lnap;
&lnapprox;
U+2A89 HTML 5.0 less-than and not approximate
&gnap;
&gnapprox;
U+2A8A HTML 5.0 greater-than and not approximate
&lEg;
&lesseqqgtr;
U+2A8B HTML 5.0 less-than above double-line equal above greater-than
&gEl;
&gtreqqless;
U+2A8C HTML 5.0 greater-than above double-line equal above less-than
&lsime; U+2A8D HTML 5.0 less-than above similar or equal
&gsime; U+2A8E HTML 5.0 greater-than above similar or equal
&lsimg; U+2A8F HTML 5.0 less-than above similar above greater-than
&gsiml; U+2A90 HTML 5.0 greater-than above similar above less-than
&lgE; U+2A91 HTML 5.0 less-than above greater-than above double-line equal
&glE; U+2A92 HTML 5.0 greater-than above less-than above double-line equal
&lesges; U+2A93 HTML 5.0 less-than above slanted equal above greater-than above slanted equal
&gesles; U+2A94 HTML 5.0 greater-than above slanted equal above less-than above slanted equal
&els;
&eqslantless;
U+2A95 HTML 5.0 slanted equal to or less-than
&egs;
&eqslantgtr;
U+2A96 HTML 5.0 slanted equal to or greater-than
&elsdot; U+2A97 HTML 5.0 slanted equal to or less-than with dot inside
&egsdot; U+2A98 HTML 5.0 slanted equal to or greater-than with dot inside
&el; U+2A99 HTML 5.0 double-line equal to or less-than
&eg; U+2A9A HTML 5.0 double-line equal to or greater-than
&siml; U+2A9D HTML 5.0 similar or less-than
&simg; U+2A9E HTML 5.0 similar or greater-than
&simlE; U+2A9F HTML 5.0 similar above less-than above equals sign
&simgE; U+2AA0 HTML 5.0 similar above greater-than above equals sign
&LessLess; U+2AA1 HTML 5.0 double nested less-than
&GreaterGreater; U+2AA2 HTML 5.0 double nested greater-than
&glj; U+2AA4 HTML 5.0 greater-than overlapping less-than
&gla; U+2AA5 HTML 5.0 greater-than beside less-than
&ltcc; U+2AA6 HTML 5.0 less-than closed by curve
&gtcc; U+2AA7 HTML 5.0 greater-than closed by curve
&lescc; U+2AA8 HTML 5.0 less-than closed by curve above slanted equal
&gescc; U+2AA9 HTML 5.0 greater-than closed by curve above slanted equal
&smt; U+2AAA HTML 5.0 smaller than
&lat; U+2AAB HTML 5.0 larger than
&smte; U+2AAC HTML 5.0 smaller than or equal to
&late; U+2AAD HTML 5.0 larger than or equal to
&bumpE; U+2AAE HTML 5.0 equals sign with bumpy above
&pre;
&preceq;
&PrecedesEqual;
U+2AAF HTML 5.0 precedes above single-line equals sign
&sce;
&succeq;
&SucceedsEqual;
U+2AB0 HTML 5.0 succeeds above single-line equals sign
&prE; U+2AB3 HTML 5.0 precedes above equals sign
&scE; U+2AB4 HTML 5.0 succeeds above equals sign
&prnE;
&precneqq;
U+2AB5 HTML 5.0 precedes above not equal to
&scnE;
&succneqq;
U+2AB6 HTML 5.0 succeeds above not equal to
&prap;
&precapprox;
U+2AB7 HTML 5.0 precedes above almost equal to
&scap;
&succapprox;
U+2AB8 HTML 5.0 succeeds above almost equal to
&prnap;
&precnapprox;
U+2AB9 HTML 5.0 precedes above not almost equal to
&scnap;
&succnapprox;
U+2ABA HTML 5.0 succeeds above not almost equal to
&Pr; U+2ABB HTML 5.0 double precedes
&Sc; U+2ABC HTML 5.0 double succeeds
&subdot; U+2ABD HTML 5.0 subset with dot
&supdot; U+2ABE HTML 5.0 superset with dot
&subplus; ⪿ U+2ABF HTML 5.0 subset with plus sign below
&supplus; U+2AC0 HTML 5.0 superset with plus sign below
&submult; U+2AC1 HTML 5.0 subset with multiplication sign below
&supmult; U+2AC2 HTML 5.0 superset with multiplication sign below
&subedot; U+2AC3 HTML 5.0 subset of or equal to with dot above
&supedot; U+2AC4 HTML 5.0 superset of or equal to with dot above
&subE;
&subseteqq;
U+2AC5 HTML 5.0 subset of above equals sign
&supE;
&supseteqq;
U+2AC6 HTML 5.0 superset of above equals sign
&subsim; U+2AC7 HTML 5.0 subset of above tilde operator
&supsim; U+2AC8 HTML 5.0 superset of above tilde operator
&subnE;
&subsetneqq;
U+2ACB HTML 5.0 subset of above not equal to
&supnE;
&supsetneqq;
U+2ACC HTML 5.0 superset of above not equal to
&csub; U+2ACF HTML 5.0 closed subset
&csup; U+2AD0 HTML 5.0 closed superset
&csube; U+2AD1 HTML 5.0 closed subset or equal to
&csupe; U+2AD2 HTML 5.0 closed superset or equal to
&subsup; U+2AD3 HTML 5.0 subset above superset
&supsub; U+2AD4 HTML 5.0 superset above subset
&subsub; U+2AD5 HTML 5.0 subset above subset
&supsup; U+2AD6 HTML 5.0 superset above superset
&suphsub; U+2AD7 HTML 5.0 superset beside subset
&supdsub; U+2AD8 HTML 5.0 superset beside and joined by dash with subset
&forkv; U+2AD9 HTML 5.0 element of opening downwards
&topfork; U+2ADA HTML 5.0 pitchfork with tee top
&mlcp; U+2ADB HTML 5.0 transversal intersection
&Dashv;
&DoubleLeftTee;
U+2AE4 HTML 5.0 vertical bar double left turnstile
&Vdashl; U+2AE6 HTML 5.0 long dash from left member of double vertical
&Barv; U+2AE7 HTML 5.0 short down tack with overbar
&vBar; U+2AE8 HTML 5.0 short up tack with underbar
&vBarv; U+2AE9 HTML 5.0 short up tack above short down tack
&Vbar; U+2AEB HTML 5.0 double up tack
&Not; U+2AEC HTML 5.0 double stroke not sign
&bNot; U+2AED HTML 5.0 reversed double stroke not sign
&rnmid; U+2AEE HTML 5.0 does not divide with reversed negation slash
&cirmid; U+2AEF HTML 5.0 vertical line with circle above
&midcir; U+2AF0 HTML 5.0 vertical line with circle below
&topcir; U+2AF1 HTML 5.0 down tack with circle below
&nhpar; U+2AF2 HTML 5.0 parallel with horizontal stroke
&parsim; U+2AF3 HTML 5.0 parallel with tilde operator
&parsl; U+2AFD HTML 5.0 double solidus operator
&fflig; U+FB00 HTML 5.0 Latin small ligature ff
&filig; U+FB01 HTML 5.0 Latin small ligature fi
&fllig; U+FB02 HTML 5.0 Latin small ligature fl
&ffilig; U+FB03 HTML 5.0 Latin small ligature ffi
&ffllig; U+FB04 HTML 5.0 Latin small ligature ffl
&Ascr; 𝒜 U+1D49C HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital A
&Cscr; 𝒞 U+1D49E HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital C
&Dscr; 𝒟 U+1D49F HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital D
&Gscr; 𝒢 U+1D4A2 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital G
&Jscr; 𝒥 U+1D4A5 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital J
&Kscr; 𝒦 U+1D4A6 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital K
&Nscr; 𝒩 U+1D4A9 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital N
&Oscr; 𝒪 U+1D4AA HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital O
&Pscr; 𝒫 U+1D4AB HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital P
&Qscr; 𝒬 U+1D4AC HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital Q
&Sscr; 𝒮 U+1D4AE HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital S
&Tscr; 𝒯 U+1D4AF HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital T
&Uscr; 𝒰 U+1D4B0 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital U
&Vscr; 𝒱 U+1D4B1 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital V
&Wscr; 𝒲 U+1D4B2 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital W
&Xscr; 𝒳 U+1D4B3 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital X
&Yscr; 𝒴 U+1D4B4 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital Y
&Zscr; 𝒵 U+1D4B5 HTML 5.0 mathematical script capital Z
&ascr; 𝒶 U+1D4B6 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small a
&bscr; 𝒷 U+1D4B7 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small b
&cscr; 𝒸 U+1D4B8 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small c
&dscr; 𝒹 U+1D4B9 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small d
&fscr; 𝒻 U+1D4BB HTML 5.0 mathematical script small f
&hscr; 𝒽 U+1D4BD HTML 5.0 mathematical script small h
&iscr; 𝒾 U+1D4BE HTML 5.0 mathematical script small i
&jscr; 𝒿 U+1D4BF HTML 5.0 mathematical script small j
&kscr; 𝓀 U+1D4C0 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small k
&lscr; 𝓁 U+1D4C1 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small l
&mscr; 𝓂 U+1D4C2 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small m
&nscr; 𝓃 U+1D4C3 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small n
&pscr; 𝓅 U+1D4C5 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small p
&qscr; 𝓆 U+1D4C6 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small q
&rscr; 𝓇 U+1D4C7 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small r
&sscr; 𝓈 U+1D4C8 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small s
&tscr; 𝓉 U+1D4C9 HTML 5.0 mathematical script small t
&uscr; 𝓊 U+1D4CA HTML 5.0 mathematical script small u
&vscr; 𝓋 U+1D4CB HTML 5.0 mathematical script small v
&wscr; 𝓌 U+1D4CC HTML 5.0 mathematical script small w
&xscr; 𝓍 U+1D4CD HTML 5.0 mathematical script small x
&yscr; 𝓎 U+1D4CE HTML 5.0 mathematical script small y
&zscr; 𝓏 U+1D4CF HTML 5.0 mathematical script small z
&Afr; 𝔄 U+1D504 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital A
&Bfr; 𝔅 U+1D505 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital B
&Dfr; 𝔇 U+1D507 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital D
&Efr; 𝔈 U+1D508 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital E
&Ffr; 𝔉 U+1D509 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital F
&Gfr; 𝔊 U+1D50A HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital G
&Jfr; 𝔍 U+1D50D HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital J
&Kfr; 𝔎 U+1D50E HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital K
&Lfr; 𝔏 U+1D50F HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital L
&Mfr; 𝔐 U+1D510 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital M
&Nfr; 𝔑 U+1D511 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital N
&Ofr; 𝔒 U+1D512 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital O
&Pfr; 𝔓 U+1D513 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital P
&Qfr; 𝔔 U+1D514 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital Q
&Sfr; 𝔖 U+1D516 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital S
&Tfr; 𝔗 U+1D517 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital T
&Ufr; 𝔘 U+1D518 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital U
&Vfr; 𝔙 U+1D519 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital V
&Wfr; 𝔚 U+1D51A HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital W
&Xfr; 𝔛 U+1D51B HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital X
&Yfr; 𝔜 U+1D51C HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur capital Y
&afr; 𝔞 U+1D51E HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small a
&bfr; 𝔟 U+1D51F HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small b
&cfr; 𝔠 U+1D520 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small c
&dfr; 𝔡 U+1D521 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small d
&efr; 𝔢 U+1D522 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small e
&ffr; 𝔣 U+1D523 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small f
&gfr; 𝔤 U+1D524 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small g
&hfr; 𝔥 U+1D525 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small h
&ifr; 𝔦 U+1D526 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small i
&jfr; 𝔧 U+1D527 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small j
&kfr; 𝔨 U+1D528 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small k
&lfr; 𝔩 U+1D529 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small l
&mfr; 𝔪 U+1D52A HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small m
&nfr; 𝔫 U+1D52B HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small n
&ofr; 𝔬 U+1D52C HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small o
&pfr; 𝔭 U+1D52D HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small p
&qfr; 𝔮 U+1D52E HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small q
&rfr; 𝔯 U+1D52F HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small r
&sfr; 𝔰 U+1D530 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small s
&tfr; 𝔱 U+1D531 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small t
&ufr; 𝔲 U+1D532 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small u
&vfr; 𝔳 U+1D533 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small v
&wfr; 𝔴 U+1D534 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small w
&xfr; 𝔵 U+1D535 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small x
&yfr; 𝔶 U+1D536 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small y
&zfr; 𝔷 U+1D537 HTML 5.0 mathematical Fraktur small z
&Aopf; 𝔸 U+1D538 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital A
&Bopf; 𝔹 U+1D539 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital B
&Dopf; 𝔻 U+1D53B HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital D
&Eopf; 𝔼 U+1D53C HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital E
&Fopf; 𝔽 U+1D53D HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital F
&Gopf; 𝔾 U+1D53E HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital G
&Iopf; 𝕀 U+1D540 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital I
&Jopf; 𝕁 U+1D541 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital J
&Kopf; 𝕂 U+1D542 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital K
&Lopf; 𝕃 U+1D543 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital L
&Mopf; 𝕄 U+1D544 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital M
&Oopf; 𝕆 U+1D546 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital O
&Sopf; 𝕊 U+1D54A HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital S
&Topf; 𝕋 U+1D54B HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital T
&Uopf; 𝕌 U+1D54C HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital U
&Vopf; 𝕍 U+1D54D HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital V
&Wopf; 𝕎 U+1D54E HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital W
&Xopf; 𝕏 U+1D54F HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital X
&Yopf; 𝕐 U+1D550 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck capital Y
&aopf; 𝕒 U+1D552 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small a
&bopf; 𝕓 U+1D553 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small b
&copf; 𝕔 U+1D554 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small c
&dopf; 𝕕 U+1D555 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small d
&eopf; 𝕖 U+1D556 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small e
&fopf; 𝕗 U+1D557 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small f
&gopf; 𝕘 U+1D558 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small g
&hopf; 𝕙 U+1D559 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small h
&iopf; 𝕚 U+1D55A HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small i
&jopf; 𝕛 U+1D55B HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small j
&kopf; 𝕜 U+1D55C HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small k
&lopf; 𝕝 U+1D55D HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small l
&mopf; 𝕞 U+1D55E HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small m
&nopf; 𝕟 U+1D55F HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small n
&oopf; 𝕠 U+1D560 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small o
&popf; 𝕡 U+1D561 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small p
&qopf; 𝕢 U+1D562 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small q
&ropf; 𝕣 U+1D563 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small r
&sopf; 𝕤 U+1D564 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small s
&topf; 𝕥 U+1D565 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small t
&uopf; 𝕦 U+1D566 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small u
&vopf; 𝕧 U+1D567 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small v
&wopf; 𝕨 U+1D568 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small w
&xopf; 𝕩 U+1D569 HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small x
&yopf; 𝕪 U+1D56A HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small y
&zopf; 𝕫 U+1D56B HTML 5.0 mathematical double-struck small z
&nvlt; <⃒ U+003C, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 less-than sign, combining long vertical line overlay
&bne; =⃥ U+003D, U+20E5 HTML 5.0 equals sign, combining reverse solidus overlay
&nvgt; >⃒ U+003E, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 greater-than sign, combining long vertical line overlay
&fjlig; fj U+0066, U+006A HTML 5.0 latin small letter f, latin small letter j
&ThickSpace;    U+205F, U+200A HTML 5.0 medium mathematical space, hair space
&nrarrw; ↝̸ U+219D, U+0338 HTML 5.0 rightwards wave arrow, combining long solidus overlay
&npart; ∂̸ U+2202, U+0338 HTML 5.0 partial differential, combining long solidus overlay
&nang; ∠⃒ U+2220, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 angle, combining long vertical line overlay
&caps; ∩︀ U+2229, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 intersection, variation selector-1
&cups; ∪︀ U+222A, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 union, variation selector-1
&nvsim; ∼⃒ U+223C, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 tilde operator, combining long vertical line overlay
&race; ∽̱ U+223D, U+0331 HTML 5.0 reversed tilde, combining macron below
&acE; ∾̳ U+223E, U+0333 HTML 5.0 inverted lazy s, combining double low line
&nesim;
&NotEqualTilde;
≂̸ U+2242, U+0338 HTML 5.0 minus tilde, combining long solidus overlay
&napid; ≋̸ U+224B, U+0338 HTML 5.0 triple tilde, combining long solidus overlay
&nvap; ≍⃒ U+224D, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 equivalent to, combining long vertical line overlay
&nbump;
&NotHumpDownHump;
≎̸ U+224E, U+0338 HTML 5.0 geometrically equivalent to, combining long solidus overlay
&nbumpe;
&NotHumpEqual;
≏̸ U+224F, U+0338 HTML 5.0 difference between, combining long solidus overlay
&nedot; ≐̸ U+2250, U+0338 HTML 5.0 approaches the limit, combining long solidus overlay
&bnequiv; ≡⃥ U+2261, U+20E5 HTML 5.0 identical to, combining reverse solidus overlay
&nvle; ≤⃒ U+2264, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 less-than or equal to, combining long vertical line overlay
&nvge; ≥⃒ U+2265, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 greater-than or equal to, combining long vertical line overlay
&nlE;
&nleqq;
≦̸ U+2266, U+0338 HTML 5.0 less-than over equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&ngE;
&ngeqq;
&NotGreaterFullEqual;
≧̸ U+2267, U+0338 HTML 5.0 greater-than over equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&lvertneqq;
&lvnE;
≨︀ U+2268, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 less-than but not equal to, variation selector-1
&gvertneqq;
&gvnE;
≩︀ U+2269, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 greater-than but not equal to, variation selector-1
&nLtv;
&NotLessLess;
≪̸ U+226A, U+0338 HTML 5.0 much less-than, combining long solidus overlay
&nLt; ≪⃒ U+226A, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 much less-than, combining long vertical line overlay
&nGtv;
&NotGreaterGreater;
≫̸ U+226B, U+0338 HTML 5.0 much greater-than, combining long solidus overlay
&nGt; ≫⃒ U+226B, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 much greater-than, combining long vertical line overlay
&NotSucceedsTilde; ≿̸ U+227F, U+0338 HTML 5.0 succeeds or equivalent to, combining long solidus overlay
&NotSubset;
&nsubset;
&vnsub;
⊂⃒ U+2282, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 subset of, combining long vertical line overlay
&NotSuperset;
&nsupset;
&vnsup;
⊃⃒ U+2283, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 superset of, combining long vertical line overlay
&varsubsetneq;
&vsubne;
⊊︀ U+228A, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 subset of with not equal to, variation selector-1
&varsupsetneq;
&vsupne;
⊋︀ U+228B, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 superset of with not equal to, variation selector-1
&NotSquareSubset; ⊏̸ U+228F, U+0338 HTML 5.0 square image of, combining long solidus overlay
&NotSquareSuperset; ⊐̸ U+2290, U+0338 HTML 5.0 square original of, combining long solidus overlay
&sqcaps; ⊓︀ U+2293, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 square cap, variation selector-1
&sqcups; ⊔︀ U+2294, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 square cup, variation selector-1
&nvltrie; ⊴⃒ U+22B4, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 normal subgroup of or equal to, combining long vertical line overlay
&nvrtrie; ⊵⃒ U+22B5, U+20D2 HTML 5.0 contains as normal subgroup or equal to, combining long vertical line overlay
&nLl; ⋘̸ U+22D8, U+0338 HTML 5.0 very much less-than, combining long solidus overlay
&nGg; ⋙̸ U+22D9, U+0338 HTML 5.0 very much greater-than, combining long solidus overlay
&lesg; ⋚︀ U+22DA, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 less-than equal to or greater-than, variation selector-1
&gesl; ⋛︀ U+22DB, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 greater-than equal to or less-than, variation selector-1
&notindot; ⋵̸ U+22F5, U+0338 HTML 5.0 element of with dot above, combining long solidus overlay
&notinE; ⋹̸ U+22F9, U+0338 HTML 5.0 element of with two horizontal strokes, combining long solidus overlay
&nrarrc; ⤳̸ U+2933, U+0338 HTML 5.0 wave arrow pointing directly right, combining long solidus overlay
&NotLeftTriangleBar; ⧏̸ U+29CF, U+0338 HTML 5.0 left triangle beside vertical bar, combining long solidus overlay
&NotRightTriangleBar; ⧐̸ U+29D0, U+0338 HTML 5.0 vertical bar beside right triangle, combining long solidus overlay
&ncongdot; ⩭̸ U+2A6D, U+0338 HTML 5.0 congruent with dot above, combining long solidus overlay
&napE; ⩰̸ U+2A70, U+0338 HTML 5.0 approximately equal or equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&nleqslant;
&nles;
&NotLessSlantEqual;
⩽̸ U+2A7D, U+0338 HTML 5.0 less-than or slanted equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&ngeqslant;
&nges;
&NotGreaterSlantEqual;
⩾̸ U+2A7E, U+0338 HTML 5.0 greater-than or slanted equal to, combining long solidus overlay
&NotNestedLessLess; ⪡̸ U+2AA1, U+0338 HTML 5.0 double nested less-than, combining long solidus overlay
&NotNestedGreaterGreater; ⪢̸ U+2AA2, U+0338 HTML 5.0 double nested greater-than, combining long solidus overlay
&smtes; ⪬︀ U+2AAC, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 smaller than or equal to, variation selector-1
&lates; ⪭︀ U+2AAD, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 larger than or equal to, variation selector-1
&NotPrecedesEqual;
&npre;
&npreceq;
⪯̸ U+2AAF, U+0338 HTML 5.0 precedes above single-line equals sign, combining long solidus overlay
&NotSucceedsEqual;
&nsce;
&nsucceq;
⪰̸ U+2AB0, U+0338 HTML 5.0 succeeds above single-line equals sign, combining long solidus overlay
&nsubE;
&nsubseteqq;
⫅̸ U+2AC5, U+0338 HTML 5.0 subset of above equals sign, combining long solidus overlay
&nsupE;
&nsupseteqq;
⫆̸ U+2AC6, U+0338 HTML 5.0 superset of above equals sign, combining long solidus overlay
&varsubsetneqq;
&vsubnE;
⫋︀ U+2ACB, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 subset of above not equal to, variation selector-1
&varsupsetneqq;
&vsupnE;
⫌︀ U+2ACC, U+FE00 HTML 5.0 superset of above not equal to, variation selector-1
&nparsl; ⫽⃥ U+2AFD, U+20E5 HTML 5.0 double solidus operator, combining reverse solidus overlay
Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc The trailing semicolon may be omitted for this named entity.
  2. ^ DTD: the full public DTD name (where the character entity name is defined) is actually mapped from one of the following three defined named entities:
    • HTMLlat1 maps to:
    • HTMLsymbol maps to:
    • HTMLspecial maps to:
    or
  3. ^ Old ISO subset: these are old (documented) character subsets used in legacy encodings before the unification within ISO 10646.
  4. ^ Description: the standard ISO 10646 and Unicode character name is displayed first for each character, with non-standard but legacy synonyms shown in italics between parentheses after an equal sign.
  5. ^ The &quot; entity was omitted from the HTML 3.2 specification,[1] but was restored as of HTML 4.0.[2] In practice, most web browsers displaying HTML 3.2 pages render it as if it had been included in the spec.
  6. ^ a b c d spaces: a blue background is used to display each space's width.
  7. ^ angst: The use of U+212B 'Angstrom sign', which was encoded due to round-trip mapping compatibility with an East-Asian character encoding, is discouraged, and the preferred representation is U+00C5 'capital letter A with ring above', which has the same glyph.
  8. ^ a b ijlig: The use of U+0132 and U+0133 'IJ ligature', which was encoded for usage in Dutch, and for compatibility for ISO/IEC 6937 and Code page 1102 (which only includes the lowercase ij; the Dutch version of ISO 646, National Replacement Character Set), is discouraged, and the preferred representation is simply IJ and ij (as two separate letters).
  9. ^ a b lmidot: The use of U+013F and U+0140 'L with middle dot', which was encoded for usage in Catalan, and for compatibility for ISO/IEC 6937, is discouraged, and the preferred representation is "L" and "l", followed by U+00B7.
  10. ^ napost: U+0149 'n preceded by apostrophe', which was encoded for usage in Afrikaans, and for compatibility for ISO/IEC 6937, has been deprecated by Unicode (since Unicode 5.2). The preferred representation is ʼn (U+02BC followed by n). (Unicode.org - Proposal for Additional Deprecated Characters).
  11. ^ a b ligature: this is a standard misnomer as this is a separate character in some languages.
  12. ^ ohm: The use of U+2126 'Ohm sign', is discouraged, and the preferred representation is U+03A9 'Greek capital letter Omega', which has the same glyph.
  13. ^ a b c d e black: here it seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow.
  14. ^ a b ISO proposed: these characters have been standardized in ISO 10646 after the release of HTML 4.0.
  15. ^ alefsym: 'alef symbol' is not the same as U+05D0 'Hebrew letter alef', although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters.
  16. ^ beth: 'bet symbol' is not the same as U+05D1 'Hebrew letter bet', although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters.
  17. ^ gimel: 'gimel symbol' is not the same as U+05D2 'Hebrew letter gimel', although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters.
  18. ^ daleth: 'dalet symbol' is not the same as U+05D3 'Hebrew letter dalet', although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters.
  19. ^ lArr: ISO 10646 does not say that 'leftwards double arrow' is the same as the 'is implied by' arrow, but also does not have any other character for that function. So lArr can be used for 'is implied by' as ISOtech suggests.
  20. ^ rArr: ISO 10646 does not say that 'rightwards double arrow' is the 'implies' character but does not have another character with this function, so rArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests.
  21. ^ prod: 'n-ary product' is not the same character as U+03A0 'Greek capital letter Pi' though the same glyph might be used for both.
  22. ^ sum: 'n-ary summation' is not the same character as U+03A3 'Greek capital letter Sigma' though the same glyph might be used for both.
  23. ^ sim: 'tilde operator' is not the same character as U+007E 'tilde', although the same glyph might be used to represent both.
  24. ^ nsup: note that nsup, U+2285 'not a superset of', is in the ISOamsn subset, but is not covered by the Symbol font encoding and is not listed in the HTML 4.0 entities list on the documentation, but was erroneously omitted from the entities list; it should be included for symmetry and analogy with other entities.
  25. ^ perp: Unicode only defines U+22A5 as the "up tack". The Unicode symbol for "perpendicular" is U+27C2. The two symbols look similar, but are separate in Unicode. However, HTML uses U+22A5 as its "perpendicular" symbol. This is a discrepancy between HTML and Unicode. As well, the U+22A4 character (the "down tack" symbol) rendered in a browser such as Firefox 3.6 can match the font of either "up tack" or "perpendicular", but not both, depending on whether a fixed-width or a proportional font is used. When viewed in Firefox 3.6, the symbols rendered in the order U+22A5, U+22A4, U+27C2 in a proportional font: ⊥ ⊤ ⟂ and a fixed width one: ⊥ ⊤ ⟂, shows that the "down tack" has a similar look to U+22A5 (HTML's "perpendicular") in the first case but matches U+27C2 in the second. This exemplifies the difficulties of the semiotics involved in interpreting glyphs, symbols and characters generally.
  26. ^ sdot: U+22C5 'dot operator' is not the same character as U+00B7 'middle dot'.
  27. ^ U+22D8 does not have the lll entity in the HTML 5.2 list, but was erroneously omitted from the list.
  28. ^ lang: U+27E8 'mathematical left angle bracket' is not the same character as U+003C 'less than', U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation mark', or U+3008 'left angle bracket'. In HTML 5.0, lang has was remapped to this code, as U+2329 'left-pointing angle bracket' has been marked deprecated in Unicode (since version 5.2) (Unicode.org - Proposal for Additional Deprecated Characters).
  29. ^ rang: U+27E9 'mathematical right angle bracket' is not the same character as U+003E 'greater than', U+203A 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark', or U+3009 'right angle bracket'. In HTML 5.0, rang had been remapped to this code, as U+232A 'right-pointing angle bracket' has been marked deprecated in Unicode (since version 5.2) (Unicode.org - Proposal for Additional Deprecated Characters).

Entities representing special characters in XHTML[edit]

The XHTML DTDs explicitly declare 253 entities (including the 5 predefined entities of XML 1.0) whose expansion is a single character, which can therefore be informally referred to as "character entities". These (with the exception of the &apos; entity) have the same names and represent the same characters as the 252 character entities in HTML. Also, by virtue of being XML, XHTML documents may reference the predefined &apos; entity, which is not one of the 252 character entities in HTML 4. Additional entities of any size may be defined on a per-document basis. However, the usability of entity references in XHTML is affected by how the document is being processed:[citation needed]

  • If the document is read by a conforming HTML processor, then only the 252 HTML character entities can safely be used. The use of &apos; or custom entity references may not be supported and may produce unpredictable results.
  • If the document is read by an XML parser that does not or cannot read external entities, then only the five built-in XML character entities can safely be used, although other entities may be used if they are declared in the internal DTD subset.
  • If the document is read by an XML parser that does read external entities, then the five built-in XML character entities can safely be used. The other 248 HTML character entities can be used as long as the XHTML DTD is accessible to the parser at the time the document is read. Other entities may also be used if they are declared in the internal DTD subset.[citation needed]

Because of the special &apos; case mentioned above, only &quot;, &amp;, &lt;, and &gt; will work in all XHTML processing situations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HTML5 Named Character Reference List".

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]